New books by subject
Psychology - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range BF (Psychology) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Assessment using the MMPI-2-RF / David M. McCordBF 698.8 M5M155 2018eb
The MMPI-2-RF represents a paradigm shift in psychology. What was once a black-and-white approach to diagnosis--you either had a disorder or you didn't -- has given way today to a more flexible and more realistic system that recognizes a continuum of functioning. This modern way of thinking is reflected in David McCord's approach to interpreting the MMPI-2-RF, which he presents in this handy introductory guide.
McCord offers a thorough overview of the MMPI-2-RF and each of its 51 scales, along with practical considerations for administration and scoring. Building on this foundational material, he then lays out a step-by-step framework for interpreting test results using a two-pass approach. In the first pass, the examiner quickly scans the results to get a broad sense of the client's personality and psychopathology. The second pass entails a more methodical analysis that focuses on specific domains, such as somatic/cognitive dysfunction and interpersonal functioning. A rich case example brings this process to life by showing readers how to evaluate an actual score report and communicate their interpretations in narrative format.
Human intelligence / Earl HuntBF 431 H814 2011
This book is a comprehensive survey of our scientific knowledge about human intelligence, written by a researcher who has spent more than 30 years studying the field. It takes a non-ideological view of a topic in which, too often, writings are dominated by a single theory or social viewpoint. The book discusses the conceptual status of intelligence as a collection of cognitive skills that include, but also go beyond, those skills evaluated by conventional tests; intelligence tests and their analysis; contemporary theories of intelligence; biological and social causes of intelligence; the importance of intelligence in social, industrial, and educational spheres; the role of intelligence in determining success in life, both inside and outside educational settings; and the nature and causes of variations in intelligence across age, gender, and racial and ethnic groups.
An introduction to MATLAB for behavioral researchers / Christopher R. MadanBF 76.5 M315 2014eb
Psychological testing : a practical approach to design and evaluation / Theresa J.B. KlineBF 176 K583 2005eb
Psychological Testing offers a fresh and innovative approach to students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design and related areas of study. Author Theresa Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, paying careful attention to ensure that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include--but are not limited to--design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.
Memory functioning in dementia / edited by Lars BäckmanRC523 M45 1992
Dementia diseases are the most common cause of severe mental deterioration in the world today, and expected changes in the population structure will inevitably result in a gradually increasing occurrence of dementia. One of the primary symptoms of dementia diseases is severe memory dysfunction. Knowledge about the ways in which dementia diseases affect memory increases our knowledge about the relationship between brain structures and memory functions, is imperative for early clinical diagnosis, and forms a basis for sound behavioral and pharmacological intervention. While the memory impairment in dementia has been known for more than 2000 years, the nature of this impairment is not yet completely understood. Research in this area has not, until quite recently, utilized theoretical and methodological advances from basic cognitive psychology. This volume gives a comprehensive treatment of this new and increasingly developing field of inquiry.
The intelligent imitator : towards an exemplary theory of behavioral choice / Reidar KvadsheimBF357 K83 1992eb
This monograph presents a novel conceptual framework for the study of human social behavior with potentially far-reaching implications. Owing to the role it accords to stored memory representations of observed occurrences (examples) of actions, the proposed framework is referred to as the Exemplar Choice Theory , or ECT. The theory links perception and action and combines an expectancy-value perspective on choice behavior, with features of recent exemplar-based approaches to the study of human information processing. It addresses the influence of social models, as well as the impact of past action consequences and differs from extant theories of instrumental learning.
The volume focuses on two extreme classes of conditions defined in terms of the actor's limited access to information and discusses available evidence from many areas of psychology. Its structure is as follows: the introductory chapter locates the proposed theory within a historical context; this is followed by an overview of the main structure of the conceptual framework; subsequently, general propositions are presented and discussed in detail; later, empirical implications are derived for certain extreme classes of choice conditions and considered in the light of empirical evidence.
It is hoped the publication will inspire students and researchers of psychology, biology, zoology and of many social sciences, including sociology, anthropology, decision research, marketing, economics, cognitive science and mass media studies to undertake further research and to reconsider existing data and frameworks.
Vision and motor control / edited by Luc Proteau, Digby ElliottBF295 V57 1992eb
Since the classic studies of Woodworth (1899), the role of
vision in the control of movement has been an important
research topic in experimental psychology. While many early
studies were concerned with the relative importance of vision
and kinesthesis and/or the time it takes to use visual
information, recent theoretical and technical developments
have stimulated scientists to ask questions about how
different sources of visual information contribute to motor
control in different contexts.
