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H - Social Sciences (Economics, Commerce, Sociology, ...) - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions

Items in Social Sciences (Economics, Commerce, Sociology, ...) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 30 days.

  • Slavery and historical capitalism during the nineteenth century / edited by Dale Tomich
    HT 901 S53 2017
    This book examines the historiography of nineteenth century slavery from the perspective of the "second slavery." The concept of the second slavery emphasizes the relationship between local histories and world-economic transformations. It breaks with conventional narratives of slavery by emphasizing the expansion of reconfigured slaveries in extensive new zones of commodity production in Brazil, Cuba and the US South as part of world-economic processes of decolonization, industrialization, urbanization, and the creation of mass markets. Thus, slavery was not a moribund institution. Capitalist modernity, liberal ideology, and anti-slavery from above or from below, faced a vigorous foe that operated within the very economic, political, and cultural premises of the changing 19th century world. This perspective offers an original approach to the history of slavery. It has opened up vigorous debates over slavery and anti-slavery, Atlantic history and capitalism. An international group of scholars critically engage older traditions of scholarship on Atlantic history, the economic history of slavery, and the history of slavery in Cuba, Brazil, and the United States from the perspective of the second slavery. Each chapter reinterprets its subject matter in a way that opens out to dialogue between national historiographies and to a reformulation of Atlantic and world-economic history. This collection of essays contributes to the development of a more productive conceptual framework for the reconstruction and reinterpretation of the historical relation of slavery and world capitalism during the nineteenth century.

  • ICRT 2017 : railway development, operations, and maintenance : proceedings of the first International Conference on Rail Transportation 2017, July 10-12, 2017, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China / sponsored by Southwest Jiaotong University, the Transportation & Development Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Wanming Zhai, Ph.D., Kelvin C.P. Wang, Ph.D., P.E
    HE 1005 I58 2018eb

    Selected papers from the First International Conference on Rail Transportation, held in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China, July 10-12, 2017. Sponsored by Southwest Jiaotong University and the Transportation & Development Institute of ASCE.

    This collection contains 111 peer-reviewed papers on all aspects of rail transportation, including high-speed railways, heavy-haul railways, and urban rail transit systems.

    Topics include: design and construction of rail systems; infrastructure development and maintenance; rail vehicles; traction power; communication systems; and operation and the environment.

    This proceedings will be of interest to researchers and practicing engineers working in all areas of rail transportation.

  • ICCREM 2016 : BIM Application and off-Site Construction : proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management : September 29-October 1, 2016, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada / sponsored by Modernization of Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association , The Construction Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; editors, Yaowu Wang, Ph.D., Mohamed Al-Hussein, Ph.D., Yimin Zhu, Ph.D
    HD 9715 A2

  • Advances in public-private partnerships : proceedings of the Second International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships : May 26-29, 2015, Austin, Texas / sponsosred by the University of Texas at Austin, the Transportation & Development Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Zhanmin Zhang, Ph.D., Cesar Queiroz, Ph.D., C. Michael Walton, Ph.D., P.E
    HD 3871

    Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Public-Private Partnerships, held in Austin, Texas, May 26-29, 2015. Sponsored by the University of Texas at Austin and the Transportation & Development Institute of ASCE.

    This collection contains 50 peer-reviewed papers on a wide range of topics related to public-private partnerships in transportation project delivery.

    Topics include: financing policies; the design, construction, operation, and management of PPP infrastructure projects; legal issues related to PPP; and financial viability and risk analysis.

    These papers will be of interest to practitioners, researchers, and government officials involved in implementing public-private partnerships for infrastructure project delivery.

  • ICCREM 2017. sponsored by Modernization of Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association, the Construction Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; editors, Yaowu Wang, Yongshi Pang, Geoffrey Q. P. Shen, Yimin Zhu, Ph.D
    HD 1363 I575 2017eb

    Selected papers from the International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management 2017, held in Guangzhou, China, November 10-12, 2017. Sponsored by the Modernization of Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association and the Construction Institute of ASCE.

    This collection contains 45 peer-reviewed papers on real estate and urbanization.

    Topics include: housing affordability; development site criteria and selection; and economics and real estate investment.

    This proceedings will be of interest to practitioners and researchers in the construction and development industries.

  • ICCREM 2017. sponsored by Modernization of Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association, the Construction Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; editors, Yaowu Wang, Yongshi Pang, Geoffrey Q. P. Shen, Yimin Zhu, Ph.D
    HD 9715 A2I575 2017eb

    Selected papers from the International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management 2017, held in Guangzhou, China, November 10-12, 2017. Sponsored by the Modernization of Management Committee of the China Construction Industry Association and the Construction Institute of ASCE.

    This collection contains 42 peer-reviewed papers on project management and construction technology.

    Topics include: risk assessment in construction projects; BIM-based analysis and the assessment of projects; and information management and project teams.

    This proceedings will be of interest to practitioners and researchers in the construction and development industries.

  • International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017. proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, October 26-28, 2017, New York, New York / sponsored by, Committee on Sustainability of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Lucio Soibelman, Ph.D., Feniosky Pe̋na-Mora, Sc.D
    HC 79 E5

    Selected papers from the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, held in New York, New York, October 26-28, 2017. Sponsored by the Committee on Sustainability of ASCE.

    This collection contains 37 peer-reviewed papers on methodologies in sustainable infrastructure development.

    Topics include: complex systems analysis; sustainable return on investment; infrastructure and management; and infrastructure problems in developing nations.

    This collection will be of interest to practitioners, researchers, and policy makers and public infrastructure owners, planners, and managers.

  • International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017. proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, October 26-28, 2017, New York, New York / sponsored by, Committee on Sustainability of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Lucio Soibelman, Ph.D., Feniosky Pe̋na-Mora, Sc.D
    HC 79 E5I534 2017beb

    Selected papers from the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, held in New York, New York, October 26-28, 2017. Sponsored by the Committee on Sustainability of ASCE.

    This collection contains 44 peer-reviewed papers on policy, finance, and education in sustainable infrastructure development.

    Topics include: infrastructure resilience curricula; sustainability optimization theory; decision making under uncertainty; innovative project financing; and public-private partnerships.

    This collection will be of interest to practitioners, researchers, and policy makers and public infrastructure owners, planners, and managers.

  • International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017. proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, October 26-28, 2017, New York, New York / sponsored by, Committee on Sustainability of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Lucio Soibelman, Ph.D., Feniosky Pe̋na-Mora, Sc.D
    HC 79 E5I534 2017eb

    Selected papers from the International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure 2017, held in New York, New York, October 26-28, 2017. Sponsored by the Committee on Sustainability of ASCE.

    This collection contains 36 peer-reviewed papers on new technologies in sustainable infrastructure development.

    Topics include: autonomous vehicles; big data analysis for urban science; and distributed energy infrastructure.

    This collection will be of interest to practitioners, researchers, and policy makers and public infrastructure owners, planners, and managers.

  • Perpetrators and perpetration of mass violence : action, motivations and dynamics / edited by Timothy Williams and Susanne Buckley-Zistel
    HV 6322.7 P47 2018eb

  • Just Debt : Theology, Ethics, and Neoliberalism / Ilsup Ahn
    HG 3701 A23 2017eb

  • Robot Sex : Social and Ethical Implications / edited by John Danaher and Neil McArthur
    HQ 21 R7518 2017eb

    Perspectives from philosophy, psychology religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships.

