New books by subject
Environmental Engineering - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range TD (Environmental Engineering) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Chromium (VI) handbook / written by Independent Environmental Technical Evaluation Group (IETEG) ; edited by Jacques Guertin, James A. Jacobs, Cynthia P. AvakianTD 196 C53C49 2005
Put together by a team of scientists, engineers, regulators, and lawyers, the Chromium(VI) Handbook consolidates the latest literature on this topic. The broad scope of this book fills the need for a comprehensive resource on chromium(VI), improving the knowledge of this contaminant at a time when the extent and degree of the problem is still being assessed. It addresses naturally occurring and anthropogenic sources, geology and geochemistry, toxicity, treatment, regulatory issues and legal cases, and recommendations. The handbook is a timely and necessary reference for environmental scientists, engineers, city planners, and more.
Reverse supply chains : issues and analysis / edited by Surendra M. GuptaTD 794.5 R47 2013
Winner of IIE Book of the Month, December 2013
The introduction of reverse supply chains has created many challenges in network design, transportation, selection of used products, selection and evaluation of suppliers, performance measurement, marketing-related issues, end-of-life (EOL) alternative selection, remanufacturing, disassembly, and product acquisition management, to name a few. Under the guidance of an expert editor and with contributions from pioneers in the field, Reverse Supply Chains: Issues and Analysis addresses several important issues faced by strategic, tactical, and operation planners of reverse supply chains, using efficient models in a variety of decision-making situations providing easy-to-use mathematical and/or simulation modeling-based solution methodologies for a majority of the issues.
The book introduces the basic concepts of reverse logistics and systematically analyzes the literature by classifying more than 400 published references into five major types of product returns. It then identifies the basic activities and scope of reverse logistics, examining its drivers and barriers as well as major issues and challenges. The chapters cover metrics for quantitatively comparing competing new-product designs for end-of-life disassembly on a reverse production line, how to use the theory of constraints thinking processes to determine the core problems in reverse logistics, and an integrated multi-criteria decision-making methodology using Taguchi loss functions AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) and fuzzy programming. They explore issues associated with remanufacturing and green and resilient supply chain management and propose system modeling based on graph theory and network flows application to analyze material resource flows in the life cycle of a product.
Reverse supply chains is a new and fast growing area of research and only a handful of books are on the market, however those books discuss specific projects rather than provide a cohesive focus on the topics. This book will provide a foundation and understanding of the topic and also highlight how current issues can be approached in a decision-making situation--using the appropriate technique.
Handbook of environmental engineering / Frank R. SpellmanTD 176.4 S644 2016
In his latest book, the Handbook of Environmental Engineering, esteemed author Frank Spellman provides a practical view of pollution and its impact on the natural environment. Driven by the hope of a sustainable future, he stresses the importance of environmental law and resource sustainability, and offers a wealth of information based on real-world observations and his many years of expert experience. The book offers a basic overview of environmental pollution, emphasizes key terms, and addresses specific concepts in advanced algebra, fundamental engineering, and statistics. The author considers socioeconomic, political, and cultural influences, and provides an understanding of how to effectively treat and prevent air pollution, implement industrial hygiene principles, and manage solid waste, water, and wastewater operations. This book addresses the cause and effect of environmental issues, and introduces concepts on how to mitigate them, comply with environmental laws, and implement practices to help prevent future damage.Examines the ramifications and impacts of pollution Details the multiple benefits derived from environmental remediation Describes engineering controls and remediation procedures Discusses various remediation techniques for environmental spills Contains numerous tables and illustrations to supplement the material
Both Technical and Nontechnical
The Handbook of Environmental Engineeringis written in a down-to-earth style for a wide audience, as it appeals to technical readers, consultants, and policy makers, as well as a wide range of general readers.
Waste management and valorization : alternative technologies / edited by Elena Cristina Rada, PhDTD 793.9 W367 2015
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Edited by a leading researcher in the field, this book provides an overview of waste valorization and includes the editor's research in addition to other experts and recent and relevant studies on this critical topic. It covers treatment and pretreatment technologies and methodologies, energy recovery from solid wastes, recycling and reuse, additional cutting-edge valorization methodologies. Primarily aimed at researchers and advanced students in biochemical, engineering, and environmental fields, this book should also provide a valuable reference for municipal legislators and industry practitioners.
Heavy metal contamination of water and soil : analysis, assessment, and remediation strategies / edited by Elham Asrari, PhDTD 427 M44H43 2014
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Although adverse health effects of heavy metals have been known for a long time, exposure to heavy metals continues and is even increasing in some areas. Remediating heavy metal contaminated soils and water is necessary to reduce the associated health and ecological risks, make the land resource available for agricultural production, enhance food security, and scale down land tenure problems. This book discusses the causes and the environmental impact of heavy metal contamination. It then explores many exciting new methods of analysis and decontamination currently studied and applied in the field today.
Multi-stage flash desalination : modeling, simulation, and adaptive control / Abraha WoldaiTD 480 W65 2016
Explore a Viable Resource for Desalination
The world's freshwater supplies are rapidly depleting and seawater is being positioned as a major feasible replacement in the search for a sustainable water source. Focused on large-scale multi-stage flash (MSF) seawater desalination plants, and based on research conducted on a real 18-stage plant, Multi-Stage Flash Desalination: Modeling, Simulation and Adaptive Control outlinesthe principles and processes of MSF desalination and highlights the state of the art in MSF desalination modeling, simulation, and control.
This book offers a brief overview of MSF plants, explains the importance of the various control systems for large MSF plants, and describes methods of mathematical modeling centered on physical phenomena in the MSF process. It introduces a developed dynamic model and illustrates the simulation of the model using an equation-based flowsheet simulation package (SPEEDUP) from AspenTech. It also presents a method for finding and using a non-parametric model in designing optimal PID control systems and recommends an adaptive scheme that maintains optimal plant operation over a range of operating conditions. The improvements suggested by the author for PID controllers are pervasive in desalination plants of high dimension and also relate to other process industries with comparable conditions. He also discusses the use of renewable energy sources for desalination and stresses the potential of solar energy in the Arab region, an area known for its aridity and scarcity of water.
The text:Details the dynamic model of the various elements in an MSF plant Considers the obtained model as well as available measurement data Presents a developed model for use in PID control Provides descriptions, listings, and additional reference material for further research
Multi-Stage Flash Desalination: Modeling, Simulation and Adaptive Control covers the processes of desalination and the operation and control of MSF plants for large-scale desalination and provides you with a greater understanding of dynamics, operation, and control.
Ultraviolet light in water and wastewater sanitation / by Willy J. Masschelein ; edited for English by Rip G. RiceTD 460 M4 2002
Several general books are available on ultraviolet light and its applications. However, this is the first comprehensive monograph that deals with its application to water and wastewater treatment. There is a rapidly growing interest in using UV light in water sanitation due to the increased knowledge of the potential health and environmental impacts of disinfection byproducts.
Ultraviolet Light in Water and Wastewater Sanitation integrates the fundamental physics applicable to water and wastewater sanitation, the engineering aspects, and the practical experience in the field. The text analyzes the concerns associated with this application of UV light and brings together comprehensive information on the presently available UV technologies applicable to water and wastewater treatment including: lamp technologies, criteria of evaluation and choice of technology; fundamental principles; performance criteria for disinfection; design criteria and methods; synergistic use of UV and oxidants (advanced oxidation); and functional requirements and potential advantages and drawbacks of the technique.
Ultraviolet Light in Water and Wastewater Sanitation is the only treatise currently available combining fundamental knowledge, recommendations for design, evaluations of performance, and future prospects for this application. Water and wastewater treatment professionals, water utility employees, governmental regulators, and chemists will find this book an essential and unique reference for a technology which has received growing regulatory acceptance.