In this volume, articles are
presented that provide a broad coverage of the current
research and theory on vision and human motor learning and
control. Many of the contributors are colleagues that have met
over the years at the meetings and conferences concerned with
human movement. They represent a wide range of affiliation and
background including kinesiology, physical education,
neurophysiology, cognitive psychology and neuropsychology.
Thus the topic of vision and motor control is addressed from a
number of different perspectives. In general, each author sets
an empirical and theoretical framework for their topic, and
then discusses current work from their own laboratory, and how
it fits into the larger context. A synthesis chapter at the end of the volume identifies commonalities in the work and suggests directions for future experimentation.
Psychophysical approaches to cognition / edited by Daniel AlgomBF237 P863 1992eb
Our lives are informed by perceptual and cognitive processes at all levels, from instrumental learning to metaphorical discourse to memorial representation. Yet, historically, these two branches of experimental psychology, perception and cognition, have developed separately using independent methods of experimentation and analysis. This volume is motivated by the assumption that a fundamental integration of the two fields is fruitful methodologically and indispensable theoretically. It explores how the notion of psychophysics aligned with cognitive processes shapes the study of perception and cognition, and illuminates a variety of contemporary research issues from a novel theoretical perspective. The papers raise conceptual and metatheoretical issues against the background of relevant empirical data.
The authors provide a virtually narrative account of the most recent developments in their respective fields of expertise in psychophysics and cognitive psychology. Hence, this volume gives the interested reader an opportunity to reflect critically upon some of the current issues defining the two domains and their conjunction. Topics discussed include the psychology and psychophysics of similarity, the psychophysics of visual memory and cognitive factors in judgment. The emerging notion of cognitive psychophysics may well warrant the attention of experts in the field.
Percepts, concepts, and categories : the representation and processing of information / edited by Barbara BurnsBF444 P47 1992eb
The most important distinction derived from the computational view of thought is between structures and processes. So proclaimed Farah and Kosslyn in 1982, arguing that structures and processes cannot be examined in isolation and concluding that converging operations are required to isolate the structure-process pair that can explain a particular finding.
The distinction between structure and process within the study of percepts, concepts and categories is considered in depth in this volume, with penetrating commentaries by fellow authors concluding each chapter.
This interesting format achieves a broad coverage of the various aspects and implications of the structure-process distinction. It affords a salient indication of the diversity of positions as to the description and utility of distinguishing structures and processors. At the same time, it reveals that researchers specializing in areas of study ranging from simple structure and process involved in perceptual organization and texture to complex structure and process associated with reading graphs and chess expertise, do utilize such a distinction in similar ways.
The analysis is organized into four major parts within the book: Early Visual Representation and Processing; Percepts, Concepts, Categories and Development; Categories, Concepts and Learning; and Higher-Order Representation and Processing.
Approaches to the study of motor control and learning / edited by Jeffery J. SummersBF295 A68 1992eb
During the past two decades, there has been a dramatic increase
in interest in the study of motor control and learning. In this
volume authors from a variety of backgrounds and theoretical
perspectives review their research with particular emphasis on
the methods and paradigms employed, and the future direction of
their work. The book is divided into four main sections. The
first section contains chapters examining general issues and
trends in the movement behaviour field. The remaining three
sections contain chapters from scientists working in three
broadly defined areas of interest: coordination and control;
visuo-motor processes; and movement disorders. Each section
provides an overview of the different approaches and different
levels of analysis being used to examine specific topics within
the motor domain.
Theories of anxiety [by] William F. FischerBF 575 A6F5
An introduction to the psychology of children's drawings / Glyn V. Thomas and Angèle M.J. SilkBF 723 D7 T48 1990
Children's drawings are intriguing. Why, for example, do children draw people with arms sticking out of the side of their heads? Recent research in the study of children's art suggests that these apparent oddities are not just random mistakes, but reflect children's orderly and often thoughful attempts at pictorial representation.
This concise book reviews psychological theories of children's drawings and their relation to emotional and cognitive development. Long-established assumptions that "children draw what they know," or that drawings are expressions of emotional experience or unconscious wishes, are critically appraised.
Unlike many specialized works, this book does not present just one approach to the exclusion of others, but attempts a dispassionate review of all major theories and aspects of this fascinating subject. Organized around a series of simple questions about children's drawings, the book covers material from philosophy, perception studies, clinical psychology, art, and aesthetics as well as from child development and cognitive psychology.