    Sexbots are coming. Given the pace of technological advances, it is inevitable that realistic robots specifically designed for people's sexual gratification will be developed in the not-too-distant future. Despite popular culture's fascination with the topic, and the emergence of the much-publicized Campaign Against Sex Robots, there has been little academic research on the social, philosophical, moral, and legal implications of robot sex. This book fills the gap, offering perspectives from philosophy, psychology, religious studies, economics, and law on the possible future of robot-human sexual relationships.

    Contributors discuss what a sex robot is, if they exist, why we should take the issue seriously, and what it means to "have sex" with a robot. They make the case for developing sex robots, arguing for their beneficial nature, and the case against it, on religious and moral grounds; they consider the subject from the robot's perspective, addressing such issues as consent and agency; and they ask whether it is possible for a human to form a mutually satisfying, loving relationship with a robot. Finally, they speculate about the future of human-robot sexual interaction, considering the social acceptability of sex robots and the possible effect on society.


    Marina Adshade, Thomas Arnold, Julie Carpenter, John Danaher, Brian Earp, Lily Eva Frank, Joshua Goldstein, Michael Hauskeller, Noreen Herzfeld, Neil McArthur, Mark Migotti, Sven Nyholm, Ezio di Nucci, Steve Petersen, Anders Sandberg, Matthias Scheutz, Litska Strikwerda, Nicole Wyatt

  • For the Wild : Ritual and Commitment in Radical Eco-Activism / Sarah M. Pike
    HV 4708 P565 2017eb
    For the Wild explores the ways in which the commitments of radical environmental and animal-rights activists develop through powerful experiences with the more-than-human world during childhood and young adulthood. The book addresses the question of how and why activists come to value nonhuman animals and the natural world as worthy of protection. Emotions and memories of wonder, love, compassion, anger, and grief shape activists' protest practices and help us understand their deep-rooted dedication to the planet and its creatures. Drawing on analyses of activist art, music, and writings, as well as interviews and participant-observation in activist communities, Sarah M. Pike delves into the sacred duties of these often misunderstood and marginalized groups with openness and sensitivity.

  • The War against al-Qaeda : Religion, Policy, and Counter-narratives / Nahed Artoul Zehr
    HV 6432.5 Q2 Z44 2017eb

  • Universalism and Liberation : Italian Catholic Culture and the Idea of International Community, 1963-1978 / Jacopo Cellini
    HN 39 I8 C458 2017eb

  • Fugitive Saints : Catholicism and the Politics of Slavery / Katie Walker Grimes
    HT 917 C3 G754 2017eb
    Catholic, Catholicism, church, slavery, saints, race, racism, reconciliation, history, white supremacy, liberation, James Cone, M. Shawn Copeland, Latin America, colonialism

  • The Future Life of Trauma : Partitions, Borders, Repetition / Jennifer Yusin
    HM 1025 Y87 2017eb

  • Charity and Social Welfare : The Dynamics of Religious Reform in Northern Europe, 1780-1920 / edited by Leen Van Molle
    HV 530 C537 2017eb

  • Land and the Given Economy : The Hermeneutics and Phenomenology of Dwelling / Todd S. Mei
    HD 1251 M45 2017eb

    Alarming environmental degradation makes ever more urgent the reconciliation of political economy and sustainability. Land and the Given Economy examines how the landed basis of human existence converges with economics, and it offers a persuasive new conception of land that transcends the flawed and inadequate accounts in classical and neoclassical economics.

    Todd S. Mei grounds this work in a rigorous review of problematic economic conceptions of land in the work of John Locke, Adam Smith, David Ricardo, John Stuart Mill, Karl Marx, Henry George, Alfred Marshall, and Thorstein Veblen.

    Mei then draws on the thought of Martin Heidegger to posit a philosophical clarification of the meaning of land its ontological nature. He argues that central to rethinking land is recognizing its unique manner of being, described as its "givenness." Concluding with a discussion of ground rent, Mei reflects on specific strategies for incorporating the philosophical account of land into contemporary economic policies.

    Revivifying economic frameworks that fail to resolve the impasse between economic development and sustainability, Land and the Given Economy offers much of interest to scholars and readers of philosophy, environmentalism, and the full spectrum of political economy.


  • The New Localism : How Cities Can Thrive in the Age of Populism / Bruce Katz and Jeremy Nowak
    HT 167 K376 2017eb

  • A Culture of Growth : The Origins of the Modern Economy / Joel Mokyr
    HD 75 M65 2017eb

    Why Enlightenment culture sparked the Industrial Revolution

    During the late eighteenth century, innovations in Europe triggered the Industrial Revolution and the sustained economic progress that spread across the globe. While much has been made of the details of the Industrial Revolution, what remains a mystery is why it took place at all. Why did this revolution begin in the West and not elsewhere, and why did it continue, leading to today's unprecedented prosperity? In this groundbreaking book, celebrated economic historian Joel Mokyr argues that a culture of growth specific to early modern Europe and the European Enlightenment laid the foundations for the scientific advances and pioneering inventions that would instigate explosive technological and economic development. Bringing together economics, the history of science and technology, and models of cultural evolution, Mokyr demonstrates that culture--the beliefs, values, and preferences in society that are capable of changing behavior--was a deciding factor in societal transformations.

    Mokyr looks at the period 1500-1700 to show that a politically fragmented Europe fostered a competitive "market for ideas" and a willingness to investigate the secrets of nature. At the same time, a transnational community of brilliant thinkers known as the "Republic of Letters" freely circulated and distributed ideas and writings. This political fragmentation and the supportive intellectual environment explain how the Industrial Revolution happened in Europe but not China, despite similar levels of technology and intellectual activity. In Europe, heterodox and creative thinkers could find sanctuary in other countries and spread their thinking across borders. In contrast, China's version of the Enlightenment remained controlled by the ruling elite.

    Combining ideas from economics and cultural evolution, A Culture of Growth provides startling reasons for why the foundations of our modern economy were laid in the mere two centuries between Columbus and Newton.

  • Digital Indonesia : Connectivity and Divergence / edited by Edwin Jurriëns, Ross Tapsell
    HN 710 Z9 I565 2011eb
    This book places Indonesia at the forefront of the global debate about the impact of ""disruptive"" digital technologies.

    Digital technology is fast becoming the core of life, work, culture and identity. Yet, while the number of Indonesians using the internet has followed the upward global trend, some groups -- the poor, the elderly, women, the less well-educated, people living in remote communities -- are disadvantaged.

    This interdisciplinary collection of essays by leading researchers and scholars, as well as e-governance and e-commerce insiders, examines the impact of digitalisation on the media industry, governance, commerce, informal sector employment, education, cybercrime, terrorism, religion, artistic and cultural expression, and much more. It presents groundbreaking analysis of the impact of digitalisation in one of the worlds most diverse, geographically vast nations. In weighing arguments about the opportunities and challenges presented by digitalisation, it puts the very idea of a technological revolution into critical perspective.

