New books by subject
Psychology - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range BF (Psychology) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Social cognition : from brains to culture / Susan T. Fiske & Shelley E. TaylorBF 323 S63 F57 2017
How do people make sense of each other? How do people make sense of themselves? Social cognition attempts to explain the most fundamental of questions. It looks at why other people are not simply 'objects' to be perceived and how the social world provides dramatic and complex perspectives on the Self and Others. The subtitle of this book 'From Brains to Culture' reflects the journey that Social Cognition has been on since it first emerged as a dynamic and forward-looking field of research within social psychology. Structured in four clear parts, Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture begins with a clear outline of the basic concepts before moving into more topical sections: understanding individual selves and others, followed by making sense of society. The authors finish by looking beyond cognition to affect and behaviour. Challenging and rigorous, yet strikingly accessible, this book is essential reading for all students of social psychology from undergraduate to post-graduate and beyond.
The User Unconscious : On Affect, Media, and Measure / [edited by] Patricia Ticineto CloughBF 175.5 A35 U84 2018eb
Wide-ranging essays and experimental prose forcefully demonstrate how digital media and computational technologies have redefined what it is to be human
Over the past decade, digital media has expanded exponentially, becoming an essential part of daily life. The stimulating essays and experimental compositions in The User Unconscious delve into the ways digital media and computational technologies fundamentally affect our sense of self and the world we live in, from both human and other-than-human perspectives.
Critical theorist Patricia Ticineto Clough's provocative essays center around the motif of the "user unconscious" to advance the challenging thesis that that we are both human and other-than-human: we now live, think, and dream within multiple layers of computational networks that are constantly present, radically transforming subjectivity, sociality, and unconscious processes.
Drawing together rising strains of philosophy, critical theory, and media studies, as well as the political, social, and economic transformations that are shaping the twenty-first-century world, The User Unconscious points toward emergent crises and potentialities in both human subjectivity and sociality. Moving from affect to data, Clough forces us to see that digital media and computational technologies are not merely controlling us--they have already altered what it means to be human.
The Iranian Metaphysicals : Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny / Alireza DoostdarBF 1434 I74 D66 2018eb
What do the occult sciences, séances with the souls of the dead, and appeals to saintly powers have to do with rationality? Since the late nineteenth century, modernizing intellectuals, religious leaders, and statesmen in Iran have attempted to curtail many such practices as "superstitious," instead encouraging the development of rational religious sensibilities and dispositions. However, far from diminishing the diverse methods through which Iranians engage with the immaterial realm, these rationalizing processes have multiplied the possibilities for metaphysical experimentation.
The Iranian Metaphysicals examines these experiments and their transformations over the past century. Drawing on years of ethnographic and archival research, Alireza Doostdar shows that metaphysical experimentation lies at the center of some of the most influential intellectual and religious movements in modern Iran. These forms of exploration have not only produced a plurality of rational orientations toward metaphysical phenomena but have also fundamentally shaped what is understood as orthodox Shi'i Islam, including the forms of Islamic rationality at the heart of projects for building and sustaining an Islamic Republic.
Delving into frequently neglected aspects of Iranian spirituality, politics, and intellectual inquiry, The Iranian Metaphysicals challenges widely held assumptions about Islam, rationality, and the relationship between science and religion.
The Illusion of Conscious Will / Daniel M. Wegner ; foreword by Daniel Gilbert ; introduction by Thalia WheatleyBF 611 W38 2017eb
A new edition of Wegner's classic and controversial work, arguing that conscious will simply reminds of us the authorship of our actions.
Do we consciously cause our actions, or do they happen to us? Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, theologians, and lawyers have long debated the existence of free will versus determinism. With the publication of The Illusion of Conscious Will in 2002, Daniel Wegner proposed an innovative and provocative answer: the feeling of conscious will is created by the mind and brain; it helps us to appreciate and remember our authorship of the things our minds and bodies do. Yes, we feel that we consciously will our actions, Wegner says, but at the same time, our actions happen to us. Although conscious will is an illusion ("the most compelling illusion"), it serves as a guide to understanding ourselves and to developing a sense of responsibility and morality. Wegner was unable to undertake a second edition of the book before his death in 2013; this new edition adds a foreword by Wegner's friend, the prominent psychologist Daniel Gilbert, and an introduction by Wegner's colleague Thalia Wheatley.
Approaching conscious will as a topic of psychological study, Wegner examines cases both when people feel that they are willing an act that they are not doing and when they are not willing an act that they in fact are doing in such phenomena as hypnosis, Ouija board spelling, and dissociative identity disorder.
Wegner's argument was immediately controversial (called "unwarranted impertinence" by one scholar) but also compelling. Engagingly written, with wit and clarity, The Illusion of Conscious Will was, as Daniel Gilbert writes in the foreword to this edition, Wegner's "magnum opus."
