New books by subject
Civil Engineering - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range TA, TE, TG (Civil Engineering) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Challenges in fluid dynamics : a new approach / R. Kh. ZeytounianTA357
This monograph presents a synopsis of fluid dynamics based on the personal scientific experience of the author who has contributed immensely to the field. The interested reader will also benefit from the general historical context in which the material is presented in the book. The book covers a wide range of relevant topics of the field, and the main tool being rational asymptotic modelling (RAM) approach. The target audience primarily comprises experts in the field of fluid dynamics, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.
Proceedings of International Conference on Computer Vision and Image Processing : CVIP 2016. Balasubramanian Raman, Sanjeev Kumar, Partha Pratim Roy, Debashis Sen, editorsTA 1634 I24 2017eb
This edited volume contains technical contributions in the field of computer vision and image processing presented at the First International Conference on Computer Vision and Image Processing (CVIP 2016). The contributions are thematically divided based on their relation to operations at the lower, middle and higher levels of vision systems, and their applications. The technical contributions in the areas of sensors, acquisition, visualization and enhancement are classified as related to low-level operations. They discuss various modern topics - reconfigurable image system architecture, Scheimpflug camera calibration, real-time autofocusing, climate visualization, tone mapping, super-resolution and image resizing.
The technical contributions in the areas of segmentation and retrieval are classified as related to mid-level operations. They discuss some state-of-the-art techniques - non-rigid image registration, iterative image partitioning, egocentric object detection and video shot boundary detection.
The technical contributions in the areas of classification and retrieval are categorized as related to high-level operations. They discuss some state-of-the-art approaches - extreme learning machines, and target, gesture and action recognition. A non-regularized state preserving extreme learning machine is presented for natural scene classification. An algorithm for human action recognition through dynamic frame warping based on depth cues is given. Target recognition in night vision through convolutional neural network is also presented. Use of convolutional neural network in detecting static hand gesture is also discussed.
Finally, the technical contributions in the areas of surveillance, coding and data security, and biometrics and document processing are considered as applications of computer vision and image processing. They discuss some contemporary applications. A few of them are a system for tackling blind curves, a quick reaction target acquisition and tracking system, an algorithm to detect for copy-move forgery based on circle block, a novel visual secret sharing scheme using affine cipher and image interleaving, a finger knuckle print recognition system based on wavelet and Gabor filtering, and a palmprint recognition based on minutiae quadruplets.
Advanced finite element simulation with MSC Marc : application of user subroutines / Zia Javanbakht, Andreas ÖchsnerTA347.F5
This book offers an in-depth insight into the general-purpose finite element program MSC Marc, which is distributed by MSC Software Corporation. It is a specialized program for nonlinear problems (implicit solver) which is common in academia and industry. The primary goal of this book is to provide a comprehensive introduction to a special feature of this software: the user can write user-subroutines in the programming language Fortran, which is the language of all classical finite element packages. This subroutine feature allows the user to replace certain modules of the core code and to implement new features such as constitutive laws or new elements. Thus, the functionality of commercial codes ('black box') can easily be extended by linking user written code to the main core of the program. This feature allows to take advantage of a commercial software package with the flexibility of a 'semi-open' code.
Unified Lagrangian formulation for fluid and solid mechanics : fluid-structure interaction and coupled thermal problems using the PFEM / Alessandro FranciTA357.5.F58
This book treats the derivation and implementation of a unified particle finite element formulation for the solution of fluid and solid mechanics, Fluid-Structure Interaction (FSI) and coupled thermal problems.
FSI problems are involved in many engineering branches, from aeronautics to civil and biomedical engineering. The numerical method proposed in this book has been designed to deal with a large part of these. In particular, it is capable of simulating accurately free-surface fluids interacting with structures that may undergo large displacements, suffer from thermo-plastic deformations and even melt. The method accuracy has been successfully verified in several numerical examples. The thesis also contains the application of the proposed numerical strategy for the simulation of a real industrial problem.This thesis, defended at the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya in 2015, was selected (ex aequo) as the best PhD thesis in numerical methods in Spain for the year 2015 by the Spanish Society of Numerical Methods in Engineering (SEMNI).
Physical components of tensors / Wolf Altman, Antonio Marmo De OliveiraTA347.T4 A48 2015
Illustrating the important aspects of tensor calculus, and highlighting its most practical features, Physical Components of Tensors presents an authoritative and complete explanation of tensor calculus that is based on transformations of bases of vector spaces rather than on transformations of coordinates. Written with graduate students, professors, and researchers in the areas of elasticity and shell theories in mind, this text focuses on the physical and nonholonomic components of tensors and applies them to the theories. It establishes a theory of physical and anholonomic components of tensors and applies the theory of dimensional analysis to tensors and (anholonomic) connections. This theory shows the relationship and compatibility among several existing definitions of physical components of tensors when referred to nonorthogonal coordinates. The book assumes a basic knowledge of linear algebra and elementary calculus, but revisits these subjects and introduces the mathematical backgrounds for the theory in the first three chapters. In addition, all field equations are also given in physical components as well.
Comprised of five chapters, this noteworthy text:Deals with the basic concepts of linear algebra, introducing the vector spaces and the further structures imposed on them by the notions of inner products, norms, and metrics Focuses on the main algebraic operations for vectors and tensors and also on the notions of duality, tensor products, and component representation of tensors Presents the classical tensor calculus that functions as the advanced prerequisite for the development of subsequent chapters Provides the theory of physical and anholonomic components of tensors by associating them to the spaces of linear transformations and of tensor products and advances two applications of this theory
Physical Components of Tensors contains a comprehensive account of tensor calculus, and is an essential reference for graduate students or engineers concerned with solid and structural mechanics.
Civil engineering and urban planning III : proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Civil Engineering and Urban Planning (CEUP 2014), Wuhan, China, 20-22 June 2014 / editors, Kouros Mohammadian, Department of Civil and Materials Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA, Konstadinos G. Goulias, Professor of Transportation and Director of GeoTrans Laboratory, Department of Geography, Division of Mathematical, Physical, and Life Sciences, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, USA, Elif Cicek, Department of Civil Engineering, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey, Jieh-JiuhWang, Department of Architecture, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan, Chrysanthos Maraveas, Department of Structural Engineering, C. Maraveas Partnership-Consulting Engineers, Athens, GreeceTA5 .I58 2014
Engineering technology and applications : proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Engineering Technology and Applications (ICETA 2014), Tsingtao, China, 29-30 April 2014 / editors, Fun Shao, Digital Library Department, Library of Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China; Wise Shu, Arts College, Hubei Open University, China; Tracy Tian, Bos'n Academic Service Centre, ChinaTA5 .I58 2014
Bridge engineering handbook / edited by Wai-Fah Chen and Lian DuanTG145 .B85 2014
Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of theBridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject.
Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials.
The second book, Superstructure Design, contains 19 chapters, and covers information on how to design all types of bridges.
What's New in the Second Edition:Includes two new chapters: Extradosed Bridges and Stress Ribbon Pedestrian Bridges Updates the Prestressed Concrete Girder Bridges chapter and rewrites it as two chapters: Precast/Pretensioned Concrete Girder Bridges and Cast-In-Place Post-Tensioned Prestressed Concrete Girder Bridges Expands the chapter on Bridge Decks and Approach Slabs and divides it into two chapters: Concrete Decks and Approach Slabs Rewrites seven chapters: Segmental Concrete Bridges, Composite Steel I-Girder Bridges, Composite Steel Box Girder Bridges, Arch Bridges, Cable-Stayed Bridges, Orthotropic Steel Decks, and Railings
This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.
Rock fall engineering / author, Duncan C. WyllieTA749 .W95 2015
Rock falls can be a public safety issue. This book provides comprehensive information on identification of these hazards, and design and construction of protection methods.
