New books by subject
Chemistry, Geology - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range QD - QE (Chemistry, Geology) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Physical geology of shallow magmatic systems : dykes, sills and laccoliths / Christoph Breitkreuz, Sergio Rocchi, editorsQE611
This book offers a high-level summary of shallow magmatic systems (dykes, sills and laccoliths) to support geoscience master and PhD students, scientists and practicing professionals. The product of the LASI (Laccoliths and Sills conference) workshop, it comprises thematic sections written by one or more experts on the respective field. It features reviews concerning the physical properties of magma, geotectonic settings, and the structure of subvolcanic systems, as well as case studies on the best-known systems. The book provides readers a broad and comprehensive understanding of the subvolcanic perspective on pluton growth, which is relevant for mineralogical processes as well as the genesis of mineral deposits.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This 3-volume set covers new research and applications on physical chemical for engineering and applied sciences. Volume 1 discusses the principles and technological implications of industrial chemistry and biochemical physics. Volume 2 presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also provides an update on applications of modern polymers. In Volume 3, the various categories of high performance materials and their composites are discussed, and the book also provides up-to-date synthesis details, properties, characterization, and applications for such systems in order to give readers and users better information to select the required material.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This book presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also provides an update on applications of modern polymers. It offers new research on structure-property relationships, synthesis, and purification, and potential applications of high performance polymers.
The collection of topics in this book reflects the diversity of recent advances in modern polymers with a broad perspective that will be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. The book helps to fill the gap between theory and practice. It explains the major concepts of new advances in high performance polymers and their applications in a friendly, easy-to-understand manner.
The book opens with a presentation of classical models, moving on to increasingly more complex quantum mechanical and dynamical theories. Coverage and examples are drawn from modern polymers.
Introduction to multivariate statistical analysis in chemometrics / Kurt Varmuza, Peter FilzmoserQD 75.4 C45V37 2009
Using formal descriptions, graphical illustrations, practical examples, and R software tools, Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometricspresents simple yet thorough explanations of the most important multivariate statistical methods for analyzing chemical data. It includes discussions of various statistical methods, such as principal component analysis, regression analysis, classification methods, and clustering.
Written by a chemometrician and a statistician, the book reflects the practical approach of chemometrics and the more formally oriented one of statistics. To enable a better understanding of the statistical methods, the authors apply them to real data examples from chemistry. They also examine results of the different methods, comparing traditional approaches with their robust counterparts. In addition, the authors use the freely available R package to implement methods, encouraging readers to go through the examples and adapt the procedures to their own problems.
Focusing on the practicality of the methods and the validity of the results, this book offers concise mathematical descriptions of many multivariate methods and employs graphical schemes to visualize key concepts. It effectively imparts a basic understanding of how to apply statistical methods to multivariate scientific data.
CRC handbook of thermodynamics data of polymer solutions at elevated pressures / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W65
This handbook provides the only complete collection of high-pressure thermodynamic data pertaining to polymer solutions at elevated pressures to date of all critical data for understanding the physical nature of these mixtures and applicable to a number of industrial and laboratory processes in polymer science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and biotechnology.
In response to the increasing commercial interest due to the physico-chemical properties of these solutions, the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures compiles information on experimental data from hundreds of primary journal articles, dissertations, and other papers into a single source entirely devoted to polymer solutions. The book contains data on vapor-liquid equilibria and gas solubilities, liquidâe"liquid equilibria, high-pressure fluid phase equilibria for polymer systems in supercritical fluids, enthalpic and volumetric data, and second virial coefficients, all at elevated pressures. An excellent companion to the author's previous publications, the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions and the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions , this handbook contains reliable, easy-to-use entries, references, tables, examples, and appendices that provide students, professors, and researchers with a well-organized, quick route to the data they need.
The CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures is a staple resource for all university libraries as well as private laboratories, particularly for researchers, academics, and engineers who handle polymer systems in supercritical fluids, material science applications such as computerized predictive packages, and chemical and biochemical processes, such as synthesis and characterization, fractionation, separation, purification, and finishing of polymers and related materials._
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions, Three Volume Set
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions
Hansen solubility parameters : a user's handbook / Charles M. HansenQD 543 H258 2007
Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials.
To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe "designer" solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications.
Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Vol. 17 / edited by Yizhak Marcus, Arup K. SenGupta, Jacob A. MarinskyQD 561 I56 2004
Volume 17 in the Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction series represents the vanguard of research on solvent extraction. It covers the principles of electrolyte extraction and other subjects of increasing interest to the field. This volume begins with pharmaceutical applications of supercritical fluid solvents, particularly supercritical carbon dioxide. It also contains chapters on liquid ion exchangers and relevant experiment protocols, SCF applications in drug formulation and pollution reduction, exploiting SCF as reaction media, applications of metal bis(dicarbollide) in analytical chemistry and radioactive waste treatment, and synergistic extraction of metal ions.
Volume 17 discusses the ion exchange isothermal supersaturation technique, metal separation via pH-induced parametric pumping, modeling of ion exchange kinetics for ultrapure water, and the engineering of activated carbons and carbonaceous materials for removal of metal ions and organic micropollutants in water. Volume 17 cover topics that include supercritical fluid applications, applications of metal bis(dicarbollide), and synergistic extraction of metal ions.
CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of copolymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W635 2001
The Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions is the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 300 literature sources. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included results in the handbook only if numerical values were published or if authors provided their numerical results by personal communication.
With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 165 copolymers and 165 solvents, this handbook furnishes:250 vapor-pressure isotherms 75 tables of Henry's constants 50 LLE data sets 175 HPPE data sets 70 PVT data tables
Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions will prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions, Three Volume Set
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions
Handbook of catalyst preparation / edited by John RegalbutoQD 501 H216 2007
Improving the effectiveness of catalysts is the best way to ensure cleaner, more efficient industrial processes for a wide range of applications. Catalyst Preparation: Science and Engineering explores the optimization of catalytic materials through traditional and novel methods of catalyst preparation, characterization, and monitoring on laboratory and industrial scales.
The book presents many key principles of heterogeneous catalyst preparation and the methods used to synthesize a catalyst with a particular composition and morphology. The first chapters examine the synthesis of bulk materials including amorphous and mesoporous oxide supports, heteropolyacids, and colloidal metals. Subsequent chapters focus on the syntheses of heterogeneous nanoscale materials, including those based on metal complex-substrate interactions and those using non-interacting precursors via viscous drying. The final chapters concentrate on pretreatment, drying, and finishing effects before concluding with a prognosis on future applications involving catalyst preparation and the technological advances necessary for continued progress.
An ideal companion for scientists exploring the preparation of application-specific catalysts based on desired catalytic properties, Catalyst Preparation: Science and Engineering provides a balanced overview of important synthesis parameters to consider for good catalyst design.
Electrocatalysis : computational, experimental, and industrial aspects / Carlos Fernando ZinolaQD 569 Z56 2010
Electrocatalysis applications are employed in a large number of industries worldwide, ranging from old technologies such as galvanoplasty to the most up-to-date deployments involving ultracapacitators. Recognizing electrocatalysis as a useful interfacial approach to a dynamic interdisciplinary science, Electrocatalysis: Computational, Experimental, and Industrial Aspectsfocuses on important developments in the field that are the most relevant to new technologies.
Gathering the experiences of a collection of experts who have worked on the basic principles of electrocatalysis as it applies to theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry, the book gives readers a clear view of the problems inside electrocatalytic reactions, presenting both the limitations of electrocatalysis in the laboratory along with its possibilities in industry.
Topics discussed include:The current uses of electrocatalysis Future perspectives on the field Surface physical properties and surface relaxation on noble and non-noble surfaces The quantum nature of the electron transfer Müller-Calandra, Srinivasan-Gileadi, and instantaneous nucleation-growth overlap models The production, storage, use, and delivery of hydrogen in industrial electrochemistry Theoretical approaches to current distribution on rough surfaces The use of microradiology to study electrodeposition Principles of electrochemical engineering, fuel cell reactors, and electrocatalytic reactor design Electrocatalysis of electroless plating Fundamental aspects of the corrosion of metals
The book reviews four main electrochemical processes (hydrogen production, oxygen electrochemistry, energy conversion/production, and fine electroplating). Surface modified non-noble metal substrates and natural minerals as well as noble mineral catalysts are considered. The text goes beyond other books, which merely focus on progress in the application of surface science and ultra high vacuum techniques to electrochemistry. Instead, this volume offers potential industrial applications of these findings, making it a unique reference for professionals and academia alike.
Microwave-assisted organic synthesis : a green chemical approach / edited by Suresh C. Ameta, PhD, Pinki B. Punjabi, PhD, Rakshit Ameta, PhD, and Chetna Ameta, PhDQD 262 M53 2015
The large-scale production of chemicals to meet various societal needs has created environmental pollution, including pollution from byproducts and improper disposal of waste. With the world facing adverse consequences due to this pollution, green chemistry is increasingly being viewed as a means to address this concern.
