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Chemistry, Geology

Titles in the call number range QD - QE (Chemistry, Geology) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.

  • The chemistry book : from gunpowder to graphene, 250 milestones in the history of chemistry / Derek B. Lowe
    QD 11 L558 2016
    From atoms and fluorescent pigments to sulfa drug synthesis and buckyballs, this lush and authoritative chronology presents 250 milestones in the world of chemistry. As the "central science" that bridges biology and physics, chemistry plays an important role in countless medical and technological advances. Covering entertaining stories and unexpected applications, chemist and journalist Derek B. Lowe traces the most important--and surprising--chemical discoveries.

  • Engineering aspects of geologic CO₂ storage : synergy between enhanced oil recovery and storage / Dayanand Saini

  • Silica stories / Christina De La Rocha, Daniel J. Conley

  • Sonochemistry : from basic principles to innovative applications / Juan Carlos Colmenares, Gregory Chatel, editors ; with contributions from Muthupandian Ashokkumar ... [and 20 others]

  • Atlas of trace fossils in well core : appearance, taxonomy and interpretation / Dirk Knaust
    This book provides the reader with a well-balanced blend of high-quality photographs, figures and accompanied text for the identification of trace fossils both in core and in outcrop. Ichnological data become more and more crucial in sedimentological and paleoenvironmental interpretations, not only in the exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons but also in the characterization of aquifers and in scientific drilling.
    After an introduction to the study of trace fossils in core and an outlining of ichnological basics, principles and concepts, the book continues with a detailed description and interpretation of 39 trace fossils (ichnogenera) and associated features (such as bioturbate texture, plant roots and their traces, borings and pseudo-trace fossils) commonly encountered in well cores and in outcrop. The trace fossils are highlighted by their expression in well core, nicely illustrated with carefully prepared eye-catching core photographs. This unique information is complemented with examples of trace fossils in outcrop, as well as relevant key figures from the literature. Each description is presented in a consistent manner, stating the ichnogenus name and author in the title, followed by sections about morphology and size, ichnotaxonomy, substrate, appearance in core, similar trace fossils, producers, ethology, depositional environment, ichnofacies, age as well as reservoir quality. The book is rounded off with an extensive list of references for further reading. The material for the book originates from the author's continuous work with trace fossils in core over the last two decades.

  • The Indian Mesozoic chronicle : sequence stratigraphic approach / Jai Krishna

  • Geostatistics Valencia 2016 / J. Jaime Gómez-Hernández, Javier Rodrigo-Ilarri, María Elena Rodrigo-Clavero, Eduardo Cassiraga, José Antonio Vargas-Guzmán, editors

  • In situ combined electrochemical techniques for conducting polymers / Csaba Visy

  • Exam survival guide physical chemistry / Jochen Vogt
    A text- and exercise book for physical chemistry students! This book deals with the fundamental aspects of physical chemistry taught at the undergraduate level in chemistry and the engineering sciences in a compact and practice-oriented form. Numerous problems and detailed solutions offer the possibility of an in-depth reflection of topics like chemical thermodynamics and kinetics, atomic structure and spectroscopy. Every chapter starts with a recapitulation of important background information, before leading over to representative exercises and problems. Detailed descriptions systematically present and explain the solutions to the problems, so that readers can carefully check their own solutions and get clear-cut introductions how to approach similar problems systematically.
    The book addresses students at the (upper) undergraduate level, as well as tutors and teachers. It is a rich source of exercises for exam preparation and can be used alongside classical textbooks. Furthermore it can serve teachers and tutors for the conception of their lessons. Its well-thought-through presentation, structure and design make the book appeal to everybody who wants to succeed with the physical chemistry lessons and exercises.

  • Fillers for Polymer Applications

  • Enzymatic synthesis of structured triglycerides : from laboratory to industry / María Luján Ferreira, Gabriela Marta Tonetto

  • Geological storage of CO2 in deep saline formations / Auli Niemi, Jacob Bear, Jacob Bensabat, editors

  • Global chemical kinetics of fossil fuels : how to model maturation and pyrolysis / Alan K. Burnham
    This book covers the origin and chemical structure of sedimentary organic matter, how that structure relates to appropriate chemical reaction models, how to obtain reaction data uncontaminated by heat and mass transfer, and how to convert that data into global kinetic models that extrapolate over wide temperature ranges. It also shows applications for in-situ and above-ground processing of oil shale, coal and other heavy fossil fuels. It is essential reading for anyone who wants to develop and apply reliable chemical kinetic models for natural petroleum formation and fossil fuel processing and is designed for course use in petroleum systems modelling. Problem sets, examples and case studies are included to aid in teaching and learning. It presents original work and contains an extensive reanalysis of data from the literature.

  • Advances in NMR spectroscopy for lipid oxidation assessment Hong-Sik Hwang

  • Lyotropic chromonic liquid crystals : from viscoelastic properties to living liquid crystals / Shuang Zhou

  • On the catalytic efficacy of low-oxidation state group 14 complexes / Terrance John Hadlington

  • Applications of paleoenvironmental techniques in estuarine studies / Kaarina Weckström, Krystyna M. Saunders, Peter A. Gell, C. Gregory Skilbeck, editors

  • Dynamic chemical processes on solid surfaces : chemical reactions and catalysis / Ken-ichi Tanaka
    In this book, the author determines that a surface is itself a new material for chemical reaction, and the reaction of the surface provides additional new materials on that surface. The revelation of that peculiarity is what makes this book different from an ordinary textbook, and this new point of view will help to provide a new impetus when graduate students and researchers consider their results.
    The reaction of surface atoms provides additional new compounds, but these compounds cannot be detached from the surface. Some compounds are passive, but others work as catalysts. One superior feature of the surface is the dynamic cooperation of two or more different functional materials or sites on the same surface. This fact has been well established in the preferential oxidation of CO on platinum supported on a carbon nanotube with Ni-MgO at its terminal end. The Pt and Ni-MgO are perfectly separated, but these two are indispensable for the selective oxidation of CO in H2, where the H2O molecule plays a key role. The reader will understand that the complexity of catalysis is due to the complexity of the dynamic processes on the surface.