Climate change mitigation : greenhouse gas reduction and biochemicals / edited by Jimmy Alexander Faria Albanese, PhD, and M. Pilar Ruiz, PhDTD 885.5 G73C5728 2016
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Climate change is a significant threat to humanity's future. Culturally, politically, economically, and personally, however, we are all deeply embedded in a system that continues to send us on a collision course that leads directly toward this threat. At this point, climate change is inevitable. What we must do now is to find ways to prepare--and do all we can to slow our race to disaster. This means that a transition to a lower-carbon economy is unavoidable.
Biochemical research is vitally necessary for the transition we must make, and it will be an essential component of any climate policy. To that end, the editors have collected within this compendium the most recent and relevant research in this field. Included are:Initial chapters explaining climate change impact and sustainability issues Chapters focusing on biochemicals and biotechnologies that offer potential for offsetting and preparing for climate change A section on the challenges that must be acknowledged, assessed, and overcome A final chapter that offers 12 reasons why safe climate policy is affordable
These articles do not merely summarize answers that have already been found. Graduate students and scientific researchers will find these chapters also point the way toward future investigations that are still urgently needed. Policymakers and graduate-level environmental policy students will also find much food for thought within this compendium.
Environmental nanotechnology / M.H. Fulekar and Bhawana PathakTD 196 N36F83 2018
Environmental nanotechnology is considered to play a key role in shaping of current environmental engineering and science practices. This book titled "Environmental Nanotechnology" covers the advanced materials, devices, and system development for use in the environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding their chemistry and characterization using techniques like X- Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high resolution-TEM, etc is included. It also highlights the scope for their applications in environmental protection, environmental remediation and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring and assessment.
Key Features:Covers basic to advanced Nano-based materials, their synthesis, development, characterization and applications and all the updated information related to environmental nanotechnology. Discusses implications of nanomaterials on the environment and applications of nanotechnology to protect the environment. Illustrates specific topics such as ethics of nanotechnology development, Nano-biotechnology, and application in wastewater technology. Includes applications of nanomaterials for combating global climate change and carbon sequestration. Gives examples of field applications of environmental nanotechnology.
This book covers advanced materials, devices, and system developments for use in environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding its chemistry and characterization by the use of X-Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and high resolution-TEM give the scope for their application in environmental protection, environmental remediation, and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring, and assessment. The green chemistry based on nano-based materials prevents pollution and controls environmental contaminants.
Sustainable water treatment : innovative technologies / [edited by] Zainura Zainon Noor; Noor Salehan Mohammad NoorTD 430 S84 2017
This book focuses on green and innovative wastewater treatment technologies that promote sustainability. It discusses a variety of biological, physical, and chemical treatment technologies. It covers biological processes for recovery of value-added products from wastewater and gives an overview of enzymatic hydrolysis and bioremediation of wastewater using immobilized enzyme and fungus. It offers a case study and future trends of wastewater treatment through membrane bioreactor technologies, describes advanced chemical-physical processes for recalcitrant pollutant, and emphasizes the use of low-cost materials and cost-effective treatment methods.
Environmental sampling and analysis : lab manual / Maria CsurosTD 193 C78 2017
Reservoir sedimentation : special session on reservoir sedimentation of the Seventh International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics (River Flow 2014), IAHR Committee on Fluvial Hydraulics, EPFL Lausanne, Switzerland, 3-5 September 2014 / editors, Anton J. Schleiss, Giovanni De Cesare, Mario J. Franca & Michael Pfister Laboratoire de Constructions Hydrauliques (LCH) Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), SwitzerlandTD 396 I58 2014
Despite the mechanisms of reservoir sedimentation being well known for a long time, sustainable and preventive measures are rarely taken into consideration in the design of new reservoirs. To avoid operational problems of powerhouses, sedimentation is often treated for existing reservoirs with measures which are efficient only for a limited time.
The today's challenge of dam owners and engineers is to guarantee with adequate mitigation measures the future sustainable use of the vital reservoirs supplying water for drinking, food and energy production. Research and development is still urgently needed to identify efficient mitigation measures adapted to the main sedimentation processes involved in reservoirs.
During the seventh International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics "River Flow 2014" at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland, scientists and professionals from all over the world addressed the challenge of reservoir sedimentation in a special session and exchanged their knowledge and experiences. Invited and selected contributions, which give an overview on the latest developments and research regarding reservoir sedimentation including case studies, are presented in this book, in the hope that they can contribute to better sustainable use of the vital reservoirs worldwide.
Hydraulic fracturing impacts and technologies : a multidisciplinary perspective / edited by Venkatesh Uddameri, Audra Morse, Kay J. TindleTD 195 G3H945 2016
Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspectiveserves as an introduction to hydraulic fracturing and provides balanced coverage of its benefits and potential negative effects. Presenting a holistic assessment of hydraulic fracturing and its environmental impacts, this book chronicles the history and development of unconventional oil and gas production and describes the risks associated with the use of these technologies. More specifically, it addresses hydraulic fracturing's use and dependence on large amounts of water as a fracturing medium. It examines the limits of reusing flowback and produced water, explores cost-effective ways to clean or effectively dispose of water used in fracturing, and provides suggestions for the efficient use, discovery, and recycle potential of non-potable water. Utilizing a team of experts from industry and academia, the text provides readers with a multiple lens approach--incorporating various perspectives and solutions surrounding this evolving technology.
This book:Leads with an overview of hydraulic fracturing operations and technologies Considers a variety of legal issues associated with hydraulic fracturing Summarizes human health and environmental risks associated with hydraulic fracturing operations Discusses the analytes chosen by researchers as possible indicators of groundwater contamination from unconventional drilling processes Presents strategies for reducing the freshwater footprint of hydraulic fracturing Discusses water treatment technologies and solutions to recycle and reuse produced waters, and more
Hydraulic Fracturing Impacts and Technologies: A Multidisciplinary Perspectivebrings together experts from disciplines that include petroleum, civil, and environmental engineering; environmental sciences chemistry toxicology; law; media; and communications; and provides readers with a multidisciplinary outlook and unbiased, scientifically credible solutions to issues surrounding hydraulic fracturing operations.
Engineering and technical development for a sustainable environment / editors, Dzaraini Kamarun, PhD, Ramlah Mohd Tajuddin, PhD, Bulan Abdullah, PhDTD 170.2 E53 2017
This volume covers a diverse array of alternative technologies and their development with particular attention to the utilization of bioresources for the achievement of a sustainable environment. The book presents a selection of alternative technologies being used in developing and developed countries that can be indigenous to the region, cost-effective, and often driven by dominant societal interest and geographical status. Several engineering and technological processes are included to mark their importance in product performance and preservation of the environment.
* strategies for the management of rain and ground water for consumption
* wastewater treatment using indigenous techniques of phytoremediation
* scientific and engineering approaches to the prevention of flood and landslides in the tropics
* wind power generation
* soil evaluation of contamination due to heavy metals
* green and sustainable building approaches
* bioethanol production
* energy conservation techniques
Refreshing and informative, Engineering and Technical Development for a Sustainable Environment revisits conventional approaches of managing natural agents (such as wind, rain and groundwater resources as well as wastewater treatment) in light of current sustainableoriented techniques using modern scientific concepts and strategies. It presents in-depth evaluations and analyses using systematic up-to-date scientific and engineering tools.