Le fa, entre croyances et science : Pour une epistemologie des savoirs africains / Desire MedegnonBF 1779 I4 M444 2017eb
How really worth are the African endogenous knowledge and know-how? Why and how can we promote this inheritage, while the so-called western scientific model looks like the best means of knowing and mastering the world? This book answers these questions by examining ifa, a West-African system of knowledge and practices which a narrow knowledge reduces to a fanciful divinatory art, an art then logically �perceived as inconsistent and theoretically useless�. Yet, more than a divinatory art, ifa, when we submit it to analysis, appears to be an organized set of knowledge and researches, a science in the making. What makes us really think that way is the intellectual vocation that defines ifa, the rigor of the logical operations that it implies and which recalls in one way or the other the game of implicit mathematics, the objectivity requirement which is valued by the actors of the system and rests on a genuine critical tradition. This opinion is also based on the weight of myths upon which ifa rests and which constitute an important granary where a prominent set of knowledge is packed. Beyond the establishment of the consistency and the limitations of ifa, this book has strived to define a �method� of examination and validation of the knowledge which has emerged out of the official scientific system. In fact, the questions which arise from it are finally intended to give a new foundation to philosophy of sciences and to epistemology.
Starting with Goodbye : A Daughter's Memoir of Love after Loss / by Lisa RomeoBF 575 G7 R653 2017eb
Doing your qualitative psychology project / edited by Cath Sullivan, Stephen Gibson and Sarah RileyBF 76.5 D628 2012eb
Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here
'Thanks to this new book, psychology students now have a trustworthy and practical guide that takes them through all stages of qualitative research with rich examples and different paradigmatic perspectives.'
Svend Brinkmann, Aalborg University, Denmark
'A well thought-out, accessible and engaging guide to conducting qualitative research projects. This is a must-read for any student beginning the qualitative journey.'
Abigail Locke, University of Huddersfield, UK
This book is for students who are embarking on a qualitative research project in psychology or a related discipline. While focusing mainly on undergraduate dissertations, this book will also be useful for postgraduate students. It takes you through planning a qualitative project, stage by stage, addressing key issues and concerns along the way. The focus throughout is on how to make your project excellent!
Packed full of examples from student projects to help you to put theory into practice, the book guides you through:
* designing your research
* ethical considerations
* collecting your data
* analysing your data
* writing your report or dissertation.
In addition, the book will help you with time management and working with your supervisor, as well as providing guidance on how you can use your project as the basis for publication or further study.
Single-case research methods for the behavioral and health sciences / David L. Morgan, Robin K. MorganBF 76.6 S56M67 2009eb
Using an integrated case study approach, the book begins with the underlying logic of single-case (and its relations to applied behaviour analysis) designs, specific design strategies and tactics, data presentation and interpretation, and the general advantages of single-subject research for those working in applied settings - particularly courses in psychology, social work, counseling and therapy, nursing, and related human services and allied health sciences.
Human spatial navigation / Arne D. Ekstrom, Hugo J. Spiers, Véronique D. Bohbot, R. Shayna RosenbaumBF 469 E377 2018
The first book to comprehensively explore the cognitive foundations of human spatial navigation
Humans possess a range of navigation and orientation abilities, from the ordinary to the extraordinary. All of us must move from one location to the next, following habitual routes and avoiding getting lost. While there is more to learn about how the brain underlies our ability to navigate, neuroscience and psychology have begun to converge on some important answers. In Human Spatial Navigation , four leading experts tackle fundamental and unique issues to produce the first book-length investigation into this subject.
Opening with the vivid story of Puluwat sailors who navigate in the open ocean with no mechanical aids, the authors begin by dissecting the behavioral basis of human spatial navigation. They then focus on its neural basis, describing neural recordings, brain imaging experiments, and patient studies. Recent advances give unprecedented insights into what is known about the cognitive map and the neural systems that facilitate navigation. The authors discuss how aging and diseases can impede navigation, and they introduce cutting-edge network models that show how the brain can act as a highly integrated system underlying spatial navigation. Throughout, the authors touch on fascinating examples of able navigators, from the Inuit of northern Canada to London taxi drivers, and they provide a critical lens into previous navigation research, which has primarily focused on other species, such as rodents.
An ideal book for students and researchers seeking an accessible introduction to this important topic, Human Spatial Navigation offers a rich look into spatial memory and the neuroscientific foundations for how we make our way in the world.
Cognitive psychology : connecting mind, research, and everyday experience / E. Bruce GoldsteinBF 201 G65 2019
A lot goes on in your head when you're doing something simple like remembering (or forgetting!) to do your next assignment. Bruce Goldstein explains all this activity going on in your mind in COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: CONNECTING MIND, RESEARCH, AND EVERYDAY EXPERIENCE. Concrete examples and illustrations help you understand both the scientific importance of theories and their relevance to you, including research-based suggestions for better ways to study. MindTap brings the experiments to life with interactive demos and CogLab: The Online Cognition Lab. You can participate in experiments as a subject and experience the effects of the demonstrations yourself to learn how the mind works.
Personality / Jerry M. BurgerBF 698 B84 2019
How would you describe your personality, or can you? Whatever your answer, this text will help you understand personality -- the qualities and traits that form every individual's distinctive character. You'll learn about theoretical explanations of personality, and about the research that illuminates how those theories are relevant in the world around you. Biographical sketches of theorists and accounts of the stories behind influential research programs help you see how classic and contemporary findings relate to each other, and illustrate the connection between theory and research. As you read, personality tests encourage you to interact with the material -- and learn more about your own personality.