  • Progress in the chemistry of organic natural products. A. Douglas Kinghorn, Heinz Falk, Simon Gibbons, Junʹichi Kobayashi, editors ; with contributions by H. Falk [and 5 more]

  • Handbook of computational chemistry. Jerzy Leszczynski, editor ; Anna Laczmarek-Kedziera, Tomasz Puzyn, Manthos G. Papadopoulos, Heribert Reis, Manoj K. Shukla, co-editors
    QD 39.3 M3H36 2017eb

  • Geothermics : heat flow in the lithosphere / Vincenzo Pasquale, Massimo Verdoya, Paolo Chiozzi

  • Analytical chemistry for cultural heritage / Rocco Mazzeo

  • Polymer Crystallization II : From Chain Microstructure to Processing / edited by Finizia Auriemma, Giovanni Carlo Alfonso, Claudio de Rosa

  • Polymer crystallization I : from chain microstructure to processing / Finizia Auriemma, Giovanni Carlo Alfonso, Claudio de Rosa, editors ; with contributions by R.G. Alamo [and more]

  • Elementary processes in organic photovoltaics / Karl Leo, editor
    This book presents the results of a multi-year research programme funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, which which explain how organic solar cells work. In this new promising photovoltaic technology, carbon-based materials are deposited by low-cost methods onto flexible substrates, thus allowing devices which open completely new applications like transparent coatings for building, solar cells integrated into clothing or packages, and many more. The investigation of organic solar cells is an interdisciplinary topic, covering physics, chemistry and engineering. The different chapters address topics ranging from the synthesis of new organic materials over the characterization of the elementary processes such as exciton transport and separation to the principles of highly efficient device design.

  • Molecular physical chemistry : a computer-based approach using Mathematica® and Gaussian / José J. C. Teixeira-Dias
    This is the physical chemistry textbook for students with an affinity for computers! It offers basic and advanced knowledge for students in the second year of chemistry masters studies and beyond. In seven chapters, the book presents thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, quantum mechanics and molecular structure (including an introduction to quantum chemical calculations), molecular symmetry and crystals. The application of physical-chemical knowledge and problem solving is demonstrated in a chapter on water, treating both the water molecule as well as water in condensed phases.
    Instead of a traditional textbook top-down approach, this book presents the subjects on the basis of examples, exploring and running computer programs (Mathematica®), discussing the results of molecular orbital calculations (performed using Gaussian) on small molecules and turning to suitable reference works to obtain thermodynamic data. Selected Mathematica® codes are explained at the end of each chapter and cross-referenced with the text, enabling students to plot functions, solve equations, fit data, normalize probability functions, manipulate matrices and test physical models. In addition, the book presents clear and step-by-step explanations and provides detailed and complete answers to all exercises. In this way, it creates an active learning environment that can prepare students for pursuing their own research projects further down the road.
    Students who are not yet familiar with Mathematica® or Gaussian will find a valuable introduction to computer-based problem solving in the molecular sciences. Other computer applications can alternatively be used. For every chapter learning goals are clearly listed in the beginning, so that readers can easily spot the highlights, and a glossary in the end of the chapter offers a quick look-up of important terms.

  • Effects of nanoconfinement on catalysis / Rinaldo Poli, editor

  • Wilhelm Ostwald : the autobiography / Robert Smail Jack, Fritz Scholz, editors ; translated by Robert Jack

  • Freezing colloids : observations, principles, control, and use : applications in materials science, life science, earth science, food science, and engineering / Sylvain Deville

  • The notion of activity in chemistry / Jean-Louis Burgot

  • Earthquake disaster simulation of civil infrastructures : from tall buildings to urban areas / Xinzheng Lu, Hong Guan
    Based on 12 years of research into an accurate and efficient method for simulating seismic damage to buildings and cities, this book covers the numerical models, higher-performance computation and high-fidelity visualization of tall buildings and urban areas. It also demonstrates the engineering applications of the proposed methodologies in connection with typical landmark projects (e.g., Shanghai Tower and Z15 Tower, two of the tallest buildings in the world; the Beijing Central Business District (CBD), Xi'an City, Taiyuan City and Tangshan City, China). Providing a comprehensive and systematic resource, the book offers a long-awaited guide for researchers and graduate students in related areas.

  • Sedimentation process and design of settling systems / Alak De

    This book is designed to serve as a comprehensive source of information of sedimentation processes and design of settling systems, especially as applied to design of such systems in civil and environmental engineering. The book begins with an introduction to sedimentation as a whole and goes on to cover the development and details of various settling theories. The book traces the chronological developments of the comprehensive knowledge of settling studies and design of settling systems from 1889.A new concept of 'Velocity Profile Theorem', tool for settling problem analysis, has been employed to the analysis of the phenomenon of short circuiting. Complete theory of tube settling has been developed and its application to the computation of residual solids from the assorted solids through the same has been demonstrated. Experimental verification of the tube settling theory has also been presented. Field-oriented compatible design and operation methodology of settling system has been developed from the detailed study of a real settling system. New parameter for settling performance comparison appears to do justice for its purpose. Design methodology of high rate settling systems has been presented with worked out examples and the flexibility of control of operation has been shown. Lastly, along with the presentation of all the theories of 'Thickener Design' the same problem of thickening has been solved with all the methods to reveal the variation in the designed thickeners. The contents of this book will be useful to students, researchers, and professional engineers alike.