Since most organic syntheses require toxic solvents, more reaction time, and drastic conditions of temperature, conventional methods of organic synthesis are less preferred. Microwave-assisted organic synthesis is considered to be a promising green chemical approach because it reduces reaction time from days or hours to minutes or even seconds, and has many other advantages. It helps reduce side reactions and increase yields, uses fewer solvents or is almost solvent-free, has solid supported reactions, and improves purity.
This book's main focus is microwave-assisted organic synthesis processes, particularly various reactions such as cycloaddition, rearrangement, elimination, substitution, oxidation, reduction, condensation, coupling, polymerization, nanomaterials, synthesis of heterocycles, and industrial applications under microwave irradiation. The time is not far off when this methodology will virtually replace existing and cumbersome methods of organic synthesis.
Macroporous polymers : production properties and biotechnological/biomedical applications / edited by Bo Mattiasson, Ashok Kumar, Igor Yu. GalaevQD 381 M355 2010
Macroporous polymers are rapidly becoming the material of choice for many tissue engineering, bioseparation, and bioprocessing applications. However, while important information is scattered about in many different publications, none, to date, have drawn this information together in user-friendly format, until now. Meeting the need for an accessible, organized resource, Macroporous Polymers: Production Properties and Biotechnological/Biomedical Applicationssupplies a systematic presentation of the production, characterization, and application of these polymers.
The text discusses traditional methods of production, including phase separation polymerization, leaching, foaming, and double emulsion as well as emerging methods such as cryogelation. The chapters also detail the various applications of macroporous gels for the separation of biomolecules and for the cultivation of mammalian cells in bioreactors and for tissue engineering. The book underscores existing and potential problems while providing a solid background on which to base the evaluation of the scientific and commercial value of new developments.
The editors bring together different viewpoints, summarize state-of-the-art achievement, and cover applications in biotechnology, downstream processing, and biomedicine. They have collected the latest research and molded it into a cohesive reference, closing the gap between macromolecular design and production of these gels/polymers and their possible applications. With the intensity of development in this area likely to increase, the foundation provided by this book can help you meet the challenges inherent in the development of new and better materials for new and better applications.
Chemistry of pyrroles / Boris A. Trofimov, Al'bina I. Mikhaleva, Elena Yu Schmidt, Lyubov N. SobeninaQD 401 C4955 2015
During the last 30 years, knowledge of the essential role that pyrrole structures play in the chemistry of living organisms, drug design, and the development of advanced materials has increased. Correspondingly, research on the diverse issues of synthetic, theoretical, and applied chemistry has snowballed. Devoted to the latest achievements of this field, Chemistry of Pyrroles covers the discovery and development of a novel, facile, and highly effective method for the construction of the pyrrole ring from ketones (ketoximes) and acetylene in superbase catalytic systems (Trofimov reaction). It provides cutting-edge details on the preparation of valuable but previously inaccessible pyrrole compounds. It includes approximately 1,000 structures of novel pyrrole compounds, their yields, and physical-chemical characteristics.
The authors analyze conditions of typical syntheses, limitations of their applicability, and possibility of vinyl chloride or dichloroethane application instead of acetylene. They examine chemical engineering aspects of the first synthesis of tetrahydroindole and indole from commercially available oxime of cyclohexanone and acetylene. In addition, the book discusses new facets of pyrroles and N-vinyl pyrroles reactivity in the reactions with the participation of both the pyrrole ring and N-vinyl groups.
The book provides condensed, clear-cut information on novel syntheses of substituted pyrroles as key structural units of living matter (chlorophyll and hemoglobin), pharmaceuticals, and monomers for optoelectronic materials. It includes tables that provide references to original works, forming a guide to a variety of the reactions and synthesized compounds discussed. With coverage of the broad range of pyrrole chemistry and methods for their synthesis, it provides both a theoretical and an experimental basis for drug design.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances / edited by Arup K. Sengupta, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USAQD 562 I63I56 2016
Since the Second World War, the field of ion exchange has taken a dominant role in offering solutions to many problems in the developed and developing world. It has evolved to a wide array of applications, including mining, microelectronics, drug delivery and detection, food, fertilizers, chemical cleaning, catalysis, bioseparation, water management, environmental research and practices, and energy.