Introducing psychology / Daniel L. Schacter, Harvard University; Daniel T. Gilbert, Harvard University; Matthew K. Nock, Harvard University; Daniel M. Wegner, Harvard UniversityBF 121 S326 2018
Introducing Psychology is distinguished by an author team equally at home in the classroom, in the lab, and on the bestsellers list, with each author an expert teacher and accomplished researcher, and with three of the authors having written popular general interest books. It's a textbook written to keep students turning the pages, introducing students to psychology's scientific foundations with an offbeat, example-rich writing style that's anything but that of a typical textbook.
This edition of Introducing Psychology has been completely retooled for the classroom. For the first time, each chapter section begins with Learning Outcomes to help students come away from the reading with a "big picture" understanding of psychology as a living science, not just a collection of facts. This edition also includes a new feature called A World of Difference, drawing on pivotal research to show the importance of sex, gender, culture, SES, and ethnicity in understanding psychology. Also highlighted--the popular Data Visualization Activities, a unique resource for building quantitative reasoning skills.
New Media Option
Achieve Read & Practice, combining a complete eBook with LearningCurve adaptive quizzing. For more, see New to this Edition.
The person : an introduction to the science of personality psychology / Dan P. McAdamsBF 698 M348 2009
The Person provides psychologists with an organizational scheme for personality psychology. This sets the study of the person into evolutionary and cultural context and divided personality up into three broad areas: dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, and integrative life stories. The fifth edition has been updated to reflect advances that have occurred in the field of psychology in the past few years. It presents new findings that have been obtained with respect to the correlates of personality traits, the dynamics of motives and goals in human lives, and the meanings and manifestations of life stories. Discussions are included on the new ideas on evolution and morality as well as the role of culture in personality. Psychologists will also find a much stronger and detailed discussion of psychophysiology of extraversion, neuroticism, and the train of sensation-seeking.
Exploring lifespan development / Laura E. Berk, Illinois State UniversityBF 713 B466 2018
For courses in Human Development
Exploring Lifespan Development, Fourth Edition, the shorter, essentials version of Development Through the Lifespan, Seventh Edition, covers the same topics and contains the same number of chapters, but presents only the essential information, with an exceptionally strong emphasis on applications. Exploring Lifespan Development also includes all the great features Berk's texts are known for -- an engaging writing style, exceptional multicultural and cross-cultural focus, rich examples, the most up-to-date research, and practical applications that help students relate the subject to their personal and professional lives.
Adolescence / Laurence Steinberg, Temple UniversityBF 724 S75 2017
Cutting-edge science, personalized for today's students.
As a well-respected researcher, Laurence Steinberg connects current research with real-world application, helping students see the similarities and differences in adolescent development across different social, economic, and cultural backgrounds.
Through an integrated, personalized digital learning program, students gain the insight they need to study smarter, stay focused, and improve their performance.
Take a look : observation and portfolio assessment in early childhood / Sue MartinBF 722 M37 2019
A practical and accessible introduction to early childhood observation methods.
Take A Look: Observation and Portfolio Assessment in Early Childhood has been praised for its practical approach, clarity, and ease of use. Its detailed coverage of observation methods leads the reader to develop skills in seeing, recording, understanding, and assessing the development of young children. These essential skills are presented both within a culturally-sensitive framework and with an emphasis on the complexities and importance of the reader's role.
This 7th edition of Take a Look has taken a move forward in meeting current needs. The book's main purpose is to provide a text for a core observation course for early childhood educators or Kindergarten teachers.Through its coverage of introductory early childhood skills courses, child development, curriculum, and behaviour guidance, Take a Look allows learners to make content connections between courses.
Part of Pearson's Canadian Early Childhood Education Collection
Visual perception from a computer graphics perspective / William B. Thompson. [et al.]BF 241 V5674 2011
This book provides an introduction to human visual perception suitable for readers studying or working in the fields of computer graphics and visualization, cognitive science, and visual neuroscience. It focuses on how computer graphics images are generated, rather than solely on the organization of the visual system itself; therefore, the text provides a more direct tie between image generation and the resulting perceptual phenomena. It covers such topics as the perception of material properties, illumination, the perception of pictorial space, image statistics, perception and action, and spatial cognition.
Bursting the big data bubble : the case for intuition-based decision making / edited by Jay LiebowitzBF 315.5 B875 2014
As we get caught up in the quagmire of Big Data and analytics, it remains critically important to be able to reflect and apply insights, experience, and intuition to your decision-making process. In fact, a recent research study at Tel Aviv University found that executives who relied on their intuition were 90 percent accurate in their decisions.
Bursting the Big Data Bubble: The Case for Intuition-Based Decision Making focuses on this intuition-based decision making. The book does not discount data-based decision making, especially for decisions that are important and complex. Instead, it emphasizes the importance of applying intuition, gut feel, spirituality, experiential learning, and insight as key factors in the executive decision-making process.