Rock Fall Engineeringdescribes first, the theoretical background to rock fall behavior in terms of the impact and trajectory phases of rock falls, and second, how this information is applied to modeling of rock falls and the design of ditches, fences and sheds. The theory of rock fall behavior is verified by comparing the calculations with five carefully documented case studies.
The book covers four main topics as follows:Describes causes of rock falls, including geology, climate and topography, and provides detailed documentation on rock fall impacts and trajectories at five sites with a wide variety of topographic and geologic features Discusses theory of impact mechanics, and its application to velocity and energy changes during impacts and trajectories Reviews methods of modeling rock fall events, and presents analyses for the five case studies Examines rock fall protection in terms of selecting appropriate method(s) for site conditions, and design principles in which the objective is to absorb impact energy in an efficient manner
This book, which contains many worked examples, is of interest to practitioners and researchers working in the fields of geological engineering and natural hazards.
Duncan C. Wyllieis a principal with Wyllie & Norrish Rock Engineers in Vancouver, Canada, and a registered professional engineer in British Columbia. He has worked on rock fall hazard projects involving the design and construction protection measures since the 1970s. He is the author of Foundations on Rock, Second Edition, and Rock Slope Engineering, Fourth Edition, both published by CRC Press.
Computational analysis and design of bridge structures / authors, Chung C. Fu and Shuqing WangTG300 .F785 2015
Gain Confidence in Modeling Techniques Used for Complicated Bridge Structures
Bridge structures vary considerably in form, size, complexity, and importance. The methods for their computational analysis and design range from approximate to refined analyses, and rapidly improving computer technology has made the more refined and complex methods of analyses more commonplace. The key methods of analysis and related modeling techniques are set out, mainly for highway bridges, but also with some information on railway bridges. Special topics such as strut-and-tie modeling, linear and nonlinear buckling analysis, redundancy analysis, integral bridges, dynamic/earthquake analysis, and bridge geometry are also covered. The material is largely code independent. The book is written for students, especially at MSc level, and for practicing professionals in bridge design offices and bridge design authorities worldwide.
Effectively Analyze Structures Using Simple Mathematical Models
Divided into three parts and comprised of 18 chapters, this text:Covers the methods of computational analysis and design suitable for bridge structures Provides information on the methods of analysis and related modeling techniques suitable for the design and evaluation of various types of bridges Presents material on a wide range of bridge structural types and is fairly code independent
Computational Analysis and Design of Bridge Structures covers the general aspects of bridges, bridge behavior and the modeling of bridges, and special topics on bridges. This text explores the physical meanings behind modeling, and reveals how bridge structures can be analyzed using mathematical models.
Engineering materials : research, applications and advances / K.M. GuptaTA403 .G85 2015
Introduces Emerging Engineering Materials
Mechanical, materials, and production engineering students can greatly benefit from Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advances. This text focuses heavily on research, and fills a need for current information on the science, processes, and applications in the field. Beginning with a brief overview, the book provides a historical and modern perspective on material science, and describes various types of engineering materials. It examines the industrial process for emerging materials, determines practical use under a wide range of conditions, and establishes what is needed to produce a new generation of materials.
Covers Basic Concepts and Practical Applications
The book consists of 18 chapters and covers a variety of topics that include functionally graded materials, auxetic materials, whiskers, metallic glasses, biocomposite materials, nanomaterials, superalloys, superhard materials, shape-memory alloys, and smart materials. The author outlines the latest advancements, including futuristic plastics, sandwich composites, and biodegradable composites, and highlights special kinds of composites, including fire-resistant composites, marine composites, and biomimetics. He also factors in current examples, future prospects, and the latest research underway in materials technology.Contains approximately 160 diagrams and 85 tables Incorporates examples, illustrations, and applications used in a variety of engineering disciplines Includes solved numerical examples and objective questions with answers
Engineering Materials: Research, Applications and Advancesserves as a textbook and reference for advanced/graduate students in mechanical engineering, materials engineering, production engineering, physics, and chemistry, and relevant researchers and practicing professionals in the field of materials science.
Image and video compression : fundamentals, techniques, and applications / Madhuri A. Joshi, Ph.D., Professor, Electronics, College of Engineering, Pune (COEP), an autonomous institution of Government of Maharashtra, Pune, India, Mehul S. Raval, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Institute of Engineering and Technology, Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India, Yogesh H. Dandawate, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Vishwakarma Institute of Information Technology, Pune, India, Kalyani R. Joshi, Principal, Ph.D., Professor in Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, P.E.S. Modern College of Engineering, Pune, India, Shilpa P. Metkar, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Electronics, College of Engineering, Pune (COEP), an autonomous institution of Government of Maharashtra, Pune, IndiaTA1638 .J647 2015
Image and video signals require large transmission bandwidth and storage, leading to high costs. The data must be compressed without a loss or with a small loss of quality. Thus, efficient image and video compression algorithms play a significant role in the storage and transmission of data.
Image and Video Compression: Fundamentals, Techniques, and Applicationsexplains the major techniques for image and video compression and demonstrates their practical implementation using MATLAB#65533;programs. Designed for students, researchers, and practicing engineers, the book presents both basic principles and real practical applications.
In an accessible way, the book covers basic schemes for image and video compression, including lossless techniques and wavelet- and vector quantization-based image compression and digital video compression. The MATLAB programs enable readers to gain hands-on experience with the techniques. The authors provide quality metrics used to evaluate the performance of the compression algorithms. They also introduce the modern technique of compressed sensing, which retains the most important part of the signal while it is being sensed.
Safety, reliability, risk and life-cycle performance of structures and infrastructures : proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability, New York, USA, 16-20 June 2013 / editors, George Deodatis, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, Bruce R. Ellingwood, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA, Dan M. Frangopol, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USATA656 .I58 2013
Improving concrete quality / Karthikeyan H. OblaTA440 .O26 2015
Improve the Quality of Concrete, Improve the Quality of Construction
Quality measurement is not prevalent in the concrete industry and quality investment is not seen as potentially generating a positive return. Improving Concrete Qualityexamines how and why concrete quality should be measured, and includes instruction on developing specifications with the aim of improving concrete quality.
Reduce Concrete Variability: Reduce Costs and Increase Volume
The first part of the book considers the tangible and intangible benefits of improved quality. The later chapters explore concrete strength variability in detail. It provides a greater grasp of the variation in concrete, as well as a deeper understanding of how material variability affects concrete performance. The author discusses the components of variability (material, manufacturing, testing) and provides steps to measuring and reducing variability to improve the quality of concrete. The text also contains a chapter on data analysis for quality monitoring and test results.
Come Away with Practices and Tools That Can Be Applied Immediately:Provides techniques and how specifications can improve concrete quality Offers a clear understanding of the link between the materials (cement, SCM, aggregate, water, air), manufacturing, testing variability, and concrete quality Includes information on analyzing test data to improve quality
Improving Concrete Qualityquantifies the benefits of improved quality, and introduces novel ways of measuring concrete quality. This text is an ideal resource for quality personnel in the concrete industry. It also benefits architects, engineers, contractors, and researchers.
Nanoindentation of brittle solids / Arjun Dey, Anoop Kumar MukhopadhyayTA418.17 .D49 2014
Understanding the Basics of Nanoindentation and Why It Is Important
Contact damage induced brittle fracture is a common problem in the field of brittle solids. In the case of both glass and ceramics--and as it relates to both natural and artificial bio-materials--it has triggered the need for improved fabrication technology and new product development in the industry.
