New books by subject
T - Technology - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Items in Technology that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 30 days.
First cut 2 : more conversations with film editors / Gabriella OldhamTR 899 O434 2012eb
Flights of imagination : aviation, landscape, design / Sonja DümpelmannTL 725.3 L6 D846 2014eb
Victorian glassworlds : glass culture and the imagination 1830-1880 / Isobel ArmstrongTP 854 G7 A767 2008eb
Essential engineering thermodynamics : a student's guide / Yumin ZhangTJ 265 Z424 2018eb
Engineering Thermodynamics is a core course for students majoring in Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. Before taking this course, students usually have learned Engineering Mechanics--Statics and Dynamics , and they are used to solving problems with calculus and differential equations. Unfortunately, these approaches do not apply for Thermodynamics . Instead, they have to rely on many data tables and graphs to solve problems. In addition, many concepts are hard to understand, such as entropy. Therefore, most students feel very frustrated while taking this course.
The key concept in Engineering Thermodynamics is state-properties: If one knows two properties, the state can be determined, as well as the other four properties. Unlike most textbooks, the first two chapters of this book introduce thermodynamic properties and laws with the ideal gas model, where equations can be engaged. In this way, students can employ their familiar approaches, and thus can understand them much better. In order to help students understand entropy in depth, interpretation with statistical physics is introduced. Chapters 3 and 4 discuss control-mass and control-volume processes with general fluids, where the data tables are used to solve problems. Chapter 5 covers a few advanced topics, which can also help students understand the concepts in thermodynamics from a broader perspective.
Computational texture and patterns : from textons to deep learning / Kristin J. DanaTK 7882 P3D253 2018eb
Visual pattern analysis is a fundamental tool in mining data for knowledge. Computational representations for patterns and texture allow us to summarize, store, compare, and label in order to learn about the physical world. Our ability to capture visual imagery with cameras and sensors has resulted in vast amounts of raw data, but using this information effectively in a task-specific manner requires sophisticated computational representations. We enumerate specific desirable traits for these representations: (1) intraclass invariance--to support recognition; (2) illumination and geometric invariance for robustness to imaging conditions; (3) support for prediction and synthesis to use the model to infer continuation of the pattern; (4) support for change detection to detect anomalies and perturbations; and (5) support for physics-based interpretation to infer system properties from appearance. In recent years, computer vision has undergone a metamorphosis with classic algorithms adapting to new trends in deep learning. This text provides a tour of algorithm evolution including pattern recognition, segmentation and synthesis. We consider the general relevance and prominence of visual pattern analysis and applications that rely on computational models.
Computer techniques for dynamic modeling of DC-DC power converter / Farzin AsadiTK 7872 C8A822 2018eb
Computers play an important role in the analyzing and designing of modern DC-DC power converters. This book shows how the widely used analysis techniques of averaging and linearization can be applied to DC-DC converters with the aid of computers. Obtained dynamical equations may then be used for control design.
The book is composed of two chapters. Chapter 1 focuses on the extraction of control-to-output transfer function. A second-order converter (a buck converter) and a fourth-order converter (a Zeta converter) are studied as illustrative examples in this chapter. Both ready-to-use software packages, such as PLECS® and MATLAB® programming, are used throught this chapter.
The input/output characteristics of DC-DC converters are the object of considerations in Chapter 2. Calculation of input/output impedance is done with the aid of MATLAB® programming in this chapter. The buck, buck-boost, and boost converter are the most popular types of DC-DC converters and used as illustrative examples in this chapter.
This book can be a good reference for researchers involved in DC-DC converters dynamics and control.
Robust control of DC-DC converters : the Kharitonov's theorem approach with MATLAB codes / Farzin AsadiTK 7872 C8A827 2018eb
DC-DC converters require negative feedback to provide a suitable output voltage or current for the load. Obtaining a stable output voltage or current in the presence of disturbances like input voltage changes and/or output load changes seems impossible without some form of control.
This book shows how simple controllers such as Proportional-Integral (PI) can turn into a robust controller by correct selection of its parameters. Kharitonov's theorem is an important tool toward this end.
This book consist of two parts. The first part shows how one can obtain the interval plant model of a DC-DC converter. The second part introduces the Kharitonov's theorem. Kharitonov's theorem is an analysis tool rather than a design tool. Some case studies show how it can be used as a design tool.
The prerequisite for reading this book is a first course on feedback control theory and power electronics.
Cloth simulation for computer graphics / Tuur StuyckTS 1767 S783 2018eb
Physics-based animation is commonplace in animated feature films and even special effects for live-action movies. Think about a recent movie and there will be some sort of special effects such as explosions or virtual worlds. Cloth simulation is no different and is ubiquitous because most virtual characters (hopefully!) wear some sort of clothing.
The focus of this book is physics-based cloth simulation. We start by providing background information and discuss a range of applications. This book provides explanations of multiple cloth simulation techniques. More specifically, we start with the most simple explicitly integrated mass-spring model and gradually work our way up to more complex and commonly used implicitly integrated continuum techniques in state-of-the-art implementations. We give an intuitive explanation of the techniques and give additional information on how to efficiently implement them on a computer.
This book discusses explicit and implicit integration schemes for cloth simulation modeled with mass-spring systems. In addition to this simple model, we explain the more advanced continuum-inspired cloth model introduced in the seminal work of Baraff and Witkin . This method is commonly used in industry.
We also explain recent work by Liu et al.  that provides a technique to obtain fast simulations. In addition to these simulation approaches, we discuss how cloth simulations can be art directed for stylized animations based on the work of Wojtan et al. . Controllability is an essential component of a feature animation film production pipeline. We conclude by pointing the reader to more advanced techniques.
Value rational engineering / Shuichi FukudaTS 168 F853 2018eb
Early in the 20th century, our world was small and closed with boundaries. And, there were no appreciable changes. Therefore, we could foresee the future. These days, however, we could apply mathematical rationality and solve problems without any difficulty.
As our world began to expand rapidly and boundaries disappeared, the problem of bounded rationality emerged. Engineers put forth tremendous effort to overcome this difficulty and succeeded in expanding the bounds of mathematical rationality, thereby establishing the "Controllable World."
However, our world continues to expand. Therefore such an approach can no longer be applied. We have no other choice than "satisficing" (Herbert A. Simon's word, Satisfy + Suffice).