The six chapters in this book represent diverse contributions from researchers around the globe who are making noticeable strides in the field in currently important areas:Brackish water desalination Removing boron from water Sustainable approaches for synthesizing commercially important epoxide building blocks Solid-phase heavy-metal separation Separating concentrated ion mixtures in sorption columns Sensing toxic metals
Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 22 provides a focused review of new materials and new processes that have developed and are rapidly growing. It describes cutting-edge research and practices in the use of ion exchange for building a cleaner, sustainable world and provides thoughtful insights on what ion exchange may do for us in the future.
Interfacial electroviscoelasticity and electrophoresis / Jyh-Ping Hsu, Aleksandar M. SpasicQD 509 L54H78 2010
In the 20 years since the pilot plant experiments used to develop the concept of electroviscoelasticity, inroads have been made in the understanding of its many related processes. Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresismeets a massive scientific challenge by presenting deeper research and developments in the basic and applied science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems.
Introducing more profound and in-depth treatises related to the liquid-liquid finely dispersed systems (i.e., emulsions and double emulsions), this book describes a new theory developed through the authors' work. These findings are likely to impact other research and applications in a wide array of other fields, considering that the modeling of liquid-liquid interfaces is key to numerous chemical manufacturing processes, including those used for emulsions, suspensions, nanopowders, foams, biocolloids, and plasmas. The authors cover phenomena at the micro, nano, and atto-scales, and their techniques, theory, and supporting data will be of particular interest to nanoscientists, especially with regard to the breaking of emulsions.
This groundbreaking book:Takes an interdisciplinary approach to elucidate the momentum transfer and electron transfer phenomena Covers less classical chemical engineering insight and modern molecular and atomic engineering Reviews basic theory of electrokinetics, using the electrophoresis of rigid particles as an example
Built around the central themes of hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, this book addresses recently developed concepts in the physics, chemistry, and rheological properties of those well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems. The book also introduces the key phenomenon of electrophoresis, since it is widely adopted either as an analytical tool to characterize the surface properties of colloid-sized particles or in the separation and purification process of both laboratory and industrial scales. The applications and implications of the material presented in the book represent a major contribution to the advanced fundamental, applied, and engineering research of interfacial and colloidal phenomena.
Practical guide to chemometricsQD 75.4 C45P73 2006
The limited coverage of data analysis and statistics offered in most undergraduate and graduate analytical chemistry courses is usually focused on practical aspects of univariate methods. Drawing in real-world examples, Practical Guide to Chemometrics, Second Edition offers an accessible introduction to application-oriented multivariate methods of data analysis and procedures that are highly beneficial to solving a variety of problems using analytical chemistry and statistics.
Rather than overshadowing the concepts with theoretical background, this book uses application-oriented examples to illustrate how chemometrics techniques can be applied to complex scenarios with multiple and dynamic variables. The book presents a diverse selection of topics that include sampling, modeling, experimental design, calibration, pattern recognition, data analysis techniques, algorithms, and error. This second edition has been completely revised to feature new chapters on principal component analysis, self-modeling curve resolution, and multi-way analysis methods. It includes expanded material on normal distributions, sampling theory, signal processing, and digital filtering.
Embracing the growing role of chemometrics in some of the latest research trends, such as quantitative biology, bioinformatics, and proteomics, this book also identifies several areas for future development and applications. Practical Guide to Chemometrics, Second Edition continues to offer a reliable source of useful information in a style that is accessible to all levels of students, professionals, and researchers involved in analyzing scientific data.
Small-scale synthesis of laboratory reagents with reaction modeling / Leonid LernerQD 77 L47 2011
The in-lab preparation of certain chemical reagents provides a number of advantages over purchasing various commercially prepared samples. This is especially true in isolated regions where acquiring the necessary substances from overseas can cause undue delay and inconvenience due to restrictions on the transportation of hazardous chemicals. An invaluable resource for chemists in a variety of environments, Small-Scale Synthesis of Laboratory Reagents with Reaction Modelingpresents efficient, sensible, and versatile methods for the laboratory preparation of common chemical reagents.
Rapid, reliable synthesis
Designed to facilitate smooth experimentation in the lab, this volume presents preparations chosen for their short duration, availability of apparatus, high yield, and high purity of the product. Adding an educational component, the book also discusses fundamental processes in inorganic chemistry, presenting original modeling of reactions and their practical implementation. Theoretical aspects are discussed to a greater extent than is usual in synthetic literature in cases where there is a direct impact on experimental parameters, such as the reaction time, yield, and purity of the product.
