New books by subject
Titles in the call number range QD - QE (Chemistry, Geology) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Chemical and structure modification of polymers / edited by Kajetan Pyrzynski, Grzegorz Nyszko, Gennady E. ZaikovQD 38 C476 2016eb
This timely volume provides an overview of polymer characterization test methods and presents experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications and demonstrates the advantages and disadvantages of each physical technique. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments.
The successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today's experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, especially in industry, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques.
The methods and instrumentation described in this volume represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing. Engineers, polymer scientists, and technicians will find this volume useful in selecting approaches and techniques applicable to characterizing molecular, compositional, rheological, and thermodynamic properties of elastomers and plastics.
Polycyclic arenes and heteroarenes : synthesis, properties, and applications / edited by Qian MiaoQD 341 H9P64 2016eb
The book gives a state-of-the-art overview on the rapidly developing field of polycyclic (hetero)arenes, specifically focusing on their design, synthetic procedures, and properties. Important current and emergent applications in the field of organic electronics are also covered. Each chapter is dedicated to a specific compound class, such as pentacenes, helicenes, graphene-type arenes, aromatic bowls, carbon nanorings, as well as various polycyclic heteroarenes, containing nitrogen, boron, sulfur, phosphor, silicium and oxygen, or multiple heteroatoms. Written by internationally recognized chemists, the book is an essential reference for researchers in synthetic and physical organic chemistry, supramolecular chemistry, and materials science, working in the field of polycyclic arene chemistry.
Cleavage of carbon-carbon single bonds by transition metals / edited by Masahiro Murakami and Naoto ChataniQD 181 C1C54 2016eb
Edited by leading experts and pioneers in the field, this is the first up-to-date book on this hot topic.
The authors provide synthetic chemists with different methods to activate carbon-carbon sigma bonds in organic molecules promoted by transition metal complexes. They explain the basic principles and strategies for carbon-carbon bond cleavage and highlight recently developed synthetic protocols based on this methodology. In so doing, they cover cleavage of C-C bonds in strained molecules, reactions involving elimination of carbon dioxide and ketones, reactions via retroallylation, and cleavage of C-C bonds of ketones and nitriles.
The result is an excellent information source for researchers in academia and industry working in the field of synthetic organic chemistry, while equally serving as supplementary reading for advanced courses in organometallic chemistry and catalysis.
Experimental organic chemistry : laboratory manual / Joaquín Isac-García [and three others]QD 261 I83 2016eb
Experimental Organic Chemistry: Laboratory Manual is designed as a primer to initiate students in Organic Chemistry laboratory work. Organic Chemistry is an eminently experimental science that is based on a well-established theoretical framework where the basic aspects are well established but at the same time are under constant development. Therefore, it is essential for future professionals to develop a strong background in the laboratory as soon as possible, forming good habits from the outset and developing the necessary skills to address the challenges of the experimental work.
This book is divided into three parts. In the first, safety issues in laboratories are addressed, offering tips for keeping laboratory notebooks. In the second, the material, the main basic laboratory procedures, preparation of samples for different spectroscopic techniques, Microscale, Green Chemistry, and qualitative organic analysis are described. The third part consists of a collection of 84 experiments, divided into 5 modules and arranged according to complexity. The last two chapters are devoted to the practices at Microscale Synthesis and Green Chemistry, seeking alternatives to traditional Organic Chemistry.
Organizes lab course coverage in a logical and useful way Features a valuable chapter on Green Chemistry Experiments Includes 84 experiments arranged according to increasing complexity
Micro- and nanostructured polymer systems : from synthesis to applications / editors, Sabu Thomas, Robert A. Shanks, and Jithin JoyQD 381 M47 2016eb
This book focuses on the recent trends in micro- and nano-structured polymer systems, particularly natural polymers, biopolymers, biomaterials, and their composites, blends, and IPNs. This valuable volume covers the occurrence, synthesis, isolation, production, properties and applications, modification, as well as the relevant analysis techniques to reveal the structures and properties of polymer systems.
Biobased polymer blends and composites occupy a unique position in the dynamic world of new biomaterials. The growing need for lubricious coatings and surfaces in medical devices--an outcome of the move from invasive to noninvasive medicines and procedures--is playing a major role in the advancement of biomaterials technology. Natural polymers have attained their cutting-edge technology through various platforms, and this book presents a multitude of information about them.
Topics include biopolymer-synthetic systems, nanomaterial-polymer structures, multi-characterization techniques, polymer blends and composites, polymer gels and polyelectrolytes, and many other interesting aspects of interests to researchers.
This book will be valuable to scientists, physicians, pharmacists, engineers, and other specialists in a variety of disciplines, both academic and industrial.
Ions in solution and their solvation / Yizhak Marcus, Hebrew University of JerusalemQD 561 M3365 2015
The book starts with an exposition of the relevant properties of ions and continues with a description of their solvation in the gas phase. The book contains a large amount of factual information in the form of extensive tables of critically examined data and illustrations of the points made throughout. It covers:
- the relevant properties of prospective liquid solvents for the ions
- the process of the transfer of ions from the gas phase into a liquid where they are solvated
- various aspects of the solutions of the ions, such as structural and transport ones and the effects of the ions on the solvent dynamics and structure
- what happens in cases where the solvent is a mixture selective solvation takes place
- applications of the concepts expounded previously in fields such as electrochemistry, hydrometallurgy, separation chemistry, biophysics, and synthetic methods
Electrochemistry of metal complexes : applications from electroplating to oxide layer formation / Arvydas SurvilaQD 553 S87 2015eb
A systematic analysis of electrochemical processes involving metal complexes.