The Nanoindentation Technique Is Especially Dedicated to Brittle Materials
Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids highlights the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials, and considers the applicability of the nanoindentation technique. This book provides a thorough understanding of basic contact induced deformation mechanisms, damage initiation, and growth mechanisms. Starting from the basics of contact mechanics and nanoindentation, it considers contact mechanics, addresses contact issues in brittle solids, and explores the concepts of hardness and elastic modulus of a material. It examines a variety of brittle solids and deciphers the physics of deformation and fracture at scale lengths compatible with the microstructural unit block.Discusses nanoindentation data analysis methods and various nanoindentation techniques Includes nanoindentation results from the authors' recent research on natural biomaterials like tooth, bone, and fish scale materials Considers the nanoindentation response if contact is made too quickly in glass Explores energy issues related to the nanoindentation of glass Describes the nanoindentation response of a coarse grain alumina Examines nanoindentation on microplasma sprayed hydroxyapatite coatings
Nanoindentation of Brittle Solids provides a brief history of indentation, and explores the science and technology of nanoindentation related to brittle materials. It also offers an in-depth discussion of indentation size effect; the evolution of shear induced deformation during indentation and scratches, and includes a collection of related research works.
Design engineer's reference guide : mathematics, mechanics, and thermodynamics / Keith L. RichardsTA174 .R53 2014
Author Keith L. Richards believes that design engineers spend only a small fraction of time actually designing and drawing, and the remainder of their time finding relevant design information for a specific method or problem. He draws on his own experience as a mechanical engineering designer to offer assistance to other practicing and student engineers facing the same struggle. Design Engineer's Reference Guide: Mathematics, Mechanics, and Thermodynamicsprovides engineers with a roadmap for navigating through common situations or dilemmas.
This book starts off by introducing reference information on the coverage of differential and integral calculus, Laplace's transforms, determinants, and matrices. It provides a numerical analysis on numerical methods of integration, Newton-Raphson's methods, the Jacobi iterative method, and the Gauss-Seidel method. It also contains reference information, as well as examples and illustrations that reinforce the topics of most chapter subjects.
A companion to the Design Engineer's Handbookand Design Engineer's Case Studies and Examples , this textbook covers a range of basic engineering concepts and common applications including:
* Numerical analysis
* Statics and kinematics
* Mechanical vibrations
* Control system modeling
* Basic thermodynamics
* Fluid mechanics and linkages
An entry-level text for students needing to understand the underlying principles before progressing to a more advanced level, Design Engineer's Reference Guide: Mathematics, Mechanics, and Thermodynamics is also a basic reference for mechanical, manufacturing, and design engineers.
Jet grouting : technology, design and control / Paolo Croce, Alessandro Flora, Giuseppe ModoniTA755 .C76 2014
Unlike similar titles providing general information on ground improvement, Jet Grouting: Technology, Design and Controlis entirely devoted to the role of jet grouting - its methods and equipment, as well as its applications. It discusses the possible effects of jet grouting on different soils and examines common drawbacks, failures and disadvantages, recent advances, critical reviews, and the range of applications, illustrated with relevant case studies.
The book addresses several topics involving this popular worldwide practice including technology issues, the interpretation of the mechanisms taking place during the grouting, the quantitative prediction of their effects, the design of jet-grouted structures, and procedures for controlling jet grouting results.Discusses the design criteria for jet grouting projects and reviews existing design rules and codes of practice of different countries Provides practical methods for design calculations of the most important jet-grouted structures such as foundations, earth retaining walls, water cut-offs, bottom plugs, and provisional tunnel supports Includes the current standard control methods and most innovative techniques reported for the implementation of quality control and quality assurance procedures
Jet Grouting: Technology, Design and Controlanalyzes the typical jet-grouted structures, such as foundations, earth retaining walls, water cut-offs, bottom plugs and tunnel supports, and serves as a practical manual for the correct use of jet grouting technology.
Bridge engineering handbook / edited by Wai-Fah Chen and Lian DuanTG145 .B85 2014
Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of the Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject.
Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials.
The third book, Substructure Design, contains 11 chapters addressing the various substructure components.
WhatOCOs New in the Second Edition:
OCo Includes new chapter: Landslide Risk Assessment and Mitigation
OCo Rewrites the Shallow Foundation chapter
OCo Rewrites the Geotechnical Consideration chapter and retitles it as: Ground Investigation
OCo Updates the Abutments and Retaining Structures chapter and divides it into two chapters: Abutments and Earth Retaining Structures
This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses."
Applied structural and mechanical vibrations : theory and methods / Paolo L. GattiTA654 .G38 2014
The second edition of Applied Structural and Mechanical Vibrations: Theory and Methodscontinues the first edition's dual focus on the mathematical theory and the practical aspects of engineering vibrations measurement and analysis. This book emphasises the physical concepts, brings together theory and practice, and includes a number of worked-out examples of varying difficulty and an extensive list of references.
What's New in the Second Edition:Adds new material on response spectra Includes revised chapters on modal analysis and on probability and statistics Introduces new material on stochastic processes and random vibrations
The book explores the theory and methods of engineering vibrations. By also addressing the measurement and analysis of vibrations in real-world applications, it provides and explains the fundamental concepts that form the common background of disciplines such as structural dynamics, mechanical, aerospace, automotive, earthquake, and civil engineering. Applied Structural and Mechanical Vibrations: Theory and Methodspresents the material in order of increasing complexity. It introduces the simplest physical systems capable of vibratory motion in the fundamental chapters, and then moves on to a detailed study of the free and forced vibration response of more complex systems. It also explains some of the most important approximate methods and experimental techniques used to model and analyze these systems.
With respect to the first edition, all the material has been revised and updated, making it a superb reference for advanced students and professionals working in the field.
Introduction to risk and failures : tools and methodologies / D.H. StamatisTA169.5 .S73 2014
Risk is everywhere, in everything we do. Realizing this fact , we all must try to understand this "risk" and if possible to minimize it. This book expands the conversation beyond failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) techniques. While FMEA is indeed a powerful tool to forecast failures for both design and processes, it is missing methods for considering safety issues, catastrophic events, and their consequences. Focusing on risk, safety, and HAZOP as they relate to major catastrophic events, Introduction to Risk and Failures: Tools and Methodologies addresses the process and implementation as well as understanding the fundamentals of using a risk methodology in a given organization for evaluating major safety and/or catastrophic problems.
The book identifies and evaluates five perspectives through which risk and uncertainty can be viewed and analyzed: individual and societal concerns, complexity in government regulations, patterns of employment, and polarization of approaches between large and small organizations. In addition to explaining what risk is and exploring how it should be understood, the author makes a distinction between risk and uncertainty. He elucidates more than 20 specific methodologies and/or tools to evaluate risk in a manner that is practical and proactive but not heavy on theory. He also includes samples of checklists and demonstrates the flow of analysis for any type of hazard.
Written by an expert with more than 30 years of experience, the book provides from-the-trenches examples that demonstrate the theory in action. It introduces methodologies such as ETA, FTA, and others which traditionally have been used specifically in reliability endeavors and details how they can be used in risk assessment. Highly practical, it shows you how to minimize or eliminate risks and failures for any given project or in any given work environment.
Engineering surveying theory and examination problems for students / W. SchofieldTA545 .S263 2001
The aim of Engineering Surveying has always been to impart and develop a clear understanding of the basic topics of the subject. The author has fully revised the book to make it the most up-to-date and relevant textbook available on the subject. The book also contains the latest information on trigonometric levelling, total stations and one-person measuring systems. A new chapter on satellites ensures a firm grasp of this vitally important topic. The text covers engineering surveying modules for civil engineering students on degree courses and forms a reference for the engineering surveying module in land surveying courses. It will also prove to be a valuable reference for practitioners.
