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Astronomy, Physics - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions

Titles in the call number range QB - QC (Astronomy, Physics) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.

  • Topology and condensed matter physics / Somendra Mohan Bhattacharjee, Mahan Mj, Abhijit Bandyopadhyay, editors

  • Engineering of Scintillation Materials and Radiation Technologies : Proceedings of ISMART 2016 / edited by Mikhail Korzhik, Alexander Gektin

  • Basic Semiconductor Physics / by Chihiro Hamaguchi

  • Digestible quantum field theory / Andrei Smilga

  • Schramm-Loewner evolution / Anti Kemppainen

  • Problems in classical electromagnetism : 157 exercises with solutions / Andrea Macchi, Giovanni Moruzzi, Francesco Pegoraro

  • Mathematical gauge theory : with applications to the standard model of particle physics / Mark J.D. Hamilton

  • Biological small angle scattering : techniques, strategies and tips / Barnali Chaudhuri, Inés G. Muñoz, Shuo Qian, Volker S. Urban, editors

  • Erwin Schrödinger's Color theory : translated with modern commentary / Keith K. Niall, editor

  • Formation, evolution, and dynamics of young solar systems / Martin Pessah, Oliver Gressel, editors

  • The securitization of climate change : Australian and United States' military responses (2003-2013) / Michael Durant Thomas
    This book examines how the armed forces of the United States and Australia have responded to the threat posed by climate change to national security. Drawing on established securitisation frameworks ('Copenhagen' and 'Paris' Schools), the author uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative techniques to systematically examine more than 3,500 speeches, policies and doctrinal articles since 2003. Importantly, the author undertakes an examination of the intersection between the political and the military spheres, probing the question of how ideology has influenced the military's uptake on the issue. In this context, the author identifies the difficulty of an ostensibly apolitical institution responding to what has become both a hyper-political issue and an unprecedented security threat. A close examination of the key political actors - their intent, outlook and political mandate for broader climate action - is therefore crucial to understanding the policy freedom and constraints within which military leaders operate. The book consists of eight chapters divided into four parts, focusing on: perspectives and methodological insights; empirical case studies; case study comparison; and concluding observations.
    * Offers a rare and systematic examination of military climate policy by a military officer from Australia * Identifies a divergence of Australian military climate policy from that of the US military during the Obama Administration * Develops a unique method that quantifies climate security, enabling a graphical representation for quick and ready reference ideally suited to policy-makers

  • Quantum systems in physics, chemistry, and biology : advances in concepts and applications / Alia Tadjer, Rossen Pavlov, Jean Maruani, Erkki J. Brändas, Gerardo Delgado-Barrio, editors
    QC 173.96 Q36 2017eb

  • Flow boiling in expanding microchannels / Tamanna Alam, Poh-Seng Lee

  • Gravitational atlas of Antarctica / Jaroslav Klokočník, Jan Kostelecký, Aleš Bezděk

  • Astronomy of the Milky Way : the observer's guide to the Northern Sky / Mike Inglis

    This is the first of a two-volume set that deal with the entire Milky Way. This first volume looks at what can be seen predominantly from the Northern Skies. In addition to the descriptive text, there are many star charts and maps, as well as the latest up-to-date images made by observatories around the world and in space, as well as images taken by amateur astronomers.

  • Quantum simulations with photons and polaritons : merging quantum optics with condensed matter physics / Dimitris G. Angelakis, editor

  • Discrete causal theory : emergent spacetime and the causal metric hypothesis / Benjamin F. Dribus

  • Our place in the universe : understanding fundamental astronomy from ancient discoveries / Sun Kwok

  • Differential rotation in sun-like stars from surface variability and asteroseismology : doctoral thesis accepted by the University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany / Martin Bo Nielsen

  • Rethinking resilience, adaptation and transformation in a time of change / Wanglin Yan, Will Galloway, editors

  • Astronomy for older eyes : a guide for aging backyard astronomers / James L. Chen ; graphics by Adam Chen

  • De Sitter projective relativity / Ignazio Licata, Leonardo Chiatti, Elmo Benedetto

  • High performance soft magnetic materials / edited by Arcady Zhukov
    This book provides comprehensive coverage of the current state-of-the-art in soft magnetic materials and related applications, with particular focus on amorphous and nanocrystalline magnetic wires and ribbons and sensor applications. Expert chapters cover preparation, processing, tuning of magnetic properties, modeling, and applications. Cost-effective soft magnetic materials are required in a range of industrial sectors, such as magnetic sensors and actuators, microelectronics, cell phones, security, automobiles, medicine, health monitoring, aerospace, informatics, and electrical engineering. This book presents both fundamentals and applications to enable academic and industry researchers to pursue further developments of these key materials. This highly interdisciplinary volume represents essential reading for researchers in materials science, magnetism, electrodynamics, and modeling who are interested in working with soft magnets.