Explaining how intuition is a product of past experience, learning, and ambient factors, the text outlines methods that will help to enhance your data-driven decision-making process with intuition-based decision making. The first part of the book, the "Research Track", presents contributions from leading researchers worldwide on the topic of intuition-based decision making as applied to management.
In the second part of the book, the "Practice Track," global executives and senior managers in industry, government, universities, and not-for-profits present vignettes that illustrate how they have used their intuition in making key decisions.
The research part of the book helps to frame the problem and address leading research in intuition-based decision making. The second part then explains how to apply these intuition-based concepts and issues in your own decision-making process.
Bayesian psychometric modeling / Roy Levy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA, Robert J. Mislevy, Educational Testing Service, Princeton New Jersey, USABF 39.2 B39L49 2016
A Single Cohesive Framework of Tools and Procedures for Psychometrics and Assessment
Bayesian Psychometric Modelingpresents a unified Bayesian approach across traditionally separate families of psychometric models. It shows that Bayesian techniques, as alternatives to conventional approaches, offer distinct and profound advantages in achieving many goals of psychometrics.
Adopting a Bayesian approach can aid in unifying seemingly disparate--and sometimes conflicting--ideas and activities in psychometrics. This book explains both how to perform psychometrics using Bayesian methods and why many of the activities in psychometrics align with Bayesian thinking.
The first part of the book introduces foundational principles and statistical models, including conceptual issues, normal distribution models, Markov chain Monte Carlo estimation, and regression. Focusing more directly on psychometrics, the second part covers popular psychometric models, including classical test theory, factor analysis, item response theory, latent class analysis, and Bayesian networks. Throughout the book, procedures are illustrated using examples primarily from educational assessments. A supplementary website provides the datasets, WinBUGS code, R code, and Netica files used in the examples.
Statistical misconceptions / Schuyler W. HuckBF 39 H83 2009
Brief and inexpensive, this engaging book helps readers identify and then discard 52 misconceptions about data and statistical summaries. The focus is on major concepts contained in typical undergraduate and graduate courses in statistics, research methods, or quantitative analysis. Fun interactive Internet exercises that further promote undoing the misconceptions are found on the book's website.
The author's accessible discussion of each misconception has five parts:The Misconception - a brief description of the misunderstanding Evidence that the Misconception Exists - examples and claimed prevalence Why the Misconception is Dangerous - consequence of having the misunderstanding Undoing the Misconception - how to think correctly about the concept Internet Assignment - an interactive activity to help readers gain a firm grasp of the statistical concept and overcome the misconception.
The book's statistical misconceptions are grouped into 12 chapters that match the topics typically taught in introductory/intermediate courses. However, each of the 52 discussions is self-contained, thus allowing the misconceptions to be covered in any order without confusing the reader. Organized and presented in this manner, the book is an ideal supplement for any standard textbook.
Statistical Misconceptionsis appropriate for courses taught in a variety of disciplines including psychology, medicine, education, nursing, business, and the social sciences. The book also will benefit independent researchers interested in undoing their statistical misconceptions.
Naturalistic Decision Making and Macrocognition / Laura MilitelloBF 448 M555 2017
Handbook of Item Response Theory / edited by Wim J. van der Linden (Pacific Metrics, Monterey, California)BF 39.2 I84H36 2018
Drawing on the work of internationally acclaimed experts in the field, Handbook of Item Response Theory, Volume 3: Applications presents applications of item response theory to practical testing problems. While item response theory may be known primarily for its advances in theoretical modeling of responses to test items, equal progress has been made in its providing innovative solutions to daily testing problems. This third volume in a three-volume set highlights the major applications.
Specifically, this volume covers applications to test item calibration, item analysis, model fit checking, test-score interpretation, optimal test design, adaptive testing, standard setting, and forensic analyses of response data. It describes advances in testing in areas such as large-scale educational assessment, psychological testing, health measurement, and measurement of change. In addition, it extensively reviews computer programs available to run any of the models and applications in Volume One and Three.
FeaturesIncludes contributions from internationally acclaimed experts with a history of advancing applications of item response theory Provides extensive cross-referencing and common notation across all chapters in this three-volume set Underscores the importance of treating each application in a statistically rigorous way Reviews major computer programs for item response theory analyses and applications.
Wim J. van der Linden is a distinguished scientist and director of research and innovation at Pacific Metrics Corporation. Dr. van der Linden is also a professor emeritus of measurement and data analysis at the University of Twente. His research interests include test theory, adaptive testing, optimal test assembly, parameter linking, test equating, and response-time modeling as well as decision theory and its applications to problems of educational decision making.
Handbook of item response theory / edited by Wim J. van der Linden, Pacific Metrics, Monterey, CaliforniaBF 39.2 I84H35 2015
Drawing on the work of internationally acclaimed experts in the field, Handbook of Item Response Theory, Volume Two: Statistical Tools presents classical and modern statistical tools used in item response theory (IRT). While IRT heavily depends on the use of statistical tools for handling its models and applications, systematic introductions and reviews that emphasize their relevance to IRT are hardly found in the statistical literature. This second volume in a three-volume set fills this void.