Acoustic analyses using Matlab? and Ansys? / Carl Q. Howard and Benjamin S. CazzolatoTA365 .H69 2015
This book describes the use of Ansys finite element analysis software and MATLAB® to solve acoustic problems. These range from simple textbook problems, to complex ones that can only be solved using FEA software. The book includes instructions on relevant mathematical modelling, and hints on the use of Ansys software. The MATLAB source code provides readers with valuable tools for doing their own validations, and is available for download. The book provides practical training in the use of FEA for basic modelling and solving acoustic problems.
Critical urban infrastructure handbook / edited by Japan Society of Civil Engineers ; M. Hamada, Editor-in-Chief ; editors, T. Koike, T. Suzuki, C. Scawthorn N. Suzuki, K. Ohtomo, Y. Shumuta J. Koseki, R. Kuwano, H. Horikawa F. Sugino, K. SakakiTA151 .C79 2015
Represents the State of the Art in Urban Lifeline Engineering
Urban lifelines are buried or aboveground network systems used for water, sewerage, gas, power, and telecommunications. Dedicated to preserving the functions of lifeline systems against natural disasters, the Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbookis a vital compilation of urban utility management. This text utilizes the input of leading experts who have extensive experience with natural disasters, and provides a better understanding of the technical and legal framework of infrastructure construction and operation.
Examine the Damage Data of Urban Lifelines Suffered by Seismic Disasters
The book addresses water supply and sewerage, power, gas, telecommunications joint utility corridor lifeline facilities, and other critical civil infrastructure lifelines. It emphasizes the importance of the resilience of lifeline systems against natural disasters in protecting human lives and supporting survivors of disasters as well as in promptly recovering and reconstructing the affected areas. In addition, it also describes the structural damage of nodes and links, as well as the functional damage of the lifeline system from the viewpoint of disaster prevention and mitigation measures.
This valuable work consists of 24 chapters in four sections covering:Design and construction of various lifeline facilities Maintenance Disaster management Environmental protection Disaster and emergency recovery measures Urban planning Life cycle costing GIS analysis of lifeline systems Computerized integrated management systems New materials and technologies
The Critical Urban Infrastructure Handbook comprehensively describes common issues of lifeline systems, and provides practical information to engineers and industry professionals involved in the planning, construction, and maintenance of lifeline systems.
Highway bridge superstructure engineering : LRFD approaches to design and analysis / Narendra TalyTG260 .T35 2015
A How-To Guide for Bridge Engineers and Designers
Highway Bridge Superstructure Engineering: LRFD Approaches to Design and Analysisprovides a detailed discussion of traditional structural design perspectives, and serves as a state-of-the-art resource on the latest design and analysis of highway bridge superstructures. This book is applicable to highway bridges of all construction and material types, and is based on the load and resistance factor design (LRFD) philosophy. It discusses the theory of probability (with an explanation leading to the calibration process and reliability), and includes fully solved design examples of steel, reinforced and prestressed concrete bridge superstructures. It also contains step-by-step calculations for determining the distribution factors for several different types of bridge superstructures (which form the basis of load and resistance design specifications) and can be found in the AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications.
Fully Realize the Basis and Significance of LRFD Specifications
Divided into six chapters, this instructive text:Introduces bridge engineering as a discipline of structural design Describes numerous types of highway bridge superstructures systems Presents a detailed discussion of various types of loads that act on bridge superstructures and substructures Discusses the methods of analyses of highway bridge superstructures Includes a detailed discussion of reinforced and prestressed concrete bridges, and slab-steel girder bridges
Highway Bridge Superstructure Engineering: LRFD Approaches to Design and Analysis can be used for teaching highway bridge design courses to undergraduate- and graduate-level classes, and as an excellent resource for practicing engineers.
Physical modelling in geotechnics : proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Physical Modelling in Geotechnics 2014 (ICPMG 2014), Perth, Australia, 14-17 January 2014 / editors, Christophe Gaudin & David White, Centre for Offshore Foundation Systems, The University of Western Australia, Perth, AustraliaTA703.5 .I58 2014
Bridge engineering handbook / edited by Wai-Fah Chen and Lian DuanTG145 .B85 2014
Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of The Bridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection highlights bridge engineering specimens from around the world, contains detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject.
Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance, this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, as well as the various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations and photos. The book covers new, innovative, and traditional methods and practices, explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance, and examines seismic design, and building materials.
The first book, Fundamentals contains 22 chapters, and covers aesthetics, planning, design specifications, structural modeling, fatigue and fracture.
What's New in the Second Edition:
* Covers the basic concepts, theory and special topics of bridge engineering
* Includes seven new chapters: Finite Element Method, High Speed Railway Bridges, Concrete Design, Steel Design, Structural Performance Indicators for Bridges, High Performance Steel, and Design and Damage Evaluation Methods for Reinforced Concrete Beams under Impact Loading
* Provides substantial updates to existing chapters, including Conceptual Design, Bridge Aesthetics: Achieving Structural Art in Bridge Design, and Application of Fiber Reinforced Polymers in Bridges
This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.
Advanced engineering and technology : proceedings of the 2014 Annual Congress on Advanced Engineering and Technology (CAET 2014), Hong Kong, 19-20 April 2014 / editors, Liquan Xie, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China, Dianjian Huang, National Research Center of Work Safety Administration, Beijing, ChinaTA5 .A56 2014
Strengthening design of reinforced concrete with FRP / Hayder A. RasheedTA444 .R337 2015
Strengthening Design of Reinforced Concrete with FRPestablishes the art and science of strengthening design of reinforced concrete with fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) beyond the abstract nature of the design guidelines from Canada (ISIS Canada 2001), Europe (FIB Task Group 9.3 2001), and the United States (ACI 440.2R-08). Evolved from thorough class notes used to teach a graduate course at Kansas State University, this comprehensive textbook:Addresses material characterization, flexural strengthening of beams and slabs, shear strengthening of beams, and confinement strengthening of columns Discusses the installation and inspection of FRP as externally bonded (EB) or near-surface-mounted (NSM) composite systems for concrete members Contains shear design examples and design examples for each flexural failure mode independently, with comparisons to actual experimental capacity Presents innovative design aids based on ACI 440 code provisions and hand calculations for confinement design interaction diagrams of columns Includes extensive end-of-chapter questions, references for further study, and a solutions manual with qualifying course adoption
Delivering a detailed introduction to FRP strengthening design, Strengthening Design of Reinforced Concrete with FRP offers a depth of coverage ideal for senior-level undergraduate, master's-level, and doctoral-level graduate civil engineering courses.
Slope stability analysis and stabilization : new methods and insight / Y. M. Cheng, C. K. LauTA749 .C44 2014
Includes Recommendations for Analysis, Design Practice, Design Charts, Tables, and More
Using a unified approach to address a medley of engineering and construction problems, Slope Stability Analysis and Stabilization: New Methods and Insight, Second Editionprovides helpful practical advice and design resources for the practicing engineer. This text examines a range of current methods for the analysis and design of slopes, and details the limitations of both limit equilibrium and the finite element method in the assessment of the stability of a slope. It also introduces a variety of alternative approaches for overcoming numerical non-convergence and the location of critical failure surfaces in two-dimensional and three-dimensional cases.