Oracles of Nostradamus, by Chas. A. WardBF 1815 N8 W2 1940
How to publish high-quality research / Jeff Joireman, Paul A.M. Van LangeBF 76.8 J65 2015eb
Empathy : a history / Susan LanzoniBF 575 E55 L36 2018
A surprising, sweeping, and deeply researched history of empathy--from late-nineteenth-century German aesthetics to mirror neurons
Empathy: A History tells the fascinating and largely unknown story of the first appearance of "empathy" in 1908 and tracks its shifting meanings over the following century. Despite empathy's ubiquity today, few realize that it began as a translation of Einfühlung or "in-feeling" in German psychological aesthetics that described how spectators projected their own feelings and movements into objects of art and nature.
Remarkably, this early conception of empathy transformed into its opposite over the ensuing decades. Social scientists and clinical psychologists refashioned empathy to require the deliberate putting aside of one's feelings to more accurately understand another's. By the end of World War II, interpersonal empathy entered the mainstream, appearing in advice columns, popular radio and TV, and later in public forums on civil rights. Even as neuroscientists continue to map the brain correlates of empathy, its many dimensions still elude strict scientific description.
This meticulously researched book uncovers empathy's historical layers, offering a rich portrait of the tension between the reach of one's own imagination and the realities of others' experiences.
Second wave positive psychology : embracing the dark side of life / Itai Ivtzan, Tim Lomas, Kate Hefferon, and Piers WorthBF 204.6 I98 2016
Positive psychology is currently equated with theory and research on the positive aspects of life. The reality could not be further from the truth. Positive psychology investigates and researches some of the most difficult and painful experiences. Second Wave Positive Psychology: Embracing the Dark Side of Life is an innovative and groundbreaking textbook that explores a variety of topics we consider to be part of the 'dark' side of life while emphasising their role in our positive functioning and transformation as human beings. This more nuanced approach to the notions of 'positive' and 'negative' can be described as the 'second wave' of Positive Psychology.
Positive Psychology is one of the fastest growing and least understood branches of psychology. Exploring topics at the heart of Positive Psychology, such as meaning, resilience, human development, mortality, change, suffering, and spirituality, this book engages with so-called 'negative' matters from a Positive Psychology angle, showing how the path of personal development can involve experiences which, while challenging, can lead to growth, insight, healing and transformation.
Containing useful resources, case studies, practical exercises and chapter summaries, Second Wave Positive Psychology is an essential guide for undergraduate and postgraduate students studying positive psychology, as well as clinicians wanting to know more about the subject. It will also be relevant to the layperson who is interested in positive psychology.
Social cognition : from brains to culture / Susan T. Fiske & Shelley E. TaylorBF 323 S63 F57 2017
How do people make sense of each other? How do people make sense of themselves? Social cognition attempts to explain the most fundamental of questions. It looks at why other people are not simply 'objects' to be perceived and how the social world provides dramatic and complex perspectives on the Self and Others. The subtitle of this book 'From Brains to Culture' reflects the journey that Social Cognition has been on since it first emerged as a dynamic and forward-looking field of research within social psychology. Structured in four clear parts, Social Cognition: From Brains to Culture begins with a clear outline of the basic concepts before moving into more topical sections: understanding individual selves and others, followed by making sense of society. The authors finish by looking beyond cognition to affect and behaviour. Challenging and rigorous, yet strikingly accessible, this book is essential reading for all students of social psychology from undergraduate to post-graduate and beyond.
The User Unconscious : On Affect, Media, and Measure / [edited by] Patricia Ticineto CloughBF 175.5 A35 U84 2018eb
Wide-ranging essays and experimental prose forcefully demonstrate how digital media and computational technologies have redefined what it is to be human
Over the past decade, digital media has expanded exponentially, becoming an essential part of daily life. The stimulating essays and experimental compositions in The User Unconscious delve into the ways digital media and computational technologies fundamentally affect our sense of self and the world we live in, from both human and other-than-human perspectives.
Critical theorist Patricia Ticineto Clough's provocative essays center around the motif of the "user unconscious" to advance the challenging thesis that that we are both human and other-than-human: we now live, think, and dream within multiple layers of computational networks that are constantly present, radically transforming subjectivity, sociality, and unconscious processes.
Drawing together rising strains of philosophy, critical theory, and media studies, as well as the political, social, and economic transformations that are shaping the twenty-first-century world, The User Unconscious points toward emergent crises and potentialities in both human subjectivity and sociality. Moving from affect to data, Clough forces us to see that digital media and computational technologies are not merely controlling us--they have already altered what it means to be human.