This expanding open world brought us frequent and extensive changes which are unpredictable and diversification and personalization of customer expectations. To cope with these situations, we need diverse knowledge and experience. Thus, to satisfy our customers, we need teamwork.
These changes of environments and situations transformed the meaning of value. It used to mean excellent functions and exact reproducibility. Now, it means how good and flexible we can be to adapt to the situations. Thus, adaptability is the value today.
Although these changes were big, and we needed to re-define value, a greater shift in engineering is now emerging. The Internet of Things (IoT) brought us the "Connected Society," where things are connected. Things include not only products, but also humans.
As changes are so frequent and extensive, only users know what is happening right now. Thus, the user in this Connected Society needs to be a playing manager--he or she should manage to control the product-human team on the pitch.
Moreover, this Connected Society will bring us another big shift in engineering. Engineering in this framework will become Social Networking, with engineering no longer developing individual products and managing team products.
The Internet works two ways between the sender and the receiver. Our engineering has ever been only one way. Thus, how we establish a social networking framework for engineering is a big challenge facing us today. This will change our engineering. Engineers are expected to develop not only products, but also such dream society.
This book discusses these issues and points out that New Horizons are emerging before us. It is hoped that this book helps readers explore and establish their own New Worlds.
Low substrate temperature modeling outlook of scaled n-MOSFET / Nabil Shovon AshrafTP 482 A834 2018eb
Low substrate/lattice temperature (
Engineering dynamics / Cho W.S. ToTA 352 T64 2018eb
Engineering Dynamics is an introductory textbook covering the kinematics and dynamics of particles, systems of particles, and kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies. It has been developed from lecture notes given by the author since 1982. It includes sufficient topics normally covered in a single-semester three credit hour course taken by sophomores in an undergraduate degree program majoring in various engineering disciplines.
The primary focus of the book is on kinematics and dynamics of particles, kinematics and dynamics of systems of particles, and kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies in two- and three-dimensional spaces. It aims at providing a short book, relative to many available in literature, but with detailed solutions to representative examples. Exercise questions are included.
Synthesis of quantum circuits vs. synthesis of classical reversible circuits / Alexis De Vos, Stijn De Baerdemacker, and Yvan Van RentergemTK 7888.4 V677 2018eb
At first sight, quantum computing is completely different from classical computing. Nevertheless, a link is provided by reversible computation.
Whereas an arbitrary quantum circuit, acting on 𝑤 qubits, is described by an 𝑛 × 𝑛 unitary matrix with 𝑛=2𝑤, a reversible classical circuit, acting on 𝑤 bits, is described by a 2𝑤 × 2𝑤 permutation matrix. The permutation matrices are studied in group theory of finite groups (in particular the symmetric group 𝐒𝑛); the unitary matrices are discussed in group theory of continuous groups (a.k.a. Lie groups, in particular the unitary group U(𝑛)).
Both the synthesis of a reversible logic circuit and the synthesis of a quantum logic circuit take advantage of the decomposition of a matrix: the former of a permutation matrix, the latter of a unitary matrix. In both cases the decomposition is into three matrices. In both cases the decomposition is not unique.
Introduction to industrial and systems engineering / Wayne C. Turner (Oklahoma State University) [and three others]T 56 T86 1993
Providing a broad introduction to industrial and systems engineering, this book defines industrial and systems engineering, describes it place in the business world, and offers a wide picture of the functional areas with some solution techniques. Divided into three parts, the reference explains the role industrial and systems engineering play in an organization and how to manage and control the function ... covers elementary systems theory and feedback ... presents a typical problem for each of the major methodologies of industrial and systems engineering and provides the tools and techniques for effectively solving it ... discusses computerization of these techniques ... emphasizes the relationship of industrial engineering to such areas as operations research and ergonomics ... explores integrated systems design, showing how the I.E. must bring together all the detailed pieces into an integrated system ... adds coverage of simulation ... and updates data where applicable. Suitable for industrial and systems engineers.
Monitoring dam performance : instrumentation and measurements / prepared by the Task Committee to Revise Guidelines for Dam Instrumentation of the Committee on Water Power of the Energy Division of the American Society of Civil Engineers ; edited by Kim de Rubertis, P.E., D. GETC 550 A44 2018eb
Prepared by the Task Committee to Revise Guidelines for Dam Instrumentation of the Committee on Water Power of the Energy Division of ASCE.recognizing vulnerabilities affecting dam performance; identifying performance indicators; understanding means and methods of measuring performance indicators; planning and implementing a monitoring program; acquiring, managing, evaluating, and presenting data; and making decisions and taking action on the basis of monitoring results.
Monitoring Dam Performance: Instrumentation and Measurements presents the fundamentals and current state of practice of instrumented measurements for monitoring dam performance. Dam performance monitoring is a balance of visual surveillance and instrumental measurements to accurately understand how well a dam is performing. Mechanical, electromechanical, and electronic instruments are used to measure geotechnical, structural, hydraulic, or geohydrologic dam performance indicators that are not observable by visual surveillance.
Performance monitoring as part of a comprehensive dam safety program is a powerful tool for identifying and managing the risk of failure associated with a dam. Instrumented monitoring produces quantitative data regarding foundation, reservoir, tailwater, and precipitation conditions surrounding and within the dam. Instrumented monitoring can provide long-term records of data, allowing for detection of time or load-dependent trends in a dam's performance. MOP 135 delves into embankment, concrete, and other types of dams. It also examines their possible vulnerabilities, as well as explores how their potential modes of failure lead to asking performance questions that instrumented measurements can help monitor. This manual of practice covers
MOP 135 is a valuable resource for members of the global dam community, including dam owners, engineers, and regulators.
World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2016 : hydraulics and waterways and hydro-climate/climate change : papers from sessions of the proceedings of the 2016 World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, May 22-26, 2016, West Palm Beach, Florida / edited by Chandra S. Pathak, Ph.D., P.E., D.WRE, Debra Reinhart, Ph.D., P.E.TD 201 W664 2016beb
Transportation engineering and planning / C.S. Papacostas, P.D. PrevedourosTA 1145 P33 2001
This detailed, interdisciplinary introduction to transportation engineering is ideal as both a comprehensive tutorial and reference. Begins with the basic sciences, mathematics, and engineering mechanics, and gradually introduces new concepts concerning societal context, geometric design, human factors, traffic engineering, and simulation, transportation planning, evaluation. For prospective and practicing transportation engineers.