  • Catalytic and process study of the selective hydrogenation of acetylene and 1,3-butadiene / Ruijun Hou

    This thesis offers novel methods for catalyst and process design for the selective hydrogenation of acetylene and 1,3-butadiene. The author predicts the properties of supported Pd-Ni bimetallic catalysts using density functional theory (DFT) calculations and temperature-programmed desorption (TPD). The excellent correlation between model surfaces and supported catalysts demonstrates the feasibility of designing effective bimetallic catalysts for selective hydrogenation reactions. The author also proposes a method for designing non-precious metal catalysts to replace precious metals. He modifies the process of selective hydrogenation of acetylene by coupling the selective adsorption to the selective hydrogenation in the liquid phase, as a result of which the ethylene selectivity is greatly improved and heat transfer is greatly enhanced. Lastly, by analyzing the mechanism of liquid-phase hydrogenation, the author proposes a multi-stage slurry bed reactor for industrial applications.

  • Late Cenozoic of Península Valdés, Patagonia, Argentina : an interdisciplinary approach / Pablo Bouza, Andrés Bilmes, editors

  • New carbon-carbon coupling reactions based on decarboxylation and iron-catalyzed C-H activation / Rui Shang

    This thesis presents the latest developments in new catalytic C-C bond formation methods using easily accessible carboxylate salts through catalytic decarboxylation with good atom economy, and employing the sustainable element iron as the catalyst to directly activate C-H bonds with high step efficiency. In this regard, it explores a mechanistic understanding of the newly discovered decarboxylative couplings and the catalytic reactivity of the iron catalyst with the help of density functional theory calculation.

    The thesis is divided into two parts, the first of which focuses on the development of a series of previously unexplored, inexpensive carboxylate salts as useful building blocks for the formation of various C-C bonds to access valuable chemicals. In turn, the second part is devoted to several new C-C bond formation methodologies using the most ubiquitous transition metal, iron, as a catalyst, and using the ubiquitous C-H bond as the coupling partner.

  • Incorporation of heterocycles into combinatorial chemistry / Eugene V. Babaev

  • Energy efficient solvents for CO2 capture by gas-liquid absorption : compounds, systems blends and advanced solventCO2 capture by gas-liquid absorption / Wojciech M. Budzianowski, editor
    This book reviews and characterises promising single-compound solvents, solvent blends and advanced solvent systems suitable for CO2 capture applications using gas-liquid absorption.
    Focusing on energy efficient solvents with minimal adverse environmental impact, the contributions included analyse the major technological advantages, as well as research and development challenges of promising solvents and solvent systems in various sustainable CO2 capture applications.
    It provides a valuable source of information for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for chemical engineers and energy specialists.

  • Operando research in heterogeneous catalysis / Joost Frenken, Irene Groot, editors

    This book is devoted to the emerging field of techniques for visualizing atomic-scale properties of active catalysts under actual working conditions, i.e. high gas pressures and high temperatures. It explains how to understand these observations in terms of the surface structures and dynamics and their detailed interplay with the gas phase. This provides an important new link between fundamental surface physics and chemistry, and applied catalysis. The book explains the motivation and the necessity of operando studies, and positions these with respect to the more traditional low-pressure investigations on the one hand and the reality of industrial catalysis on the other.

    The last decade has witnessed a rapid development of new experimental and theoretical tools for operando studies of heterogeneous catalysis. The book has a strong emphasis on the new techniques and illustrates how the challenges introduced by the harsh, operando conditions are faced for each of these new tools. Therefore, one can also read this book as a collection of recipes for the development of operando instruments. At present, the number of scientific results obtained under operando conditions is still limited and mostly focused on a simple test reaction, the catalytic oxidation of CO. This reaction thus forms a natural binding element between the chapters, linking the demonstrations of new techniques, and also connecting the theoretical and experimental studies. Some first results on other reactions are also presented. If there is one thing that can be concluded already in this early stage, it is that the catalytic conditions themselves can have dramatic effects on the structure and composition of the surfaces of catalysts, which, in turn can greatly affect the mechanisms, the activity, and the selectivity of the chemical reactions that they catalyze.

  • Theoretical modeling of vibrational spectra in the liquid phase / Martin Thomas

    This thesis provides a comprehensive description of methods used to compute the vibrational spectra of liquid systems by molecular dynamics simulations. The author systematically introduces theoretical basics and discusses the implications of approximating the atomic nuclei as classical particles. The strengths of the methodology are demonstrated through several different examples. Of particular interest are ionic liquids, since their properties are governed by strong and diverse intermolecular interactions in the liquid state. As a novel contribution to the field, the author presents an alternative route toward infrared and Raman intensities on the basis of a Voronoi tessellation of the electron density. This technique is superior to existing approaches regarding the computational resources needed. Moreover, this book presents an innovative approach to obtaining the magnetic moments and vibrational circular dichroism spectra of liquids, and demonstrates its excellent agreement with experimental reference data.