The Iranian Metaphysicals : Explorations in Science, Islam, and the Uncanny / Alireza DoostdarBF 1434 I74 D66 2018eb
What do the occult sciences, séances with the souls of the dead, and appeals to saintly powers have to do with rationality? Since the late nineteenth century, modernizing intellectuals, religious leaders, and statesmen in Iran have attempted to curtail many such practices as "superstitious," instead encouraging the development of rational religious sensibilities and dispositions. However, far from diminishing the diverse methods through which Iranians engage with the immaterial realm, these rationalizing processes have multiplied the possibilities for metaphysical experimentation.
The Iranian Metaphysicals examines these experiments and their transformations over the past century. Drawing on years of ethnographic and archival research, Alireza Doostdar shows that metaphysical experimentation lies at the center of some of the most influential intellectual and religious movements in modern Iran. These forms of exploration have not only produced a plurality of rational orientations toward metaphysical phenomena but have also fundamentally shaped what is understood as orthodox Shi'i Islam, including the forms of Islamic rationality at the heart of projects for building and sustaining an Islamic Republic.
Delving into frequently neglected aspects of Iranian spirituality, politics, and intellectual inquiry, The Iranian Metaphysicals challenges widely held assumptions about Islam, rationality, and the relationship between science and religion.
The Illusion of Conscious Will / Daniel M. Wegner ; foreword by Daniel Gilbert ; introduction by Thalia WheatleyBF 611 W38 2017eb
A new edition of Wegner's classic and controversial work, arguing that conscious will simply reminds of us the authorship of our actions.
Do we consciously cause our actions, or do they happen to us? Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, theologians, and lawyers have long debated the existence of free will versus determinism. With the publication of The Illusion of Conscious Will in 2002, Daniel Wegner proposed an innovative and provocative answer: the feeling of conscious will is created by the mind and brain; it helps us to appreciate and remember our authorship of the things our minds and bodies do. Yes, we feel that we consciously will our actions, Wegner says, but at the same time, our actions happen to us. Although conscious will is an illusion ("the most compelling illusion"), it serves as a guide to understanding ourselves and to developing a sense of responsibility and morality. Wegner was unable to undertake a second edition of the book before his death in 2013; this new edition adds a foreword by Wegner's friend, the prominent psychologist Daniel Gilbert, and an introduction by Wegner's colleague Thalia Wheatley.
Approaching conscious will as a topic of psychological study, Wegner examines cases both when people feel that they are willing an act that they are not doing and when they are not willing an act that they in fact are doing in such phenomena as hypnosis, Ouija board spelling, and dissociative identity disorder.
Wegner's argument was immediately controversial (called "unwarranted impertinence" by one scholar) but also compelling. Engagingly written, with wit and clarity, The Illusion of Conscious Will was, as Daniel Gilbert writes in the foreword to this edition, Wegner's "magnum opus."
Le fa, entre croyances et science : Pour une epistemologie des savoirs africains / Desire MedegnonBF 1779 I4 M444 2017eb
How really worth are the African endogenous knowledge and know-how? Why and how can we promote this inheritage, while the so-called western scientific model looks like the best means of knowing and mastering the world? This book answers these questions by examining ifa, a West-African system of knowledge and practices which a narrow knowledge reduces to a fanciful divinatory art, an art then logically �perceived as inconsistent and theoretically useless�. Yet, more than a divinatory art, ifa, when we submit it to analysis, appears to be an organized set of knowledge and researches, a science in the making. What makes us really think that way is the intellectual vocation that defines ifa, the rigor of the logical operations that it implies and which recalls in one way or the other the game of implicit mathematics, the objectivity requirement which is valued by the actors of the system and rests on a genuine critical tradition. This opinion is also based on the weight of myths upon which ifa rests and which constitute an important granary where a prominent set of knowledge is packed. Beyond the establishment of the consistency and the limitations of ifa, this book has strived to define a �method� of examination and validation of the knowledge which has emerged out of the official scientific system. In fact, the questions which arise from it are finally intended to give a new foundation to philosophy of sciences and to epistemology.
Starting with Goodbye : A Daughter's Memoir of Love after Loss / by Lisa RomeoBF 575 G7 R653 2017eb
Doing your qualitative psychology project / edited by Cath Sullivan, Stephen Gibson and Sarah RileyBF 76.5 D628 2012eb
Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here
'Thanks to this new book, psychology students now have a trustworthy and practical guide that takes them through all stages of qualitative research with rich examples and different paradigmatic perspectives.'
Svend Brinkmann, Aalborg University, Denmark
'A well thought-out, accessible and engaging guide to conducting qualitative research projects. This is a must-read for any student beginning the qualitative journey.'
