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APA citation style

Citing specific parts (pages, sections, & paragraphs)

  • To cite a specific part of a source, indicate the page, chapter, figure, table or equation at the appropriate point in the text:
    (Czapiewski & Ruby, 1995, p. 10)
    (Wilmarth, 1980, Chapter 3)
  • For electronic sources that do not provide page numbers, use the paragraph number, if available, preceded by the ¶ symbol or abbreviation para. If neither is visible, cite the heading and the number of the paragraph following it to direct the reader to the quoted material.
    (Myers, 2000, ¶ 5)
    (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, para. 1)
  • For electronic sources such as Web pages, provide a reference to the author, the year and the page number (if it is a PDF document), the paragraph number if visible or a heading followed by the paragraph number.
    "The current system of managed care and the current approach to defining empirically supported treatments are shortsighted" (Beutler, 2000, Conclusion section, ¶ 1)
page last updated on: Thursday 14 September 2017
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