Impacts of oil spill disasters on marine habitats and fisheries in North America / edited by J. Brian Alford, Mark S. Peterson, Christopher C. GreenTD 427 P4I47 2015
At an increasingly global scale, aquatic scientists are heavily entrenched in understanding the fate of marine ecosystems in the face of human-altered environments. Oil spill disasters, especially large-scale ones like the 2010 Deepwater Horizon tragedy, have left uncertain and indelible marks on marine ecosystems.
Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Habitats and Fisheries in North America contains independent scientific findings and critical reviews from experts researching the impacts of the Exxon Valdez , Ixtoc I , and Deepwater Horizon oil spills on coastal fishery resources. Comprised of three sections, this seminal work:Details the physiological effects of oil-derived compounds on fishes, presenting results from field and laboratory investigations Addresses the science of assessing the impacts of oil spills and oil response measures on coastal habitats, with an emphasis on salt-marsh ecosystems in the Gulf of Mexico Explores the quantified and potential impacts of oil spills on population and community dynamics of commercial and recreational fishery species Provides newly released results from the 25-year recovery of marine mammals, birds, and fishes following the Exxon Valdez spill
Chapters discuss new techniques for collecting and processing blood samples for toxicity testing, new aerial radar techniques for detecting unseen oil on marshes, consequences of oil prevention measures (such as diverting fresh water to estuaries or building sand berms to stop oil) on coastal fishery resources, and non-traditional methods for assessing the herring stock in Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA following the Exxon Valdez disaster.
Membrane technology for water and wastewater treatment, energy and environment / editors, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; Takeshi Matsuura, Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, CanadaTD 442.5 M46 2016
Realizing that water, energy and food are the three pillars to sustain the growth of human population in the future, this book deals with all the above aspects with particular emphasis on water and energy. In particular, the book addresses applications of membrane science and technology for water and wastewater treatment, energy and environment. The readers are also offered a glimpse into the rapidly growing R & D activities in the ASEAN and the Middle East regions that are emerging as the next generation R & D centers of membrane technologies, especially owing to their need of technology for water and wastewater treatment. Hence, this book will be useful not only for the engineers, scientists, professors and graduate students who are engaged in the R & D activities in this field, but also for those who are interested in the sustainable development of these geographical regions. Thus, it is believed that the book will open up new avenues for the establishment of global collaborations to achieve our common goal of welfare of the human society.
Indoor environmental quality / Thad GodishTD 883.17 G64 2001
When we think of indoor pollution, we usually think of conditions originating from faulty ventilation systems, second hand smoke, and other air borne pollutants. Taking an in-depth, hard science look at the problems of indoor environmental pollution, Indoor Environmental Quality covers all the major indoor contaminants - inorganic, organic, and biological.
Renowned author Thad Godish expands the scope of "indoor air quality" issues to include the entire indoor environment, both in the workplace and the home. He covers:
hand-to-mouth transfer of lead, pesticides and asbestos
dermal exposures from pesticide-contaminated dust
contact with office materials such as carbon paper and other printed papers
Naturally occurring and man-made contaminants such as radon and asbestos
Godish discusses specific techniques including ventilation and air cleaning that can aid you in the clean-up of indoor air problems. He presents the major issues and concepts, and provides supporting facts in a highly readable style.
An excellent, comprehensive, clear introduction to the issues associated with the quality of the indoor environment, Indoor Environmental Quality gives you the how-tos for controlling contaminants at the source. Its readability makes it ideal for anyone who needs information about specific indoor air problems, and how to diagnose and mitigate them.
Physicochemical treatment of hazardous wastes / Walter Z. TangTD 1060 T35 2004
This book examines the treatability of hazardous wastes by different physicochemical treatment processes according to the Quantitative Structure and Activity Relationship (QSAR) between kinetic rate constants and molecular descriptors. The author explores how to use these models to select treatment processes according to the molecular structure of organic pollutants. He covers how to use them to predict treatability of organic pollutants having similar molecular structures by each treatment process in both homogeneous and heterogeneous media. The book is a guide for assessing the treatability of pollutants prior to designing a treatment process and a reference on advanced oxidation processes.
Advanced engineering and technology II / editor, Liquan Xie, Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tongji University, ChinaTD 155 C66 2015
Advanced Engineering and Technology II collects recent essential ideas and advanced techniques to overcome the current engineering issues in civil engineering, environmental engineering, water science and hydraulic engineering, energy and chemical engineering, and other related fields. The 60 technical papers from the 2nd Annual Congress on Advanced Engineering and Technology (CAET 2015, Hong Kong, 4-5 April 2015) focus on recent advanced theories and technologies for modelling, computing and data analysis in these fields, and their applications. Some of these technologies may become key factors in the success of future engineering advances, and will definitely stimulate new ideas, methods and applications.
Advanced Engineering and Technology II will be useful to academics and professionals in environmental engineering, civil engineering, water science and hydraulic engineering, food engineering, energy and chemical engineering.
Conversion of large scale wastes into value-added products / edited by Justin S.J. Hargreaves, Ian D. Pulford, Malini Balakrishnan, Vidya S. BatraTD 897.845 C66 2014
Concern about the fate of waste products produced by a wide range of industrial processes has led to the realization that they may have potential uses and, therefore, value. In an effort to develop more sustainable processes and reduce waste storage, the use of waste as a resource has been gaining attention worldwide. Consequently, there have been a large number of studies aimed at utilizing such wastes. Conversion of Large Scale Wastes into Value-added Products discusses various selected classes of large-scale waste and their current applications and potential future applications.Various types of waste generated from different metal processing operations Waste generated by coal combustion, a major source of power generation that produces enormous quantities of waste Waste electrical and electronic equipment, important for recycling finite resources and reducing health and environmental risks Food waste, a significant and diverse waste stream with economic and environmental impacts
This book provides a snapshot of a continually evolving field, which includes both well-established processes and a drive toward developing strategies for new applications of wastes. The first chapter provides a general introduction to the area of large-scale waste utilization, including drivers for waste recovery, and secondary processes and products for waste reuse. Subsequent chapters discuss applications and potential applications in specific classes of large-scale waste:
The final chapter presents a general conclusion to the broad subject of waste utilization, summarizing the topics and addressing future trends in waste research.
Life chemistry research : biological systems / edited by Roman Joswik, PhD, Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, and A.K. Haghi, PhDTD 192.5 L54 2015
This volume contains a collection of topical chapters that promote interdisciplinary approaches to biological systems, focusing on fundamental and relevant connections between chemistry and life. Included are studies and experiments as well as invited lectures and notes by prominent leaders on a wide variety of topics in biology and biochemistry. By describing the complementary nature of chemistry and biology, the book presents the biological processes in detailed chemical terms, providing a fascinating look into the emerging field of chemical biology.
Wastewater and public health : bacterial and pharmaceutical exposures / edited by Victor M. MonsalvoTD 196 D78W37 2016
This compendium volume is an indispensable source of information on the ways in which wastewater can impact public health. The editor, a well-respected expert in his field, has collected the most recent and pertinent investigations into this serious issue.
Included are studies involving:
* The presence of various human enteric viruses in wastewater, which reach the public through drinking and daily use water, agriculture, and through fishing waters
* Antibiotic resistance produced by genetic changes in wastewater bacterial communities, affecting both human and animal health
* The presence of antidepressants in water consumed by the public
* Possible methods of treatment for removing bacteria and pharmaceuticals from wastewater
This threat to public health calls urgently for the development of new treatment technologies. The research in this volume provides state-of-the-art information about recent advances in wastewater treatment and it points the way toward future productive research. Civil engineers, graduate-level research students, and scientific research labs will all find valuable information.