Volume Twocovers common probability distributions, the issue of models with both intentional and nuisance parameters, the use of information criteria, methods for dealing with missing data, and model identification issues. It also addresses recent developments in parameter estimation and model fit and comparison, such as Bayesian approaches, specifically Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods.
Negotiating the Emotional Challenges of Conducting Deeply Personal Research in Health / edited by Alexandra "Xan" C.H. Nowakowski, J.E. SumerauBF 175.5 P75N44 2018
Public health researchers and clinicians regularly work with people who have suffered physical and mental trauma. Knowing how to conduct a study or treat a patient while navigating deep emotional issues requires special skills and overall awareness of how trauma can impact the process and outcomes of participating in research and/or receiving health care.
This book presents a diverse array of case examples from scholars of health-related topics, focusing on biographical narrative as a window into understanding key needs in trauma informed scholarship and medicine. Exploring stories from people of varied backgrounds, experiences, and contexts can help professionals within and beyond the academic research and clinical care spheres create rewarding experiences for patients.
Negotiating the Emotional Challenges of Conducting Deeply Personal Research in Health will be of interest to public health practitioners, educators and researchers as well as students.
Handbook of item response theory / edited by Wim J. van der Linden, Pacific Metrics Monterey, CaliforniaBF 39.2 I84H36 2016
Drawing on the work of internationally acclaimed experts in the field, Handbook of Item Response Theory, Volume One: Modelspresents all major item response models. This first volume in a three-volume set covers many model developments that have occurred in item response theory (IRT) during the last 20 years. It describes models for different response formats or response processes, the need of deeper parameterization due to a multilevel or hierarchical structure of the response data, and other extensions and insights.
In Volume One, all chapters have a common format with each chapter focusing on one family of models or modeling approach. An introductory section in every chapter includes some history of the model and a motivation of its relevance. Subsequent sections present the model more formally, treat the estimation of its parameters, show how to evaluate its fit to empirical data, illustrate the use of the model through an empirical example, and discuss further applications and remaining research issues.
Auditory cognition and human performance : research and applications / arryl L. BaldwinBF 323 L5B28 2012
Hearing and understanding sound -- auditory processing -- greatly enriches everyday life and enhances our ability to perform many tasks essential to survival. The complex soundscape in which we live influences where we direct our attention, how we communicate with each other, and how we interact with technological systems. Auditory Cognition and Human Performance: Research and Applications explores how we accomplish this no less than remarkable task. It provides an overview of key auditory sensation and perception topics and mental workload theory, providing those who may be unfamiliar with these topics a foundation on which to understand applied auditory cognition.
The book examines the relationship between auditory cognition and human performance, highlighting the nature of situations in which the mental resource requirements of auditory processing may be compromised. It focuses on the importance of increasing our understanding of auditory cognition and its relationship to human performance. Written in an accessible and engaging style, this book balances coverage of basic and applied research, supplies copious examples to explain key concepts, and includes extensive references for further reading and exploration. Bringing together coverage of sensory and cognitive processes, the author discusses how their interaction can be used to improve display design.
Despite the relative neglect that auditory processing has received in earlier years, the auditory modality remains a potent source of information with several advantageous and unique characteristics. Over the past two decades there has been a growing base of empirical research on auditory cognition and its role in human performance at work and in everyday life. This book points out many of the questions that have yet to be resolved and provides the understanding needed to design more effective auditory displays, make better alerts and warnings, and improve communications and a wide variety of other things.
Culture and trust in technology-driven organizations / Frances AlstonBF 575 T7A47 2014
Culture and Trust in Technology-Driven Organizations provides insight into the important role that culture and trust can play in the success of high-technology organizations. This book reviews the literature and results of an empirical study that investigated the relationship between mechanistic and organic cultures and the level of trust in technology-based organizations.
The book outlines the literature on organizational trust and culture and the role theorists believe they play in the success of a changing domestic and global business environment. It identifies ways of defining culture and trust as well as the survey instruments used to measure them. The book then examines the results of two studies that demonstrate the connection between organizational culture and trust. The two studies were conducted at separate times using data collected from several companies within a three-hour radius of each other. These companies are highly dependent upon the ability to identify, hire, and retain highly skilled knowledge workers. These workers are critical for the companies to successfully compete within the scope of their business and expand into their current and other markets.
The book provides a practitioner's guide--based on the literature review and the results of the studies examined--that can be used to assess, diagnose, and improve employees' perception of their work culture and improve trust found in organizations. This guide provides management with actions and activities that should be considered when handling the day-to-day business of the organization. If followed, these activities can be instrumental in designing a culture that leads to success and ease of operation for the organization and its members.