  • New strategies for n-heterocyclic carbenes catalyzed annulations / Xiangyu Chen

  • Quantum chemical approach for organic ferromagnetic material design / Yuriko Aoki, Yuuichi Orimoto, Akira Imamura
    This brief provides an overview of theoretical research in organic ferromagnetic material design using quantum chemical approaches based on molecular orbital theory from primary H#65533;ckel to ab initio levels of theory. Most of the content describes the authors' approach to identify simple and efficient guidelines for magnetic design, which have not been described in other books. Individual chapters cover quantum chemistry methods that may be used to find hydrocarbon systems with degenerate non-bonding molecular orbitals that interact with each other, to identify high-spin-preferred systems using an analytical index that allows for simple design of high-spin systems as well as to analyze the effect of high-spin stability through orbital interactions. The extension of these methods to large systems is discussed. This book is a valuable resource for students and researchers who are interested in quantum chemistry related to magnetic property.

  • Variational methods in molecular modeling / Jianzhong Wu, editor
    This book presents tutorial overviews for many applications of variational methods to molecular modeling. Topics discussed include the Gibbs-Bogoliubov-Feynman variational principle, square-gradient models, classical density functional theories, self-consistent-field theories, phase-field methods, Ginzburg-Landau and Helfrich-type phenomenological models, dynamical density functional theory, and variational Monte Carlo methods. Illustrative examples are given to facilitate understanding of the basic concepts and quantitative prediction of the properties and rich behavior of diverse many-body systems ranging from inhomogeneous fluids, electrolytes and ionic liquids in micropores, colloidal dispersions, liquid crystals, polymer blends, lipid membranes, microemulsions, magnetic materials and high-temperature superconductors.
    All chapters are written by leading experts in the field and illustrated with tutorial examples for their practical applications to specific subjects. With emphasis placed on physical understanding rather than on rigorous mathematical derivations, the content is accessible to graduate students and researchers in the broad areas of materials science and engineering, chemistry, chemical and biomolecular engineering, applied mathematics, condensed-matter physics, without specific training in theoretical physics or calculus of variations.

  • Landscape and quaternary environmental change in New Zealand / James Shulmeister, [editor]
    This book brings together an overview of the recent geological history, active earth and biological processes and human settlement of New Zealand. Topics covered include the very active neotectonic and volcanic setting. Mountain geomorphic processes are examined and new ideas about landsliding are highlighted. The exceptional sedimentary archives of the Whanganui Basin are also presented. As one of two land masses that extend into the southern mid-latitudes, New Zealand is ideally located to investigate changes in Southern Ocean climate. Related to this, mountain glaciation in New Zealand is a focus in global climate change debates. New Zealand also has a unique biota due to its long isolation and is the last major land mass to be settled by people. Advances in DNA technologies have revolutionised our understanding of the histories and processes involved. The book provides a comprehensive review of existing work and highlights new ideas and major debates across all these fields.

  • International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH) : proceedings of the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014 / edited by Manabu Hashimoto
    These proceedings contain a selection of peer-reviewed papers presented at the International Symposium on Geodesy for Earthquake and Natural Hazards (GENAH), Matsushima, Japan, 22-26 July, 2014. The scientific sessions focused on monitoring temporal and spatial changes in Earth's lithosphere and atmosphere using geodetic satellite systems, high rate GNSS as well as high resolution imaging (InSAR, Lidar). Researchers in various fields of geodesy discussed the role of geodesy in disaster mitigation and how groups with different techniques can collaborate toward such a goal.

  • Manipulation and characterization of electrosprayed ions under ambient conditions : methods and instrumentation / Zane Baird
    This thesis addresses the evolving field of measurement science, specifically that of mass spectrometry (MS) and ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) based techniques. It focuses on the design, construction and implementation of low-cost, easy-to-manufacture measurement tools that are used in modern settings such as airport security screening.
    Advances in these technologies often involve minimal performance enhancement at ever-increasing cost, which in turn limits accessibility to versatile measurement tools. This problem is addressed using hobbyest 3D printers along with widely available materials for the production of novel ion lenses and an IMS instrument with a performance comparable to that of many commercial systems.
    Baird#65533;s findings are of relevance to analytical chemistry and a source of inspiration for scientists exploring this emerging field.

  • São Francisco Craton, eastern Brazil : tectonic genealogy of a miniature continent / Monica Heilbron, Umberto G. Cordani, Fernando F. Alkmim, Editors
    The region of the São Francisco river valley in eastern Brazil encompasses two main components of the geologic framework of the South American continent: the São Francisco craton and its marginal orogenic belts. Cratons, as the oldest, differentiated and relatively stable pieces of the continental lithosphere, preserve a substantial part of the Earth's memory. Orogenic belts, on the other hand, record collisional processes that occurred during a limited time span. Because of their topographic relief, mountain belts developed along craton margins provide however access to rock successions not exposed in the low lands of the adjacent cratons. The combination of geologic information obtained in cratonic domains and their marginal orogenic belts thus form the basis for deciphering substantial periods of Earth's history.
    Corresponding to the most intensively studied portion of the Precambrian nucleus of the South American plate, the São Francisco craton and its margins host a rock record that spans from the Paleoarchean to the Cenozoic. Precambrian sedimentary successions that witness ancient Earth processes - many of them of global significance - are especially well preserved and exposed in this region. With all these attributes the São Francisco craton together with its fringing orogenic belts can be viewed as a 'Continent within a Continent' or a 'Continent en miniature'.

  • Ni- and Fe-based cross-coupling reactions / Arkaitz Correa, editor ; with contributions from Lutz Ackermann [and more]

    The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience.
    Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

  • Tritium : fuel of fusion reactors / Tetsuo Tanabe, editor

    This book focuses on tritium as a fuel for fusion reactors and a next-generation energy source. Following an introduction of tritium as a hydrogen radioisotope, important issues involved in establishing safe and economical tritium fuel cycles including breeding for a fusion reactor are summarized; these include the handling of large amounts of tritium: confinement, leakage, contamination, permeation, regulation and tritium accountancy, and impacts on surrounding areas. Targeting and encouraging the students and technicians who will design and operate fusion reactors in the near future, this book offers a valuable resource on tritium science and technology.