  • Gravity and the quantum : pedagogical essays on cosmology, astrophysics, and quantum gravity / Jasjeet Singh Bagla, Sunu Engineer, editors

  • Reviews in fluorescence 2016 / Chris D. Geddes, editor
    Reviews in Fluorescence 2016, the tenth volume of the book serial from Springer, serves as a comprehensive collection of current trends and emerging hot topics in the field of fluorescence and closely related disciplines. It summarizes the year's progress in fluorescence and its applications, with authoritative reviews specialized enough to be attractive to professional researchers, yet also appealing to the wider audience of scientists in related disciplines of fluorescence.
    Reviews in Fluorescence offers an essential reference material for any research lab or company working in the fluorescence field and related areas. All academics, bench scientists, and industry professionals wishing to take advantage of the latest and greatest in the continuously emerging field of fluorescence will find it an invaluable resource.

  • Numerical methods and analysis of multiscale problems / Alexandre L. Madureira

  • Mixed convection in fluid superposed porous layers / John M. Dixon, Francis A. Kulacki

  • Clusters : structure, bonding and reactivity / Minh Tho Nguyen, Boggavarapu Kiran, editor
    The field of atomic clusters continues to attract great interest amongst physicists and chemists alike. This is in part due to their intrinsic properties and potential industrial applications. The first part of Binary Clusters is devoted to recent developments in experimental techniques, the second part covers a variety of theoretical approaches. Different theoretical methods based on group/graph theories and quantum chemical computational methods as well as various spectroscopy techniques (such as mass, laser, infrared, photoelectron etc.) are applied to the determination of the existence of geometrical and electronic structures, chemical bonding phenomena, and the thermodynamic stabilities of several classes of binary clusters. All chapters within this review volume have been contributed by experts in chemistry, physics, and material sciences based at the University of Leuven, Belgium. This book is aimed at professionals and students working in cluster science.

  • Inertial confinement fusion driven thermonuclear energy / Bahman Zohuri

  • The Pillars of Creation : giant molecular clouds, star formation, and cosmic recycling / Martin Beech

    This book explores the mechanics of star formation, the process by which matter pulls together and creates new structures. Written for science enthusiasts, the author presents an accessible explanation of how stars are born from the interstellar medium and giant molecular clouds. Stars produce the chemicals that lead to life, and it is they that have enabled the conditions for planets to form and life to emerge.

    Although the Big Bang provided the spark of initiation, the primordial universe that it sired was born hopelessly sterile. It is only through the continued recycling of the interstellar medium, star formation, and stellar evolution that the universe has been animated beyond a chaotic mess of elementary atomic particles, radiation, dark matter, dark energy, and expanding spacetime. Using the Milky Way and the Eagle Nebula in particular as case studies, Beech follows every step of this amazing process.

  • Electron mass and calcium isotope shifts : high-precision measurements of bound-electron g-factors of highly charged ions / Florian Köhler-Langes

  • Superconductivity : an introduction / Philippe Mangin, Rémi Kahn ; translation by Timothy Ziman

  • International climate negotiation factors : design, process, tactics / Wytze van der Gaast

    Providing a detailed examination of climate negotiations records since the 1990s, this book shows that, in addition to agreeing on climate policy frameworks, the negotiations process is of crucial importance to success. Shedding light on the dynamics of international climate policymaking, its respective chapters explore key milestones such as the Kyoto Protocol, Marrakech Accords, Cancun Agreement and Doha Framework.

    The book identifies a minimum of three conditions that need to be fulfilled for successful climate negotiations: the negotiations need to reflect the fact that climate change calls for global solutions; the negotiation process must be flexible, including multiple trajectories and several small steps; and decisive tactical maneuvers need to be made, as much can depend on, for example, personalities and the negotiating atmosphere. With regard to the design of an international climate policy regime, the main challenge presented has been the inability to agree on globally supported greenhouse gas emission reduction measures.

    The book offers an excellent source of information for researchers, policymakers and advisors alike.

  • Optics essentials : an interdisciplinary guide / Araz Yacoubian, Ler Technologies, Carlsbad, California, USA
    QC355.3 .Y33 2015

    A Valuable Reference for Understanding Basic Optical Principals

    Need a crash course in optics? If you are a non-specialist with little or no knowledge of optical components, systems, or hardware, who suddenly finds it necessary to work with optics in your given field, then Optics Essentials: An Interdisciplinary Guide is the book for you. Aimed at engineers and other interdisciplinary professionals tackling optics-related challenges, this text provides a basic overview of optical principles, concepts, and applications as well as worked examples throughout. It enables readers to gain a basic understanding of optics and sense of optical phenomena, without having to commit to extended periods of study.

    Contains MATLAB #65533; Simulations and Suggested Experiments

    The book provides MATLAB simulations to help the reader visualize concepts, includes simple experiments using everyday materials that are readily available to solidify optical principles, and provides worked examples throughout. It contains a set of suggested experiments in each chapter designed to help the reader understand and visualize the basic principles. While this book assumes that the reader has a basic background in mathematics, it does not burden or overwhelm them with complex information or heavy mathematical equations. In addition, while it also briefly discusses advanced topics, readers are directed to the appropriate texts for more detailed study.