What's New in the Second Edition:
This latest edition builds on the concepts of the first edition and covers the case studies involved in slope stability analysis in greater detail. The book adds a chapter on the procedures involved in performing limit equilibrium analysis, as well as a chapter on the design and construction practice in Hong Kong. It includes more examples and illustrations on the distinct element of slope, the relation between limit equilibrium and plasticity theory, the fundamental connections between slope stability analysis and the bearing capacity problem, as well as the stability of the three-dimensional slope under patch load conditions.Addresses new concepts in three-dimensional stability analysis, finite element analysis, and the extension of slope stability problems to lateral earth pressure problems Offers a unified approach to engineering and construction problems, including slope stability, bearing capacity, and earth pressure behind retaining structures Emphasizes how to translate the conceptual design conceived in the design office into physical implementation on site in a holistic way Discusses problems that were discovered during the development of associated computer programs
This text assesses the fundamental assumptions and limitations of stability analysis methods and computer modelling, and benefits students taking an elective course on slope stability, as well as geotechnical engineering professionals specializing in slope stability
Bridge deck analysis / Eugene J. Obrien and Damien L. Keogh, Department of Civil Engineering, University College Dublin, Ireland, Alan J. O'Connor, Trinity College Dublin, IrelandTG325.6 .O27 2015
Captures Current Developments in Bridge Design and Maintenance
Recent research in bridge design and maintenance has focused on the serviceability problems of older bridges with aging joints. The favored solution of integral construction and design has produced bridges with fewer joints and bearings that require less maintenance and deliver increased durability. Bridge Deck Analysis, Second Editionoutlines this growing development, and covers the structural analysis of most common bridge forms. It introduces reliability analysis, an emergent method that allows bridge engineers to determine risk when maintaining older or damaged bridges.
Explains the Background Theory along with Practical Tools
This book includes practical examples of everyday problems in bridge engineering, and presents real-life examples of the application of reliability analysis. The authors show how reliability analysis can determine structural safety even for bridges which have failed a deterministic assessment. They also update other chapters to reflect the most current advancements towards more sophisticated analysis, and the more widespread use of finite element software.
What's New in this Edition:Incorporates new research on soil-structure interaction A new section with examples of how to analyze for the effects of creep Greatly expands the sections on 3-D brick finite elements Now consistent with both Eurocodes and AASHTO standards
An appropriate resource for senior undergraduates taking an advanced course on bridge engineering, Bridge Deck Analysisis also suitable for practicing engineers, and other professionals involved in the development of bridge design.
Earth pressure and earth-retaining structures by C.R.I. Clayton, J. Milititsky, and R.I. WoodsTA770 .E27 1993
Effectively Calculate the Pressures of Soil
When it comes to designing and constructing retaining structures that are safe and durable, understanding the interaction between soil and structure is at the foundation of it all. Laying down the groundwork for the non-specialists looking to gain an understanding of the background and issues surrounding geotechnical engineering, Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Editionintroduces the mechanisms of earth pressure, and explains the design requirements for retaining structures. This text makes clear the uncertainty of parameter and partial factor issues that underpin recent codes. It then goes on to explain the principles of the geotechnical design of gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite structures.
What's New in the Third Edition:
The first half of the book brings together and describes possible interactions between the ground and a retaining wall. It also includes materials that factor in available software packages dealing with seepage and slope instability, therefore providing a greater understanding of design issues and allowing readers to readily check computer output. The second part of the book begins by describing the background of Eurocode 7, and ends with detailed information about gravity walls, embedded walls, and composite walls. It also includes recent material on propped and braced excavations as well as work on soil nailing, anchored walls, and cofferdams. Previous chapters on the development of earth pressure theory and on graphical techniques have been moved to an appendix.
Earth Pressure and Earth-Retaining Structures, Third Editionis written for practicing geotechnical, civil, and structural engineers and forms a reference for engineering geologists, geotechnical researchers, and undergraduate civil engineering students.
Experimental characterization of advanced composite materials / Leif Carlsson, Donald F. Adams, and R. Byron PipesTA418.9.C6 A263 2014
Over the last three decades, the evolution of techniques for the experimental testing of composite materials has struggled to keep up with the advances and broadening areas of application of the composite materials themselves. In recent years, however, much work has been done to consolidate and better understand the test methods being used. Finally, a consensus regarding the best available methods exists, and definitive recommendations can be made.
Experimental Characterization of Advanced Composite Materials provides a succinct, authoritative treatment of the best available methods for determining the mechanical properties, thermal expansion coefficients, and fracture and strength data for composite materials. With an emphasis firmly on practical matters, it presents processing techniques, specimen preparation, analyses of test methods, test procedures, and data reduction schemes. Five chapters covering specific aspects of lamina testing are followed by discussions extending those principles to laminate responses. The treatment concludes by exploring composite durability issues with a detailed examination of defects and fracture mechanics.
The Fourth Edition is revised to include:New figures, updated ASTM standards, and an expanded index Major additions in processing of thermoset resins, neat resin tests, sandwich structures, cure analyses, damage tolerance tests, single fiber tests, fiber matrix interface tests, interlaminar tension tests, through-thickness tension and compression tests, open-hole compression tests, falling weight impact tests, compression-after-impact tests, sandwich beam and core tests, and more
With its concise format, detailed procedures, and expert assessments, this book is an outstanding resource for composites manufacturing and test engineers, lab technicians, and other industry professionals, as well as students, academia, and government research and engineering organizations. It brings together all of the most appropriate and widely accepted test methods developed to date.
Vibration analysis, instruments, and signal processing / Jyoti Kumar SinhaTA355 .S525 2015
Provides Typical Abstract Representations of Different Steps for Analyzing Any Dynamic System
Vibration and dynamics are common in everyday life, and the use of vibration measurements, tests, and analyses is becoming standard for various applications. Vibration Analysis, Instruments, and Signal Processing focuses on the basic understanding of vibration measurements and analysis. This book covers different areas of vibration measurements and analysis needed in practice, and discusses theory, application, and a variety of methods, in a simplified way. It communicates the fundamental principles of all three facets of vibration-based analysis, and highlights four major points--theory, instruments, experiments, and signal processing.
Useful for everyday work, the book dedicates several chapters to the day-to-day requirements involved in vibration measurements and analysis, and addresses a number of topics useful for many day-to-day analyses and experiments. The book provides experimental examples in each chapter--considering basic theories and analysis methods, instrumentations and signal processing methods, and combined analysis--as well as experimental approaches and case studies. In addition, it dedicates a complete chapter to case studies relating the basic theory, types of instruments and measurements needed, and requisite signal processing that ultimately result in a final diagnosis.
Consisting of ten chapters, this informative text:Provides the basic understanding and concept of the vibration theory, mathematical modeling of structures and machines using the finite element (FE) method, and the vibration response computation using the FE model for the load applied Discusses a simplified vibration theory through a single degree of freedom (SDOF) system of a mass and a spring Introduces the concept of FE modeling at a very basic level through a few simple examples Explores how the equation of motion in matrix form for any system can be integrated to solve for the responses at all DOFs due to the time-varying external loadings
Developed for diverse audiences interested in vibration analysis, this book is suitable for every level of student, engineer, and scientist associated with vibration, structural and rotor dynamics, vibration-based diagnosis, and vibration-based condition monitoring.
Piling engineering Ken Fleming ... [et al.]TA780 .P55 2009
Piling is a fast moving field and recent years have seen major advances in theory, methods, testing procedures and equipment. Some of these changes have been driven by the need for economies and efficiency, reduced spoil production and new methods of pile bore support. Advances in theoretical analyses allow pile design to be refined so that piles and pile groups perform to better advantage.
This third edition of the well established book has been comprehensively updated. It provides an accessible and well-illustrated account of design techniques, methods of testing and analysis of piles, with a marked emphasis on practice but with design methods that incorporate the most recent advances in piling theory.
Piling Engineeringis written for geotechnical engineers, consultants and foundation contractors. It is also a useful reference for academics and advanced students on courses in piling, practical site investigation and foundation design and construction.