Foundations of evolutionary psychology / edited by Charles Crawford, Dennis KrebsBF 698.95 F68 2008
Evolutionary psychology is concerned with the adaptive problems early humans faced in ancestral human environments, the nature of the psychological mechanisms natural selection shaped to deal with those ancient problems, and the ability of the resulting evolved psychological mechanisms to deal with the problems people face in the modern world. Evolutionary psychology is currently advancing our understanding of altruism, moral behavior, family violence, sexual aggression, warfare, aesthetics, the nature of language, and gender differences in mate choice and perception. It is helping us understand the relationships between cognitive science, developmental psychology, behavior genetics, personality, and social psychology.
Foundations of Evolutionary Psychologyprovides an up-to-date review of the ideas, issues, and applications of contemporary evolutionary psychology. It is suitable for senior undergraduates, first year graduate students, or professionals who wish to become conversant with the major issues currently shaping the emergence of this dynamic new field. It will be interesting to psychologists, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and anyone interested in using new developments in the theory of evolution to gain new insights into human behavior.
Second victim : error, guilt, trauma, and resilience / Sidney DekkerBF 335.4 D45 2013
How do people cope with having "caused" a terrible accident? How do they cope when they survive and have to live with the consequences ever after? We tend to blame and forget professionals who cause incidents and accidents, but they are victims too. They are second victims whose experiences of an incident or adverse event can be as traumatic as that of the first victims'. Yet information on second victimhood and its relationship to safety, about what is known and what organizations might need to do, is difficult to find.
Thoroughly exploring an emerging topic with great relevance to safety culture, Second Victim: Error, Guilt, Trauma, and Resilience examines the lived experience of second victims. It goes through what we know about trauma, guilt, forgiveness, and injustice and how these might be felt by the second victim. The author discusses how to conduct investigations of incidents that do not alienate second victims or make them feel even worse. It explores the importance support and resilience and where the responsibilities for creating it may lie.
Drawing on his unique background as psychologist, airline pilot, and safety specialist, and his own experiences with helping second victims from a variety of backgrounds, Sidney Dekker has written a powerful, moving account of the experience of the second victim. It forms compelling reading for practitioners, risk managers, human resources managers, safety experts, mental health workers, regulators, the judiciary, and many other professionals. Dekker provides a strong theoretical background to promote understanding of the situation of the second victim and solid practical advice about how to deal with trauma that continues after an event leading to preventable harm or even avoidable death of a patient, consumer, or colleague.
Listen to Sidney Dekker speak about his book
Vygotsky at work and play / Lois HolzmanBF 109 V95H65 2017
Patient-focused and feedback research in psychotherapy / edited by Wolfgang Lutz, Kim de Jong and Julian RubelBF175.4.R44
Book includes comprehensive analysis of the trends and technologies in automation and control systems used in textile engineering. Each of the chapter explain important components of an integrated control system in various facets of textile manufacturing and its applications.
Listening : attitudes, principles, and skills / Judi BrownellBF 323 L5B663 2017
Maximum influence : the 12 universal laws of power persuasion / Kurt W. MortensenBF 637 P4M67 2013eb
Salespeople, consultants, managers, executives, entrepreneurs. . . Influence is a crucial tool for absolutely anyone seeking success and prosperity. But how can everyday people actually become more influential? Maximum Influence unlocks the secrets of the master influencers. Now in an all-new edition, the book combines scientific research with real-world studies, presenting the most authoritative and effective arsenal of persuasion techniques ever. Author and renowned expert Kurt Mortensen reveals the 12 Laws of Persuasion, explaining why each law works, how to use it, and what to avoid. You will learn about the law of dissonance, the law of contrast, the law of expectation--and nine other proven principles that consciously and unconsciously propel people to act. You willalso discover how to: * Read anyone instantly* Get people to trust you instinctively* Change minds easily* And convince anyone to give you almost anything. With new case studies and cutting-edge influencing techniques, this is the ultimate guide to the art and science of getting exactly what you want--when you want.
Leadership and personal development : a toolbox for the 21st century professional / edited by Katja Kruckeberg, Wolfgang Amann and Mike GreenBF 637 L4L384 2011eb
Modern business leaders are just too aware of how much the world has changed in the last decades and continues to do so. It is little wonder then that even the best of us can feel overwhelmed by the many demands we now face in our working and private lives. Summarizing the knowledge and experiences of three experts in the field, and offering practical insights from specialists around the world, this book offers a new approach to leadership and personal development by focusing on the links between these two areas. The good old times of planning one's development in a linear, step-by-step fashion over a lifetime are over. While recognising that there are different learning styles and personality types, the authors present a more proactive, flexible and emergent approach to your development. Topics such as sustainability, complexity and creativity are considered key issues that should play a role in not only developing a positive, future society, but also in refining the current and future you. This modern approach will give you a cutting-edge advantage in our fast changing world. Since the three author whole heartedly agree with Einstein's maxim, this book should be considered an attempt to equip you with new levels of thinking and new skill sets to make you more successful at leading and developing yourself and others in a variety of contexts. With structured activities and proven techniques from people who have successfully applied the lessons found in this book, Leadership and Personal Development, A toolbox for the 21 century professional, you will be armed with an effective approach to development.