Carbon Capture / Howard J. HerzogTD 885.5 C3 H47 2018eb
A concise overview of carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS), a promising but overlooked climate change mitigation pathway.
The burning of fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide (CO2), and these CO2 emissions are a major driver of climate change. Carbon capture offers a path to climate change mitigation that has received relatively little attention. In this volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series, Howard Herzog offers a concise guide to carbon capture, covering basic information as well as the larger context of climate technology and policy. Carbon capture, or carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS), refers to a suite of technologies that reduce CO2 emissions by "capturing" CO2 before it is released into the atmosphere and then transporting it to where it will be stored or used. It is the only climate change mitigation technique that deals directly with fossil fuels rather than providing alternatives to them.
Herzog, a pioneer in carbon capture research, begins by discussing the fundamentals of climate change and how carbon capture can be one of the solutions. He explains capture and storage technologies, including chemical scrubbing and the injection of CO2 deep underground. He reports on current efforts to deploy CCS at factories and power plants and attempts to capture CO2 from the air itself. Finally, he explores the policies and politics in play around CCS and argues for elevating carbon capture in the policy agenda.
Global Climate Policy : Actors, Concepts, and Enduring Challenges / edited by Urs Luterbacher and Detlef F. SprinzTD 171.75 G56 2018eb
Analyses of the international climate change regime consider the challenges of maintaining current structures and the possibilities for creating new forms of international cooperation.
The current international climate change regime has a long history, and it is likely that its evolution will continue, despite such recent setbacks as the decision by President Donald Trump to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement of 2015. Indeed, the U.S. withdrawal may spur efforts by other members of the international community to strengthen the Paris accord on their own. This volume offers an original contribution to the study of the international political context of climate change over the last three decades, with fresh analyses of the current international climate change regime that consider both the challenges of maintaining current structures and the possibilities for creating new forms of international cooperation.
The contributors are leading experts with both academic and policy experience; some are advisors to governments and the Climate Secretariat itself. Their contributions combine substantive evidence with methodological rigor. They discuss such topics as the evolution of the architecture of the climate change regime; different theoretical perspectives; game-theoretical and computer simulation approaches to modeling outcomes and assessing agreements; coordination with other legal regimes; non-state actors; developing and emerging countries; implementation, compliance, and effectiveness of agreements; and the challenges of climate change mitigation after the Paris Agreement.
Michaël Aklin, Guri Bang, Daniel Bodansky, Thierry Bréchet, Lars Brückner, Frank Grundig, Jon Hovi, Yasuko Kameyama, Urs Luterbacher, Axel Michaelowa, Katharina Michaelowa, Carla Norrlof, Matthew Paterson, Lavanya Rajamani, Tora Skodvin, Detlef F. Sprinz, Arild Underdal, Jorge E. Viñuales, Hugh Ward
Liberation and Technology : Development possibilities in pursuing technological autonomy / Gussai SheikheldinT 49.5 S545 2018eb
"The most fundamental difference between 'developing' and 'developed' societies is technology, in a broad yet specific sense"; so states the author of this important study, Liberation and Technology: Development possibilities in pursuing technological autonomy. The ways in which technology is developed, institutionalized, animated and celebrated, form the core of 'development' (human, economic, environmental, etc.) and ultimately civilization itself. But 'techno-spheres' are not only technical. They are also social, political, and ideological. For societies and countries that have long been kept from realizing their own prosperity and dignity, development is also liberation.The main treatise of this book is that each developing society ought to seek to achieve technological autonomy in its quest for positive transformations and prosperity for its people. Technological autonomy is about attaining a high level of self-determination in planning and managing technological affairs. Attaining endogenous capacity to guide and execute decisions on production and innovation; creating and transferring key technological products and services; steering relevant foreign and local investment as well as trade; setting own priorities of development free from external manipulation; are goals that must be central to such planning efforts. With evidence and argument, and in plain language, this book suggests a novel way of thinking about development, through envisioning and building better techno-social systems.For these reasons this book is a welcome addition to the body of ideas informing practitioners and theorists in the field of development--political leaders, economists, sociologists, engineers, technologists, scientists, scholars, planners and activists who are involved in relevant development processes and liberation struggles.
Renewables : The Politics of a Global Energy Transition / Michaël Aklin and Johannes UrpelainenTJ 808 A454 2018eb
A comprehensive political analysis of the rapid growth in renewable wind and solar power, mapping an energy transition through theory, case studies, and policy.
Wind and solar are the most dynamic components of the global power sector. How did this happen? After the 1973 oil crisis, the limitations of an energy system based on fossil fuels created an urgent need to experiment with alternatives, and some pioneering governments reaped political gains by investing heavily in alternative energy such as wind or solar power. Public policy enabled growth over time, and economies of scale brought down costs dramatically. In this book, Michaël Aklin and Johannes Urpelainen offer a comprehensive political analysis of the rapid growth in renewable wind and solar power, mapping an energy transition through theory, case studies, and policy analysis.
Aklin and Urpelainen argue that, because the fossil fuel energy system and political support for it are so entrenched, only an external shock--an abrupt rise in oil prices, or a nuclear power accident, for example--allows renewable energy to grow. They analyze the key factors that enable renewable energy to withstand political backlash, andt they draw on this analyisis to explain and predict the development of renewable energy in different countries over time. They examine the pioneering efforts in the United States, Germany, and Denmark after the 1973 oil crisis and other shocks; explain why the United States surrendered its leadership role in renewable energy; and trace the recent rapid growth of modern renewables in electricity generation, describing, among other things, the return of wind and solar to the United States. Finally, they apply the lessons of their analysis to contemporary energy policy issues.
The Supermarket Revolution and Food Security in Namibia / Ndeyapo Nickanor, Lawrence Kazembe, Jonathan Crush and Jeremy WagnerTX 356 N537 2017eb
The surprisingly high rate of supermarket patronage in low-income areas of Windhoek, Namibia�s capital and largest city, is at odds with conventional wisdom that supermarkets in African cities are primarily patronized by middle and high-income residents and therefore target their neighbourhoods. What is happening in Namibia and other Southern African countries that make supermarkets so much more accessible to the urban poor? What are they buying at supermarkets and how frequently do they shop there? Further, what is the impact of supermarket expansion on informal food vendors? This report, which presents the findings from the South African Supermarkets in Growing African Cities project research in 2016-2017 in Windhoek, looks at the evidence and tries to answer these questions and others. The research and policy debate on the relationship between the supermarket revo- lution and food security is also discussed. Here, the issues include whether supermarket supply chains and procurement practices miti- gate rural food insecurity through providing new market opportunities for smallholder farmers; the impact of supermarkets on the food security and consumption patterns of residents of African cities; and the relationship between supermarket expansion and governance of the food system, particularly at the local level.