Cognitive systems engineering in health care / edited by Ann M. Bisantz, Catherine M. Burns, Rollin J. FairbanksTA168 .C64 2015
Cognitive systems engineering has been widely and successfully applied in the design of safety critical systems such as nuclear power, aviation, and military command-and-control. More recently, these methods are being applied to the design of health and medical systems in order to improve health care quality, reduce errors and adverse events, and improve efficiencies. Cognitive Systems Engineering in Health Care provides an overview of cognitive systems engineering principles in the context of health care. It contains state-of-the-art examples of cognitive systems applications that can be adapted by health care practitioners interested in systematic engineering approaches to systems improvement.
The book highlights current cognitive engineering-oriented research, analyses, and applications in settings such as cardiac surgery, obstetrics, and emergency medicine. It focuses on the impact cognitive engineering analyses can have in supporting communication and coordination with health care teams. The text then demonstrates the use of cognitive engineering methods to inform the design of information technology. It then details the systematic adaptation and application of specific cognitive engineering methods in the medical domain. The book concludes with examples of how in-depth cognitive engineering analyses can lead to demonstrated improvements in health care environments.
Through a series of sample studies, the book gives you a deeper understanding of how cognitive engineering approaches might be applied in the health care domain. You'll see common themes that underline the complexity of the health care domain and this insight can build a deep respect for the expertise of the practitioners who work in it. By identifying the abstractions that hold constant in this domain, you can build solutions for that will evolve to handle new applications, challenges, and approaches.
Risk and reliability in geotechnical engineering / edited by Kok-Kwang Phoon, Jianye ChingTA706 .R48 2015
Establishes Geotechnical Reliability as Fundamentally Distinct from Structural Reliability
Reliability-based design is relatively well established in structural design. Its use is less mature in geotechnical design, but there is a steady progression towards reliability-based design as seen in the inclusion of a new Annex D on "Reliability of Geotechnical Structures" in the third edition of ISO 2394. Reliability-based design can be viewed as a simplified form of risk-based design where different consequences of failure are implicitly covered by the adoption of different target reliability indices. Explicit risk management methodologies are required for large geotechnical systems where soil and loading conditions are too varied to be conveniently slotted into a few reliability classes (typically three) and an associated simple discrete tier of target reliability indices.
Provides Realistic Practical Guidance
Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Engineeringmakes these reliability and risk methodologies more accessible to practitioners and researchers by presentingsoil statistics which are necessary inputs, by explaining how calculations can be carried out using simple tools, and by presenting illustrative or actual examples showcasing the benefits and limitations of these methodologies.
With contributions from a broad international group of authors, this text:Presents probabilistic models suited for soil parameters Provides easy-to-use Excel-based methods for reliability analysis Connects reliability analysis to design codes (including LRFD and Eurocode 7) Maximizes value of information using Bayesian updating Contains efficient reliability analysis methods
Accessible To a Wide Audience
Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Engineeringpresents all the "need-to-know" information for a non-specialist to calculate and interpret the reliability index and risk of geotechnical structures in a realistic and robust way. It suits engineers, researchers, and students who are interested in the practical outcomes of reliability and risk analyses without going into the intricacies of the underlying mathematical theories.
Concrete durability / Thomas DyerTA440 .D894 2014
Engineering optimization IV : proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Optimization (ENGOPT 2014), Lisbon, Portugal, 8-11 September 2014 / editors, H.C. Rodrigues, LAETA, IDMEC, Instituto Superior T?cnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, J. Herskovits, COPPE, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, C.M. Mota Soares, J.M. Guedes, A.L. Ara?jo & J.O. Folgado, LAETA, IDMEC, Instituto Superior T?cnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal, F. Moleiro & J.F.A. Madeira, LAETA, IDMEC, Instituto Superior T?cnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal and ISEL : Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa, Lisbon, PortugalTA174 .I58 2014
Bridge maintenance, safety, management and life extension : proceedings of the seventh International Conference of Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, 7-11 July 2014, Shanghai, China / editors, Airong Chen, Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R. China, Dan M. Frangopol, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, ATLSS Engineering Research Center, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA, USA, Xin Ruan, Department of Bridge Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, P.R. ChinaTG315 .I58 2014
Safety and reliability : methodology and applications : proceedings of the European Safety and Reliability Conference, Esrel 2014, Wroc?aw, Poland, 14-18 September 2014 / editors, Tomasz Nowakowski, Marek M?ynczak, Anna Jodejko-Pietruczuk & Sylwia Werbinska-Wojciechowska Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Wroc?aw University of Technology, Wroc?aw, PolandTA169.7 .E97 2014
Geotechnical aspects of underground construction in soft ground : proceedings of the eighth International Symposium on Geotechnical Aspects of Underground Construction in Soft Ground (TC204 ISSMGE -- IS-Seoul 2014), Seoul, Korea, 25-27 August 2014 / editors, Chungsik Yoo, Sungkyunkwan University, Korea, Seong-Wan Park, Dankook University, Korea, Bumjoo Kim, Dongguk University, Korea, Hoki Ban, Hanyang University, KoreaTA712 .I58 2014
Computational modelling of concrete structures : proceedings of Euro-C 2014, St. Anton Am Arlberg, Austria, 24-27 March 2014 / editors, Nenad Bi?ani?, University of Rijeka, Croatia, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK, Herbert Mang, Vienna University of Technology, Austria, G?nther Meschke, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany, Ren? de Borst, University of Glasgow, Scotland, UKTA681.5 .E97 2014
Recursive identification and parameter estimation / Han-Fu Chen, Wenxiao ZhaoTA168 .C476 2014
Recursive Identification and Parameter Estimation describes a recursive approach to solving system identification and parameter estimation problems arising from diverse areas. Supplying rigorous theoretical analysis, it presents the material and proposed algorithms in a manner that makes it easy to understand--providing readers with the modeling and identification skills required for successful theoretical research and effective application.Identification of ARMAX systems without imposing restrictive conditions Identification of typical nonlinear systems Optimal adaptive tracking Consensus of multi-agents systems Principal component analysis Distributed randomized PageRank computation
The book begins by introducing the basic concepts of probability theory, including martingales, martingale difference sequences, Markov chains, mixing processes, and stationary processes. Next, it discusses the root-seeking problem for functions, starting with the classic RM algorithm, but with attention mainly paid to the stochastic approximation algorithms with expanding truncations (SAAWET) which serves as the basic tool for recursively solving the problems addressed in the book.
The book not only identifies the results of system identification and parameter estimation, but also demonstrates how to apply the proposed approaches for addressing problems in a range of areas, including:
This book recursively identifies autoregressive and moving average with exogenous input (ARMAX) and discusses the identification of non-linear systems. It concludes by addressing the problems arising from different areas that are solved by SAAWET. Demonstrating how to apply the proposed approaches to solve problems across a range of areas, the book is suitable for students, researchers, and engineers working in systems and control, signal processing, communication, and mathematical statistics.
Laser and photonic systems : design and integration / edited by Shimon Y. Nof, Andrew M. Weiner, Gary J. ChengTA1675 .L334 2014
New, significant scientific discoveries in laser and photonic technologies, systems perspectives, and integrated design approaches can improve even further the impact in critical areas of challenge. Yet this knowledge is dispersed across several disciplines and research arenas. Laser and Photonic Systems: Design and Integration brings together a multidisciplinary group of experts to increase understanding of the ways in which systems perspectives may influence laser and photonic innovations and application integration.
By bringing together chapters from leading scientists and technologists, industrial and systems engineers, and managers, the book stimulates new thinking that would bring a systems, network, and system-of-systems perspective to bear on laser and photonic systems applications. The chapters challenge you to explore opportunities for revolutionary and broader advancements. The authors emphasize the identification of emerging research and application frontiers where there are promising contributions to lasers, optics, and photonics applications in fields such as manufacturing, healthcare, security, and communications.