    Comprised of 11 chapters, this illuminating text:

    Describes light sources, such as lasers, light-emitting diodes, and thermal sources Compares various light sources, and photometric and radiometric parameters Discusses light detection, including various detector types, such as photon detectors and thermal detectors, and other topics relating to light detection Addresses manipulation of light, and covers reflection, refraction, diffraction and interference, absorption, and scattering Factors in polarization Explores the basic principles of geometrical optics, covering ray tracing and formulation based on the assumption that light comprises of optical "rays" Defines imaging systems and topics related to imaging systems Refers to guiding light waves Considers various topics related to optics, electronics, software, and applications Covers combining optical systems with electronics and software Presents various optical sensing phenomena and different types of sensors

    Optics Essentials: An Interdisciplinary Guide simplifies optical principles to make it easy to grasp by technical professionals that are outside of the optical field, and serves industry professionals, technical managers, researchers, and students.

  • Beyond quantum / Andrei Khrennikov
    QC174.12 .K47 2014

    The present wave of interest in quantum foundations is caused by the tremendous development of quantum information science and its applications to quantum computing and quantum communication. It has become clear that some of the difficulties encountered in realizations of quantum information processing have roots at the very fundamental level. To solve such problems, quantum theory has to be reconsidered. This book is devoted to the analysis of the probabilistic structure of quantum theory, probing the limits of classical probabilistic representation of quantum phenomena.

  • Phase estimation in optical interferometry / edited by Pramod Rastogi, EPFL - Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland; Erwin Hack, Empa - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Dubendorf, Switzerland
    QC367 .P43 2015

    Phase Estimation in Optical Interferometrycovers the essentials of phase-stepping algorithms used in interferometry and pseudointerferometric techniques. It presents the basic concepts and mathematics needed for understanding the phase estimation methods in use today.

    The first four chapters focus on phase retrieval from image transforms using a single frame. The next several chapters examine the local environment of a fringe pattern, give a broad picture of the phase estimation approach based on local polynomial phase modeling, cover temporal high-resolution phase evaluation methods, and present methods of phase unwrapping. The final chapter discusses experimental imperfections that are liable to adversely influence the accuracy of phase measurements.

    Responding to the push for the deployment of novel technologies and fast-evolving techniques, this book provides a framework for understanding various modern phase estimation methods. It also helps readers get a comparative view of the performance and limitations of the approaches.

  • Physics of Schottky electron sources : theory and optimum operation / Merijn Bronsgeest
    QC793.5.E622 B76 2013

    The Schottky electron emitter is a predominant electron-emitting source in today's electron beam equipment. This book comprehensively covers the Schottky emitter, dealing with its theoretical as well as practical aspects. The main questions that are addressed in this book are: what is the Schottky electron emitter? How does it work? And how do its properties affect the performance of electron beam equipment?

    The focus is on the direct link between the operating conditions of the source and the properties of the beam at the target level. This coupling is made clear by discussing the effect of the operating conditions and the geometry of the source and gun on the emission properties of the emitting surface, the effect of Coulomb interactions on the brightness and energy spread in the first few millimeters of the beam path, and the effect of the operating conditions and the shape of the emitter on the consequences of the beam at the target. The final chapter combines all these effects to demonstrate that there is a trade-off to be made between brightness, energy spread, and shape stability.

  • Light : the physics of the photon / Ole Keller, Aalborg University, Denmark
    QC793.5.P42 K45 2014

    From the early wave-particle arguments to the mathematical theory of electromagnetism to Einstein's work on the quantization of light, different descriptions of what constitutes light have existed for over 300 years.Light - The Physics of the Photonexamines the photon phenomenon from several perspectives. It demonstrates the importance of studying the photon as a concept belonging to a global vacuum (matter-free space).

    Divided into eight parts, the book begins with exploring aspects of classical optics in a global vacuum on the basis of free-space Maxwell equations. It then describes light rays and geodesics and presents a brief account of the Maxwell theory in general relativity. After discussing the theory of photon wave mechanics, the author gives a field-quantized description of the electromagnetic field, emphasizing single-photon quantum optics in Minkowskian space. He next focuses on photon physics in the rim zone of matter, paying particular attention to photon emission processes. He also takes a closer look at the photon source domain and field propagators, which conveniently describe the photon field propagation in the vicinity of and far from the electronic source domain. The last two parts discuss the photon vacuum and light quanta in Minkowskian space as well as two-photon entanglement, which is associated with the biphoton in space-time.

  • Singular and chiral nanoplasmonics / edited by Svetlana V. Boriskina, Nikolay I. Zheludev
    QC176.8.P55 S56 2015

    Plasmonics has already revolutionized molecular imaging, cancer research, optical communications, sensing, spectroscopy, and metamaterials development. This book is a collective effort by several research groups to push the frontiers of plasmonics research into the emerging area of harnessing and generation of photon angular momentum on micro- and nanoscales. It offers a glimpse into the ongoing research efforts to develop new types of plasmonic vortex-pinning platforms and chiral nanostructures for light harvesting, bio(chemical) sensing, drug discovery, and nanoscale energy transfer.