The Secret History of RDX : The Super-Explosive that Helped Win World War II / Colin F. BaxterTP 290 R39 B39 2018eb
During the early years of World War II, American ships crossing the Atlantic with oil and supplies were virtually defenseless against German U-boats. Bombs and torpedoes fitted with TNT barely made a dent in the tough steel plating that covered the hulls of Axis submarines and ships. Then, seemingly overnight, a top-secret, $100 million plant appeared near Kingsport, Tennessee, manufacturing a sugar-white substance called Research Department Explosive (code name RDX). Behind thirty-eight miles of fencing, thousands of men and women synthesized 23,000 tons of RDX each month. Twice as deadly as TNT and overshadowed only by the atomic bomb, this ordnance proved to be pivotal in the Battle of the Atlantic and directly contributed to the Allied victory in WWII.
In The Secret History of RDX, Colin F. Baxter documents the journey of the super-explosive from conceptualization at Woolwich Arsenal in England to mass production at Holston Ordnance Works in east Tennessee. He examines the debates between RDX advocates and their opponents and explores the use of the explosive in the bomber war over Germany, in the naval war in the Atlantic, and as a key element in the trigger device of the atomic bomb.
Drawing on archival records and interviews with individuals who worked at the Kingsport "powder plant" from 1942 to 1945, Baxter illuminates both the explosive's military significance and its impact on the lives of ordinary Americans involved in the war industry. Much more than a technical account, this study assesses the social and economic impact of the military-industrial complex on small communities on the home front.
Treasures Afoot : Shoe Stories from the Georgian Era / Kimberly S. AlexanderTS 1000 A376 2018eb
In Treasures Afoot , Kimberly S. Alexander introduces readers to the history of the Georgian shoe. Presenting a series of stories that reveal how shoes were made, sold, and worn during the long eighteenth century, Alexander traces the fortunes and misfortunes of wearers as their footwear was altered to accommodate poor health, flagging finances, and changing styles. She explores the lives and letters of clever apprentices, skilled cordwainers, wealthy merchants, and elegant brides, taking readers on a colorful journey from bustling London streets into ship cargo holds, New England shops, and, ultimately, to the homes of eager consumers.
We trek to the rugged Maine frontier in the 1740s, where an aspiring lady promenades in her London-made silk brocade pumps; sail to London in 1765 to listen in as Benjamin Franklin and John Hose caution Parliament on the catastrophic effects of British taxes on the shoe trade; move to Philadelphia in 1775 as John Hancock presides over the Second Continental Congress while still finding time to order shoes and stockings for his fiancée's trousseau; and travel to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, in 1789 to peer in on Sally Brewster Gerrish as she accompanies President George Washington to a dance wearing a brocaded silk buckle shoe featuring a cream ground and metallic threads.
Interweaving biography and material culture with full-color photographs, this fascinating book raises a number of fresh questions about everyday life in early America: What did eighteenth-century British Americans value? How did they present themselves? And how did these fashionable shoes reveal their hopes and dreams? Examining shoes that have been preserved in local, regional, and national collections, Treasures Afoot demonstrates how footwear captures an important moment in American history while revealing a burgeoning American identity.
Streamliner : Raymond Loewy and Image-making in the Age of American Industrial Design / John WallTS 140 L63 W35 2018eb
Born in Paris in 1893 and trained as an engineer, Raymond Loewy revolutionized twentieth-century American industrial design. Combining salesmanship and media savvy, he created bright, smooth, and colorful logos for major corporations that included Greyhound, Exxon, and Nabisco. His designs for Studebaker automobiles, Sears Coldspot refrigerators, Lucky Strike cigarette packs, and Pennsylvania Railroad locomotives are iconic. Beyond his timeless designs, Loewy carefully built an international reputation through the assiduous courting of journalists and tastemakers to become the face of both a new profession and a consumer-driven vision of the American dream.
In Streamliner , John Wall traces the evolution of an industry through the lens of Loewy's eclectic life, distinctive work, and invented persona. How, he asks, did Loewy build a business while transforming himself into a national brand a half century before "branding" became relevant? Placing Loewy in context with the emerging consumer culture of the latter half of the twentieth century, Wall explores how his approach to business complemented--or differed from--that of his well-known contemporaries, including industrial designers Henry Dreyfuss, Walter Teague, and Norman Bel Geddes. Wall also reveals how Loewy tailored his lifestyle to cement the image of "designer" in the public imagination, and why the self-promotion that drove Loewy to the top of his profession began to work against him at the end of his career. Streamliner is an important and engaging work on one of the longest-lived careers in industrial design.
Ignition! : An Informal History of Liquid Rocket Propellants / by John D. ClarkTL 785 C53 2017eb
This newly reissued debut book in the Rutgers University Press Classics Imprint is the story of the search for a rocket propellant which could be trusted to take man into space. This search was a hazardous enterprise carried out by rival labs who worked against the known laws of nature, with no guarantee of success or safety. Acclaimed scientist and sci-fi author John Drury Clark writes with irreverent and eyewitness immediacy about the development of the explosive fuels strong enough to negate the relentless restraints of gravity. The resulting volume is as much a memoir as a work of history, sharing a behind-the-scenes view of an enterprise which eventually took men to the moon, missiles to the planets, and satellites to outer space. A classic work in the history of science, and described as "a good book on rocket stuff...that's a really fun one" by SpaceX founder Elon Musk, readers will want to get their hands on this influential classic, available for the first time in decades.
Global Jewish Foodways : A History / edited and with an introduction by Hasia R. Diner and Simone Cinotto ; foreword by Carlo PetriniTX 724 G635 2018eb
The history of the Jewish people has been a history of migration. Although Jews invariably brought with them their traditional ideas about food during these migrations, just as invariably they engaged with the foods they encountered in their new environments. Their culinary habits changed as a result of both these migrations and the new political and social realities they encountered. The stories in this volume examine the sometimes bewildering kaleidoscope of food experiences generated by new social contacts, trade, political revolutions, wars, and migrations, both voluntary and compelled.