  • Iraq and the Politics of Oil : An Insider's Perspective / Gary Vogler
    HD 9576 I72 V64 2017eb
    Was the Iraq war really about oil? As a senior oil advisor for the Office for Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA) and briefly as minister of oil, Gary Vogler thought he knew. But while doing research for a book about his experience in Iraq, Vogler discovered that what he knew was not the whole story--or even the true story. The Iraq war did have an oil agenda underlying it, one that Vogler had previously denied. This book is his attempt to set the record straight.

    Iraq and the Politics of Oil is a fascinating behind-the-scenes account of the role of the US government in the Iraqi oil sector since 2003. Vogler describes the prewar oil planning and the important decisions made during hostilities to get Iraqi oil flowing several months ahead of schedule. He reveals how, amid the instability of 2006 (largely fueled by the arrogance of early US decisions), the fixing of the Bayji Refinery contributed significantly to the success of the oil sector in the Sunni part of northern Iraq during and after the surge. Vogler gives us an expert insider's view of the largest oilfield auctions in the history of the international oil industry, and his account shows how US Forces' focus on a single Iraqi point of failure in 2007 was a primary factor in the record productions and exports of 2012 through 2017.

    But under the successes so deftly chronicled here, a darker political narrative finally emerges, one that reaches back to the decision to go to war with Iraq. Uncovering it, Vogler revises our understanding of what we were doing in Iraq, even as he gives us a critical, close-up view of that fraught enterprise.

  • Lessons Learned from Public Workforce Program Experiments / Stephen A. Wandner, editor
    HD 5713.6 U54 L47 2017eb
    This book provides analysis of several USDOL-sponsored public workforce program experiments.

  • Demographic Change and Long-Run Development / edited by Matteo Cervellati and Uwe Sunde
    HB 887 D439 2017eb

    Recent approaches to economic demography, investigating the effect of the transition to low mortality and low fertility on economic development.

    Over the last two hundred years, mortality and fertility levels in the Western world have dropped to unprecedented levels. This demographic transition was accompanied by an economic transition that led to widespread education and economic growth after centuries of near-stagnation. At the same time, other changes have occurred in family structures, culture, and the organization of society. Economists have only recently begun to take into account the demographic transition from high mortality and high fertility when modeling and researching economic development. This CESifo volume reviews recent approaches to economic demography, considering such topics as the bio-geographic origins of comparative development differences, the role of health improvements and mortality decline, as well as physiological, familial, cultural, and social aspects.

    After an overview of the study of demography and economic demography, the chapters cover subjects including the Neolithic era and the period of the formation of states and social institutions; longevity and economic growth; household decision making and fertility; land inequality, education, and marriage in nineteenth century Prussia; and caste systems and technology in pre-modern societies. The book concludes with a call for further investigation of the institutional and social factors that influence demographics and economies, suggesting that unified growth theory offers a potential approach to studying development.


    Matteo Cervellati, Francesco Cinnirella, David de la Croix, Carl-Johann Dalgaard, Matthias Doepke, Elena Esposito, Davide Fiaschi, Tamara Fioroni, Oded Galor, Boris Gershman, Erik Hornung, Fabian Kindermann, Nils-Petter Lagerlöf, Holger Strulik, Uwe Sunde, David N. Weil

  • Wealth : NOMOS LVIII / edited by Jack Knight and Melissa Schwartzberg
    HC 110 W4 W422 2017eb

  • The New Criminal Justice Thinking / edited by Sharon Dolovich and Alexandra Natapoff
    HV 9950 N495 2017eb
    A vital collection for reforming criminal justice.

    After five decades of punitive expansion, the entire U.S. criminal justice system-- mass incarceration, the War on Drugs, police practices, the treatment of juveniles and the mentally ill, glaring racial disparity, the death penalty and more -- faces challenging questions. What exactly is criminal justice? How much of it is a system of law and how much is a collection of situational social practices? What roles do the Constitution and the Supreme Court play? How do race and gender shape outcomes? How does change happen, and what changes or adaptations should be pursued?

    The New Criminal Justice Thinking addresses the challenges of this historic moment by asking essential theoretical and practical questions about how the criminal system operates. In this thorough and thoughtful volume, scholars from across the disciplines of legal theory, sociology, criminology, Critical Race Theory, and organizational theory offer crucial insights into how the criminal system works in both theory and practice. By engaging both classic issues and new understandings, this volume offers a comprehensive framework for thinking about the modern justice system.

    For those interested in criminal law and justice, The New Criminal Justice Thinking offers a profound discussion of the complexities of our deeply flawed criminal justice system, complexities that neither legal theory nor social science can answer alone.

  • The Development Dance : How Donors and Recipients Negotiate the Delivery of Foreign Aid / Haley J. Swedlund
    HC 800 S955 2017eb

    In a book full of directly applicable lessons for policymakers, Haley J. Swedlund explores why foreign aid is delivered in different ways at different times, and why various approaches prove to be politically unsustainable. She finds that no aid-delivery mechanism has yet resolved commitment problems in the donor-recipient relationship; bargaining compromises break down and have to be renegotiated; frustration grows; new ways of delivering aid gain traction over existing practices; and the dance resumes.

    Swedlund draws on hundreds of interviews with key decision makers representing both donor agencies and recipient governments, policy and archival documents in Ghana, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda, and an original survey of top-level donor officials working across twenty countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. This wealth of data informs Swedlund's analysis of fads and fashions in the delivery of foreign aid and the interaction between effectiveness and aid delivery. The central message of The Development Dance is that if we want to know whether an aid delivery mechanism is likely to be sustained over the long term, we need to look at whether it induces credible commitments from both donor agencies and recipient governments over the long term.

  • Surviving Poverty : Creating Sustainable Ties among the Poor / Joan Maya Mazelis
    HC 79 P6 M394 2017eb
    Surviving Poverty carefully examines the experiences of people living below the poverty level, looking in particular at the tension between social isolation and social ties among the poor. Joan Maya Mazelis draws on in-depth interviews with poor people in Philadelphia to explore how they survive and the benefits they gain by being connected to one another. Half of the study participants are members of the Kensington Welfare Rights Union, a distinctive organization that brings poor people together in the struggle to survive. The mutually supportive relationships the members create, which last for years, even decades, contrast dramatically with the experiences of participants without such affiliation.
    In interviews, participants discuss their struggles and hardships, and their responses highlight the importance of cultivating relationships among people living in poverty. Surviving Poverty documents the ways in which social ties become beneficial and sustainable, allowing members to share their skills and resources and providing those living in similar situations a space to unite and speak collectively to the growing and deepening poverty in the United States. The study concludes that productive, sustainable ties between poor people have an enduring and valuable impact. Grounding her study in current debates about the importance of alleviating poverty, Mazelis proposes new modes of improving the lives of the poor. Surviving Poverty is invested in both structural and social change and demonstrates the power support services can have to foster relationships and build sustainable social ties for those living in poverty.

  • Meth Wars : Police, Media, Power / Travis Linnemann
    HV 5822 A5 L56 2016eb

  • Beyond Austerity : Reforming the Greek Economy / edited by Costas Meghir, Christopher A. Pissarides, Dimitri Vayanos, and Nikolaos Vettas
    HB 3807.5 B493 2017eb

    Prominent economists present detailed analyses of the conditions that made Greece vulnerable to economic crisis and offer policy recommendations for comprehensive and radical change.