Elements of influence : the art of getting others to follow your lead / Terry R. BaconBF 774 B23 2012eb
We succeed in business and in life when we influence how others think, feel, and act: getting them to accept our point of view, follow our lead, join our cause, feel our excitement, or buy our products and services. The act of influencing is such a part of our daily lives that we often don't even realize when we (or others) are doing it. But to succeed, we need to know how influence works...and how to use it. Influencing effectively requires adaptability, perceptiveness, and insight into other people and cultures. Based on 20 years of research, Elements of Influence shows readers how to: * Understand why people allow themselves to be influenced-and why they resist * Choose the right approach for each situation * Be influential when they have no formal authority * Succeed in every kind of organization-even in other countries Filled with exercises and practical applications, this book shows how anyone can increase his or her influence to achieve greater success.
Mind the body : an exploration of bodily self-awareness / Frédérique de VignemontBF 311 V54 2018
Mind the Body is the first comprehensive treatment of bodily awareness. Frédérique de Vignemont seeks to answer questions such as: how do I perceive my body? How do I perceive other people's bodies? Can I really feel your pain? What makes me feel this specific body is my own? Why do I care about it? To what extent can I feel an avatar's body as my own? These questions are vividly illustrated with examples of bodily illusions, and puzzlingbodily disorders, which lead us to question some of our most basic intuitions.
Research methods for the behavioral sciences / Frederick J. Gravetter, Lori-Ann B. ForzanoBF 76.5 G73 2018
See how interesting experimental and nonexperimental research can be with RESEARCH METHODS FOR THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES, 6th Edition. Inviting and conversational, the text leads you through the research process from start to finish -- using a step-by-step approach that emphasizes the decisions researchers make at each stage. Current research examples are selected to be of particular interest to students like you, and learning objectives help you focus on what's important. Chapter after chapter, the authors' "lecture in a book" style delivers clear explanations of topics that make this text easy to read and understand.
Pieces of light : how the new science of memory illuminates the stories we tell about our pasts / Charles FernyhoughBF 378 A87 F47 2014
Shortlisted for the 2013 Royal Society Winton Prize for Science Books
Leading psychologist Charles Fernyhough blends the most current science with literature and personal stories in Pieces of Light: How the New Science of Memory Illuminates the Stories We Tell About Our Pasts.
A new consensus is emerging among cognitive scientists: rather than possessing fixed, unchanging memories, they have found that we create recollections anew each time we are called upon to remember. According to psychologist Charles Fernyhough, remembering is an act of narrative imagination as much as it is the product of a neurological process.
An NPR and Psychology Today contributor, Dr. Fernyhough guides readers through the fascinating new science of autobiographical memory, covering topics such as: navigation, imagination, and the power of sense associations to cue remembering. Exquisitely written and meticulously researched, Pieces of Light brings together science and literature, the ordinary and the extraordinary, to help us better understand our powers of recall and our relationship with the past.
The trials of Mrs. K. : seeking justice in a world with witches / Adam AshforthBF 1584 M3 A84 2018
In March 2009, in a small town in Malawi, a nurse at the local hospital was accused of teaching witchcraft to children. Amid swirling rumors, "Mrs. K." tried to defend her reputation, but the community nevertheless grew increasingly hostile. The legal, social, and psychological trials that she endured in the struggle to clear her name left her life in shambles, and she died a few years later.
In The Trials of Mrs. K. , Adam Ashforth studies this and similar stories of witchcraft that continue to circulate in Malawi. At the heart of the book is Ashforth's desire to understand how claims to truth, the pursuit of justice, and demands for security work in contemporary Africa, where stories of witchcraft can be terrifying. Guiding us through the history of legal customs and their interactions with the court of public opinion, Ashforth asks challenging questions about responsibility, occult forces, and the imperfect but vital mechanisms of law. A beautifully written and provocative book, The Trials of Mrs. K. will be an essential text for understanding what justice means in a fragile and dangerous world.
European magic and witchcraft : a reader / edited by Martha RamptonBF 1584 E9 E97 2018
Magic, witches, and demons have drawn interest and fear throughout human history. In this comprehensive primary source reader, Martha Rampton traces the history of our fascination with magic and witchcraft from the first through to the seventeenth century. In over 80 readings presented chronologically, Rampton demonstrates how understandings of and reactions toward magic changed and developed over time, and how these ideas were influenced by various factors such as religion, science, and law. The wide-ranging texts emphasize social history and include early Merovingian law codes, the Picatrix, Lombard's Sentences, The Golden Legend, and A Midsummer Night's Dream. By presenting a full spectrum of source types including hagiography, law codes, literature, and handbooks, this collection provides readers with a broad view of how magic was understood through the medieval and early modern eras.
Rampton's introduction to the volume is a passionate appeal to students to use tolerance, imagination, and empathy when travelling back in time. The introductions to individual readings are deliberately minimal, providing just enough context so that students can hear medieval voices for themselves.