Air quality : monitoring, measuring, and modeling environmental hazards / edited by Marco Ragazzi, PhDTD 890 A37 2017
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
This new compendium provides a nuanced look at monitoring, measuring, and modeling air quality pollution in conjunction with its effects on public health and the environment. Air pollution has been proven to be a major environmental risk to health. Protecting and improving air quality requires knowledge about the types and levels of pollutants being emitted. It also requires the best possible measurement and monitoring capabilities. The chapters in this volume serve as a foundation for monitoring, measuring, and modeling air pollution.
Environmental health : indoor exposures, assessments and interventions / edited by Theodore A. Myatt and Joseph G. AllenTD 883.17 E58 2013
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Recent advances have been made on the identification of pollutants in indoor environments, the health effects associated with indoor or personal exposures, and interventions that can be implemented by occupants to mitigate exposures. The focus of this book is on exposures that occur typically, but not exclusively, in residences. The contributors cover a wide selection of chemical and biological pollutants, including lead, phthalates, flame retardants, mold, infectious diseases, traffic-related particulate, pesticides, PCBs, VOCs, and asthma triggers. The book also includes a chapter on the plight of teachers working in PCB-contaminated schools.
Heavy metal pollutants and other pollutants in the environment : biological aspects / editors, Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc. [and three others]TD 427 M44H42 2017
This important new volume presents a plethora of research on the distribution of heavy metals in soils and rocks of natural habitats, farmlands, and urbanized areas along with the factors influencing their bioavailability. The authors evaluate the content of organic matter, soil acidity, mineral fertilizers, and more. Developed for ecologists and specialists in the field of environmental protection and the conservation of biological diversity, the book presents the problems of reducing the anthropogenic load on the surrounding countryside and focuses on sustainable agricultural development.
Intelligent cities : enabling tools and technology / Pethuru Raj and Anupama C. RamanTD 159.3 R35 2015
The emergence of highly promising and potent technologies has enabled the transition of ordinary objects into smart artifacts--providing wider connectivity of digitized entities that can facilitate the building of connected cities. This book provides readers with a solid foundation on the latest technologies and tools required to develop and enhance smart cities around the world.Examines IT platforms and tools from various product vendors Considers service-oriented architecture and event-driven architecture for smart city applications Explains how to leverage big data analytics for smart city enhancement and improved decision making Includes case studies of intelligent cities, smart homes, buildings, transports, healthcare systems, and airports
The book begins by examining the rise of the cloud as the fundamental technology for establishing and sustaining smart cities and enterprises. Explaining the principal technologies and platform solutions for implementing intelligent cities, the book details the role of various technologies, standards, protocols, and tools in establishing flexible homes and the buildings of the future.
The authors explore the convergence of cloud computing and enterprise architecture and present valuable information on next-generation cloud computing. They also cover the various architectural types, including enterprise-scale integration, security, management, and governance.
The book concludes by explaining the various security requirements of intelligent cities as well as the threats and vulnerabilities of the various components that form the basis of the intelligent city framework, including cloud, big data, Internet of Things, and mobile technologies.
Bioremediation of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems / editors, Milton Fingerman, Rachakonda NagabhushanamTD 192.5 B55735 2005
Bioremediation, the use of microorganisms to degrade, sequester, or remove environmental contaminants, is an urgent need of our planet for protection and restoration from toxic contaminants. This book not only provides cutting edge information about bioremediation of aquatic and terrestrial habitats, but also highlights the gaps in our knowledge of the subject. Among the topics covered in this volume are those that deal with petroleum spill bioremediation, bioremediation of heavy metals, and the use of genetically engineered microorganisms in bioremediation.
Hazardous waste minimization handbook / Thomas E. HigginsTD 793.9 H54 2018
Manufactured Gas Plant Remediation : A Case Study / Allen W. Hatheway and Thomas B. SpeightTD 899 G3H38 2018
The assessment, remediation, and redevelopment of manufactured gas plant (MGP) sites pose a significant technical and financial challenge to successor property owners, including municipalities and other public entities undertaking brownfields revitalization, and to their consulting environmental engineers. Due to the toxicity of many coal tar constituents, sites contaminated as a result of gasworks operations pose a significant threat to public health. This book will discuss the history of the manufactured gas industry in Massachusetts (the largest in the US), as well as the toxicity of gasworks waste products, technical challenges in the cleanup process, and the process for site cleanups.
Comparative environmental risk assessment / edited by C. Richard CothernTD 193.5 C66 2018
Remediation engineering : design concepts / Suthan S. Suthersan, John Horst, Matthew Schnobrich, Nicklaus Welty, Jeff McDonoughTD 878 S88 2017
Remediation engineering has evolved and advanced from the stage of being a sub-discipline of environmental engineering into its own engineering discipline supporting the growth of a global industry. This fully-updated second edition will capture the fundamental advancements that have taken place during the last two decades, within the sub-disciplines that form the foundation of the remediation engineering platform. The book will cover the entire spectrum of current technologies that are being employed in this industry, and will also touch on future trends and how practitioners should anticipate and adapt to those needs.
Environmental protection and sustainable ecological development : proceedings of the Environmental Protection and Sustainable Ecological Development, Wuhan, China, 24-26 October, 2014 / editor, Jiaxing Zhang, Wuhan University, Wuhan, P.R. ChinaTD 170 E58 2014
This volume contains the papers presented at the 2014 International Conference on Environmental Protection and Sustainable Ecological Development (EPSED2014). The contributions cover the latest research results and explore new areas of research and development, like Earth Science, Resource Management, Environmental Protection, and Sustainable Ecological Development issues, and will be invaluable to academics and professionals interested or involved in these fields.
Aquananotechnology : global prospects / edited by David E. Reisner, T. PradeepagesTD 477 A64 2015
The world's fresh water supplies are dwindling rapidly--even wastewater is now considered an asset. By 2025, most of the world's population will be facing serious water stresses and shortages. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects breaks new ground with its informative and innovative introduction of the application of nanotechnology to the remediation of contaminated water for drinking and industrial use. It provides a comprehensive overview, from a global perspective, of the latest research and developments in the use of nanotechnology for water purification and desalination methods.
The book also covers approaches to remediation such as high surface area nanoscale media for adsorption of toxic species, UV treatment of pathogens, and regeneration of saturated media with applications in municipal water supplies, produced water from fracking, ballast water, and more. It also discusses membranes, desalination, sensing, engineered polymers, magnetic nanomaterials, electrospun nanofibers, photocatalysis, endocrine disruptors, and Al13 clusters. It explores physics-based phenomena such as subcritical water and cavitation-induced sonoluminescence, and fog harvesting.
With contributions from experts in developed and developing countries, including those with severe contamination, such as China, India, and Pakistan, the book's content spans a wide range of the subject areas that fall under the aquananotechnology banner, either squarely or tangentially. The book strongly emphasizes sorption media, with broad application to a myriad of contaminants--both geogenic and anthropogenic--keeping in mind that it is not enough for water to be potable, it must also be palatable.
Natural wastewater treatment systems / Ronald W. Crites, E. Joe Middlebrooks, Robert K. Bastian, Sherwood C. ReedTD 755 C75 2014
Calling for ecologically and economically sound wastewater treatment systems, the authors of Natural Wastewater Treatment Systemsexplore the use of wetlands, sprinkler or deep irrigation, groundwater recharge, and other natural systems as sustainable methods for the treatment and management of wastewater. Based on work by prominent experts in natural waste treatment, this text provides a thorough explanation on how soil and plants can successfully sustain microbial populations in the treatment of wastewater. Determining that natural systems cost less to construct and operate, and require less energy than mechanical treatment alternatives, this book also explains how these processes produce lower amounts of residual solids, and use little or no chemicals.