This panoramic history of Jewish food highlights its breadth and depth on a global scale from Renaissance Italy to the post-World War II era in Israel, Argentina, and the United States and critically examines the impact of food on Jewish lives and on the complex set of laws, practices, and procedures that constitutes the Jewish dietary system and regulates what can be eaten, when, how, and with whom. Global Jewish Foodways offers a fresh perspective on how historical changes through migration, settlement, and accommodation transformed Jewish food and customs.
The Man Who Saw Tomorrow : The Life and Inventions of Stanford R. Ovshinsky / Lillian Hoddeson and Peter GarrettTK 140 O97 H63 2018eb
The first full-length biography of a brilliant, self-taught inventor whose innovations in information and energy technology continue to shape our world.
The Economist called Stanford R. Ovshinsky (1922-2012) "the Edison of our age," but this apt comparison doesn't capture the full range of his achievements. As an independent, self-educated inventor, Ovshinsky not only created many important devices but also made fundamental discoveries in materials science. This book offers the first full-length biography of a visionary whose energy and information innovations continue to fuel our post-industrial economy.
In The Man Who Saw Tomorrow, Lillian Hoddeson and Peter Garrett tell the story of an unconventional genius with no formal education beyond high school who invented, among other things, the rechargeable nickel metal hydride batteries that have powered everything from portable electronics to hybrid cars, a system for mass-producing affordable thin-film solar panels, and rewritable CDs and DVDs. His most important discovery, the Ovshinsky effect, led to a paradigm shift in condensed matter physics and yielded phase-change memory, which is now enabling new advances in microelectronics. A son of the working class who began as a machinist and toolmaker, Ovshinsky focused his work on finding solutions to urgent social problems, and to pursue those goals, he founded Energy Conversion Devices, a unique research and development lab. At the end of his life, battered by personal and professional losses, Ovshinsky nevertheless kept working to combat global warming by making solar energy "cheaper than coal"--another of his many visions of a better tomorrow.
Routes of Compromise : Building Roads and Shaping the Nation in Mexico, 1917-1952 / Michael K. BessTE 28 B47 2017eb
In Routes of Compromise Michael K. Bess studies the social, economic, and political implications of road building and state formation in Mexico through a comparative analysis of Nuevo León and Veracruz from the 1920s to the 1950s. He examines how both foreign and domestic actors, working at local, national, and transnational levels, helped determine how Mexico would build and finance its roadways.
While Veracruz offered a radical model for regional construction that empowered agrarian communities, national consensus would solidify around policies championed by Nuevo León's political and commercial elites. Bess shows that no single political figure or central agency dominated the process of determining Mexico's road-building policies. Instead, provincial road-building efforts highlight the contingent nature of power and state formation in midcentury Mexico.
Wallace W. Abbey : A Life in Railroad Photography / Kevin P. Keefe and Scott Lothes ; photographs by Wallace W. AbbeyTR 715 K448 2018eb
From the late 1940s on, Wallace W. Abbey masterfully combined journalistic and artistic vision to transform everyday moments in transportation into magical photographs. Abbey, a photographer, journalist, historian, and railroad industry executive, helped people from many different backgrounds understand and appreciate what was often taken for granted: a world of locomotives, passenger trains, big-city terminals, small-town depots, and railroaders. During his lifetime he witnessed and photographed sweeping changes in the railroading industry from the steam era to the era of diesel locomotives and electronic communication. Wallace W. Abbey: A Life in Railroad Photography profiles the life and work of this legendary photographer and showcases the transformation of transportation and photography after World War II. Featuring more than 175 exquisite photographs in an oversized format, Wallace W. Abbey is an outstanding tribute to a gifted artist and the railroads he loved.
Food Justice Now! : Deepening the Roots of Social Struggle / Joshua SbiccaTX 360 U6 S25 2018eb
A rallying cry to link the food justice movement to broader social justice debates
The United States is a nation of foodies and food activists, many of them progressives, and yet their overwhelming concern for what they consume often hinders their engagement with social justice more broadly. Food Justice Now! charts a path from food activism to social justice activism that integrates the two. It calls on the food-focused to broaden and deepen their commitment to the struggle against structural inequalities both within and beyond the food system.
In an engrossing, historically grounded, and ethnographically rich narrative, Joshua Sbicca argues that food justice is more than just a myopic focus on food, allowing scholars and activists alike to investigate the causes behind inequities and evaluate and implement political strategies to overcome them. Focusing on carceral, labor, and immigration crises, Sbicca tells the stories of three California-based food movement organizations, showing that when activists use food to confront neoliberal capitalism and institutional racism, they can creatively expand how to practice and achieve food justice.
Sbicca sets his central argument in opposition to apolitical and individual solutions, discussing national food movement campaigns and the need for economically and racially just food policies--a matter of vital public concern with deep implications for building collective power across a diversity of interests.
Somewhere West of Lonely : My Life in Pictures / Steve RaymerTR 140 R295 A3 2018eb
In his travels around the globe, National Geographic photojournalist Steve Raymer has often been the first on the scene, recording unfolding events and revealing the connections that tie us together. Raymer's photography captures the magic of beautiful vistas, the joys and struggles of everyday people living everyday lives, and the chaos brought on by natural disasters. Beyond documenting tragedies like the devastating famines in Bangladesh and Ethiopia and exposing the massive corruption crippling the Trans-Alaska Pipeline, his work tells a complex and wide-ranging story about life and human nature. Now, for the first time, Somewhere West of Lonely reveals the stories behind the camera lens in a gorgeous, intimate tour of Steve Raymer's remarkable life and reporting. Bringing together 150 photographs from countries across the globe, this incredible book reveals our world and time as it is--everyday people caught up in life-changing events; acts of resilience and corruption; and, always, lingering moments of transcendence and beauty.