  • Magnetic microwires : a magneto-optical study / Alexander Chizhik, Julian Gonzalez
    QC675 .C45 2013

    A comprehensive overview, this book focuses on two directions of study: discovery of new effects that take place in magnetic wires and optimization of the magnetic, electrical, and mechanical properties of the wires, taking into account the technological application. The book presents the idea of moving to nanoscale, maintaining the achieved optimal parameters of microwires. While the focus remains on glass-covered wires of micrometer scale, it covers the first steps of the movement to "nano" range as an example of the versatility of the basic effects initially discovered for microscale.

  • Nanostructured energy devices : equilibrium concepts and kinetics / Juan Bisquert, Universitat Jaume I, Castell?, Spain
    QC176.8.N35 B57 2015

    Due to the pressing needs of society, low cost materials for energy devices have experienced an outstanding development in recent times. In this highly multidisciplinary area, chemistry, material science, physics, and electrochemistry meet to develop new materials and devices that perform required energy conversion and storage processes with high efficiency, adequate capabilities for required applications, and low production cost . Nanostructured Energy Devices: Equilibrium Concepts and Kinetics introduces the main physicochemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices. It includes coverage of the physical principles that control energy devices made of nanostructured and bulk materials, with the main attention focused on solution processed thin film technologies.

    The book analyzes the fundamental concepts, main properties, and key applications of energy devices that are made using nanostructured materials and innovative thin film low cost technologies. This includes hybrid and organic solar cells, electrochemical batteries, diodes, LEDs and OLEDs, transistors, and the direct conversion of solar radiation to chemical fuels. It decodes rigorous formulation of thermodynamic concepts to establish energy diagrams, and explains also the fundamental kinetic models that determine the flow of electrons and ions in the device. The author lays out the main properties of semiconductors and their junctions for applications in solar cell and solar fuel devices. He emphasizes a unified view of the device operation principles that covers well-known examples but also enables you to discuss original research topics on a solid ground.

    Although a challenging field of science and technology, energy devices such as solar cells and batteries have the potential to impact the creation of a carbon-free energy economy. However, the field draws scientists from a broad set of backgrounds, united towards common goals. This text presents the main concepts that apply to several types of devices, from a very basic level so that you can gain insight into the general view of principles of operation of the energy devices. It pulls together the views and terminologies used by several communities to create better communication and increased collaboration among them.

  • Laser-induced damage in optical materials / edited by Detlev Ristaum, Leibniz University of Hannover, Institute for Quantum Optics; and Laser Zentrum Hannover, Department of Laser Components, Hannover, Germany
    QC374 .L37 2015

    Dedicated to users and developers of high-powered systems, Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials focuses on the research field of laser-induced damage and explores the significant and steady growth of applications for high-power lasers in the academic, industrial, and military arenas. Written by renowned experts in the field, this book concentrates on the major topics of laser-induced damage in optical materials and most specifically addresses research in laser damage that occurs in the bulk and on the surface or the coating of optical components. It considers key issues in the field of high-power laser coatings, factoring in the effects of contamination and providing insight into typical application areas.

    Become Familiar with the Key Areas of Modern Photonics

    The text first provides a basic understanding of theoretical and experimental methods and then summarizes the current progress, strategies, and improvements occurring within the field of laser-induced damage. Divided into four sections, this book outlines apparent trends in modeling, and discusses measurement and evaluation techniques for laser damage thresholds in the context of international standardization and scaling laws for damage thresholds.

    This seminal work:

    Covers the major aspects of laser damage Considers all important aspects in industry and research Reviews laser damage effects in material and surfaces Contains chapters contributed by leading scientists in the field

    Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materialsdetails a variety of fundamental investigations in laser-induced damage mechanisms and functions as a valuable reference for researchers and producers of laser components, laser and photonics engineers and scientists, as well as users of laser technology and thin film optics.

  • Measurement, instrumentation, and sensors handbook : electromagnetic, optical, radiation, chemical, and biomedical measurement / edited by John G. Webster, Halit Eren
    QC39 .M393 2014

    The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

    Organized according to measurement problem, the Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement volume of the Second Edition :

    Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 98 existing chapters Covers sensors and sensor technology, time and frequency, signal processing, displays and recorders, and optical, medical, biomedical, health, environmental, electrical, electromagnetic, and chemical variables

    A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Electromagnetic, Optical, Radiation, Chemical, and Biomedical Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

  • Causal physics : photons by non-interactions of waves / Chandrasekhar Roychoudhuri
    QC476.W38 R69 2014

    Causal Physics: Photons by Non Interactions of Wavesredefines the mathematical Superposition Principle as an operational Superposition Effect ; which is the measurable physical transformation experienced by a detector due to stimulations induced by multiple waves simultaneously acting on the detecting dipoles. This light-matter interaction process driven model emerges naturally by incorporating the observed properties, Non-Interaction of Waves (NIW) and quantized photo detectors needing to fill up their "quantum-cups" with the required quantity of energy from all the stimulating waves around it. By not incorporating this NIW-property explicitly, quantum mechanics failed to extract various embedded realities in the theory while incorporated unnecessary hypotheses like wave-particle duality. The book utilizes this NIW-property to explain all the major optical phenomena (diffraction, spectrometry, coherence.) without using any self-contradictory hypotheses that are prevalent now.