Starting with general considerations on equilibria in solutions and at interfaces as well as on mass transport, the text acquaints readers with the theory and common experimental practice for studying electrochemical reactions of metals complexes. The core part of the book deals with all important aspects of electroplating, including a systematic discussion of co-deposition of metals and formation of alloys. It also discusses such related subjects as oxide layer formation and hydrogen evolution as a side reaction.
Bio-inspired wettability surfaces : developments in micro- and nanostructures / Yongmei ZhengQD 506 Y66 2016eb
Through natural evolvement in thousands of years, biosurfaces have become highly adaptable to display their biological functions perfectly. Interestingly, they have developed micro-/nanostructures with gradient features to achieve smart wetting controls, such as ultra-hydrophobic water repellency in lotus leaf, directional water collection in wetted spider silk, directional adhesion in superhydrophobic butterfly wing, and fog-collecting hydrophobic/hydrophilic pattern on beetle back. These surfaces provide endless inspiration for the design and fabrication of functional interface materials with unique wettability, generating promising applications such as micro-fluidic devices, functional textiles, corrosion resistance, liquid transportation, antifogging, and water-collecting devices. In recent years there has been an exciting confluence of research areas of physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science to develop functional micro- and nanosurfaces. A kernel consists of organic materials with high/low surface energy and regular/irregular order/disorder, which can be rough/smooth and endlessly arranged and combined with various styles of micro- and nanostructures.
This book introduces recent research on wettability of biological and bio-inspired surfaces. It discusses the mechanism of smart wetting controls, such as water collection/repellency on biological micro-/nanostructure gradient interfaces. It suggests ways to mimic these biological features to realize bio-inspired functional surfaces with unique wettability. The book will help researchers innovate designs with novel materials for future scientific works.
Physical chemistry of semiconductor materials and processes / Sergio PizziniQD 478 P59 2015eb
The development of semiconductor devices began a little more than a century ago, with the discovery of the electrical conductivity of ionic solids. Today, solid state technologies form the background of the society in which we live.
The aim of this book is threefold: to present the background physical chemistry on which the technology of solid state devices is based; secondly, to describe specific issues such as the role of defects on the properties of solids, and the crucial influence of surface properties; and ultimately, to look at the physics and chemistry of growth processes, both at the bulk and thin-film level, together with some issues relating to the properties of nano-devices.
Divided into five chapters, it covers:
- Thermodynamics of solids, including phases and their properties and structural order
- Point defects in semiconductors
- Extended defects in semiconductors and their interactions with point defects and impurities
- Growth of semiconductor materials
- Physical chemistry of semiconductor materials processing
With applications across all solid state technologies,the book is useful for advanced students and researchers in materials science, physics, chemistry, electrical and electronic engineering. It is also useful for those in the semiconductor industry.
Physical chemistry and acid-base properties of surfaces / Jean-Charles Joud, Marie-Geneviève Barthés-LabrousseQD 506 J68 2015eb
The first part of this book looks at the consequence of chemical and topological defects existing on real surfaces, which explain the wettability of super hydrophilc and super hydrophobic surfaces. There follows an in-depth analysis of the acido-basicity of surfaces with, as an illustration, different wettability experiments on real materials. The next chapter deals with various techniques enabling the measurement of acido basicity of the surfaces including IR and XPS technics.
The last part of the book presents an electrochemical point of view which explains the surface charges of the oxide at contact with water or other electrolyte solutions in the frame of Bronsted acido-basicity concept. Various consequences are deduced from such analyses illustrated by original measurement of the point of zero charge or by understanding the basic principles of the electrowetting experiments.
C-H bond activation in organic synthesis / edited by Jie Jack Li, University of San Francisco, California, USAQD 271 C27 2015eb
Greener than conventional methods, C-H activation methods have flourished during the last decade and become especially attractive to organic chemists. Edited by a practioner in this rapidly developing field, C-H Bond Activation in Organic Synthesis provides an overview of this exciting playground of chemistry. The book summarizes the state of the art in C-H activation for functionalization, enabling you to carry out reactions in the most environmentally friendly fashion with the least contamination of by-products.
The most popular C-H activation reactions are catalyzed by transition metals. This book dedicates a chapter to each of the following catalysts: palladium, rhodium, nickel, iron, copper, and cobalt. In addition, it covers radical-mediated C-H activation, fluorination via C-H activation, and C-H activation of heterocycles. Using a pedagogically practical approach, each chapter is divided by the transition metal catalyst, not a specific transformation. This gives you an up-to-date review of the most important topics of C-H activation.
The area of C-H activation has experienced a flurry of activity over the past two decades, so the time is right for a resource that summarizes these powerful tools with which you can design and construct heteroaromatic molecules. Thus, direct C-H functionalization methods are expected to continue to greatly contribute to the mission of green chemistry: low-energy, waste-free, and atom-economic transformations for the synthesis of organic materials and biologically active molecules in the twenty-first century. Using this book, you can carry out environmentally friendly reactions that enable the conversion of cheap and abundant alkanes into valuable functionalized organic compounds.
Principles of instrumental analysis / Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, Stanley R. CrouchQD 79 I5S58 2007
PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS has long been the standard for courses that deal with the principles and applications of modern analytical instruments. Now with their new Sixth Edition, authors Douglas A. Skoog, F. James Holler, and Stanley R. Crouch infuse their popular text with updated techniques as well as new Instrumental Analysis in Action case studies. The book's updated material enhances its proven approach, which places an emphasis on the theoretical basis of each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations. PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS also introduces students to elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and treatment of analytical data. A book companion website is available, providing students with tutorials on instrumental methods, Excel files of data analysis and simulations of analytical techniques to help them visualize important concepts in this course, and selected papers from the chemical literature to stimulate interest and provide background information for study.