Abigail Locke, University of Huddersfield, UK
This book is for students who are embarking on a qualitative research project in psychology or a related discipline. While focusing mainly on undergraduate dissertations, this book will also be useful for postgraduate students. It takes you through planning a qualitative project, stage by stage, addressing key issues and concerns along the way. The focus throughout is on how to make your project excellent!
Packed full of examples from student projects to help you to put theory into practice, the book guides you through:
* designing your research
* ethical considerations
* collecting your data
* analysing your data
* writing your report or dissertation.
In addition, the book will help you with time management and working with your supervisor, as well as providing guidance on how you can use your project as the basis for publication or further study.
Single-case research methods for the behavioral and health sciences / David L. Morgan, Robin K. MorganBF 76.6 S56M67 2009eb
Using an integrated case study approach, the book begins with the underlying logic of single-case (and its relations to applied behaviour analysis) designs, specific design strategies and tactics, data presentation and interpretation, and the general advantages of single-subject research for those working in applied settings - particularly courses in psychology, social work, counseling and therapy, nursing, and related human services and allied health sciences.
State of insecurity : government of the precarious / Isabell Lorey ; translated by Aileen Derieg ; with a foreword by Judith ButlerBF 697.5 S43 L675 2015
If we do not understand precarization, then we understand neither the politics nor the economy of the present. After years of the welfare state, the rise of technology, combined with neoliberal governmental apparatuses have established a new society of the precarious. In this new way of the world, productivity is not just connected to labor in the traditional sense of work hours, but more totally, to the formation of the self- work becomes performative and affective, and personal identities seep more and more into working ones. This new mode of being has another side, however- it can lead to new forms of self-organisation, resistance, and exodus. In it we see the emergence of a new and disobedient self-government of the precarious.
The implicit mind : cognitive architecture, the self, and ethics / Michael BrownsteinBF 323 S8 B76 2018
Heroes are often admired for their ability to act without having "one thought too many," as Bernard Williams put it. Likewise, the unhesitating decisions of masterful athletes and artists compose part of their fascination. Examples such as these elucidate the idea that spontaneity canrepresent an ideal. However, recent literature in empirical psychology has shown how vulnerable our spontaneous inclinations can be to bias, short-sightedness, and irrationality. How can we make sense of these different roles that spontaneity plays in our lives? The central contention of TheImplicit Mind is that understanding these two faces of spontaneity - its virtues and vices - requires understanding the "implicit mind." In turn, Michael Brownstein maintains that understanding the implicit mind requires considering three sets of questions. The first set focuses on the architecture of the implicit mind itself. What kind of mental states comprise the implicit mind? Are both "virtue" and "vice" cases of spontaneity products of one and the same mental system? What kind of cognitive structure do these states have, if so? The second set ofquestions focuses on the relationship between the implicit mind and the self. How should we relate to our spontaneous inclinations and dispositions? Are they "ours," in the sense that they reflect on our character or identity? Are we responsible for them? The third set focuses on the ethics ofspontaneity. What can research on self-regulation teach us about how to improve the ethics of our implicit minds? How can we enjoy the virtues of spontaneity without succumbing to its vices? Brownstein structures his book around these set of questions in consideration of "the implicit mind."
Human spatial navigation / Arne D. Ekstrom, Hugo J. Spiers, Véronique D. Bohbot, R. Shayna RosenbaumBF 469 E377 2018
The first book to comprehensively explore the cognitive foundations of human spatial navigation
Humans possess a range of navigation and orientation abilities, from the ordinary to the extraordinary. All of us must move from one location to the next, following habitual routes and avoiding getting lost. While there is more to learn about how the brain underlies our ability to navigate, neuroscience and psychology have begun to converge on some important answers. In Human Spatial Navigation , four leading experts tackle fundamental and unique issues to produce the first book-length investigation into this subject.
Opening with the vivid story of Puluwat sailors who navigate in the open ocean with no mechanical aids, the authors begin by dissecting the behavioral basis of human spatial navigation. They then focus on its neural basis, describing neural recordings, brain imaging experiments, and patient studies. Recent advances give unprecedented insights into what is known about the cognitive map and the neural systems that facilitate navigation. The authors discuss how aging and diseases can impede navigation, and they introduce cutting-edge network models that show how the brain can act as a highly integrated system underlying spatial navigation. Throughout, the authors touch on fascinating examples of able navigators, from the Inuit of northern Canada to London taxi drivers, and they provide a critical lens into previous navigation research, which has primarily focused on other species, such as rodents.
An ideal book for students and researchers seeking an accessible introduction to this important topic, Human Spatial Navigation offers a rich look into spatial memory and the neuroscientific foundations for how we make our way in the world.