    The book redefines the old ether (constituting the space) as a stationary Complex Tension Field (CTF), holding all the energy of the universe (no need for Dark Energy of Dark Matter). CTF sustains perpetually propagating EM waves as its linear excitations and the particles as self-looped localized resonant non-linear excitations. Tensions are identified by Maxwell, then the velocities of emitting and detecting atoms through the CTF contribute to the Doppler shifts separately. This calls for re-visiting physical processes behind Hubble Redshift and hence Expanding Universe.

    The success of the book derives from a novel thinking strategy of visualizing the invisible interaction processes, named as Interaction Process Mapping Epistemology (IPM-E). This is over and above the prevailing strategy of Measurable Data Modeling Epistemology (MDM-E). The approach inspires the next generation of physicists to recognizing that the "foundation of the edifice of physics" has not yet been finalized. IPM-E will stimulate more of us to become technology innovators by learning to emulate the ontologically real physical processes in nature and become more evolution congruent.

    Critical thinkers without expertise in optical science and engineering, will appreciate the value of the content by reading the book backward, starting from Ch.12; which explains the critical thinking methodology besides giving a very brief summary of the contents in the previous chapters.

    Establishes that abandoning the wave-particle-duality actually allows us to extract more realities out of quantum mechanics. Illustrates how the discovery of the NIW-property profoundly impacts several branches of fundamental physics, including Doppler effect and hence the cosmological red shift Summarizes that many ad hoc hypotheses from physics can be removed, a la Occam's razor, while improving the reality and comprehension of some of the current working theories Demonstrates that our persistent attempts to restore causality in physical theories will be guided by our capability to visualize the invisible light matter interaction processes that are behind the emergence of all measurable data Draws close attention to the invisible but ontological interaction processes behind various optical phenomena so we can emulate them more efficiently and knowledgably in spite of limitations of our theories

    Designed as a reference book for general physics and philosophy, this optical science and engineering book is an ideal resource for optical engineers, physicists, and those working with modern optical equipment and high precision instrumentation.

  • Plasma harmonics / Rashid A. Ganeev
    QC718.5.W3 G36 2014

    Plasma harmonics is a new field of laser spectroscopy. The use of the solid elements of the periodic table, together with thousands of complex solid-state samples, largely extends the range of materials employed in plasma harmonics in contrast to the few light rare gases that are typically used. Thus the exploration of practically any available solid-state material through nonlinear spectroscopy comprising laser ablation and harmonic generation can be considered a new tool for materials science. Plasma harmonic spectroscopy exploits the spectral and structural properties of various ablated solid-state materials by propagating short laser pulses through laser-produced plasma and generating high-order harmonics of ultrashort laser pulses.

    The book describes the special features of plasma harmonics in laser-produced ablation plumes and discusses a wide range of nonlinear medium characteristics that can be produced by varying the conditions of laser plume production on the surface of a solid.

    This book compiles and details cutting-edge research in science and medicine from the interdisciplinary team of the Michigan Nanotechnology Institute for Medicine and Biological Sciences, who are currently revolutionizing drug delivery techniques through the development of engineered nanodevices. Edited by Istvan J Majoros and James Baker, Jr., two prominent nanotechnology researchers, this book is designed for workers involved in nanotechnology, macromolecular science, cancer therapy, or drug delivery research.

  • Measurement, instrumentation, and sensors handbook / edited by John G. Webster, Halit Eren
    QC39 .M393 2014

    This new edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences; explains sensors and the associated hardware and software; and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

    Organized according to measurement problem, the Second Edition :

    Consists of 2 volumes Features contributions from 240+ field experts Contains 53 new chapters, plus updates to all 194 existing chapters Addresses different ways of making measurements for given variables Emphasizes modern intelligent instruments and techniques, human factors, modern display methods, instrument networks, and virtual instruments Explains modern wireless techniques, sensors, measurements, and applications

    A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

  • Laser beam propagation : generation and propagation of customized light / edited by Andrew Forbes, CSIR National Laser Centre, Pretoria, South Africa
    QC689.5.L37 L382 2014

    How do laser beams propagate? Innovative discoveries involving laser beams and their propagation properties are at the heart of Laser Beam Propagation: Generation and Propagation of Customized Light. This book captures the essence of laser beam propagation. Divided into three parts, it explores the fundamentals of how laser beams propagate, and provides novel methods to describe and characterize general laser beams.

    Part one covers the physical optics approach to the propagation of optical waves, the concept of plane waves, the mathematical description of diffraction and Gaussian optics, and adapting the concepts to the single photon level. The book explains the parallels between the paraxial propagation of light beams and the Schr#65533;dinger equation in quantum mechanics, and delves into the description of paraxial optics by means of state vectors and operators. It also discusses classical optics and quantum entanglement.

    Part two focuses on the application of modal decomposition to the characterization of laser beams, and provides a characterization of time domain pulses. It discusses tools for the temporal characterization of laser beams, the generation of arbitrary laser beams with digital holograms, and the use of spatial light modulators to display reconfigurable digital holograms capable of modifying and shaping laser beams. It also covers various techniques and the control of the polarization properties of light.