What's New in the Second Edition:
This revised edition includes current design and regulatory and operational developments in the natural wastewater treatment field. It provides detailed examples and analyses along with significant operational data in each chapter. It also considers how processes provide passive treatment with a minimum of mechanical elements, and describes new approaches to partially mixed ponds, including dual-powered aeration ponds.Introduces the planning procedures and treatment mechanisms responsible for treatment in ponds, wetlands, land application, and soil absorption systems Provides new case studies of constructed wetlands and water reuse systems Presents design criteria and methods of pond treatment and pond effluent upgrading Describes constructed wetlands design procedures, process applications, treatment performance data, and land treatment concepts and design equations Includes information on constituents of emerging concern (CEC) and their fate in natural systems
The text discusses wastewater pond systems, free water surface constructed wetlands, subsurface and vertical flow constructed wetlands, land treatment, sludge management, and onsite wastewater systems. It describes residuals and biosolids management, including nitrogen removal pretreatment methods, and uses U.S. customary and metric units in all chapters. It presents case studies of new applications of natural systems and includes worked examples of design equations for ponds and land treatment. It also provides a biosolids regulatory update from a top EPA scientist, and algae reduction technologies for ponds and wetlands.
Designed for practicing wastewater engineers and scientists involved in the planning, design, and operation of ponds, wetlands, land treatment, biosolids, and onsite soil-based treatment systems, the book integrates many natural treatment systems into one single source.
Mathematics manual for water and wastewater treatment plant operators, second edition - three volume set / by Frank R. SpellmanTD430
To properly operate a waterworks or wastewater treatment plant and to pass the examination for a waterworks/wastewater operator's license, it is necessary to know how to perform certain calculations. All operators, at all levels of licensure, need a basic understanding of arithmetic and problem-solving techniques to solve the problems they typically encounter in the workplace.
Hailed on its first publication as a masterly account written in an engaging, highly readable, user-friendly style, the Mathematics Manual for Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operators, Second Edition has been expanded and divided into three specialized texts that contain hundreds of worked examples presented in a step-by-step format. They are ideal for all levels of water treatment operators in training and practitioners studying for advanced licensure. In addition, they provide a handy desk reference and handheld guide for daily use in making operational math computations.
Basic Mathematics for Water and Wastewater Operators introduces and reviews fundamental concepts critical to qualified operators. It builds a strong foundation based on theoretical math concepts, which it then applies to solving practical problems for both water and wastewater operations. Water Treatment Operations: Math Concepts and Calculations covers computations used in water treatment, and Wastewater Treatment Operations: Math Concepts and Calculations covers computations commonly used in wastewater treatment plant operations. The volumes present math operations that progressively advance to higher, more practical applications, including math operations that operators at the highest level of licensure would be expected to know and perform.
To ensure correlation to modern practice and design, the volumes provide illustrative examples for commonly used waterworks and wastewater treatment operations covering unit process operations found in today's treatment facilities. Readers working through the books systematically will acquire a definitive understanding of and skill in performing the applied water/wastewater calculations that are essential for a successful career in the water industry.
Site assessment and monitoring tools / editors, Katalin Gruiz, Department of Applied Biotechnology and Food Science, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Budapest, Hungary, Tamas Meggyes, Berlin, Germany, Eva Fenyvesi, Cyclolab, BudTD 193 S57 2017
This is the third volume of the five-volume book series "Engineering Tools for Environmental Risk Management". The book series deals with the following topics:
* Environmental deterioration and pollution, management of environmental problems
* Environmental toxicology - a tool for managing chemical substances and contaminated environment
* Assessment and monitoring tools, risk assessment
* Risk reduction measures and technologies
* Case studies for demonstration of the application of engineering tools
The authors aim to describe interactions and options in risk management by providing a broad scientific overview of the environment, its human uses and the associated local, regional and global environmental problems; interpreting the holistic approach used in solving environmental protection issues; striking a balance between nature's needs and engineering capabilities; understanding interactions between regulation, management and engineering; obtaining information about novel technologies and innovative engineering tools.
This third volume provides an overview on the basic principles, concepts, practices and tools of environmental monitoring and contaminated site assessment. The volume focuses on those engineering tools that enable integrated site assessment and decision making and ensure an efficient control of the environment. Some topics supporting sustainable land use and efficient environmental management are listed below:
* Efficient management and regulation of contaminated land and the environment;
* Early warning and environmental monitoring;
* Assessment of contaminated land: the best practices;
* Environmental sampling;
* Risk characterization and contaminated matrix assessment;
* Integrated application of physical, chemical, biological, ecological and (eco) toxicological characterization methods;
* Direct toxicity assessment (DTA) and decision making;
* Online analyzers, electrodes and biosensors for assessment and monitoring of waters.;
* In situ and real-time measurement tools for soil and contaminated sites;
* Rapid on-site methods and contaminant and toxicity assessment kits;
* Engineering tools from omics technologies, microsensors to heavy machinery;
* Dynamic characterization of subsurface soil and groundwater using membrane interface probes, optical and X-ray fl uorescence and ELCAD wastewater characterization;
* Geochemical modeling: methods and applications;
* Environmental assessment using cyclodextrins.
This book series focuses on the state of knowledge about the environment and its conscious and structured application in environmental engineering, management and decision making.
Practical Manual of Wastewater Chemistry / Barbara A. HauserTD 735 H38 2017
In-situ remediation of arsenic-contaminated sites / editors, Jochen Bundschuh, University of Southern Queensland, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences & National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden; Hartmut M. Hollander, University of Manitoba, Department of Civil Engineering, Manitoba, Canada; Lena Qiying Ma, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Jiangsu China [and] Soil and Water Science Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, USATD 427 A77I54 2015
Providing an introduction, the scientific background, case studies and future perspectives of in-situ arsenic remediation technologies for soils, soil water and groundwater at geogenic and anthropogenic contaminated sites. The case studies present in-situ technologies about natural arsenic, specifically arsenate and arsenite, but also about organic arsenic compounds. This work covers geochemical, microbiological and plant ecological solutions for arsenic remediation.
It will serve as a standard textbook for (post-)graduate students and researchers in the field of Environmental Sciences and Hydrogeochemistry as well as researchers, engineers, environmental scientists and chemists, toxicologists, medical scientists and even for general public seeking an in-depth view of arsenic which had been classed as a carcinogen. This book aims to stimulate awareness among administrators, policy makers and company executives of in-situ remediation technologies at sites contamined by arsenic and to improve the international cooperation on the subject.
Handbook of mathematics and statistics for the environment / Frank R. Spellman, Nancy E. WhitingTD 145 S6765 2014
A thorough revision of the previous "Environmental Engineer's Mathematics Handbook," this book offers readers an unusual approach to presenting environmental math concepts, emphasizing the relationship between the principles in natural processes and environmental processes. It integrates the fundamental math operations performed by environmental practitioners for air, water, wastewater, solid/hazardous wastes, biosolids, environmental economics, stormwater operations, and environmental health, safety, and welfare. New material includes quadratic equations, Quadratic equations, Boolean algebra, statistics review, fundamental fire science, basic electricity for environmental practitioners, and environmental health computations and solutions.
Bioremediation of wastewater : factors and treatments / edited by Olga Sanchez, PhDTD 475 B58 2016
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
The quantity and quality of waste generated and discharged into natural water bodies is a topic of serious concern. Consequently, there is a need for different strategies to address wastewater treatment and subsequent reuse, especially in arid and semi-arid areas where water shortages are the rule. Biological treatment processes constitute crucial tools in the biodegradation of organic matter, transformation of toxic compounds into harmless products, and nutrient removal in wastewater microbiology.
