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Summary

1

Remember to always cite sources when you refer to someone else's words or ideas, whether found in books, articles, speeches, interviews, movies or websites.

2

You do not have to cite facts, events, dates or concepts that are considered to be common knowledge.

3

Citing your sources:

  • Helps you avoid plagiarism by acknowledging sources.
  • Provides enough details for the reader to track down the original source.
  • Adds credibility to your statements, opinions and ideas.
  • Demonstrates the depth and breadth of the research you have done.
4

Cite within your paper with an in-text citation.

5

Cite at the end of your paper with a works cited list/reference list/bibliography.

6

There are many different citation styles, including MLA, APA, IEEE and Chicago. These style guides provide a list of guidelines and formatting instructions.

7

When quoting directly from a source, be sure to place quotation marks ("...") around exact words taken from that source.

8

When paraphrasing, rewrite an author's idea using your own words, without modifying the original meaning, and then cite the source.

9

Use Google Scholar to help identify a source if the citation is incomplete.

10

Use citation management tools to download citations and organize your sources.

page last updated on: Monday 27 November 2017
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