    Part three defines the most commonly generated shaped light, flat-top beams, outlining their propagation rules as well as the means to create them in the laboratory. It also highlights Helmholtz-Gauss beams, vector beams, and low coherence laser beams.

    The text presents the concepts of coherence theory and applies this to the propagation of low coherence optical fields. It also considers the recent developments in orbital angular momentum carrying fields, touches on basics properties, definitions and applications, and brings together the classical and quantum concepts of spatial modes of light.

  • Handbook of optical sensors / edited by Jos? Lu?s Santos, Faramarz Farahi
    QC373.O59 H36 2015
    Handbook of Optical Sensorsprovides a comprehensive and integrated view of optical sensors, addressing the fundamentals, structures, technologies, applications, and future perspectives. Featuring chapters authored by recognized experts and major contributors to the field, this essential reference: Explains the basic aspects of optical sensors and the principles of optical metrology, presenting a brief historical review Explores the role of optical waveguides in sensing and discusses sensor technologies based on intensity and phase modulation, fluorescence, and plasmonic waves Describes wavefront sensing, multiphoton microscopy, and imaging based on optical coherence tomography Covers optical fiber sensing, from light guiding in standard and microstructured optical fibers to sensor multiplexing, distributed sensing, and fiber Bragg grating Offers a broad perspective of the field and identifies trends that could shape the future, such as metamaterials and entangled quantum states of light

    Handbook of Optical Sensors is an ideal resource for practitioners and those seeking optical solutions for their specific needs, as well as for students and investigators who are the intellectual driving force of optical sensing.

  • Handbook of optical design Daniel Malacara, Zacarias Malacara
    QC385.2.D47 M35 2004

  • Laser modeling : a numerical approach with algebra and calculus / Mark Steven Csele
    QC688 .C75 2014

    Offering a fresh take on laser engineering, Laser Modeling: A Numerical Approach with Algebra and Calculus presents algebraic models and traditional calculus-based methods in tandem to make concepts easier to digest and apply in the real world. Each technique is introduced alongside a practical, solved example based on a commercial laser. Assuming some knowledge of the nature of light, emission of radiation, and basic atomic physics, the text:

    Explains how to formulate an accurate gain threshold equation as well as determine small-signal gain Discusses gain saturation and introduces a novel pass-by-pass model for rapid implementation of "what if?" scenarios Outlines the calculus-based Rigrod approach in a simplified manner to aid in comprehension Considers thermal effects on solid-state lasers and other lasers with new and efficient quasi-three-level materials Demonstrates how the convolution method is used to predict the effect of temperature drift on a DPSS system Describes the technique and technology of Q-switching and provides a simple model for predicting output power Addresses non-linear optics and supplies a simple model for calculating optimal crystal length Examines common laser systems, answering basic design questions and summarizing parameters Includes downloadable Microsoft#65533;Excel(tm)spreadsheets, allowing models to be customized for specific lasers

    Don't let the mathematical rigor of solutions get in the way of understanding the concepts. Laser Modeling: A Numerical Approach with Algebra and Calculus covers laser theory in an accessible way that can be applied immediately, and numerically, to real laser systems.

  • Measurement, instrumentation, and sensors handbook : spatial, mechanical, thermal, and radiation measurement / edited by John G. Webster, Halit Eren
    QC39 .M393 2014

    The Second Edition of the bestselling Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook brings together all aspects of the design and implementation of measurement, instrumentation, and sensors. Reflecting the current state of the art, it describes the use of instruments and techniques for performing practical measurements in engineering, physics, chemistry, and the life sciences and discusses processing systems, automatic data acquisition, reduction and analysis, operation characteristics, accuracy, errors, calibrations, and the incorporation of standards for control purposes.

    Organized according to measurement problem, the Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement volume of the Second Edition:

    Contains contributions from field experts, new chapters, and updates to all 96 existing chapters Covers instrumentation and measurement concepts, spatial and mechanical variables, displacement, acoustics, flow and spot velocity, radiation, wireless sensors and instrumentation, and control and human factors

    A concise and useful reference for engineers, scientists, academic faculty, students, designers, managers, and industry professionals involved in instrumentation and measurement research and development, Measurement, Instrumentation, and Sensors Handbook, Second Edition: Spatial, Mechanical, Thermal, and Radiation Measurement provides readers with a greater understanding of advanced applications.

  • Planetary geodesy and remote sensing / edited by Shuanggen Jin
    QB600.33 .P53 2015

    Although lunar exploration began in the 1960s, the moon and other planets have many long-standing, unanswered questions about planetary environments, origin, formation and evolution, magnetization of crustal rocks, internal structure, and possible life. However, with the recent development of planetary geodesy and remote sensing with higher spatial and spectral resolution have come new opportunities to explore and understand the moon and planets in greater detail. Written by well-established, international scientists in the planetary science and remote sensing fields, Planetary Geodesy and Remote Sensing presents the latest methods and techniques of planetary geodesy and remote sensing.