Sutures and Spirits : Lejaren Hiller’s Photographic Illustrations / Doug MancheeTR 690.4 M36 2017eb
Edna Lewis : At the Table with an American Original / edited by Sara B. FranklinTX 649 L48 E36 2018eb
The Zoom : Drama at the Touch of a Lever / Nick HallTR 858 H359 2018eb
From the queasy zooms in Alfred Hitchcock's Vertigo to the avant-garde mystery of Michael Snow's Wavelength , from the excitement of televised baseball to the drama of the political convention, the zoom shot is instantly recognizable and highly controversial. In The Zoom , Nick Hall traces the century-spanning history of the zoom lens in American film and television. From late 1920s silent features to the psychedelic experiments of the 1960s and beyond, the book describes how inventors battled to provide film and television studios with practical zoom lenses, and how cinematographers clashed over the right ways to use the new zooms. Hall demonstrates how the zoom brought life and energy to cinema decades before the zoom boom of the 1970s and reveals how the zoom continues to play a vital and often overlooked role in the production of contemporary film and television.
Power Struggles : Dignity, Value, and the Renewable Energy Frontier in Spain / Jaume FranquesaTJ 163.155 S7 F73 2018eb
Wind energy is often portrayed as a panacea for the environmental and political ills brought on by an overreliance on fossil fuels, but this characterization may ignore the impact wind farms have on the regions that host them. Power Struggles investigates the uneven allocation of risks and benefits in the relationship between the regions that produce this energy and those that consume it.
Jaume Franquesa considers Spain, a country where wind now constitutes the main source of energy production. In particular, he looks at the Southern Catalonia region, which has traditionally been a source of energy production through nuclear reactors, dams, oil refineries, and gas and electrical lines. Despite providing energy that runs the country, the region is still forced to the political and economic periphery as the power they produce is controlled by centralized, international Spanish corporations. Local resistance to wind farm installation in Southern Catalonia relies on the notion of dignity: the ability to live within one's means and according to one's own decisions. Power Struggles shows how, without careful attention, renewable energy production can reinforce patterns of exploitation even as it promises a fair and hopeful future.
Into the Extreme : U.S. Environmental Systems and Politics beyond Earth / Valerie OlsonTL 1489 O47 2018eb
The first book-length, in-depth ethnography of U.S. human spaceflight
What if outer space is not outside the human environment but, rather, defines it? This is the unusual starting point of Valerie Olson's Into the Extreme , revealing how outer space contributes to making what counts as the scope and scale of today's natural and social environments. With unprecedented access to spaceflight worksites ranging from astronaut training programs to life science labs and architecture studios, Olson examines how U.S. experts work within the solar system as the container of life and as a vast site for new forms of technical and political environmental control.
Olson's book shifts our attention from space's political geography to its political ecology, showing how scientists, physicians, and engineers across North America collaborate to build the conceptual and nuts-and-bolts systems that connect Earth to a specifically ecosystemic cosmos. This cosmos is being redefined as a competitive space for potential economic resources, social relations, and political strategies.
Showing how contemporary U.S. environmental power is bound up with the production of national technical and scientific access to outer space, Into the Extreme brings important new insights to our understanding of modern environmental history and politics. At a time when the boundaries of global ecologies and economies extend far below and above Earth's surface, Olson's new analytic frameworks help us understand how varieties of outlying spaces are known, made, and organized as kinds of environments--whether terrestrial or beyond.
The Trans-Mississippi and International Expositions of 1898–1899 : Art, Anthropology, and Popular Culture at the Fin de Siècle / edited by Wendy Jean KatzT 796 B1 T73 2018eb
The Trans-Mississippi Exposition of 1898 celebrated Omaha's key economic role as a center of industry west of the Mississippi River and its arrival as a progressive metropolis after the Panic of 1893. The exposition also promoted the rise of the United States as an imperial power, at the time on the brink of the Spanish-American War, and the nation's place in bringing "civilization" to Indigenous populations both overseas and at the conclusion of the recent Plains Indian Wars. The Omaha World's Fair, however, is one of the least studied American expositions. Wendy Jean Katz brings together leading scholars to better understand the event's place in the larger history of both Victorian-era America and the American West.
The interdisciplinary essays in this volume cover an array of topics, from competing commercial visions of the cities of the Great West; to the role of women in the promotion of City Beautiful ideals of public art and urban planning; and the constructions of Indigenous and national identities through exhibition, display, and popular culture. Leading scholars T. J. Boisseau, Bonnie M. Miller, Sarah J. Moore, Nancy Parezo, Akim Reinhardt, and Robert Rydell, among others, discuss this often-misunderstood world's fair and its place in the Victorian-era ascension of the United States as a world power.
Untitled / Diane Arbus ; [edited and designed by Doon Arbus and Yolanda Cuomo]TR 681 H35 A73 1995
Untitled may well be Arbus's most transcendent, most romantic vision. It is a celebration of the singularity and connectedness of people and it demonstrates Arbus' remarkable visual lyricism.
Numerical methods in engineering with Python 3 / Jaan KiusalaasTA 345 K58 2013
This book is an introduction to numerical methods for students in engineering. It covers solution of equations, interpolation and data fitting, solution of differential equations, eigenvalue problems and optimisation. The algorithms are implemented in Python 3, a high-level programming language that rivals MATLAB in readability and ease of use. All methods include programs showing how the computer code is utilised in the solution of problems. The book is based on Numerical Methods in Engineering with Python, which used Python 2. This new edition demonstrates the use of Python 3 and includes an introduction to the Python plotting package Matplotlib. This comprehensive book is enhanced by the addition of numerous examples and problems throughout.
Introduction to aerospace materials / Adrian P. MouritzTL 698 M68 2012
The structural materials used in airframe and propulsion systems influence the cost, performance and safety of aircraft. This essential new book introduces aerospace materials. The next group of chapters goes on to discuss the properties, production and metallurgy of materials for aerospace structures, followed by chapters on performance issues and recycling. The final chapter covers materials selection for aerospace structures and engines.
Operations management / William J. Stevenson, Rochester Institute of Technology, Mehran Hojati, University of Saskatchewan, James Cao, University of SaskatchewanTS 155 S785 2018
Stevenson Sixth Canadian Edition introduces students to the dynamic field of operations management and shows the interesting, realistic and practical applications to service and manufacturing operations. Stevenson offers both comprehensive and flexible content that can be selected as appropriate for different courses and formats, including undergraduate, graduate, and executive education. Instructors are able to select content that is most relevant for their purpose and that aligns with the course structure.