Edited by a professor of genetics and microbiology with extensive research, this compendium provides an overview of the most current research into many facets of wastewater bioremediation. The book is broken into three sections: microbial communities for wastewater treatment, environmental factors, and treatments. It provides discussions on biological treatment processes for different types of wastewater, such as municipal wastewater and wastewater from tanneries; how environmental factors such as season dynamics affect the diversity of bacteria; and applications and treatment.
The range of topics presented will be valuable for biological engineers and others involved with wastewater management. Researchers will find a wealth of studies that will prove fruitful for future investigation.
Building smart cities : analytics, ICT, and design thinking / arol L. StimmelTD 160 S74 2016
The term "smart city" defines the new urban environment, one that is designed for performance through information and communication technologies. Given that the majority of people across the world will live in urban environments within the next few decades, it's not surprising that massive effort and investment is being placed into efforts to develop strategies and plans for achieving "smart" urban growth. Building Smart Cities: Analytics, ICT, and Design Thinking explains the technology and a methodology known as design thinking for building smart cities.
Information and communications technologies form the backbone of smart cities. A comprehensive and robust data analytics program enables the right choices to be made in building these cities. Design thinking helps to create smart cities that are both livable and able to evolve. This book examines all of these components in the context of smart city development and shows how to use them in an integrated manner.
Using the principles of design thinking to reframe the problems of the smart city and capture the real needs of people living in a highly efficient urban environment, the book helps city planners and technologists through the following:Presentation of the relevant technologies required for coordinated, efficient cities Exploration of the latent needs of community stakeholders in a culturally appropriate context Discussion of the tested approaches to ideation, design, prototyping, and building or retrofitting smart cities Proposal of a model for a viable smart city project
The smart city vision that we can create an optimized society through technology is hypothetical at best and reflects the failed repetition through the ages of equating scientific progress with positive social change. Up until now, despite our best hopes and efforts, technology has yet to bring an end to scarcity or suffering. Technical innovation, instead, can and should be directed in the service of our shared cultural values, especially within the rapidly growing urban milieu.
In Building Smart Cities: Analytics, ICT, and Design Thinking , the author discusses the need to focus on creating human-centered approaches to our cities that integrate our human needs and technology to meet our economic, environmental, and existential needs. The book shows how this approach can lead to innovative, livable urban environments that are realizable, practical, and economically and environmentally sustainable.
Local exhaust ventilation : aerodynamic processes and calculations of dust emissions / Ivan Logachev, Konstantin Logachev, Olga AverkovaTD 883 L64 2016
Control Harmful Emissions and Improve Work Conditions
Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions examines how emissions inherent to production processes in the metal, mining, chemical, and other industries can adversely affect the workplace by compromising a worker's health and/or contributing to the deterioration of equipment quality and performance. Professionals concerned with the aerodynamics of dust control ventilation, particularly at industrial plants, can greatly benefit from this book.
This text considers the impact of emissions exposure to occupational safety and health and the environment, explores the practical purposes of industrial ventilation, and outlines how local exhaust ventilation can help control the emission of harmful substances in industry. The book outlines methods used for surveying currents in local exhaust ventilation systems and deals with the aerodynamics of loose-matter handling in porous ducts and the identification of regularities in air circulation patterns in bypass ducts. Topics covered include the determination of vortex field boundaries, development dynamics of vortex flow patterns, and interaction between the exhaust plume and inflow jets.
Divided into two sections, this text:Examines the computations of gas-borne dust flows in local exhaust ventilation systems Provides practical recommendations for the energy-efficient containment of dust emissions Discusses basic approaches to operational energy savings for local exhaust ventilation systems Uses color photos throughout to illustrate dust behavior, flow lines, and patterns
Local Exhaust Ventilation: Aerodynamic Processes and Calculations of Dust Emissions establishes local exhaust ventilation as the most reliable way to control the emission of harmful substances. This text incorporates solutions that reduce material carryover rates and decrease the volume of air evacuated by suction, adequately reducing the dust level in an industrial work area, and can help solve a number of problems related to industrial ventilation.
Mercury pollution : a transdisciplinary treatment / edited by Sharon L. Zuber and Michael C. NewmanTD 196 M38M4686 2012
How does mercury get out of the ground and into our food? Is tuna safe to eat? What was the Minamata Disaster? Mercury Pollution: A Transdisciplinary Treatmentaddresses these questions and more. The editors weave interdisciplinary threads into a tapestry that presents a more complete picture of the effects of mercury pollution and provides new ways to think about the environment.
The remarkable features that make mercury so useful--and poisonous--have given rise to many stories laid out in rich objective detail, carefully detailing medical, epidemiological, or historical insight, but sidestepping the human experience. A technically rich book that only touches on the human consequences of mercury poisoning cannot fully portray the anguish, confusion, and painful deaths that are the consequence of mercury pollution. Therefore, the editors purposely step out of the conventional scientific framework for discussing mercury pollution to explore the wider human experience.
This book clarifies how we are all connected to mercury, how we absorb it through the food we eat and the air we breathe, and how we release it as a consequence of our new technologies. It tackles interesting environmental issues without being overly technical and uses mercury as a case study and model for studying environmental problems. The book uses discussions of the issues surrounding mercury pollution to illustrate how an interdisciplinary vantage is necessary to solve environmental problems.
Read an article in the SETAC Globeby Michael C. Newman and Sharon L. Zuber athttp://www.setac.org/globe/2011/november/mercury-pollution.html
The effects of induced hydraulic fracturing on the environment : commercial demands vs. water, wildlife, and human ecosystems / edited by Matthew McBroom PhDTD 195 G3E34 2015
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Hydraulic fracturing, or "fracking" as it is commonly known, refers to the practice of using liquids at very high pressures to fragment rock, thereby allowing natural gas to be harvested. This process increases energy resources but also has some negative environmental impacts as well. This book looks at the environmental impact. The first section looks at fracturing and the water supply, the second section looks at ecosystems and wildlife, while the final section examines the possible effects on human ecosystems and human health.
Indoor air quality : the latest sampling and analytical methods / Kathleen Hess-KosaTD 890 H49 2011
In the new millennium, indoor air quality methodologies have expanded, evolved, and morphed. This book addresses the old and the new. The focus is shifting from a knee-jerk to a more proactive response. Although indoor air quality in older buildings will continue to present old challenges, new construction is going forward with new challenges.
Indoor Air Quality: The Latest Sampling Methods, Second Editioncovers basic concepts and details various approaches to the identification and assessment of indoor air contaminants that contribute to building-related illness in commercial buildings, institutions, and residences. Included are newly added topics focusing on less common concerns in indoor air quality such as psychological and building comfort factors and approaches to assessing air movement within buildings. Expanded appendices and three new chapters provide the reader with 30 percent new material, including the most recent approaches to indoor air quality as well as more inclusive information to further address quality problems.
Coverage includes:NewSewage Gases and HV AC Systems, assessment guidelines, "tainted Chinese drywall," green buildings, and the LEED Rating System and ASHRAE 189.1 A historic overview with regulatory limits and guidelines; preliminary investigation methods including means for assessing complaints; and a means for speculation, narrowing the hunt for offenders Sampling methodologies for volatile organic compounds; microbial volatile organic compounds; carbon dioxide; carbon monoxide; formaldehyde; and product emissions Sampling methodologies for animals allergens such as dust mites and forensic methods for identifying dust components
The book is a "practical guide" for developing a theory and following it through to the sampling methodologies, identification and interpretation of suspect/known air contaminants, and assessing HVAC and sewage systems.
Biological treatment of solid waste : enhancing sustainability / edited by Elena Cristina Rada, PhDTD 755 B4635 2016
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
Intended for a wide audience ranging from engineers and academics to decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, Biological Treatment of Solid Waste: Enhancing Sustainability reviews several technologies that help communities manage solid waste sustainably, while at the same time generating energy, revenue, and other resources.