The book contains insights from leading researchers, inventors, implementers, and innovators. It explains a variety of techniques, models, and technologies proven to work with laser and photonic systems, their development, design, and integration. Such systems are of growing interest to many organizations, given their promise and potential solutions of grand societal challenges. Lastly, the book helps you leverage the knowledge into exciting new frontiers of successful solutions.
Advances in visual data compression and communication : meeting the requirements of new applications / Feng WuTA1638 .W83 2015
Visual information is one of the richest and most bandwidth-consuming modes of communication. To meet the requirements of emerging applications, powerful data compression and transmission techniques are required to achieve highly efficient communication, even in the presence of growing communication channels that offer increased bandwidth.
Presenting the results of the author's years of research on visual data compression and transmission,Advances in Visual Data Compression and Communication: Meeting the Requirements of New Applications provides a theoretical and technical basis for advanced research on visual data compression and communication.
The book studies the drifting problem in scalable video coding, analyzes the reasons causing the problem, and proposes various solutions to the problem. It explores the author's Barbell-based lifting coding scheme that has been adopted as common software by MPEG. It also proposes a unified framework for deriving a directional transform from the nondirectional counterpart. The structure of the framework and the statistic distribution of coefficients are similar to those of the nondirectional transforms, which facilitates subsequent entropy coding.
Exploring the visual correlation that exists in media, the text extends the current coding framework from different aspects, including advanced image synthesis--from description and reconstruction to organizing correlated images as a pseudo sequence. It explains how to apply compressive sensing to solve the data compression problem during transmission and covers novel research on compressive sensor data gathering, random projection codes, and compressive modulation.
For analog and digital transmission technologies, the book develops the pseudo-analog transmission for media and explores cutting-edge research on distributed pseudo-analog transmission, denoising in pseudo-analog transmission, and supporting MIMO. It concludes by considering emerging developments of information theory for future applications.
Applied calculus of variations for engineers / Louis Komzsik, Siemens, Cypress California, USATA347.C3 K66 2008
The purpose of the calculus of variations is to find optimal solutions to engineering problems whose optimum may be a certain quantity, shape, or function. Applied Calculus of Variations for Engineers addresses this important mathematical area applicable to many engineering disciplines. Its unique, application-oriented approach sets it apart from the theoretical treatises of most texts, as it is aimed at enhancing the engineer's understanding of the topic.
This Second Edition text:Contains new chapters discussing analytic solutions of variational problems and Lagrange-Hamilton equations of motion in depth Provides new sections detailing the boundary integral and finite element methods and their calculation techniques Includes enlightening new examples, such as the compression of a beam, the optimal cross section of beam under bending force, the solution of Laplace's equation, and Poisson's equation with various methods
Applied Calculus of Variations for Engineers, Second Edition extends the collection of techniques aiding the engineer in the application of the concepts of the calculus of variations.
Silicon, germanium, and their alloys : growth, defects, impurities, and nanocrystals / edited by Gudrun Kissinger, Sergio PizziniTA480.G4 S545 2015
Despite the vast knowledge accumulated on silicon, germanium, and their alloys, these materials still demand research, eminently in view of the improvement of knowledge on silicon-germanium alloys and the potentialities of silicon as a substrate for high-efficiency solar cells and for compound semiconductors and the ongoing development of nanodevices based on nanowires and nanodots.
Silicon, Germanium, and Their Alloys: Growth, Defects, Impurities, and Nanocrystals covers the entire spectrum of R&D activities in silicon, germanium, and their alloys, presenting the latest achievements in the field of crystal growth, point defects, extended defects, and impurities of silicon and germanium nanocrystals.
World-recognized experts are the authors of the book's chapters, which span bulk, thin film, and nanostructured materials growth and characterization problems, theoretical modeling, crystal defects, diffusion, and issues of key applicative value, including chemical etching as a defect delineation technique, the spectroscopic analysis of impurities, and the use of devices as tools for the measurement of materials quality.
Laser safety : tools and training / edited by Ken BaratTA1677 .L3698 2014
New chapters and updates highlight the second edition of Laser Safety: Tools and Training. This text provides background information relating to lasers and laser safety, and examines the components of laser work and laser safety from a different perspective. Written by a working laser safety officer, the book considers ways to keep users, as well as those around them, safe. The author encourages readers to think beyond protective eyewear. As it relates to safety, he determines that if eyewear is required, then the laser system is not ideal.
This book factors in optics, the vibration elements of the optical table, the power meter, and user training, elements that are not commonly considered in the context of laser safety. It presents ways for users to evaluate the hazards of any laser procedure and ensure that they are following documented laser safety standards. The material serves as a fundamental means or road map for laser users seeking to utilize the safest system possible.
What's New in the Second Edition:
The second edition provides an inclusion of the Z136.8 Research Laser Standard, and offers updates and an explanation of eye exposure limits (MPE), presents new cases studies, and presents practical example images. It includes coverage of, laser lab design lessons, addresses user facility challenges and laser disposal.Presents case studies of real accidents, preventive measures, and templates for documenting potential laser risks and attendant safety measures Reviews factors often overlooked when one is setting up a laser lab Demonstrates how to investigate a laser incident
This text which includes fundamental laser and laser safety information, as well as critical laser use information, is appropriate for both the novice and the seasoned professional.
Laser beam shaping : theory and techniques / edited by Fred M. DickeyTA1677 .L3622 2014
Laser Beam Shaping: Theory and Techniquesaddresses the theory and practice of every important technique for lossless beam shaping. Complete with experimental results as well as guidance on when beam shaping is practical and when each technique is appropriate, the Second Edition is updated to reflect significant developments in the field. This authoritative text:Features new chapters on axicon light ring generation systems, laser-beam-splitting (fan-out) gratings, vortex beams, and microlens diffusers Describes the latest advances in beam profile measurement technology and laser beam shaping using diffractive diffusers Contains new material on wavelength dependence, channel integrators, geometrical optics, and optical software
Laser Beam Shaping: Theory and Techniques, Second Editionnot only provides a working understanding of the fundamentals, but also offers insight into the potential application of laser-beam-profile shaping in laser system design.
Guide to methodology in ergonomics : designing for human use / Neville A. Stanton, Mark S. Young, Catherine HarveyTA166 .S73 2014
Packed with illustrations and practical examples, Guide to Methodology in Ergonomics: Designing for Human Use, Second Edition provides a concise introduction to ergonomics methods in a straightforward manner that helps you conduct an ergonomics analysis of a product in development. It details the execution of 12 ergonomics methods that can be applied to the design of any type of product or interface. The authors stress the role of ergonomics in reducing device interaction time and user error while improving user satisfaction and device usability.
See What's in the New Edition:Four case studies Addition of another co-author Examples that reflect current technology Information on Critical Path Analysis (CPA)
The authors highlight where ergonomics methods fit in the design process and how to select a method appropriate for your purpose. They describe each method, supplying an overview, instructions on how to carry out an analysis, a mini bibliography, pros and cons, one or more examples, and a flow chart. They then rate each method for reliability/validity, resources, usability, and efficacy. The book then examines data from studies on training, reliability, and validity, and presents an equation that enables you to calculate approximately the financial benefits of using each method.
Based on research and expertise, the book gives you the freedom to be adventurous when choosing methods and the foundation to choose the method that fits the task at hand. Written by experts, it also helps you hone your skills and put the craft of ergonomics into practice.
Highways the location, design, construction and maintenance of road pavements / edited by C.A. O'Flaherty ; contributing authors, A. Boyle ... [et al.]TE145 .H54 2002
'Highways' is a comprehensive textbook on all aspects of road engineering. This new edition, written by a team of acknowledged experts in the field, teams up with 'Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering' to become a worthy successor to O'Flaherty's classic 'Highway Engineering' set. This fourth edition covers road location and plans, roadwork materials, surface and subsurface moisture control, pavement design and construction, thickness design of bituminous and concrete pavements and road maintenance and rehabilitation. The content has been expanded and thoroughly updated to take into account new developments in the subject, making it essential reading for students of civil engineering.