    More than eight years after the global financial crisis began, the economy of Greece shows little sign of recovery, and its position in the eurozone seems tenuous. Between 2008 and 2014, incomes in Greece shrank by more than 25 percent, homes lost more than a third of their value, and the unemployment rate reached 27 percent. Most articles on Greece in the media focus on the effects of austerity, repayment of its debt, and its future in the eurozone. In Beyond Austerity: Reforming the Greek Economy , leading Greek economists from institutions both within and outside Greece, take a broader and deeper view of the Greek crisis, examining the pathologies that made Greece vulnerable to the crisis and the implications for the entire eurozone.

    Each chapter takes on a specific policy area, examining it in terms of Greece's economic reality and offering possible directions for policy. The topics range from macroeconomic issues to markets and their regulation to finance to the public sector. Individual chapters address the costs and benefits of participation in the eurozone, Greece's international competitiveness, taxation, pensions, the labor market, privatization, product markets, finance, education, healthcare, corruption, the justice system, and public administration. The contributors argue that Greek institutions require a deep overhaul rather than quick fixes to enable long-term growth and prosperity.

  • The First Serious Optimist : A. C. Pigou and the Birth of Welfare Economics / Ian Kumekawa
    HB 103 P54 K86 2017eb

    A groundbreaking intellectual biography of one of the twentieth century's most influential economists

    The First Serious Optimist is an intellectual biography of the British economist A. C. Pigou (1877-1959), a founder of welfare economics and one of the twentieth century's most important and original thinkers. Though long overshadowed by his intellectual rival John Maynard Keynes, Pigou was instrumental in focusing economics on the public welfare. And his reputation is experiencing a renaissance today, in part because his idea of "externalities" or spillover costs is the basis of carbon taxes. Drawing from a wealth of archival sources, Ian Kumekawa tells how Pigou reshaped the way the public thinks about the economic role of government and the way economists think about the public good.

    Setting Pigou's ideas in their personal, political, social, and ethical context, the book follows him as he evolved from a liberal Edwardian bon vivant to a reserved but reform-minded economics professor. With World War I, Pigou entered government service, but soon became disenchanted with the state he encountered. As his ideas were challenged in the interwar period, he found himself increasingly alienated from his profession. But with the rise of the Labour Party following World War II, the elderly Pigou re-embraced a mind-set that inspired a colleague to describe him as "the first serious optimist."

    The story not just of Pigou but also of twentieth-century economics, The First Serious Optimist explores the biographical and historical origins of some of the most important economic ideas of the past hundred years. It is a timely reminder of the ethical roots of economics and the discipline's long history as an active intermediary between the state and the market.

  • Europe's Orphan : The Future of the Euro and the Politics of Debt / Martin Sandbu
    HG 925 S24 2017eb

    Originally conceived as part of a unifying vision for Europe, the euro is now viewed as a millstone around the neck of a continent crippled by vast debts, sluggish economies, and growing populist dissent. In Europe's Orphan , leading economic commentator Martin Sandbu presents a compelling defense of the euro. He argues that rather than blaming the euro for the political and economic failures in Europe since the global financial crisis, the responsibility lies firmly on the authorities of the eurozone and its member countries. The eurozone's self-inflicted financial calamities and economic decline resulted from a toxic cocktail of unforced policy errors by bankers, politicians, and bureaucrats; the unhealthy coziness between finance and governments; and, above all, an extreme unwillingness to restructure debt.

    Sandbu traces the origins of monetary union back to the desire for greater European unity after the Second World War. But the euro's creation coincided with a credit bubble that governments chose not to rein in. Once the crisis hit, a battle of both ideas and interests led to the failure to aggressively restructure sovereign and bank debt. Ideologically informed choices set in motion dynamics that encouraged more economic mistakes and heightened political tensions within the eurozone. Sandbu concludes that the prevailing view that monetary union can only work with fiscal and political union is wrong and dangerous--and risks sending the continent into further political paralysis and economic stagnation.

    Contending that the euro has been wrongfully scapegoated for the eurozone's troubles, Europe's Orphan charts what actually must be done for the continent to achieve an economic and political recovery.

    This revised edition contains a new preface addressing the economic and political implications of Brexit, as well as updated text throughout. Europe's Orphan charts what actually must be done for the continent to achieve a full recovery.

  • An Introduction to U.S. Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations / Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, and Alexander J.S. Colvin
    HD 6971.5 K38 2017eb

    This comprehensive textbook provides an introduction to collective bargaining and labor relations with a focus on developments in the United States. It is appropriate for students, policy analysts, and labor relations professionals including unionists, managers, and neutrals. A three-tiered strategic choice framework unifies the text, and the authors' thorough grounding in labor history and labor law assists students in learning the basics. In addition to traditional labor relations, the authors address emerging forms of collective representation and movements that address income inequality in novel ways.

    Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, and Alexander J. S. Colvin provide numerous contemporary illustrations of business and union strategies. They consider the processes of contract negotiation and contract administration with frequent comparisons to nonunion practices and developments, and a full chapter is devoted to special aspects of the public sector. An Introduction to U.S. Collective Bargaining and Labor Relations has an international scope, covering labor rights issues associated with the global supply chain as well as the growing influence of NGOs and cross-national unionism. The authors also compare how labor relations systems in Germany, Japan, China, India, Brazil, and South Africa compare to practices in the United States.

    The textbook is supplemented by a website (ilr.cornell.edu/scheinman-institute) that features an extensive Instructor's Manual with a test bank, PowerPoint chapter outlines, mock bargaining exercises, organizing cases, grievance cases, and classroom-ready current events materials.

  • States of Disease : Political Environments and Human Health / Brian King
    HM 861 K56 2017eb
    Human health is shaped by the interactions between social and ecological systems. In States of Disease, Brian King advances a social ecology of health framework to demonstrate how historical spatial formations contribute to contemporary vulnerabilities to disease and the opportunities for health justice. He examines how expanded access to antiretroviral therapy is transforming managed HIV in South Africa. And he reveals how environmental health is shifting due to global climate change and flooding variability in northern Botswana. These case studies illustrate how the political environmental context shapes the ways in which health is embodied, experienced, and managed.

  • Gangsters to Governors : The New Bosses of Gambling in America / David Clary
    HV 6715 C53 2017eb
    Generations ago, gambling in America was an illicit activity, dominated by gangsters like Benny Binion and Bugsy Siegel. Today, forty-eight out of fifty states permit some form of legal gambling, and America's governors sit at the head of the gaming table. But have states become addicted to the revenue gambling can bring? And does the potential of increased revenue lead them to place risky bets on new casinos, lotteries, and online games?

    In Gangsters to Governors , journalist David Clary investigates the pros and cons of the shift toward state-run gambling. Unearthing the sordid history of America's gaming underground, he demonstrates the problems with prohibiting gambling while revealing how today's governors, all competing for a piece of the action, promise their citizens payouts that are rarely delivered.

    Clary introduces us to a rogue's gallery of colorful characters, from John "Old Smoke" Morrissey, the Irish-born gangster who built Saratoga into a gambling haven in the nineteenth century, to Sheldon Adelson, the billionaire casino magnate who has furiously lobbied against online betting. By exploring the controversial histories of legal and illegal gambling in America, he offers a fresh perspective on current controversies, including bans on sports and online betting. Entertaining and thought-provoking, Gangsters to Governors considers the past, present, and future of our gambling nation.