The book is divided into three topics:Microbial technologies for solid waste treatment Composting Biodrying
Included within these larger topics are case studies and investigations into particular aspects of each, with attention paid to food waste, animal waste, municipal waste, and certain forms of industrial waste. The editor is an environmental engineer with an international reputation, and she has included her own research studies as well as that of her colleagues, many of which have been presented at international waste management conferences. She concludes that our world can no longer afford to consider waste as something that can be discarded with no regard for future use. Instead, if addressed correctly through policy and practice, solid waste can become a valuable resource.
Computational models for CO2 geo-sequestration & compressed air energy storage / editors, Rafid Al-Khoury, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, Jochen Bundschuh, University of Southern Queensland, Faculty of Health, Engineering and Sciences & National Centre for Engineering in Agriculture, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, SwedenTD 885.5 C3C6484 2014
A comprehensive mathematical and computational modeling of CO2 Geosequestration and Compressed Air Energy Storage
Energy and environment are two interrelated issues of great concern to modern civilization. As the world population will soon reach eight billion, the demand for energy will dramatically increase, intensifying the use of fossil fuels. Utilization of fossil fuels is by far the largest anthropogenic source of CO2 emission into the earth's atmosphere. This unavoidable reality necessitates efforts to mitigate CO2 from indefi nitely being emitted in the atmosphere. CO2 geo-sequestration is currently considered to be a vital technology for this purpose. Meanwhile, and as fossil fuels will sooner or later be depleted, utilization of renewable energy resources is inevitable. Nowadays, wind and solar energy, being clean and sustainable, are gaining momentum. However, their availability is intermittent. This intermittent nature of solar and wind energy necessitates storing the produced energy at off-peak times for later use. Compressed air energy storage in subterranean caverns, aquifers and coal seams is currently considered to be a plausible technology for this purpose. CO2 geo-sequestration and compressed air energy storage are thus vital technologies for current and future energy strategy development. These technologies can be made safe and cost-effective by utilizing computational tools capable of simulating the involved multiphysical phenomena and processes. Computational modeling of such systems is challenging and resource-consuming. Meeting such a challenge constitutes the focal point of this book.
This book addresses comprehensive theoretical and computational modeling aspects of CO2 geosequestration and compressed air energy storage. The book consists of 16 chapters authored by prominent researchers in these two fi elds. The authors of the book endeavoured to present years of innovative work, making it available for a wide range of readers, including geoscientists, poromechanists, applied mathematicians, computational geoscientists, geologists and reservoir engineers.
Air pollution control equipment selection guide / Kenneth C. SchifftnerTD 889 S35 2014
This book is a good discussion of various air pollution control equipment. It covers a wide range of equipment and gives a good overview of the principles and applications. Very valuable is the practical experiences that are not commonly available in a typical textbook. The language is easy to understand, especially for those who do not have formal training in air pollution control. It provides hybrid systems such as those applied to biomass gasification, odor control using biological technology, plasma arc waste reduction, and more.
Advanced oxidation technologies : sustainable solutions for environmental treatments / editors, Marta I. Litter, Remediation Technologies Division, Environmental Chemistry Department, Chemistry Management, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos Aires, Roberto J. Candal, National University of General San Martin, School of Science and Technology, J. Martin Meichtry, Remediation Technologies Division, Environmental Chemistry Department, Chemistry Management, National Atomic Energy Commission, Buenos AiresTD 758 A38 2014
Advanced Oxidation Technologies (AOTs) or Processes (AOPs) are relatively new and innovative technologies to remove harmful and toxic pollutants. The most important processes among them are those using light, such as UVC/H2O2, photo-Fenton and heterogeneous photocatalysis with TiO2. These technologies are also relatively low-cost and therefore useful for countries under development, where the economical resources are scarcer than in developed countries.
This book provides a state-of-the-art overview on environmental applications of Advanced Oxidation Technologies (AOTs) as sustainable, low-cost and low-energy consuming treatments for water, air, and soil. It includes information on innovative research and development on TiO2 photocatalytic redox processes, Fenton, Photo-Fenton processes, zerovalent iron technology, and others, highlighting possible applications of AOTs in both developing and industrialized countries around the world in the framework of "A crosscutting and comprehensive look at environmental problems".
The book is aimed at professionals and academics worldwide, working in the areas of water resources, water supply, environmental protection, and will be a useful information source for decision and policy makers and other stakeholders working on solutions for environmental problems.
Competitive sorption and transport of heavy metals in soils and geological media / edited by H. Magdi SelimTD 879 H4C66 2013
Most reported incidents of soil contamination include an array of heavy metals species rather than a single ion. The various interactions in these multicomponent or multiple-ion systems significantly impact the fate and transport of heavy metals, and competition for sorption sites on soil matrix surfaces is a common phenomenon. Because of this, considering competitive sorption is an important part of predicting contaminant transport. Competitive Sorption and Transport of Heavy Metals in Soils and Geological Media gives you the information needed to understand heavy metals' sorption and transport in the vadose zone and aquifers.
The book brings together state-of-the art research on the competitive sorption and mobility of single versus multiple heavy metal species. It also relates the transport mechanisms to the processes that govern sorption mechanisms. The work offers new experimental evidence on the fate of multiple heavy metals in soil columns and new field results on how multiple ions influence the mobility of metals in the soil profile under water-unsaturated flow.
Emphasizing modeling approaches, the book begins with an overview of the competitive behavior of heavy metals. It then takes a closer look at various heavy metals, discussing their behavior in tropical soils, speciation and fractionation, accumulation, migration, competitive retention, and the contamination of water resources at the watershed scale. The book also presents extensive data on phosphate, a commonly used fertilizer, and its role in facilitating the release of trace elements. The final chapter looks at the effect of waterlogged conditions on arsenic and cadmium solubilization.
Edited by an internationally recognized researcher and featuring expert contributors, this comprehensive work addresses the complex physical and chemical phenomena of sorption mechanisms. Presenting the latest research, it helps you to better predict the potential mobility of multiple heavy metals in soils.
Waste management practices : municipal, hazardous, and industrial / John PichtelTD 791 P53 2014
Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition addresses the three main categories of wastes (hazardous, municipal, and "special" wastes) covered under federal regulation outlined in the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), an established framework for managing the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of several forms of waste.
Focusing on integrating the technical and regulatory complexities of waste management, this book covers the historical and regulatory development of waste management and the management of municipal solid wastes. It also addresses hazardous wastes and their management, from the perspectives of identification, transportation, and requirements for generators as well as the treatment, storage, and disposal facilities.
Features:Covers the three main categories of wastes under regulation in the United States Incorporates an extensive set of problems, presented at the end of several chapters as appendices Includes numerous review/homework questions at the end of each chapter Highlights special categories of waste that may not fit precisely into either RCRA Subtitle D (Solid Wastes) or Subtitle C (Hazardous Wastes)
In addition to the end-of-chapter problems provided in all chapters of this book, the text also contains practical exercises using data from field situations.
Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Editionis an ideal textbook or reference guide for students and professionals involved in the management of all three categories of wastes.
Reverse osmosis : a guide for the nonengineering professional / Frank R. SpellmanTD 442.5 S64 2016
For the Nonengineering Professional
Perfect for anyone without a background in science or engineering who wants to take a closer look at how water is processed and treated, Reverse Osmosis: A Guide for the Nonengineering Professionalrelates reverse osmosis in its most basic form and addresses growing concerns about the quality of tap water. What is reverse osmosis? Not to be confused with filtration--which involves straining or size exclusion--reverse osmosis involves a diffusive mechanism and separation process that is dependent on solute concentration, pressure, and the water flux rate. This book describes all of the basic processes involved in reverse osmosis operations. Presented in a conversational style--using jargon-free language--it discusses in detail the drinking water purification, wastewater reuse, desalination processes, and other freshwater applications used to ensure the safe consumption of water.