  • Springer handbook of electrochemical energy / Cornelia Breitkopf, Karen Swider-Lyons (eds.)

    The Springer Handbook of Electrochemistry is a comprehensive knowledge source for professionals, graduate students and scientists. It pays particular attention to applications in industrial and energy applications and emphasizes the relevance of experimental work.

    The book consists of nine parts the book comprises topics like fundamental experimentation techniques, electrochemistry as interdisciplinary topic, theory and modeling tools, thermodynamic aspects, transport phenomena, spectroscopy and microprobes, technical electrochemistry and important applications.

  • Cenozoic volcanism in the Tyrrhenian Sea Region / Angelo Peccerillo

    This is an updated edition of the book by the same author: "Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy - Petrology, geochemistry, geodynamics," published in 2005 by Springer. This edition has the same structure as the previous publication, with a general introduction; various chapters dedicated to different volcanic provinces in Italy; and a final chapter on the relationships between magmatism and geodynamics. It includes information that has become available in the last ten years, and new chapters have been added offering detailed discussions of the Oligo-Miocene orogenic volcanism on Sardinia and of some small outcrops of fragmented volcanic rocks occurring in several places of the Apennines. This new edition now covers the entire Tyrrhenian Sea magmatism of the last 40 Ma. Lastly, it includes two appendices: Appendix 1 is an update of the 2005 edition appendix. Appendix 2 discusses the basic principles of igneous petrology, trace elements and isotope geochemistry, providing geoscientists unfamiliar with petrology-geochemistry insights into how major trace elements and isotopic data on volcanic rocks allow a better understanding of magmatism and geodynamics.

  • Engineering foods for bioactives stability and delivery / Yrjö H. Roos, Yoav D. Livney, editors

  • Synthesis of heterocycles by metathesis reactions / Joëlle Prunet, editor ; with contributions by M. Bassetti [and more]
    The series Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry presents critical reviews on present and future trends in the research of heterocyclic compounds. Overall the scope is to cover topics dealing with all areas within heterocyclic chemistry, both experimental and theoretical, of interest to the general heterocyclic chemistry community. The series consists of topic related volumes edited by renowned editors with contributions of experts in the field. All chapters from Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry are published Online First with an individual DOI. In references, Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry is abbreviated as Top Heterocycl Chem and cited as a journal.

  • Fundamentals of invertebrate palaeontology : macrofossils / Sreepat Jain

  • Visible light photocatalyzed redox-neutral organic reactions and synthesis of novel metal-organic frameworks / Basudev Sahoo

    This unique thesis discusses the development of conceptually novel and synthetically valuable methods that use visible light photocatalysis. Each chapter addresses a different topic in the emerging field of photocatalysis, which has become an indispensable tool for organic synthesis. Photocatalysis employs environmentally harmless and abundant visible light in the presence of a photosensitizer, and as such offers an attractive alternative to harmful UV light in photo-mediated reactions. This book introduces the novel concept of merging gold catalysis with visible light photocatalysis in a dual catalytic fashion, which demonstrates their compatibility with each other for first time and has inspired the development of various reactions. Moreover, a novel trifluoromethylation method, which combines radical addition chemistry with a polar rearrangement to synthesize valuable fluorinated compounds, is presented, since compounds featuring fluorinated functionality are the subject of increasing attention in pharmaceutical, agrochemical and material research. It also develops an external photocatalyst-free photochemical method for the synthesis of valuable indolizine heterocycles, where the product mediates its own formation. Lastly, it describes the synthesis and characterization of two novel highly porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). The comprehensive text is rounded out with illustrations and color figures.

  • Solid phase microextraction : recent developments and applications / Gangfeng Ouyang, Ruifen Jiang, editors

    This book offers comprehensive information on the developments and applications of the solid phase microextraction (SPME) technique. The first part of the book briefly introduces readers to the fundamentals of SPME, while subsequent sections describe the applications of SPME technique in detail, including environmental analysis (air, water, soil/sediments), food analysis (volatile/nonvolatile compounds), and bioanalysis (plants, animal tissues, body fluids). The advantages and future challenges of the SPME technique are also discussed.

    Including recent research advances and further developments of SPME, the book offers a practical reference guide and a valuable resource for researchers and users of SPME techniques. The target audience includes analytical chemists, environmental scientists, biological scientists, material scientists, and analysts, as well as students at universities/institutes in related fields.

    Dr. Gangfeng Ouyang is a Professor at the School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, China.

    Dr. Ruifen Jiang is an Associate Professor at the School of Environment, Jinan University, China.

  • Lithosphere dynamics and sedimentary basins of the Arabian Plate and surrounding areas / François Roure, Ammar A. Amin, Sami Khomsi, Mansour A.M. Al Garni, editors

    Presenting selected papers from the International Lithosphere Program (ILP) Task Force, this book highlights the links between deep Earth (mantle) and shallow processes in areas of active tectonics in the Arabian Plate and surrounding areas. It also provides key information on energy resources in these areas. It comprises a collection of research studies from the Middle East, North Africa and the Mediterranean domain, focusing on (1) the lithospheric architecture of the Arabian Plate, (2) tectonics and sedimentation in the Gulf of Corinth, (3) Triassic carbonate breccias and seismic imagery in Iraq, (4) reservoirs, aquifers and fluid transfers in Saudi Basins, (5) salt tectonics in Yemen, and (6) Cretaceous-Eocene foreland inversions in Saudi Arabia.