Naked : the dark side of shame and moral life / Krista K. ThomasonBF 575 S45 T464 2018
We know shame can be a morally valuable emotion that helps us to realize when we fail to be the kinds of people we aspire to be. We feel shame when we fail to live up to the norms, standards, and ideals that we value as part of a virtuous life. But the lived reality of shame is far more complex and far darker than this - the gut-level experience of shame that has little to do with failing to reach our ideals. We feel shame viscerally about nudity, sex, our bodies, and weaknesses or flaws that we can't control. Shame can causeself-destructive and violent behavior, and chronic shame can cause painful psychological damage.Is shame a valuable moral emotion, or would we be better off without it? In Naked, Krista K. Thomason takes a hard look at the reality of shame. The experience of it, she argues, involves a tension between identity and self-conception: namely, what causes me shame both overshadows me (myself-conception) and yet is me (my identity). We are liable to feelings of shame because we are not always who we take ourselves to be. Thomason extends her thought-provoking analysis to our current social and political landscape: shaming has increased dramatically because of the proliferation of social media platforms. And although these online shaming practices can be used in harmful ways, they can also root out those who expressracist and sexist views, and enable marginalized groups to confront oppression. Is more and continued shaming therefore better, and is there moral promise in using shame in this way? Thomason grapples with these and numerous other questions. Her account of shame makes sense of its good and bad features, its numerous gradations and complexity, and ultimately of its essential place in our moral lives.
Minds make societies : how cognition explains the world humans create / Pascal BoyerBF 311 B645 2018
A watershed book that masterfully integrates insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and more to explore the development and workings of human societies
"There is no good reason why human societies should not be described and explained with the same precision and success as the rest of nature." Thus argues evolutionary psychologist Pascal Boyer in this uniquely innovative book.
Integrating recent insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and other fields, Boyer offers precise models of why humans engage in social behaviors such as forming families, tribes, and nations, or creating gender roles. In fascinating, thought-provoking passages, he explores questions such as, Why is there conflict between groups? Why do people believe low-value information such as rumors? Why are there religions? What is social justice? What explains morality? Boyer provides a new picture of cultural transmission that draws on the pragmatics of human communication, the constructive nature of memory in human brains, and human motivation for group formation and cooperation.
The secular religion of Franklin Merrell-Wolff : an intellectual history of anti-intellectualism in modern America / by Dave VliegenthartBF 1997 M47 V58 2018
In The Secular Religion of Franklin Merrell-Wolff: An Intellectual History of Anti-intellectualism in Modern America , Dave Vliegenthart offers an account of the life and teachings of the modern American mystic Franklin Merrell-Wolff (1887-1985), who combined secular and religious sources from eastern and western traditions in order to elaborate and legitimate his metaphysical claim to the realization of a transcendental reality beyond reason.
Using Merrell-Wolff as a typical example of a modern western guru, Vliegenthart investigates the larger sociological and historical context of the ongoing grand narrative that asserts a widespread anti-intellectualism in modern American culture, exploring developments in religious, philosophical, and psychological discourses in North America from 1800 until the present.
Envy in politics / Gwyneth H. McClendonBF 575 E65 M335 2018
How envy, spite, and the pursuit of admiration influence politics
Why do governments underspend on policies that would make their constituents better off? Why do people participate in contentious politics when they could reap benefits if they were to abstain? In Envy in Politics , Gwyneth McClendon contends that if we want to understand these and other forms of puzzling political behavior, we should pay attention to envy, spite, and the pursuit of admiration--all manifestations of our desire to maintain or enhance our status within groups. Drawing together insights from political philosophy, behavioral economics, psychology, and anthropology, McClendon explores how and under what conditions status motivations influence politics.
Through surveys, case studies, interviews, and an experiment, McClendon argues that when concerns about in-group status are unmanaged by social conventions or are explicitly primed by elites, status motivations can become drivers of public opinion and political participation. McClendon focuses on the United States and South Africa--two countries that provide tough tests for her arguments while also demonstrating that the arguments apply in different contexts.
From debates over redistribution to the mobilization of collective action, Envy in Politics presents the first theoretical and empirical investigation of the connection between status motivations and political behavior.
The Watchers / Haley Morris-CafieroBF 697.5 B63 M67 2015
Previously published online and receiving viral exposure, this series of photographs examines how society uses gaze to project emotion and how we interpret the looks of others. The project began after the photographer noticed the facial expressions of a man standing behind her in the self-portrait she had set up in the middle of Times Square. Intrigued by the man and a similar photo that followed on the roll of film the photographer decided to set up her camera for the purpose of capturing the expressions of passersby. Each frame is chosen based on the strangers in the background, if they have a critical or questioning look, or if there is a gesture in their body language. By reversing the gaze back on the strangers, the collection begins a conversation about nonverbal interaction and the view society has on body image.
A research guide to psychology : print and electronic sources / Deborah DolanBF 76.5 D6285 2018
This authoritative research guide uses a problem-solving approach to presenting print and electronic resources. Coverage includes: -Definition and deep background sources -Specialized dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks -Current research - Journal Articles and Annual Reviews -Tests and Measures -Bibliographies -U.S. Government Resources -Biographical Resources -Directories and Organizations -Style Guides -Diagnostic Measures -Career Path and Educational Resources -Book Reviews -Major Museums and Archives