Cognitive psychology : connecting mind, research, and everyday experience / E. Bruce GoldsteinBF 201 G65 2019
A lot goes on in your head when you're doing something simple like remembering (or forgetting!) to do your next assignment. Bruce Goldstein explains all this activity going on in your mind in COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY: CONNECTING MIND, RESEARCH, AND EVERYDAY EXPERIENCE. Concrete examples and illustrations help you understand both the scientific importance of theories and their relevance to you, including research-based suggestions for better ways to study. MindTap brings the experiments to life with interactive demos and CogLab: The Online Cognition Lab. You can participate in experiments as a subject and experience the effects of the demonstrations yourself to learn how the mind works.
Personality / Jerry M. BurgerBF 698 B84 2019
How would you describe your personality, or can you? Whatever your answer, this text will help you understand personality -- the qualities and traits that form every individual's distinctive character. You'll learn about theoretical explanations of personality, and about the research that illuminates how those theories are relevant in the world around you. Biographical sketches of theorists and accounts of the stories behind influential research programs help you see how classic and contemporary findings relate to each other, and illustrate the connection between theory and research. As you read, personality tests encourage you to interact with the material -- and learn more about your own personality.
Introducing psychology / Daniel L. Schacter, Harvard University; Daniel T. Gilbert, Harvard University; Matthew K. Nock, Harvard University; Daniel M. Wegner, Harvard UniversityBF 121 S326 2018
Introducing Psychology is distinguished by an author team equally at home in the classroom, in the lab, and on the bestsellers list, with each author an expert teacher and accomplished researcher, and with three of the authors having written popular general interest books. It's a textbook written to keep students turning the pages, introducing students to psychology's scientific foundations with an offbeat, example-rich writing style that's anything but that of a typical textbook.
This edition of Introducing Psychology has been completely retooled for the classroom. For the first time, each chapter section begins with Learning Outcomes to help students come away from the reading with a "big picture" understanding of psychology as a living science, not just a collection of facts. This edition also includes a new feature called A World of Difference, drawing on pivotal research to show the importance of sex, gender, culture, SES, and ethnicity in understanding psychology. Also highlighted--the popular Data Visualization Activities, a unique resource for building quantitative reasoning skills.
New Media Option
Achieve Read & Practice, combining a complete eBook with LearningCurve adaptive quizzing. For more, see New to this Edition.
The person : an introduction to the science of personality psychology / Dan P. McAdamsBF 698 M348 2009
The Person provides psychologists with an organizational scheme for personality psychology. This sets the study of the person into evolutionary and cultural context and divided personality up into three broad areas: dispositional traits, characteristic adaptations, and integrative life stories. The fifth edition has been updated to reflect advances that have occurred in the field of psychology in the past few years. It presents new findings that have been obtained with respect to the correlates of personality traits, the dynamics of motives and goals in human lives, and the meanings and manifestations of life stories. Discussions are included on the new ideas on evolution and morality as well as the role of culture in personality. Psychologists will also find a much stronger and detailed discussion of psychophysiology of extraversion, neuroticism, and the train of sensation-seeking.
Exploring lifespan development / Laura E. Berk, Illinois State UniversityBF 713 B466 2018
For courses in Human Development
Exploring Lifespan Development, Fourth Edition, the shorter, essentials version of Development Through the Lifespan, Seventh Edition, covers the same topics and contains the same number of chapters, but presents only the essential information, with an exceptionally strong emphasis on applications. Exploring Lifespan Development also includes all the great features Berk's texts are known for -- an engaging writing style, exceptional multicultural and cross-cultural focus, rich examples, the most up-to-date research, and practical applications that help students relate the subject to their personal and professional lives.
Adolescence / Laurence Steinberg, Temple UniversityBF 724 S75 2017
Cutting-edge science, personalized for today's students.
As a well-respected researcher, Laurence Steinberg connects current research with real-world application, helping students see the similarities and differences in adolescent development across different social, economic, and cultural backgrounds.
Through an integrated, personalized digital learning program, students gain the insight they need to study smarter, stay focused, and improve their performance.
Take a look : observation and portfolio assessment in early childhood / Sue MartinBF 722 M37 2019
A practical and accessible introduction to early childhood observation methods.
Take A Look: Observation and Portfolio Assessment in Early Childhood has been praised for its practical approach, clarity, and ease of use. Its detailed coverage of observation methods leads the reader to develop skills in seeing, recording, understanding, and assessing the development of young children. These essential skills are presented both within a culturally-sensitive framework and with an emphasis on the complexities and importance of the reader's role.