    The book discusses the latest results in planetary science, including theory, methods, measurements, topography, gravity and magnetic field, atmosphere and ionosphere, geomorphology, volcano, craters, internal structure, and water. The book also highlights comparative studies with the earth in the atmosphere, geomorphology, and interiors of the planets. It discusses future missions and future objectives of planetary exploration and science using the latest advances in remote sensing.

    With chapters contributed by a stellar list of pioneers and experts, the book provides new insight on the application of new technologies and the observations in planetary geodesy. It is suitable for those working in the field as well as for planetary probe designers, engineers, and planetary geologists and geophysicists.

  • The method of moments in electromagnetics / Walton C. Gibson, Tripoint Industries Inc., kalla@tripoint.org
    QC760.54 .G43 2015

    Now Covers Dielectric Materials in Practical Electromagnetic Devices

    The Method of Moments in Electromagnetics, Second Editionexplains the solution of electromagnetic integral equations via the method of moments (MOM). While the first edition exclusively focused on integral equations for conducting problems, this edition extends the integral equation framework to treat objects having conducting as well as dielectric parts.

    New to the Second Edition

    Expanded treatment of coupled surface integral equations for conducting and composite conducting/dielectric objects, including objects having multiple dielectric regions with interfaces and junctions Updated topics to reflect current technology More material on the calculation of near fields Reformatted equations and improved figures

    Providing a bridge between theory and software implementation, the book incorporates sufficient background material and offers nuts-and-bolts implementation details. It first derives a generalized set of surface integral equations that can be used to treat problems with conducting and dielectric regions. Subsequent chapters solve these integral equations for progressively more difficult problems involving thin wires, bodies of revolution, and two- and three-dimensional bodies. After reading this book, students and researchers will be well equipped to understand more advanced MOM topics.

  • Radar hydrology : principles, models, and applications / Yang Hong, Jonathan J. Gourley
    QC925 .H66 2015

    Radar Hydrology: Principles, Models, and Applications provides graduate students, operational forecasters, and researchers with a theoretical framework and practical knowledge of radar precipitation estimation. The only text on the market solely devoted to radar hydrology, this comprehensive reference:

    Begins with a brief introduction to radar Focuses on the processing of radar data to arrive at accurate estimates of rainfall Addresses advanced radar sensing principles and applications Covers radar technologies for observing each component of the hydrologic cycle Examines state-of-the-art hydrologic models and their inputs, parameters, state variables, calibration procedures, and outputs Discusses contemporary approaches in data assimilation Concludes with methods, case studies, and prediction system design Includes downloadable MATLAB#65533; content

    Flooding is the #1 weather-related natural disaster worldwide. Radar Hydrology: Principles, Models, and Applications aids in understanding the physical systems and detection tools, as well as designing prediction systems.

  • Zinc oxide nanostructures : advances and applications / edited by Magnus Willander
    QC176.8.N35 Z56 2013

    Zinc oxide (ZnO) in its nanostructured form is emerging as a promising material with great potential for the development of many smart electronic devices. This book presents up-to-date information about various synthesis methods to obtain device-quality ZnO nanostructures. It describes both high-temperature (over 100#65533; C) and low-temperature (under 100#65533; C) approaches to synthesizing ZnO nanostructures; device applications for technical and medical devices, light-emitting diodes, electrochemical sensors, nanogenerators, and photodynamic therapy; and the concept of self-powered devices and systems using ZnO nanostructures. The book emphasizes the utilization of non-conventional substrates such as plastic, paper, and textile as new platforms for developing electronics.

  • Recent advances in computational mechanics : proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Computer Methods in Mechanics (CMM2013), Pozna?, Poland, 27-31 August 2013 / editors, Tomasz ?odygowski, Jerzy Rakowski & Przemys?aw Litewka, Institute of Structural Engineering, Poznan University of Technology, Pozna?, Poland
    QC120 .I58 2013

  • Optics / Eugene Hecht, Adelphi University
    QC 355.3 H43 2017
    A Contemporary Approach to Optics with Practical Applications and New Focused Pedagogy

    Hecht Optics balances theory and instrumentation to provide you with the necessary, classical background through a lively and clear narrative.

    Optics , Fifth Edition is distinguished by three core imperatives for the reader: up-to-date content in line with the ever-evolving technological advances in the Optics field; a modern approach to discourse including studies on photons, phasors, and theory; and improvements and revisions to the previous edition's pedagogy including over one hundred new worked examples.