    Author's website (http://www.davidclaryauthor.com)

  • Constructions of Terrorism : An Interdisciplinary Approach to Research and Policy / [edited by] Michael Stohl, Richard Burchill, and Scott Englund
    HV 6431 C6527 2017eb
    Discussions about the meaning of terrorism are enduring in everyday language, government policy, news reporting, and international politics. And disagreements about both the definition and the class of violent events that constitute terrorism contribute to the difficulty of formulating effective responses aimed at the prevention and management of the threat of terrorism and the development of counterterrorism policies. Constructions of Terrorism collects works from the leading scholars on terrorism from an array of disciplines--including communication, political science, sociology, global studies, and public policy--to establish appropriate research frameworks for understanding how we construct our understanding of terrorism.

  • International Water Scarcity and Variability : Managing Resource Use Across Political Boundaries / Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar
    HD 1691 D5625 2017eb
    International Water Scarcity and Variability considers international water management challenges created by water scarcity and environmental change. Although media coverage and some scholars tend to cast natural resource shortages as leading inexorably toward armed conflict and war, Shlomi Dinar and Ariel Dinar demonstrate that there are many examples of and mechanisms for more peaceful dispute resolution regarding natural resources, even in the face of water paucity and climate change. The authors base these arguments on both global empirical analyses and case studies. Using numerous examples that focus on North America, Europe, Central Asia, and the Middle East, this book considers strategies and incentives that help lessen conflict and motivate cooperation under scarcity and increased variability of water resources.

  • Protest Politics in the Marketplace : Consumer Activism in the Corporate Age / Caroline Heldman
    HC 110 C63 H45 2017eb

    Protest Politics in the Marketplace examines how social media has revolutionized the use and effectiveness of consumer activism. In her groundbreaking book, Caroline Heldman emphasizes that consumer activism is a democratizing force that improves political participation, self-governance, and the accountability of corporations and the government. She also investigates the use of these tactics by conservatives.

    Heldman analyzes the democratic implications of boycotting, socially responsible investing, social media campaigns, and direct consumer actions, highlighting the ways in which such consumer activism serves as a countervailing force against corporate power in politics. In Protest Politics in the Marketplace, she blends democratic theory with data, historical analysis, and coverage of consumer campaigns for civil rights, environmental conservation, animal rights, gender justice, LGBT rights, and other causes. Using an inter-disciplinary approach applicable to political theorists and sociologists, Americanists, and scholars of business, the environment, and social movements, Heldman considers activism in the marketplace from the Boston Tea Party to the present. In doing so, she provides readers with a clearer understanding of the new, permanent environment of consumer activism in which they operate.

  • Building Power from Below : Chilean Workers Take On Walmart / Carolina Bank Muñoz
    HF 5429.215 C5 B36 2017eb

    A story that involves as its main players "workers" and "Walmart" does not usually have a happy ending for labor, so the counternarrative offered by Building Power from Below is must reading for activists and union personnel as well as scholars. In 2008 Walmart acquired a controlling share in a large supermarket chain in Santiago, Chile. As part of the deal Walmart had to accept the unions that were already in place. Since then, Chilean retail and warehouse workers have done something that has seemed impossible for labor in the United States: they have organized even more successful unions and negotiated unprecedented contracts with Walmart.

    In Building Power from Belo w, Carolina Bank Muñoz attributes Chilean workers' success in challenging the world's largest corporation to their organizations' commitment to union democracy and building strategic capacity. Chilean workers have spent years building grassroots organizations committed to principles of union democracy. Retail workers' unions have less structural power, but have significant associational and symbolic power. Their most notable successes have been in fighting for respect and dignity on the job. Warehouse workers by contrast have substantial structural power and have achieved significant economic gains. While the model in Chile cannot necessarily be reproduced in different countries, we can gain insights from the Chilean workers' approaches, tactics, and strategies.

  • The Imperative of Development : The Wolfensohn Center at Brookings / Geoffrey Gertz, Homi Kharas, and Johannes F. Linn, editors
    HC 60 I574 2017eb

  • Capital Mobility in Asia : Causes and Consequences / Juthathip Jongwanich
    HG 3891 J663 2017eb

  • Perspectives of Labour Migration from Mzimba District, Malawi, to South Africa / Harvey Chidoba Banda
    HD 5856 S6 C557 2017eb

  • Africa's Dependency Syndrome : Can Africa Still Turn Things around for the Better? / Nkwazi N. Mhango
    HC 800 M533 2017eb

  • Green Grades : Can Information Save the Earth? / Graham Bullock
    HF 5413 B85 2017eb

    A comprehensive assessment and analysis of the validity, trustworthiness, and effectiveness, of such environmental ratings as ENERGY STAR, LEED, and USDA Organic.

    Consumers are confronted with a confusing array of environmental ratings on products that range from refrigerators to shampoos. Is the information that these ratings represent trustworthy, accurate, or even relevant to environmental concerns? "Information optimists" believe that these "green grades" can play an important role in saving the planet. "Information pessimists" consider them a distraction from pursuing legislative and regulatory actions. In this book, Graham Bullock offers a comprehensive assessment and analysis of the effectiveness and validity of such environmental ratings as ENERGY STAR, USDA Organic, the Forest Stewardship Council, LEED, and the Toxic 100 Air Polluters Index.

    Bullock stakes out a position as an "information realist," acknowledging both the contributions and the limitations of these initiatives. Drawing on interviews, case studies, and an original dataset of 245 environmental ratings and certifications, he examines what he calls the information value chain of green grades: organizational associations, content, methods, interfaces, and outcomes. He explores the relevance of the information to the issues; the legitimacy and accountability of sponsoring or cooperating organizations; the reliability of methods used to develop the information; the prominence and intelligibility of communication to the public; and the effects and effectiveness of the information after it emerges from the value chain. Bullock's analysis offers a realistic appraisal of the role of information-based environmental governance--its benefits and shortcomings--and its relation to other governance strategies.

  • Flows and Practices : The Politics of Integrated Water Resources Management in Eastern and Southern Africa / edited by Lyla Mehta, Bill Derman and Emmanuel Manzungu
    HD 1699 A354 F567 2017eb
    For the past two decades, Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has been the dominant paradigm in water resources. This book explores how ideas of IWRM are being translated and adapted in Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zimbabwe. Grounded in social science theory and research, it highlights the importance of politics, history and culture in shaping water management practices and reform, and demonstrates how Africa has clearly been a laboratory for IWRM. While a new cadre of professionals made IWRM their mission, we show that poor women and men may not have always benefitted. In some cases IWRM has also offered a distraction from more critical issues such as water and land grabs, privatisation, the negative impacts of water permits, and a range of institutional ambiguities that prevent water allocations to small and poor water users. By critically examining the interpretations and challenges of IWRM, the book contributes to improving water policies and practices and making them more locally appropriate in Africa and beyond.

  • The Taming of Fate : Approaching Risk from a Social Action Perspective Case Studies from Southern Mozambique / Elísio S. Macamo
    HV 555 M85 M338 2017eb
    This book is about how extreme situations appearing to have a destructive potential can actually be used to produce meaningful individual and social lives. It is about the "taming of fate". This notion means and accounts for the ability of individuals and communities to rebuild their lives against all odds. The book is based on case-studies that draw from theoretical insights derived from the sociology of disasters. It addresses some limitations of the sociology of risk, chief among which is the rejection of the relevance of the notion of risk to the study of technologically non-advanced societies. The book argues that this rejection has deprived the study of the human condition of an important analytical asset. The book claims that risk is a property of social action which can best be understood through the analytical scrutiny of its role in the historical constitution of social relations.