  • Advances in photocatalytic disinfection

    This book presents the latest results related to photocatalytic inactivation/killing of microorganisms, which is a promising alternative disinfection method that produces less or even no disinfection byproduct. The book is divided into 13 chapters, which introduce readers to the latest developments in the photocatalytic disinfection of microorganisms, examine essential photocatalytic (PC) and photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) disinfection studies, and forecast and make recommendations for the further development of PC and PEC disinfection. Bringing together contributions by various leading research groups worldwide, it offers a valuable resource for researchers and the industry alike, as well as the general public.

    Taicheng An , PhD, is Chair Professor and Director at the Institute of Environmental Health and Pollution Control, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China.

    Huijun Zhao , PhD, is Chair Professor and Director at the Centre for Clean Environment and Energy & Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Australia.

    Po Keung Wong , PhD, is a Professor at the School of Life Sciences, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.

  • Rheology of biological soft matter : fundamentals and applications / Isamu Kaneda, editor

    In this book, a wide range subjects in biorheology are dealt with, from fundamentals to applications. The inclusion of quite substantial chapters concerned with application aspects such as the latest studies on foods, cosmetics, personal care products, and biological tissues, related regenerative medicine, is one of the features of the book. For the fundamental aspects, studies on the physicochemical characteristics of biopolymer, the key substance of soft matter, are listed. By contrast, in the application aspect, although the main topic is the rheology of foods, focusing on the "texture" of mastication or swallowing, novel studies on cosmetics and personal care products concerning feeling during the lubrication by those products are also considered.

    This book will engage both a professional and an academic audience interested in soft matter, especially as related to food, cosmetics, and personal care products. In particular, this work will have a special appeal to scientists and engineers in the food and cosmetics industries and to graduate students preparing for those fields.

  • Interaction-induced electric properties of van der Waals complexes / Victor N. Cherepanov, Yulia N. Kalugina, Mikhail A. Buldakov
    This brief explains the theory of the interaction-induced electrical properties of van der Waals complexes. It focuses on the interaction-induced electrical dipole moments, polarizabilities and first hyperpolarizabilities of atom-atomic, atom-molecular and molecular-molecular van der Waals complexes.

  • Essentials of pericyclic and photochemical reactions / Biswanath Dinda
    This book provides a concise introduction to pericyclic and photochemical reactions for organic synthesis. In the first part about pericyclic reactions, the author explains electrocyclic reactions, cycloaddition reactions, sigmatropic rearrangements, and group transfer reactions. The second part on photochemistry is dedicated to photochemical reactions of a variety of compound classes, including alkenes, dienes, and polyenes, carbonyl compounds, and aromatic compounds. Additionally, photofragmentation reactions are described in a dedicated chapter. The last chapter gives an outlook on applications of photochemistry and natural photochemical phenomena. Both parts start with a comprehensive presentation of the general principles of the pericyclic and photochemical reactions. All chapters are rich in examples, which help illustrate the explained principles and establish ties to results and trends in recent research. Additionally, each chapter offers exercises for students, and solutions to the problems are provided in a separate appendix. This book nicely illustrates the utility of pericyclic and photochemical reactions and provides students and researchers with the tools to apply them routinely for an efficient synthesis of complex organic molecules. It will therefore appeal to advanced undergraduate students, graduate and postgraduate students, and even to practitioners and scientists in the field of organic synthesis. The rich examples and exercises will also make it a versatile tool for teachers and lecturers.

  • Nitrogenation strategy for the synthesis of N-containing compounds / Ning Jiao, editor

  • Trends in bioelectroanalysis / Frank-Michael Matysik, editor ; with contributions by R. Bierl [and more]
    This volume offers a careful selection of trend-setting topics in the field. In-depth review articles illustrate current trends in the field. Experienced experts present a comprehensive overview concerning the electrochemical biosensing of glucose for diabetes care from an industrial research and development perspective
    a survey of bioassay applications for individually addressable electrochemical arrays, focusing on liquid-phase bioanalytical assays
    a review of recent advances in the development of electronic tongues based on the use of biosensor arrays coupled with advanced chemometric data analysis
    novel strategies of DNA biosensor development and corresponding applications for studies of DNA damage
    a survey of recent trends in the electrochemistry of redox proteins, including the increasing diversity of redox proteins used in electrochemical studies, novel immobilization strategies, and biosensor / biofuel cell applications
    an overview of electrochemical sensing of blood gases with advanced sensor concepts
    a survey of recent bioelectroanalytical studies with high spatial resolution using scanning electrochemical microscopy with a wide range of applications covering imaging of living cells, studies of metabolic activity, imaging of local enzyme activity, and studies of transport through biolayers
    This timely collection will be of interest not only for experts in the field, but also to students and their teachers in disciplines that include analytical chemistry, biology, electrochemistry, and various interdisciplinary research areas.

  • Applications of chalcogenides : S, Se, and Te / Gurinder Kaur Ahluwalia, editor
    This book introduces readers to a wide range of applications for elements in Group 16 of the periodic table, such as, optical fibers for communication and sensing, X-ray imaging, electrochemical sensors, data storage devices, biomedical applications, photovoltaics and IR detectors, the rationale for these uses, the future scope of their applications, and expected improvements to existing technologies. Following an introductory section, the book is broadly divided into three parts--dealing with Sulfur, Selenium, and Tellurium. The sections cover the basic structure of the elements and their compounds in bulk and nanostructured forms; properties that make these useful for various applications, followed by applications and commercial products. As the global technology revolution necessitates the search for new materials and more efficient devices in the electronics and semiconductor industry, Applications of Chalcogenides: S, Se, and Te is an ideal book for a wide range of readers in industry, government and academic research facilities looking beyond silicon for materials used in the electronic and optoelectronic industry as well as biomedical applications.