Advanced Flight Dynamics with Elements of Flight Control / Nandan K. Sinha, N. AnanthkrishnanTL 570 S529 2017eb
Advanced Flight Dynamics aim to integrate the subjects of aircraft performance, trim and stability/control in a seamless manner. Advanced Flight Dynamics highlights three key and unique viewpoints. Firstly, it follows the revised and corrected aerodynamic modeling presented previously in recent textbook on Elementary Flight Dynamics. Secondly, it uses bifurcation and continuation theory, especially the Extended Bifurcation Analysis (EBA) procedure devised by the authors, to blend the subjects of aircraft performance, trim and stability, and flight control into a unified whole. Thirdly, rather than select one control design tool or another, it uses the generalized Nonlinear Dynamic Inversion (NDI) methodology to illustrate the fundamental principles of flight control.
Advanced Flight Dynamics covers all the standard airplane maneuvers, various types of instabilities normally encountered in flight dynamics and illustrates them with real-life airplane data and examples, thus bridging the gap between the teaching of flight dynamics/ control theory in the university and its practice in airplane design bureaus.
The expected reader group for this book would ideally be senior undergraduate and graduate students, practicing aerospace/flight simulation engineers/scientists from industry as well as researchers in various organizations.
Key Features:Focus on unified nonlinear approach, with nonlinear analysis tools. Provides an up-to-date, corrected, and unified presentation of aircraft trim, stability and control analysis including nonlinear phenomena and closed-loop stability analysis. Contains a computational tool and real-life example carried through the chapters. Includes complementary nonlinear dynamic inversion control approach, with relevant aircraft examples. Fills the gap in the market for a text including non-linear flight dynamics and continuation methods.
Wired into nature : the telegraph and the North American frontier / James SchwochTK 5123.6 S39 2018
The completion of the Transcontinental Telegraph in 1861 completed telegraphy's mile-by-mile trek across the West. In addition to linking the coasts, the telegraph represented an extraordinary American effort in many fields of endeavor to know, act upon, and control a continent. Merging new research with bold reinterpretation, James Schwoch details the unexplored dimensions of the frontier telegraph and its impact. The westward spread of telegraphy entailed encounters with environments that challenged Americans to acquire knowledge of natural history, climate, and a host of other fields. Telegraph codes and ciphers, meanwhile, became important political, military, and economic secrets. Schwoch shows how the government's use of commercial networks drove a relationship between the two sectors that served increasingly expansionist aims. He also reveals the telegraph's role in securing high ground and encouraging surveillance. Both became vital aspects of the American effort to contain, and conquer, the West's indigenous peoples--and part of a historical arc of concerns about privacy, data gathering, and surveillance that remains pertinent today. Entertaining and enlightening, Wired into Nature explores an unknown history of the West.
Photography and other media in the nineteenth century / edited by Nicoletta Leonardi and Simone NataleTR 15 P4795 2018
In this volume, leading scholars of photography and media examine photography's vital role in the evolution of media and communication in the nineteenth century.
In the first half of the nineteenth century, the introduction of telegraphy, the development of a cheaper and more reliable postal service, the rise of the mass-circulation press, and the emergence of the railway dramatically changed the way people communicated and experienced time and space. Concurrently, photography developed as a medium that changed how images were produced and circulated. Yet, for the most part, photography of the era is studied outside the field of media history. The contributors to this volume challenge those established disciplinary boundaries as they programmatically explore the intersections of photography and "new media" during a period of fast-paced change. Their essays look at the emergence and early history of photography in the context of broader changes in the history of communications; the role of the nascent photographic press in photography's infancy; and the development of photographic techniques as part of a broader media culture that included the mass-consumed novel, sound recording, and cinema.
Featuring essays by noteworthy historians in photography and media history, this discipline-shifting examination of the communication revolution of the nineteenth century is an essential addition to the field of media studies.
In addition to the editors, contributors to this volume are Geoffrey Batchen, Geoffrey Belknap, Lynn Berger, Jan von Brevern, Anthony Enns, André Gaudreault, Lisa Gitelman, David Henkin, Erkki Huhtamo, Philippe Marion, Peppino Ortoleva, Steffen Siegel, Richard Taws, and Kim Timby.
Public images : celebrity, photojournalism and the making of the tabloid press / Ryan LinkofTR 820 L5435 2018
No Marketing Blurb
Sport nutrition / Asker Jeukendrup, Michael GleesonTX 361 A8 J48 2019
Sport Nutrition, Third Edition, presents the principles and rationale for current nutrition guidelines for athletes. Using a physiological basis, this text provides an in-depth look at the science behind sport nutrition. Students will come away with an understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport and the influence of nutrition on performance, training, and recovery.
This text is organized with the student in mind, with content sequenced in a logical order that puts building blocks in place to facilitate greater comprehension as more advanced topics are introduced. The book moves from general principles of nutrition and nutrient requirements to estimating and fulfilling energy needs with the appropriate combinations of macronutrients and micronutrients. Supplements are addressed from a scientific standpoint, followed by the influence of nutrition on training adaptations, immune function, body composition, weight management, and eating disorders. The new chapter on personalized nutrition covers periodized nutrition, gender differences, and special populations (young athletes, older athletes, and diabetic athletes) and offers practical examples from specific sports.
This third edition contains revised and expanded information to keep students current on the latest findings in sport nutrition:
- Updated nutrition guidelines
- A new chapter on personalized nutrition that helps readers move from theory into practice as they better understand how to customize nutrition based on an individual's unique background and needs
- Addition of practical carbohydrate intake guidelines for athletes in a wide variety of sports
- Updated information on protein metabolism and recommendations on the type, amount, and timing of protein intake to maximize training adaptation
- Developments from the field of molecular biology that explain how adaptations to exercise training are influenced by nutrition
- Expanded coverage of the rapidly developing field of immunonutrition
Sport Nutrition, Third Edition, includes a number of tools to facilitate student learning. More than 300 figures, tables, and photos offer visual illustration of important concepts, methods, and research findings. Updated and new sidebars provide in-depth coverage of selected topics, making it easier to grasp the scientific concepts presented. Each chapter also includes learning objectives and key points to help students retain the information.
In addition to being mindful of students, the authors remained conscious of the needs of instructors. With years of experience in teaching sport nutrition, the authors constructed chapters in a natural progression, making class lectures easier to prepare and deliver. Instructors will also find an ancillary package consisting of an instructor guide, test package, and presentation package plus image bank to further support their efforts.