This 7th edition of Take a Look has taken a move forward in meeting current needs. The book's main purpose is to provide a text for a core observation course for early childhood educators or Kindergarten teachers.Through its coverage of introductory early childhood skills courses, child development, curriculum, and behaviour guidance, Take a Look allows learners to make content connections between courses.
Part of Pearson's Canadian Early Childhood Education Collection
The mind is flat : the remarkable shallowness of the improvising brain / Nick ChaterBF 311 C497 2018b
In a radical reinterpretation of how the mind works, an eminent behavioral scientist reveals the illusion of mental depth
Psychologists and neuroscientists struggle with how best to interpret human motivation and decision making. The assumption is that below a mental "surface" of conscious awareness lies a deep and complex set of inner beliefs, values, and desires that govern our thoughts, ideas, and actions, and that to know this depth is to know ourselves.
In this profoundly original book, behavioral scientist Nick Chater contends just the opposite: rather than being the plaything of unconscious currents, the brain generates behaviors in the moment based entirely on our past experiences. Engaging the reader with eye-opening experiments and visual examples, the author first demolishes our intuitive sense of how our mind works, then argues for a positive interpretation of the brain as a ceaseless and creative improviser.
Death, society, and human experience / Robert Kastenbaum and Christopher M. MoremanBF 789 D4 K36 2018
Providing an overview of the myriad ways that we are touched by death and dying, both as an individual and as a member of society, this book will help readers understand our relationship with death. Kastenbaum and Moreman show how various ways that individual and societal attitudes influence both how and when we die and how we live and deal with the knowledge of death and loss. This landmark text draws on contributions from the social and behavioral sciences as well as the humanities, such as history, religion, philosophy, literature, and the arts, to provide thorough coverage of understanding death and the dying process. Death, Society, and Human Experience was originally written by Robert Kastenbaum, a renowned scholar who developed one of the world's first death education courses. Christopher Moreman, who has worked in the field of death studies for almost two decades specializing in afterlife beliefs and experiences, has updated this edition.
A networked self and birth, life, death / edited by Zizi PapacharissiBF 637 L53 N48 2019
We are born, live, and die with technologies. This book is about the role technology plays in sustaining narratives of living, dying, and coming to be. Contributing authors examine how technologies connect, disrupt, or help us reorganize ways of parenting and nurturing life. They further consider how technology sustains our ways of thinking and being, hopefully reconciling the distance between who we are and who we aspire to be. Finally, they address the role technology plays in helping us come to terms with death, looking at technologically enhanced memorials, online rituals of mourning, and patterns of grief enabled through technology. Ultimately, this volume is about using technology to reimagine the art of life.
Mind the body : an exploration of bodily self-awareness / Frédérique de VignemontBF 311 V54 2018
Our own body seems to be the object that we know the best for we constantly receive a flow of internal information about it. Yet bodily awareness has attracted little attention in the literature.Mind the Body is the first comprehensive treatment of bodily awareness. Frederique de Vignemont seeks to answer questions such as: how do I perceive my body? How do I perceive other people's bodies? Can I really feel your pain? What makes me feel this specific body is my own? Why do I care about it?To what extent can I feel an avatar's body as my own? To answer these questions, we need a better understanding of the various aspects of bodily self-awareness, including the spatiality of bodily sensations, their multimodality, their role in social cognition, their relation to action, and toself-defence.This volume combines philosophical analysis with recent experimental results from cognitive science, leading us to question some of our most basic intuitions.
Enactivist interventions : rethinking the mind / Shaun GallagherBF 311 G28 2017
Enactivist Interventions is an interdisciplinary work that explores how theories of embodied cognition illuminate many aspects of the mind, including intentionality, representation, the affect, perception, action and free will, higher-order cognition, and intersubjectivity. Gallagher arguesfor a rethinking of the concept of mind, drawing on pragmatism, phenomenology and cognitive science. Enactivism is presented as a philosophy of nature that has significant methodological and theoretical implications for the scientific investigation of the mind. Gallagher argues that, like the basicphenomena of perception and action, sophisticated cognitive phenomena like reflection, imagining, and mathematical reasoning are best explained in terms of an affordance-based skilled coping. He offers an account of the continuity that runs between basic action, affectivity, and a rationality thatin every case remains embodied. Gallagher's analysis also addresses recent predictive models of brain function and outlines an alternative, enactivist interpretation that emphasizes the close coupling of brain, body and environment rather than a strong boundary that isolates the brain in its internal processes. The extensiverelational dynamics that integrates the brain with the extra-neural body opens into an environment that is physical, social and cultural and that recycles back into the enactive process. Cognitive processes are in-the-world rather than in-the-head; they are situated in affordance spaces definedacross evolutionary, developmental and individual histories, and are constrained by affective processes and normative dimensions of social and cultural practices.