  • Examination of textiles with mathematical and physical methods / Andrea Ehrmann, Tomasz Blachowicz
    This book presents basic knowledge on the examination of textile materials, from fibers to yarns and knitted or woven fabrics, using mathematical and physical methods. Besides typical textile test procedures, defined by well-known standards, the book aims at showing new ways to examine textile materials and giving an overview of the possibilities as well as problems occurring when methods from other areas are transferred into the examination of textiles. The contents range from apparently simple measurements, such as resistance of conductive coatings on woven fabrics, to diffraction measurements on woven fabrics, to optical examination of knitted fabrics by mathematical approaches to study yarn hairiness and cover factor.

  • Key factors of combustion : from kinetics to gas dynamics / Nikolai M. Rubtsov
    This book summarizes the main advances in the mechanisms of combustion processes. It focuses on the analysis of kinetic mechanisms of gas combustion processes and experimental investigation into the interrelation of kinetics and gas dynamics in gas combustion. The book is complimentary to the one previously published, The Modes of Gaseous Combustion .

  • Green biocomposites : manufacturing and properties / Mohammad Jawaid, Salit Mohd Sapuan, Othman Y. Alothman, editors
    This book addresses different aspects of green biocomposite manufacture from natural fibres and bioplastics, including the manufacturing procedures and the physical, mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of green biocomposites.
    Featuring illustrations and tables that maximize reader insights into the current research on biocomposites, it emphasises the role of green technology in the manufacture of biocomposites and analysis of properties of biocomposites for different applications.
    It is a valuable resource for researchers and scientists in industry wanting to understand the need for biocomposites in the development of green, biodegradable and sustainable products for different applications.

  • Impact of food processing on anthocyanins / Xiaonan Sui

  • Conducting polymer hybrids / Vijay Kumar, Susheel Kalia, Hendrik C. Swart, editors

    This book presents a comprehensive survey about conducting polymers and their hybrids with different materials. It highlights the topics pertinent to research and development in academia and in the industry. The book thus discusses the preparation and characterization of these materials, as well as materials properties and their processing. The current challenges in the field are addressed, and an outline on new and even futuristic approaches is given.
    "Conducting Polymer Hybrids" is concerned with a fascinating class of materials with the promise for wide-ranging applications, including energy generation and storage, supercapacitors, electronics, display technologies, sensing, environmental and biomedical applications. The book covers a large variety of systems: one-, two-, and three-dimenstional composites and hybrids, mixed at micro- and nanolevel.

  • Helicene chemistry : from synthesis to applications / Chuan-Feng Chen, Yun Shen

    This book systematically reviews recent advances in the synthetic methods and applications of helicenes. The first part of this book introduces the nomenclature and structural features of helicenes. The second part reviews several classic and useful methods as well as recently-developed approaches for the preparation and functionalization of helicenes, including photocyclization and Diels-Alder reactions, which are two important breakthroughs in the syntheses of helicenes. In the last part, the applications of helicenes in asymmetric syntheses, molecular machines, molecular recognition, self-assembly and other fields are discussed. This book provides a useful reference source for researchers and graduate students working not only in the area of helicene chemistry, but also in other research areas including materials science, supramolecular chemistry, coordination chemistry, and physical organic chemistry.

    Chuan-Feng Chen is a Professor at the Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.

  • Australia's Little Space Travellers : the Flight Shaped Tektites of Australia / by Don McColl

  • Designing of elastomer nanocomposites : from theory to applications / Klaus Werner Stöckelhuber, Amit Das, Manfred Klüppel, editors ; with contributions by D. Basu [and more]
    The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science. The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics. Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist. Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned. Readership: Polymer scientists, or& scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students.

  • Handbook of relativistic quantum chemistry / Wenjian Liu, editor

  • Ichnoentomology : insect traces in soils and paleosols / Jorge Fernando Genise

    This book is devoted to the ichnology of insects, and associated trace fossils, in soils and paleosols. The traces described here, mostly nests and pupation chambers, include one of the most complex architectures produced by animals. Chapters explore the walls, shapes and fillings of trace fossils followed by their classifications and ichnotaxonomy. Detailed descriptions and interpretations for different groups of insects like bees, ants, termites, dung beetles and wasps are also provided.

    Chapters also highlight the the paleoenvironmental significance of insect trace fossils in paleosols for paleontological reconstructions, sedimentological interpretation, and ichnofabrics analysis. Readers will discover how insect trace fossils act as physical evidence for reconstructing the evolution of behavior, phylogenies, past geographical distributions, and to know how insects achieved some of the more complex architectures. The book will appeal to researchers and graduate students in ichnology, sedimentology, paleopedology, and entomology and readers interested in insect architecture.

  • The investigation of plastic behavior by discrete dislocation dynamics for single crystal pillar at submicron scale / Yinan Cui
    This thesis transports you to a wonderful and fascinating small-scale world and tells you the origin of several new phenomena. The investigative tool is the improved discrete dislocation-based multi-scale approaches, bridging the continuum modeling and atomistic simulation. Mechanism-based theoretical models are put forward to conveniently predict the mechanical responses and defect evolution. The findings presented in this thesis yield valuable new guidelines for microdevice design, reliability analysis and defect tuning.