Plasma electronics : applications in microelectronic device fabrication / Toshiaki Makabe, Zoran Lj. PetrovicTA2020 .M35 2015
Beyond enabling new capabilities, plasma-based techniques, characterized by quantum radicals of feed gases, hold the potential to enhance and improve many processes and applications. Following in the tradition of its popular predecessor, Plasma Electronics, Second Edition: Applications in Microelectronic Device Fabrication explains the fundamental physics and numerical methods required to bring these technologies from the laboratory to the factory.
Emphasizing computational algorithms and techniques, this updated edition of a popular monograph supplies a complete and up-to-date picture of plasma physics, computational methods, applications, and processing techniques. Reflecting the growing importance of computer-aided approaches to plasma analysis and synthesis, it showcases recent advances in fabrication from micro- and nano-electronics, MEMS/NEMS, and the biological sciences.
A helpful resource for anyone learning about collisional plasma structure, function, and applications, this edition reflects the latest progress in the quantitative understanding of non-equilibrium low-temperature plasma, surface processing, and predictive modeling of the plasma and the process. Filled with new figures, tables, problems, and exercises, it includes a new chapter on the development of atmospheric-pressure plasma, in particular microcell plasma, with a discussion of its practical application to improve surface efficiency.
The book provides an up-to-date discussion of MEMS fabrication and phase transition between capacitive and inductive modes in an inductively coupled plasma. In addition to new sections on the phase transition between the capacitive and inductive modes in an ICP and MOS-transistor and MEMS fabrications, the book presents a new discussion of heat transfer and heating of the media and the reactor.
Integrating physics, numerical methods, and practical applications, this bookequips you with the up-to-date understanding required to scale up lab breakthroughs into industrial innovations.
Pile design and construction practice / Michael Tomlinson and John WoodwardTA780 .T65 2014
Written to Eurocode 7 and the UK National Annex
Updated to reflect the current usage of Eurocode 7, along with relevant parts of the British Standards, Pile Design and Construction Practice, Sixth Editionmaintains the empirical correlations of the original--combining practical know how with scientific knowledge --and emphasizing relevant principles and applications of soil mechanics and design. Contractors, geotechnical engineers and engineering geologists responsible for designing and constructing piled foundations can find the most current types of pile, piling equipment, and relevant methods in this latest work. The book summarizes recent changes, including new codified design procedures addressing design parameters and partial safety factors. It also presents several examples, many based on actual problems.
Broad and Comprehensive In Its CoverageContains material applicable to modern computational practice Provides new sections on the construction of micropiles and CFA piles, pile-soil interaction, verification of pile materials, piling for integral bridge abutments, use of polymer stabilising fluids, and more Includes calculations of the resistance of piles to compressive loads, pile groups under compressive loading, piled foundations for resisting uplift and lateral loading, and the structural design of piles and pile groups Covers marine structures, durability of piled foundations, ground investigations, and pile testing Addresses miscellaneous problems such as machinery foundations, underpinning, mining subsidence areas, geothermal piles, and unexploded ordnance
Pile Design and Construction Practice, Sixth Editionserves as a comprehensive guide for practicing geotechnical engineers and engineering geologists. This text also works as a resource for piling contractors and graduate students studying geotechnical engineering.
Bridge engineering handbook / edited by Wai-Fah Chen and Lian DuanTG315 .B68 2014
Over 140 experts, 14 countries, and 89 chapters are represented in the second edition of theBridge Engineering Handbook. This extensive collection provides detailed information on bridge engineering, and thoroughly explains the concepts and practical applications surrounding the subject, and also highlights bridges from around the world.
Published in five books: Fundamentals, Superstructure Design, Substructure Design, Seismic Design, and Construction and Maintenance , this new edition provides numerous worked-out examples that give readers step-by-step design procedures, includes contributions by leading experts from around the world in their respective areas of bridge engineering, contains 26 completely new chapters, and updates most other chapters. It offers design concepts, specifications, and practice, and presents various types of bridges. The text includes over 2,500 tables, charts, illustrations, and photos. The book covers new, innovative and traditional methods and practices; explores rehabilitation, retrofit, and maintenance; and examines seismic design and building materials.
This text is an ideal reference for practicing bridge engineers and consultants (design, construction, maintenance), and can also be used as a reference for students in bridge engineering courses.
Sparse modeling : theory, algorithms, and applications / Irina Rish, IBM, Yorktown Heights, New York, USA, Genady Ya. Grabarnik, St. John's University, Queens, New York, USATA342 .R57 2015
Sparse modeling is an important issue in many applications of machine learning and statistics where the main objective is discovering predictive patterns in data to enhance understanding of underlying physical, biological, and other natural processes. This book surveys recent advances in statistics, machine learning, and signal processing related to sparse modeling. It provides a comprehensive introduction to recent developments in sparse modeling research, including the theoretical basis for sparse modeling, algorithmic approaches, and applications to computational biology, medicine, neuroscience, graphical model selection, and compressed sensing.
Concrete pavement design, construction, and performance / Norbert J. DelatteTE278 .D45 2014
This second edition of Concrete Pavement Design, Construction, and Performance provides a solid foundation for pavement engineers seeking relevant and applicable design and construction instruction. It relies on general principles instead of specific ones, and incorporates illustrative case studies and prime design examples to highlight the material. It presents a thorough understanding of materials selection, mixture proportioning, design and detailing, drainage, construction techniques, and pavement performance. It also offers insight into the theoretical framework underlying commonly used design procedures as well as the limits of the applicability of the procedures. All chapters have been updated to reflect recent developments, including some alternative and emerging design technologies that improve sustainability.
What's New in the Second Edition:
The second edition of this book contains a new chapter on sustainability, and coverage of mechanistic-empirical design and pervious concrete pavements. RCC pavements are now given a new chapter. The text also expands the industrial pavement design chapter.Outlines alternatives for concrete pavement solutions Identifies desired performance and behavior parameters Establishes appropriate materials and desired concrete proportions Presents steps for translating the design into a durable facility
The book highlights significant innovations such as one is two-lift concrete pavements, precast concrete pavement systems, RCC pavement, interlocking concrete pavers, thin concrete pavement design, and pervious concrete. This text also addresses pavement management, maintenance, rehabilitation, and overlays.
Numerical methods in geotechnical engineering / editors, Michael A. Hicks, Section of Geo-Engineering, Department of Geoscience and Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, Ronald B.J. Brinkgreve, Section of Geo-Engineering, Department of Geoscience and Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, Alexander Rohe, Deltares, Delft, The NetherlandsTA703.5 .E97 2014
Handbook of optical microcavities / edited by Anthony H.W. ChoiTA1683 .H36 2015
An optical cavity confines light within its structure and constitutes an integral part of a laser device. Unlike traditional gas lasers, semiconductor lasers are invariably much smaller in dimensions, making optical confinement more critical than ever. In this book, modern methods that control and manipulate light at the micrometer and nanometer scales by using a variety of cavity geometries and demonstrate optical resonance from ultra-violet (UV) to infra-red (IR) bands across multiple material platforms are explored.
The book has a comprehensive collection of chapters that cover a wide range of topics pertaining to resonance in optical cavities and are contributed by leading researchers in the field. The topics include theory, design, simulation, fabrication, and characterization of micrometer- and nanometer-scale structures and devices that support cavity resonance via various mechanisms such as Fabry-P#65533;rot, whispering gallery, photonic bandgap, and plasmonic modes. The chapters discuss optical cavities that resonate from UV to IR wavelengths and are based on prominent III-V material systems, including Al, In, and Ga nitrides, ZnO, and GaAs.