  • Industrial and Development Economics : An African Perspective / Stephen M. Kapunda
    HD 3616 A42 K375 2017eb
    The aim of this book is to provide comprehensive understanding of industrial economics and its applicability to African countries. The book is expected to serve as an intellectual and pedagogical support to teaching. It is a vital resource material for both undergraduate and post-graduate students. The text is also excellent for self-study for all people with a keen interest in the discipline because of the unique approach adopted by the author. Each chapter is arranged pedagogically starting with learning objectives followed by introductory remarks, then content and finally conclusion. Numerous relevant examples, case studies and review questions are provided.

  • Explaining Civil Society Development : A Social Origins Approach / Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, Megan A. Haddock and associates
    HD 2769.15 S254 2017eb

    The civil society sector--made up of millions of nonprofit organizations, associations, charitable institutions, and the volunteers and resources they mobilize--has long been the invisible subcontinent on the landscape of contemporary society. For the past twenty years, however, scholars under the umbrella of the Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project have worked with statisticians to assemble the first comprehensive, empirical picture of the size, structure, financing, and role of this increasingly important part of modern life.

    What accounts for the enormous cross-national variations in the size and contours of the civil society sector around the world? Drawing on the project's data, Lester M. Salamon, S. Wojciech Sokolowski, Megan A. Haddock, and their colleagues raise serious questions about the ability of the field's currently dominant preference and sentiment theories to account for these variations in civil society development. Instead, using statistical and comparative historical materials, the authors posit a novel social origins theory that roots the variations in civil society strength and composition in the relative power of different social groupings and institutions during the transition to modernity.

    Drawing on the work of Barrington Moore, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, and others, Explaining Civil Society Development provides insight into the nonprofit sector's ability to thrive and perform its distinctive roles. Combining solid data and analytical clarity, this pioneering volume offers a critically needed lens for viewing the evolution of civil society and the nonprofit sector throughout the world.

  • Battle of Grangemouth : A Worker's Story / Hugh Mark Lyon
    HD 5367 Z9 G735 2017eb

  • How Did Employee Ownership Firms Weather the Last Two Recessions? : Employee Ownership, Emplloyment Stability, and Firm Survival / Fidan Ana Kurtulus, Douglas L. Kruse
    HD 5660 U5 K87 2016eb

  • Borrowing Credibility / Jana Grittersová
    HG 3881 G7258 2017eb

  • Accompagnement de formation individualisé en milieu de travail : récits de coachs, mentors et compagnons / Brigitte Voyer, Sylvie Ouellet, Anna Maria Zaidman
    HF 5549.5C53 V69 2017eb

  • What We Owe : Truths, Myths, and Lies about Public Debt / Carlo Cottarelli
    HJ 8015 C688 2017eb

  • Shaken Authority / Christian P. Sorace
    HV 600 2008 W46 S67 2017eb

    In Shaken Authority , Christian P. Sorace examines the political mechanisms at work in the aftermath of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake and the broader ideological energies that drove them. Sorace takes Communist Party ideas and discourse as central to how that organization formulates policies, defines legitimacy, and exerts its power. Sorace argues that the Communist Party has never abandoned its conviction that discourse can shape the world and the people who inhabit it. Sorace also demonstrates how the Communist Party's planning apparatus continues to play a crucial role in engineering China's economy and market construction, especially in the countryside.

    Sorace takes a distinctive and original interpretive approach to understanding Chinese politics, and Shaken Authority demonstrates how Communist Party discourse and ideology influenced the official decisions and responses to the Sichuan earthquake. Sorace provides a clear view of the lived outcomes of Communist Party plans, rationalities, and discourses in the earthquake zone. The three case studies he presents each demonstrate a different type of reconstruction and model of development: urban-rural integration, tourism, and ecological civilization. Sorace's work emphasizes the need for a grounded literacy in the political concepts, discourses, and vocabularies of the Communist Party itself. To dismiss China's official discourse as "empty propaganda," Sorace argues, makes China and Chinese realities harder to understand, not easier.

  • What Democracy Looks Like : The Rhetoric of Social Movements and Counterpublics / [edited by] Christina R. Foust, Amy Pason, Kate Zittlow Rogness
    HM 881 W47 2017eb

  • Towards Democratic Development States in Southern Africa / edited by Godfrey Kanyenze, Herbert Jauch, Alice D. Kanengoni, Masego Madzwamuse, Deprose Muchena
    HC 900 T684 2017eb
    The dawn of the twenty-first century heralded an apparent change of fortunes for most sub-Saharan African economies, with annual growth averaging over 5% for fifteen years. However, this was not accompanied by structural transformation: poverty, food insecurity, unemployment and inequality persist. Structural transformation has not been - and indeed cannot be - delivered by market forces and neo-liberal economic policies; it requires a state committed to development, and to achieving it in a democratic way. To what extent do the countries of Southern Africa exhibit the characteristics of such a �developmental state�? What steps, if any, do they need to take in order to become one? The book answers the questions with respect to South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Angola and Malawi. Godfrey Kanyenze and his colleagues have assembled a distinguished team of writers to take the temperature of the regional political economy, and chart a path for its future development.

  • The Vanishing Middle Class : Prejudice and Power in a Dual Economy / Peter Temin
    HC 110 I5 T455 2017eb

    Why the United States has developed an economy divided between rich and poor and how racism helped bring this about.

    The United States is becoming a nation of rich and poor, with few families in the middle. In this book, MIT economist Peter Temin offers an illuminating way to look at the vanishing middle class. Temin argues that American history and politics, particularly slavery and its aftermath, play an important part in the widening gap between rich and poor. Temin employs a well-known, simple model of a dual economy to examine the dynamics of the rich/poor divide in America, and outlines ways to work toward greater equality so that America will no longer have one economy for the rich and one for the poor.

    Many poorer Americans live in conditions resembling those of a developing country--substandard education, dilapidated housing, and few stable employment opportunities. And although almost half of black Americans are poor, most poor people are not black. Conservative white politicians still appeal to the racism of poor white voters to get support for policies that harm low-income people as a whole, casting recipients of social programs as the Other--black, Latino, not like "us." Politicians also use mass incarceration as a tool to keep black and Latino Americans from participating fully in society. Money goes to a vast entrenched prison system rather than to education. In the dual justice system, the rich pay fines and the poor go to jail.

  • Theorising Development in Africa : Towards Building an African Framework of Development / Munyaradzi Mawere
    HC 800 M388 2017eb
    How come Africa is so underdeveloped when it is one of the richest continents on earth? Indeed, Africa is a paradox: it is poor and rich at the same time! Resource-wise, Africa is among the top richest continents in the world, yet development-wise it is the poorest of all continents. This paradox desperately needs comprehensive theoretical unpacking and rethinking if Africa is to achieve breakthroughs to the multifaceted development-related problems that have haunted it since the beginning of its unequal encounters with Europe. Regrettably, current Eurocentric development theories fall short on several fronts. The need for a comprehensive body of knowledge �theories and models � from the perspective of Africans persists in urgency. The present volume is an attempt to theorise Africa�s [under-]development with a view to provide a sustainable enduring framework of operations that will arrest the elusive predicament of the continent while taking it forward from its current position of passivity. It rethinks and re-imagines a number of externally imposed problematic mechanisms used (un-)consciously in Africa, with the intention to raise awareness and foster critical thinking in scholars and scholarship on African development. With its predicament-oriented theorising, the book is a pacesetter on how to think and research Africa�s [under-]development. It is also an invaluable asset for social scientists, policy makers, development practitioners, civil society activists and politicians.