More than a simple prescription of recommendations, Sport Nutrition, Third Edition, offers a systematic presentation of the science supporting nutrition guidelines. It is an ideal book to provide a comprehensive understanding of nutrition as it relates to sport, exercise performance, training, and recovery.
Breaching the peace : the Site C Dam and a valley's stand against big hydro / Sarah CoxTD 195 D35 C69 2018
Breaching the Peace tells the story of the ordinary citizens who are standing up to the most expensive megaproject in BC history and the government-sanctioned bullying that has propelled it forward. Starting in 2013, journalist Sarah Cox travelled to the Peace River Valley to talk to locals about the Site C dam and BC Hydro's claim that the clean energy project was urgently needed. She found farmers, First Nations, and scientists caught up in a modern-day David-and-Goliath battle to save the valley, their farms, and traditional lands from wholesale destruction. Told in frank and moving prose, their stories stand as a much-needed cautionary tale at a time when concerns about global warming have helped justify a renaissance of environmentally irresponsible hydro megaprojects around the world.
Molecular machines : a materials science approach / Giovanni ZocchiTP 248.25 M645 Z63 2018
Molecular Machines presents a dynamic new approach to the physics of enzymes and DNA from the perspective of materials science. Unified around the concept of molecular deformability--how proteins and DNA stretch, fold, and change shape--this book describes the complex molecules of life from the innovative perspective of materials properties and dynamics, in contrast to structural or purely chemical approaches. It covers a wealth of topics, including nonlinear deformability of enzymes and DNA; the chemo-dynamic cycle of enzymes; supra-molecular constructions with internal stress; nano-rheology and viscoelasticity; and chemical kinetics, Brownian motion, and barrier crossing. Essential reading for researchers in materials science, engineering, and nanotechnology, the book also describes the landmark experiments that have established the materials properties and energy landscape of large biological molecules.
Molecular Machines is also ideal for the classroom. It gives graduate students a working knowledge of model building in statistical mechanics, making it an essential resource for tomorrow's experimentalists in this cutting-edge field. In addition, mathematical methods are introduced in the bio-molecular context--for example, DNA conformational transitions are used to illustrate the transfer matrix formalism. The result is a generalized approach to mathematical problem solving that enables students to apply their findings more broadly.
Molecular Machines represents the next leap forward in nanoscience, as researchers strive to harness proteins, enzymes, and DNA as veritable machines in medicine, technology, and beyond.
India : contemporary photographic and new media art / conceived and edited by Steven Evans, Sunil Gupta ; introduction, Steven Evans ; essays, Zahid R. Chaudhary, Sunil Gupta, Nada Raza, Gayatri SinhaTR 645 H8 I53 2018
INDIA: Contemporary Photographic and New Media Art will present 48 contemporary artists and collectives working in dialogue with the long history and emergent future of India and its people. The book will focus on the contemporary moment, and a range of approaches will be included, including art photography, contemporary practices, installation, moving image, journalistic and documentary photography. Themes include caste and class, the partitioning of the sub-continent, gender and sexuality, conflict, religion, nationalism, new technologies and developments, the environment, human settlement, and migration."As a large, multilingual subcontinent, India has always relied on images to maintain a cohesive whole across myriad subcultures, regions, castes and languages. The introduction of photomechanical imaging in the nineteenth century enabled the rapid reproduction and dissemination of both spiritual and scientific ideals," states author and editor Sunil Gupta, continuing, "Photography for most of its history was too expensive and technical and was left in the hands of 'experts' -- until the birth of digital technologies. The book will address the legacy of the last twenty years, a period when photography and moving image media have been consistently included within critical exhibitions of fine art."INDIA: Contemporary Photographic and New Media Art is edited by Steven Evans, curator and FotoFest Executive Director and Sunil Gupta, Delhi-born artist and curator. The book is introduced by Steven Evans and includes essays from experts on the region and contemporary art: Zahid R. Chaudhary, Sunil Gupta and Gayatri Sinha.
Skills for engineering and built environment students : university to career / John W. DaviesTR 65 D285 2016
There are a lot of important skills needed for a career in engineering. As well as academic skills, future engineers need to be able to present data, work in project teams, carry out experiments, problem solve and write reports. This book emphasises the importance of these core skills, and supports engineering students as they successfully navigate their courses and move forward into a career of ongoing development.
Written in a friendly and encouraging style, Skills for engineering and built environment students:
* Provides guidance on both the study and the professional practice of engineering
* Addresses common worries and pitfalls, debunking myths and demystifying jargon
* Helps with milestones such as group projects, presentations, work placements and job interviews
Supported by interviews with students, lecturers, young engineers and employers, Skills for engineering and built environment students guides students and early-career professionals through an important transition stage, thoroughly preparing them for the world of work.
Spacecraft dynamics and control : the embedded model control approach / Enrico Canuto, Carlo Novara, Luca Massotti, Donato Carlucci, Carlos Perez MontenegroTL 1050 C36 2018
Spacecraft Dynamics and Control: The Embedded Model Control Approach provides a uniform and systematic way of approaching space engineering control problems from the standpoint of model-based control, using state-space equations as the key paradigm for simulation, design and implementation.
The book introduces the Embedded Model Control methodology for the design and implementation of attitude and orbit control systems. The logic architecture is organized around the embedded model of the spacecraft and its surrounding environment. The model is compelled to include disturbance dynamics as a repository of the uncertainty that the control law must reject to meet attitude and orbit requirements within the uncertainty class . The source of the real-time uncertainty estimation/prediction is the model error signal , as it encodes the residual discrepancies between spacecraft measurements and model output. The embedded model and the uncertainty estimation feedback ( noise estimator in the book) constitute the state predictor feeding the control law . Asymptotic pole placement (exploiting the asymptotes of closed-loop transfer functions) is the way to design and tune feedback loops around the embedded model (state predictor, control law, reference generator). The design versus the uncertainty class is driven by analytic stability and performance inequalities. The method is applied to several attitude and orbit control problems.
Coulson and Richardson's chemical engineering. Sohrab Rohani, volume editor ; [authors], Sohrab Rohani [and 9 others]TP 155.75 C68 2017
Coulson and Richardson's Chemical Engineering: Volume 3B: Process Control, Fourth Edition, covers reactor design, flow modeling, and gas-liquid and gas-solid reactions and reactors.