  • Preparation, characterisation and reactivity of low oxidation state d-block metal complexes stabilised by extremely bulky amide ligands / Jamie Hicks

    This thesis describes the synthesis and characterization of numerous metal-metal bonded complexes that are stabilized by extremely bulky amide ligands. It provides a comprehensive overview of the field, including discussions on groundbreaking complexes and reactions, before presenting in detail, exciting new findings from the PhD studies. The thesis appeals to researchers, professors and chemistry undergraduates with an interest in inorganic and/or organometallic chemistry.

  • Recent development in clusters of rare earths and actinides : chemistry and materials / Zhiping Zheng, editor ; with contributions by P.C. Burns [and more]
    Chemical structure and bonding. The scope of the series spans the entire Periodic Table and addresses structure and bonding issues associated with all of the elements. It also focuses attention on new and developing areas of modern structural and theoretical chemistry such as nanostructures, molecular electronics, designed molecular solids, surfaces, metal clusters and supramolecular structures. Physical and spectroscopic techniques used to determine, examine and model structures fall within the purview of Structure and Bonding to the extent that the focus is on the scientific results obtained and not on specialist information concerning the techniques themselves. Issues associated with the development of bonding models and generalizations that illuminate the reactivity pathways and rates of chemical processes are also relevant. The individual volumes in the series are thematic. The goal of each volume is to give the reader, whether at a university or in industry, a comprehensive overview of an area where new insights are emerging that are of interest to a larger scientific audience.

  • Azo polymers : synthesis, functions and applications / Xiaogong Wang

    This book explores functional polymers containing aromatic azo chromophores in side-chain, main-chain and other parts of their structures, known as azo polymers and which share common photoresponsive properties. It focuses on the molecular architecture of azo polymers, the synthetic methods and their most important functions, such as photoinduced birefringence and dichroism, surface-relief-grating (SRG) formation, and light-driven deformation of liquid crystal elastomers. It combines a general survey of the subject and in-depth discussions of each topic, including numerous illustrations, figures, and photographs. Offering a balance between an introduction to the core concepts and a snapshot of hot and emerging topics, it is of interest to graduate students and researchers working in this and related fields.

    Xiaogong Wang is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China.

  • Advances in Irish Quaternary studies / Peter Coxon, Stephen McCarron, Fraser Mitchell, editors
    QE 696 A38 2017eb
    This book provides a new synthesis of the published research on the Quaternary of Ireland. It reviews a number of significant advances in the last three decades on the understanding of the pattern and chronology of the Irish Quaternary glacial, interglacial, floristic and occupation records. Those utilising the latest technology have enabled significant advances in geochronology using accelerated mass spectrometry, cosmogenic nuclide extraction and optically stimulated luminescence amongst others. This has been commensurate with high-resolution geomorphological mapping of the Irish land surface and continental shelf using a wide range of remote sensing techniques including MBES and LIDAR. Thus the time is ideal for a state of the art publication, which provides a series of authoritative reviews of the Irish Quaternary incorporating these most recent advances.

  • Dynamics of glassy, crystalline and liquid ionic conductors : experiments, theories, simulations / Junko Habasaki, Carlos Leon, K.L. Ngai
    This book discusses the physics of the dynamics of ions in various ionically conducting materials, and applications including electrical energy generation and storage. The experimental techniques for measurements and characterization, molecular dynamics simulations, the theories of ion dynamics, and applications are all addressed by the authors, who are experts in their fields. The experimental techniques of measurement and characterization of dynamics of ions in glassy, crystalline, and liquid ionic conductors are introduced with the dual purpose of introducing the reader to the experimental activities of the field, and preparing the reader to understand the physical quantities derived from experiments. These experimental techniques include calorimetry, conductivity relaxation, nuclear magnetic resonance, light scattering, neutron scattering, and others. Methods of molecular dynamics simulations are introduced to teach the reader to utilize the technique for practical applications to specific problems. The results elucidate the dynamics of ions on some issues that are not accessible by experiments. The properties of ion dynamics in glassy, crystalline and liquid ionic conductors brought forth by experiments and simulations are shown to be universal, i.e. independent of physical and chemical structure of the ionic conductor as long as ion-ion interaction is the dominant factor. Moreover these universal properties of ion dynamics are shown to be isomorphic to other complex interacting systems including the large class of glass-forming materials with or without ionic conductivity. By covering the basic concepts, theories/models, experimental techniques and data, molecular dynamics simulations, and relating them together, Dynamics of Glassy, Crystalline and Liquid Ionic Conductors will be of great interest to many in basic and applied research areas from the broad and diverse communities of condensed matter physicists, chemists, materials scientists and engineers. The book also provides the fundamentals for an introduction to the field and it is written in such a way that can be used for teaching courses either at the undergraduate or graduate level in academic institutions.

  • InSAR observations of ground deformation : application to the Cascades volcanic arc / Amy Laura Parker
    This doctoral thesis applies measurements of ground deformation from satellite radar using their potential to play a key role in understanding volcanic and magmatic processes throughout the eruption cycle. However, making these measurements is often problematic, and the processes driving ground deformation are commonly poorly understood. These problems are approached in this thesis in the context of the Cascades Volcanic Arc. From a technical perspective, the thesis develops a new way of using regional-scale weather models to assess a priori the influence of atmospheric uncertainties on satellite measurements of volcano deformation, providing key parameters for volcano monitoring. Next, it presents detailed geodetic studies of two volcanoes in northern California: Medicine Lake Volcano and Lassen Volcanic Centre. Finally, the thesis combines geodetic constraints with petrological inputs to develop a thermal model of cooling magma intrusions. The novelty and range of topics covered in this thesis mean that it is a seminal work in volcanic and magmatic studies.
page last updated on: Monday 26 June 2017
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