  • Dispersion dynamics in the Hall effect and pair bonds in HiTc / Antony J. Bourdillon
    QC 611.98 H54 B677 2017
    Dispersion dynamics are developed from the stable wave packet in wave mechanics. They are used first in a physical treatment of creation and annihilation, and then applied to measurements in high temperature superconductivity. The dynamics require that the negative energy solution to relativity equations implies negative rest mass in the antiparticle. Diracs positive mass for his first order equation is inconsistent with dispersion dynamics. The processing of the ceramic cuprates links the superconductivity not to the isotope effect, as in low temperature superconductors, but to chemical holes in the planar HiTc ceramics. The Hall coefficient is negative in the former case, but positive in the latter -- even though the Lorentz force can act on neither voids nor immobile ionic nuclei. Interpretation of the coefficient is an old anomaly. In fact, whether in metals, in p-type semiconductors or in HiTc ceramics, the carriers are all negatively charged. Dispersion dynamics show that the positive coefficient is a consequence of negative second derivatives in the dispersion of conduction bands in semiconductors, in certain metals and in high temperature superconductors.Existing data from HiTc compounds, especially data from processing, are reinterpreted to show how chemical and physical holes are formed. The holes that are evident in the Hall effect at normal temperatures are readily available to bond with electron pairs at lower temperatures for superconductivity. Wave functions in dispersion dynamics show how the conduction is non-resistive. The book contrasts the two types of superconductivity while uniting the mechanism in them for non-resistive behaviour.

  • Imagining the future of climate change : world-making through science fiction and activism / Shelley Streeby
    QC 902.9 S77 2018
    This title is part of American Studies Now and available as an e-book first. Visit ucpress.edu/go/americanstudiesnow to learn more.

    From the 1960s to the present, activists, artists, and science fiction writers have imagined the consequences of climate change and its impacts on our future. Authors such as Octavia Butler and Leslie Marmon Silko, movie directors such as Bong Joon-Ho, and creators of digital media such as the makers of the Maori web series Anamata Future News have all envisioned future worlds during and after environmental collapse, engaging audiences to think about the earth's sustainability. As public awareness of climate change has grown, so has the popularity of works of climate fiction that connect science with activism.

    Today, real-world social movements helmed by Indigenous people and people of color are leading the way against the greatest threat to our environment: the fossil fuel industry. Their stories and movements--in the real world and through science fiction--help us all better understand the relationship between activism and culture, and how both can be valuable tools in creating our future. Imagining the Future of Climate Change introduces readers to the history and most significant flashpoints in climate justice through speculative fictions and social movements, exploring post-disaster possibilities and the art of world-making.

  • Measure and integration theory / Heinz Bauer ; translated from the German by Robert B. Burckel
    QC 20.7 M43 B4813 2001

    This book gives a straightforward introduction to the field as it is nowadays required in many branches of analysis and especially in probability theory. The first three chapters (Measure Theory, Integration Theory, Product Measures) basically follow the clear and approved exposition given in the author's earlier book on "Probability Theory and Measure Theory". Special emphasis is laid on a complete discussion of the transformation of measures and integration with respect to the product measure, convergence theorems, parameter depending integrals, as well as the Radon-Nikodym theorem.

    The final chapter, essentially new and written in a clear and concise style, deals with the theory of Radon measures on Polish or locally compact spaces. With the main results being Luzin's theorem, the Riesz representation theorem, the Portmanteau theorem, and a characterization of locally compact spaces which are Polish, this chapter is a true invitation to study topological measure theory.

    The text addresses graduate students, who wish to learn the fundamentals in measure and integration theory as needed in modern analysis and probability theory. It will also be an important source for anyone teaching such a course.

  • Quantum Triangulations Moduli Space, Quantum Computing, Non-Linear Sigma Models and Ricci Flow / by Mauro Carfora, Annalisa Marzuoli

  • Handbook of supernovae / Athem W. Alsabti, Paul Murdin, editors

  • Quantum statistics of dense gases and nonideal plasmas / Werner Ebeling, Vladimir E. Fortov, Vladimir Filinov

  • Progress in high-dimensional percolation and random graphs Markus Heydenreich, Remco van der Hofstad

  • Layered two-dimensional heterostructures and their tunneling characteristics Sergio C. de la Barrera

  • Statistical mechanics for athermal fluctuation non-Gaussian noise in physics / Kiyoshi Kanazawa

  • The cosmic zoo complex life on many worlds

  • Classical Statistical Mechanics with Nested Sampling

  • Shock Fitting Classical Techniques, Recent Developments, and Memoirs of Gino Moretti / Marcello Onofri, Renato Paciorri, editors

  • Modelling pulsar wind nebulae Diego F. Torres, editor

  • Resurgence, physics and numbers edited by Frédéric Fauvet... [et al.]

  • Calling Taikong : a strategy report and study of China's future space science missions / Ji Wu

  • Time in physics / Renato Renner, Sandra Stupar, editors

  • Evolution of silicon sensor technology in particle physics / Frank Hartmann

  • Dualities, helicity amplitudes, and little conformal symmetry Kitran Macey M. Colwell

  • Quantum theory, groups and representations : an introduction / Peter Woit

  • The emergence of astrophysics in Asia opening a new window on the universe / Tsuko Nakamura, Wayne Orchiston, editors

  • The NexStar user's guide II for the LCM, SLT, SE, CPC, SkyProdigy, and Astro Fi / Michael Swanson

  • The structure and evolution of the Sun / Giuseppe Severino

  • Quantum mechanics and electrodynamics / Jaroslav Zamastil, Jakub Benda ; translated with the assistance of Tereza Uhlířová
page last updated on: Wednesday 21 February 2018
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