  • Starving for Justice : Hunger Strikes, Spectacular Speech, and the Struggle for Dignity / Ralph Armbruster-Sandoval
    HN 79 C23 H8425 2017eb

  • Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade between Zimbabwe and South Africa / Abel Chikanda and Godfrey Tawodzera
    HD 2346 Z55 C555 2017eb
    Zimbabwe has witnessed the rapid expansion of informal cross-border trading (ICBT) with neighbouring countries over the past two decades. Beginning in the mid-1990s when the country embarked on its Economic Structural Adjustment Programme (ESAP), a large number of people were forced into informal employment through worsening economic conditions and the decline in formal sector jobs. The country�s post-2000 economic col-lapse resulted in the closure of many industries and created market opportunities for the further expansion of ICBT. This report, part of SAMP�s Growing Informal Cities series, sought to provide a current picture of ICBT in Zimbabwe by interviewing a sample of 514 Harare-based informal entrepreneurs involved in cross-border trading with South Africa.

  • The field researcher's handbook : a guide to the art and science of professional fieldwork / by David J. Danelo
    H 62 D226 2017eb

  • Development Perspectives from the South : Troubling the Metrics of [Under-]development in Africa / edited by Munyaradzi Mawere
    HC 800 D488 2016eb
    Not so long ago, the Economist Newspaper described Africa as a hopeless continent. This damning description specifically referred to the development status of Africa. While the debate on the political and socio-economic [under-]development of Africa had been raging on prior to the Economist�s daring but controversial pronouncements, it intensified from thereon. Many concerned people from within the continent and elsewhere have reproved the proclamation but mainly in newspapers and the broadcast media. Not enough has been done by development scholars to critically reflect on the description and status of Africa�s development condition in a nuanced and systematic fashion. Yet, it is through incisive reflections and systematic engagements with Africa�s situations and circumstances that directions and solutions to the African development predicament could be forged. The present volume is an attempt to open up a constructive dialogue between the Global North and the Global South on the African [under-]development conundrum. The book is an eye opener to African governments, social scientists, policy makers and development scholars concerned with the urgent need to rethink, reimagine and retheorise Africa�s development gridlock.

  • Informal Workers and Collective Action / edited by Adrienne E. Eaton, Susan J. Schurman, and Martha A. Chen
    HD 2341 I53425 2017eb

    Informal Workers and Collective Action features nine cases of collective action to improve the status and working conditions of informal workers. Adrienne E. Eaton, Susan J. Schurman, and Martha A. Chen set the stage by defining informal work and describing the types of organizations that represent the interests of informal workers and the lessons that may be learned from the examples presented in the book. Cases from a diverse set of countries--Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Georgia, Liberia, South Africa, Tunisia, and Uruguay--focus on two broad types of informal workers: "waged" workers, including port workers, beer promoters, hospitality and retail workers, domestic workers, low-skilled public sector workers, and construction workers; and self-employed workers, including street vendors, waste recyclers, and minibus drivers.

    These cases demonstrate that workers and labor organizations around the world are rediscovering the lessons of early labor organizers on how to aggregate individuals' sense of injustice into forms of collective action that achieve a level of power that can yield important changes in their work and lives. Informal Workers and Collective Action makes a strong argument that informal workers, their organizations, and their campaigns represent the leading edge of the most significant change in the global labor movement in more than a century.

    Gocha Aleksandria, Georgian Trade Union Confederation
    Martha A. Chen, Harvard University and WIEGO
    Sonia Maria Dias, WIEGO and Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Adrienne E. Eaton, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
    Mary Evans, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
    Janice Fine, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
    Mary Goldsmith, Universidad Aut#65533;noma Metropolitana-Xochimilco
    Daniel Hawkins, National Trade Union School of Colombia
    Elza Jgerenaia, Labor and Employment Policy Department for the Ministry of Labour, Health and Social Affairs, Republic of Georgia
    Stephen J. King, Georgetown University
    Allison J. Petrozziello, UN Women and the Center for Migration Observation and Social Development
    Pewee Reed, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Republic of Liberia
    Sahra Ryklief, International Federation of Workers' Education Associations
    Susan J. Schurman, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
    Vera Alice Cardoso Silva, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
    Milton Weeks, Devin Corporation

  • Global Agriculture and the American Farmer : Opportunities for U.S. Leadership / by Kimberly Ann Elliott
    HD 1761 E452 2017eb

  • Governing under Stress : The Implementation of Obama's Economic Stimulus Program / Timothy J. Conlan, Paul L. Posner, and Priscilla M. Regan, editors
    HC 106.84 G677 2017eb

    The underappreciated but surprisingly successful implementation of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) helped rescue the economy during the Great Recession and represented one of the most important achievements of the Obama presidency. It tested all levels of government with urgent time frames and extensive accountability requirements. While ARRA passed most tests with comparatively little mismanagement or fraud, negative public and media perceptions of the initiative deprived the president of political credit.

    Drawing on more than two hundred interviews and nationwide field research, Governing under Stress examines a range of ARRA stimulus programs to analyze the fraught politics, complex implementation, and impact of the legislation. Essays from public administration scholars use ARRA to study how to implement large federal programs in our modern era of indirect, networked governance. Throughout, the contributors present potent insights into the most pressing challenges facing public policy and management, and they uncover important lessons about policy instruments and networks, the effects of transparency and accountability, and the successes and failures of different types of government intervention.

  • Water and Politics : Clientelism and Reform in Urban Mexico / Veronica Maria Sol Herrera
    HD 1696 M6 H47 2017eb

  • The Politics of Persuasion : Economic Policy and Media Bias in the Modern Era / Anthony R. DiMaggio
    HC 106.84 D56 2017eb

  • Informal Entrepreneurship and Cross-Border Trade in Maputo, Mozambique / Inês Raimundo and Abel Chikanda
    HD 2346 M852 R355 2016eb
    This report presents the results of a SAMP survey of informal entrepreneurs connected to cross-border trade between Johannesburg and Maputo during 2014. The study sought to enhance the evidence base on the links between migration and informal entrepreneur-ship in Southern African cities and to examine the implications for municipal, national and regional policy.

  • Disasters in the United States : Frequency, Costs, and Compensation / Vera Brusentsev, Wayne Vroman
    HV 555 U6 B78 2017eb

  • The Takeover : Chicken Farming and the Roots of American Agribusiness / Monica R. Gisolfi
    HD 9437 U63 G445 2017eb

    Economists have described the upcountry Georgia poultry industry as the quintessential agribusiness. Following a trajectory from Reconstruction through the Great Depression to the present day, Monica R. Gisolfi shows how the poultry farming model of semivertical integration perfected a number of practices that had first underpinned the cotton-growing crop-lien system, ultimately transforming the poultry industry in ways that drove tens of thousands of farmers off the land and rendered those who remained dependent on large agribusiness firms.

