GeoGratis is a web portal that allows users to explore and download, without charge, geospatial data and maps of Canada. Search can be done by using geographic names and keywords or by browsing collections. Results can be filtered by geographic coordinates and by type of products (maps, data, publications, etc.)
NOTE: an easy way to identify the geographic area you are interested in along with its National Topographic System (NTS) code is through the Geospatial Data Extraction Tool.
The most popular products available from GeoGratis include:
"CanVec is a multi-source product coming mainly from the National Topographic Data Base (NTDB), the GeoBase initiative (www.geobase.ca) and the data update using Landsat 7 imagery coverage. CanVec provides topographic information in vector format and contains more than 90 topographical entities thematically organized into 11 distribution themes: Administrative Boundaries, Buildings and Structures, Energy, Hydrography, Industrial and Commercial Areas, Places of Interest, Relief and Landforms, Toponymy, Transportation, Vegetation and Water Saturated Soils."
"Toporama is a topographic reference product produced by NRCan using CanVec data. Toporama originates from the best available data sources covering the entire Canadian landmass at a scale of 1: 50 000. Toporama displays this data in a representative (symbolic) manner allowing for easy identification. Format available: GeoTiff."
CanMatrix digital topographic raster print-ready maps were produced by scanning topographic maps at the scales of 1:50 000 and 1:250 000. Formats available: PDF and Tiff.
CanMatrix digital topographic raster map data were produced by scanning existing printed topographic maps at the scales of 1:50 000 and 1:250 000 and georeferencing them. Format available: GeoTiff.