Are racists crazy? : how prejudice, racism, and antisemitism became markers of insanity / Sander L. Gilman and James M. ThomasBF 575 P9 G55 2016
The connection and science behind race, racism, and mental illnessIn 2012, an interdisciplinary team of scientists at the University of Oxford reported that - based on their clinical experiment - the beta-blocker drug, Propranolol, could reduce implicit racial bias among its users. Shortly after the experiment, an article in Time Magazine cited the study, posing the question: Is racism becoming a mental illness? In Are Racists Crazy? Sander Gilman and James Thomas trace the idea of race and racism as psychopathological categories., from mid-19th century Europe, to contemporary America, up to the aforementioned clinical experiment at the University of Oxford, and ask a slightly different question than that posed by Time: How did racism become a mental illness? Using historical, archival, and content analysis, the authors provide a rich account of how the 19th century 'Sciences of Man' - including anthropology, medicine, and biology - used race as a means of defining psychopathology and how assertions about race and madness became embedded within disciplines that deal with mental health and illness.
An illuminating and riveting history of the discourse on racism, antisemitism, and psychopathology, Are Racists Crazy? connects past and present claims about race and racism, showing the dangerous implications of this specious line of thought for today.
Minds make societies : how cognition explains the world humans create / Pascal BoyerBF 311 B645 2018
A watershed book that masterfully integrates insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and more to explore the development and workings of human societies
"There is no good reason why human societies should not be described and explained with the same precision and success as the rest of nature." Thus argues evolutionary psychologist Pascal Boyer in this uniquely innovative book.
Integrating recent insights from evolutionary biology, genetics, psychology, economics, and other fields, Boyer offers precise models of why humans engage in social behaviors such as forming families, tribes, and nations, or creating gender roles. In fascinating, thought-provoking passages, he explores questions such as, Why is there conflict between groups? Why do people believe low-value information such as rumors? Why are there religions? What is social justice? What explains morality? Boyer provides a new picture of cultural transmission that draws on the pragmatics of human communication, the constructive nature of memory in human brains, and human motivation for group formation and cooperation.
Envy in politics / Gwyneth H. McClendonBF 575 E65 M335 2018
How envy, spite, and the pursuit of admiration influence politics
Why do governments underspend on policies that would make their constituents better off? Why do people participate in contentious politics when they could reap benefits if they were to abstain? In Envy in Politics , Gwyneth McClendon contends that if we want to understand these and other forms of puzzling political behavior, we should pay attention to envy, spite, and the pursuit of admiration--all manifestations of our desire to maintain or enhance our status within groups. Drawing together insights from political philosophy, behavioral economics, psychology, and anthropology, McClendon explores how and under what conditions status motivations influence politics.
Through surveys, case studies, interviews, and an experiment, McClendon argues that when concerns about in-group status are unmanaged by social conventions or are explicitly primed by elites, status motivations can become drivers of public opinion and political participation. McClendon focuses on the United States and South Africa--two countries that provide tough tests for her arguments while also demonstrating that the arguments apply in different contexts.
From debates over redistribution to the mobilization of collective action, Envy in Politics presents the first theoretical and empirical investigation of the connection between status motivations and political behavior.
The Watchers / Haley Morris-CafieroBF 697.5 B63 M67 2015
Previously published online and receiving viral exposure, this series of photographs examines how society uses gaze to project emotion and how we interpret the looks of others. The project began after the photographer noticed the facial expressions of a man standing behind her in the self-portrait she had set up in the middle of Times Square. Intrigued by the man and a similar photo that followed on the roll of film the photographer decided to set up her camera for the purpose of capturing the expressions of passersby. Each frame is chosen based on the strangers in the background, if they have a critical or questioning look, or if there is a gesture in their body language. By reversing the gaze back on the strangers, the collection begins a conversation about nonverbal interaction and the view society has on body image.
A research guide to psychology : print and electronic sources / Deborah DolanBF 76.5 D6285 2018
This authoritative research guide uses a problem-solving approach to presenting print and electronic resources. Coverage includes: -Definition and deep background sources -Specialized dictionaries, encyclopedias, and handbooks -Current research - Journal Articles and Annual Reviews -Tests and Measures -Bibliographies -U.S. Government Resources -Biographical Resources -Directories and Organizations -Style Guides -Diagnostic Measures -Career Path and Educational Resources -Book Reviews -Major Museums and Archives
The mind and heart of love, lion and unicorn; a study in Eros and agapeBF 575 L8 D3 1956