    Gisolfi argues that the inequalities inherent in the structure of modern poultry farming have led to steep human and environmental costs. Agribusiness firms--many of them descended from the cotton-era South's furnishing merchants--brought farmers into a system of feed-conversion contracts that placed all production decisions in the hands of the poultry corporations but at least half of the capital risks on the farmers. Along the way, the federal government aided and abetted--sometimes unwittingly--the consolidation of power by poultry firms through direct and indirect subsidies and favorable policies. Drawing on USDA files, oral history, congressional records, and poultry publications, Gisolfi puts a local face on one of the twentieth century's silent agribusiness revolutions.

  • Living Sustainably : What Intentional Communities Can Teach Us about Democracy, Simplicity, and Nonviolence / A. Whitney Sanford
    HX 654 S365 2017eb

    In light of concerns about food and human health, fraying social ties, economic uncertainty, and rampant consumerism, some people are foregoing a hurried, distracted existence and embracing a mindful way of living. Intentional residential communities across the United States are seeking the freedom to craft their own societies and live out Mohandas K. Gandhi's vision of democracy based on the values of nonviolence, self-sufficiency, equality, and voluntary simplicity.

    Over the course of four years, A. Whitney Sanford visited ecovillages, cohousing communities, and Catholic worker houses and farms where individuals are striving to "be the change they wish to see in the world." In this book, she reveals the solutions that these communities have devised for sustainable living while highlighting the specific choices and adaptations that they have made to accommodate local context and geography. She examines their methods of reviving and adapting traditional agrarian skills, testing alternate building materials for their homes, and developing local governments that balance group needs and individual autonomy.

    Living Sustainably is a teachable testament to the idea that new cultures based on justice and sustainability are attainable in many ways and in countless homes and communities. Sanford's engaging and insightful work demonstrates that citizens can make a conscious effort to subsist in a more balanced, harmonious world.

  • Seduced and Betrayed : Exposing the Contemporary Microfinance Phenomenon / edited by Milford Bateman and Kate Maclean ; foreword by James K. Galbraith
    HG 178.33 D44 S43 2016eb

  • The Delusion of Knowledge Transfer : The Impact of Foreign Aid Experts on Policy-making in South Africa and Tanzania / Susanne Koch and Peter Weingart
    HC 800 K634 2016eb

  • L'administration des territoires et les instruments de l'action publique / sous la direction de Serge Belley et Diane Saint-Pierre
    HT 391 A35 2017eb

  • Cradle to Kindergarten : A New Plan to Combat Inequality / Ajay Chaudry, Taryn Morrissey, Christina Weiland, Hirokazu Yoshikawa
    HQ 778.63 C4543 2017eb
    Early care and education for many children in the United States is in crisis. The period between birth and kindergarten is a critical time for child development, and socioeconomic disparities that begin early in children's lives contribute to starkly different long-term outcomes for adults. Yet, compared to other advanced economies, high-quality child care and preschool in the United States are scarce and prohibitively expensive for many middle-class and most disadvantaged families. To what extent can early-life interventions provide these children with the opportunities that their affluent peers enjoy and contribute to reduced social inequality in the long term? Cradle to Kindergarten offers a comprehensive, evidence-based strategy that diagnoses the obstacles to accessible early education and charts a path to opportunity for all children.

    The U.S. government invests less in children under the age of five than do most other developed nations. Most working families must seek private childcare, which means that children from low-income households, who would benefit most from high-quality early education, are the least likely to attend them. Existing policies, such as pre-kindergarten in some states are only partial solutions. To address these deficiencies, the authors propose to overhaul the early care system, beginning with a federal paid parental leave policy that provides both mothers and fathers with time and financial support after the birth of a child. They also advocate increased public benefits, including an expansion of the child care tax credit, and a new child care assurance program that subsidizes the cost of early care for low- and moderate-income families. They also propose that universal, high-quality early education in the states should start by age three, and a reform of the Head Start program that would include more intensive services for families living in areas of concentrated poverty and experiencing multiple adversities from the earliest point in these most disadvantaged children's lives. They conclude with an implementation plan and contend that these reforms are attainable within a ten-year timeline.

    Reducing educational and economic inequalities requires that all children have robust opportunities to learn, fully develop their capacities, and have a fair shot at success. Cradle to Kindergarten presents a blueprint for fulfilling this promise by expanding access to educational and financial resources at a critical stage of child development.

  • Fighting the Death Penalty : A Fifty-Year Journey of Argument and Persuasion / Eugene G. Wanger
    HV 8698 W25 2017eb
    Michigan is the only state in the country that has a death penalty prohibition in its constitution--Eugene G. Wanger's compelling arguments against capital punishment is a large reason it is there. The forty pieces in this volume are writings created or used by the author, who penned the prohibition clause, during his fifty years as a death penalty abolitionist. His extraordinary background in forensics, law, and political activity as constitutional convention delegate and co-chairman of the Michigan Committee Against Capital Punishment has produced a remarkable collection. It is not only a fifty-year history of the anti-death penalty argument in America, it also is a detailed and challenging example of how the argument against capital punishment may be successfully made.

  • We Want Land to Live : Making Political Space for Food Sovereignty / Amy Trauger
    HD 9000.5 T7356 2017eb

    We Want Land to Live explores the current boundaries of radical approaches to food sovereignty. First coined by La Via Campesina (a global movement whose name means "the peasant's way"), food sovereignty is a concept that expresses the universal right to food. Amy Trauger uses research combining ethnography, participant observation, field notes, and interviews to help us understand the material and definitional struggles surrounding the decommodification of food and the transfor#65533;mation of the global food system's political-economic foundations.

    Trauger's work is the first of its kind to analytically and coherently link a dialogue on food sovereignty with case studies illustrating the spatial and territorial strate#65533;gies by which the movement fosters its life in the margins of the corporate food regime. She discusses community gardeners in Portugal; small-scale, independent farmers in Maine; Native American wild rice gatherers in Minnesota; seed library supporters in Pennsylvania; and permaculturists in Georgia.

    The problem in the food system, as the activists profiled here see it, is not markets or the role of governance but that the right to food is conditioned by what the state and corporations deem to be safe, legal, and profitable--and not by what eaters think is right in terms of their health, the environment, or their communities. Useful for classes on food studies and active food movements alike, We Want Land to Live makes food sovereignty issues real as it illustrates a range of methodological alternatives that are consistent with its discourse: direct action (rather than charity, market creation, or policy changes), civil disobedience (rather than compliance with discriminatory laws), and mutual aid (rather than reliance on top-down aid).

  • Asia's Energy Security amid Global Market Change
    HD 9502 A782 A754 2016eb

  • Food Remittances: Migration and Food Security in Africa / Jonathan Crush and Mary Caesar
    HD 9017 A2 C784 2016eb
    There is considerable evidence from across the African continent that a significant proportion of cash remittances to rural areas is spent on food. However, bidirectional food remitting � its drivers, dimensions and impacts � is an underdeveloped research and policy area. This report therefore reviews the current state of knowledge about food remittances in Africa and aims to make a number of contributions to the study of the relationship between migration and food security.
page last updated on: Wednesday 23 May 2018
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