The book also places special emphasis on pharmaceuticals and personal care product (PPCP) contaminants, which are not typically removed from wastewater by conventional treatment processes, however, they can be removed by processes using sophisticated membrane filtration. The author provides a basic understanding of membrane technology, and explains the membrane treatment process. He details how the processes fit together within a drinking water or wastewater treatment system and presents concepts that make up water and wastewater treatment processes as a whole. He also highlights advances in reverse osmosis technology and discusses relevant applications.Presents a comprehensive coverage of reverse osmosis Discusses fundamental processes and equipment used in reverse osmosis Provides technical terminology in simplified form
Reverse Osmosis: A Guide for the Nonengineering Professionalexplains how reverse osmosis is used in drinking water purification and provides readers with step-by-step instruction on the pretreatment, treatment, and post-treatment technology used in the purification of drinking water.
Climate change and water resources / edited by Dr. Sangam Shrestha, Prof. Mukand S. Babel, and Dr. Vishnu Prasad PandeyTD 353 C528 2014
Covering the various aspects of water and climate change, Climate Change and Water Resourcespresents the principles of climate change science and its effects on earth's water supply. Utilizing the knowledge and expertise from well-known experts in the field, the text provides a broad outline of the many interrelated aspects of climate variations, climate change, and connections to water resources. Designed to help managers with developing strategies, implementing policies, and investing in infrastructure and information sources for integrated water resources management, the text addresses many issues regarding climate change and water resources. It also includes adaptation options, which are essential to water resource sustainability.
The material is divided into four sections. The first part of the book provides an introduction to climate change and considers theoretical aspects and available tools. The second part of the book examines the impacts that climate change has on the water sector. The third part focuses on the different adaptation measures needed to minimize the effects of climate change. The fourth part presents a number of case studies.
Focused on climate change in the water sector, Climate Change and Water Resourcesclosely analyzes scientific research and fuels study for a greater understanding of climate change and the proper management of water. This text is useful for undergraduate and postgraduate students, scientists, and design engineers as well as those working at research institutes and implementing and planning agencies.
Engineering noise control / David A. Bies, Colin H. Hansen, Carl Q. HowardTD 892 B54 2018
This classic and authoritative student textbook contains information that is not over simplified and can be used to solve the real world problems encountered by noise and vibration consultants as well as the more straightforward ones handled by engineers and occupational hygienists in industry. The book covers the fundamentals of acoustics, theoretical concepts and practical application of current noise control technology. It aims to be as comprehensive as possible while still covering important concepts in sufficient detail to engender a deep understanding of the foundations upon which noise control technology is built.
Topics which are extensively developed or overhauled from the fourth edition include sound propagation outdoors, amplitude modulation, hearing protection, frequency analysis, muffling devices (including 4-pole analysis and self noise), sound transmission through partitions, finite element analysis, statistical energy analysis and transportation noise. For those who are already well versed in the art and science of noise control, the book will provide an extremely useful reference. A wide range of example problems that are linked to noise control practice are available on www.causalsystems.com for free download.
Permeable reactive barrier : sustainable groundwater remediation / edited by Ravi Naidu, Volker BirkeTD 426 P47 2015
Remediation of groundwater is complex and often challenging. But the cost of pump and treat technology, coupled with the dismal results achieved, has paved the way for newer, better technologies to be developed. Among these techniques is permeable reactive barrier (PRB) technology, which allows groundwater to pass through a buried porous barrier that either captures the contaminants or breaks them down. And although this approach is gaining popularity, there are few references available on the subject. Until now. Permeable Reactive Barrier: Sustainable Groundwater Remediation brings together the information required to plan, design/model, and apply a successful, cost-effective, and sustainable PRB technology.
With contributions from pioneers in this area, the book covers state-of-the-art information on PRB technology. It details design criteria, predictive modeling, and application to contaminants beyond petroleum hydrocarbons, including inorganics and radionuclides. The text also examines implementation stages such as the initial feasibility assessment, laboratory treatability studies (including column studies), estimation of PRB design parameters, and development of a long-term monitoring network for the performance evaluation of the barrier. It also outlines the predictive tools required for life cycle analysis and cost/performance assessment.
A review of current PRB technology and its applications, this book includes case studies that exemplify the concepts discussed. It helps you determine when to recommend PRB, what information is needed from the site investigation to design it, and what regulatory validation is required.
Wastewater and shale formation development : risks, mitigation, and regulation / edited by Sheila Olmstead, PhDTD 427 P4W377 2016
This title includes a number of Open Access chapters.
The number of tight oil and shale gas wells continues to rise primarily in the US, but also worldwide. The US has vast reserves of oil and natural gas, which now are commercially reachable as a result of advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing technologies. But as hydraulic fracturing is increasingly used, concerns have been raised about potential stress on surface water and groundwater supplies from the withdrawal of water used in the process. Equally important is the growing volume of wastewater generated from hydraulically fractured oil and gas wells, requiring recycling, treatment, and disposal.
Wastewater and Shale Formation Development: Risks, Mitigation, and Regulationexamines four major issues, taking a scientific look from different perspectives at water use in shale gas development, potential environmental effects of wastewater from fracking, how to mitigate potential risks associated with wastewater from shale development, and regulatory approaches to the wastewater management problem
With chapters from researchers in the field, this compendium volume sheds light on the important issues and challenges surrounding natural gas extraction using hydraulic fracturing and may be of interest to researchers and public policymakers alike.
Wastewater treatment : occurrence and fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) / edited by Amy J. ForsgrenTD 758.5 O75W37 2015
This book describes the sources of water contamination by PAHs and their transportation and fate in natural aquatic systems. It then discusses, from the analytical chemist's view, how to determine the presence of PAHs in water and wastewater, and the changes in PAH concentration during treatment processes. The text examines the removal of PAHs using membrane bioreactors and advanced sludge processes, highlighting results from both demonstration and full-scale plants. It also examines the presence of PAHs in conventional wastewater treatment plants, especially in sludge.
Shared borders, shared waters : Israeli-Palestinian and Colorado River Basin water challenges / editors, Sharon B. Megdal, Robert G. Varady & Susanna Eden, the University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USATD 313 I75S53 2013
This collection of papers examines water management in two of the world's prominent, arid transboundary areas facing similar challenges. In the Middle East, the chronically water-short Israeli-Palestinian region has recognized the need both to conserve and supplement its traditional water sources. Across the globe on the North American continent, Arizona--a state in the southwestern United States bordering Mexico--relies significantly on the overallocated Colorado River, as well as on non-renewable groundwater supplies. For both regions, sustainable and cost-effective solutions clearly require innovative, multifaceted, and conflict-avoiding approaches.
This volume is predicated on the role that "science diplomacy" can play in resolving difficult water-related issues. The history of natural-resources disputes confirms that the scientific approach can reveal ways to overcome division. Experience has shown that scientifically-trained experts who are sensitive to sociopolitical conditions can assist in developing and evaluating feasible water management solutions.
The insights and expertise of a distinguished and diverse group of researchers fill these chapters. Contributors include established authorities as well as a number of budding scholars. In a field traditionally dominated by males and by engineers, this collection benefits from significant gender diversity and contributions from a broad spectrum of disciplines. Policymakers, water managers, specialists such as university researchers and consultants, and citizens all have an interest in finding sustainable strategies to address the many water-management issues discussed in this volume. The assembled papers underscore that much work remains to be done.