More than 30 convenient, time-saving preparations
Focusing on simple synthesis of high-purity reagents, the book contains over 30 presentations, a substantial number of which are mathematically modeled for the first time. Most syntheses can be carried out in one day using common laboratory equipment, making this volume a valuable and time-saving tool.
Catalysis of organic reactions / [edited by] John R. Sowa, JrQD 262 C563 2005
This volume compiles 63 peer-reviewed scientific papers documenting the latest developments in the application of homogeneous, heterogeneous, and immobilized homogenous catalysts used in organic synthesis. Catalysis of Organic Reactions consists of primary research articles accompanied by experimental sections that emphasize chemical processes with actual and potential applications in industry. Each chapter represents current and outstanding research by recognized leaders in the field.
Organized into five major symposia, topics include selective homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis for the synthesis of fine chemical and pharmaceuticals, solid acid catalysis, selective oxidation, amination, chiral catalysis, combinatorial technologies, nanoparticles, environmentally friendly catalysis, and more. The collection also presents the award-winning research of Jean Lessard, concerning the scope and limitations of electrocatalytic hydrogenation of organic compounds at Raney Metal Electrodes, and Richard Larock, relating to palladium-catalyzed annulation and migration reactions.
These proceedings are of interest to the chemical scientists and engineers whose special interest is to apply homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts in organic synthesis of pharmaceutical, fine, and commodity chemicals.
Modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering / edited by A.K. HaghiQD 31.3 M63 2012
This book covers a collection of topics that reflect the diversity of modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering. It presents leading-edge research from some of the brightest and most well known scientists from around the world. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to give readers an understanding of the material and/or structural behavior of new and advanced systems. The book offers a broad scope of new research for academics, researchers, and engineering professionals, which has potential for applications in several disciplines of engineering and science.
Topics include:Time evolution of the electronegativity and its various scales and the interrelationship between electronegativity and other periodic parameters The starch nanocomposite and nanoparticles and its biomedical applications The lamination of nanofiber at different temperatures Electrospinning of chitosan (CHT) and how it can be improved by the addition of synthetic materials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Smart nanofibers based on nylon 6,6/polyethylene glycol blend Nano-biocomposites with chitosan matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Polypyrrole-coated polyacrylonitrile electrospun nanofibers Semi-empirical AM-1 studies on porphyrin, which include global reactivity parameters, local reactivity parameters, and atomic charge
Quality assurance and quality control in the analytical chemical laboratory : a practical approach / Piotr Konieczka, Jacek NamiesnikQD 75.4 Q34K66 2009
A Practical Tool for Learning New Methods
Quality assurance and measurement uncertainty in analytical laboratories has become increasingly important. To meet increased scrutiny and keep up with new methods, practitioners very often have to rely on self-study. A practical textbook for students and a self-study tool for analytical laboratory employees, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in the Analytical Chemical Laboratory: A Practical Approachdefines the tools used in QA/QC, especially the application of statistical tools during analytical data treatment.
Unified Coverage of QA in Analytical Chemistry
Clearly written and logically organized, this book delineates the concepts of practical QA/QC, taking a generic approach that can be applied to any field of analysis. Using an approach grounded in hands-on experience, the book begins with the theory behind quality control systems and then moves on to discuss examples of tools such as validation parameter measurements, the use of statistical tests, counting the margin of error, and estimating uncertainty. The authors draw on their experience in uncertainty estimation, traceability, reference materials, statistics, proficiency tests, and method validation to provide practical guidance on each step of the process.
Extended Coverage of QC/QA in Analytical and Testing Laboratories
Presenting guidance on all aspects of QA and measurement results, the book covers QC/QA in a more complex and extended manner than other books on this topic. This range of coverage supplies an integrated view on measures like the use of reference materials and method validation. With worked-out examples and Excel spreadsheets that users can use to try the concepts themselves, the book provides not only know-what but know-how.
Methods of non-[alpha]-amino acid synthesis / Michael Bryant Smith, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USAQD 431 S685 2014
Although less common than α-amino acids, non-α-amino acids--where the amino group is not on the carbon immediately adjacent to the carboxyl group but is attached to another carbon in the chain (for example, the β, γ, δ carbon)--are components of biologically important molecules, are significant in the pharmaceutical industry, and are useful starting materials for many areas of organic chemistry. Since the publication of the first edition of this book nearly 20 years ago, synthetic work devoted to the preparation of non- α-amino acids has expanded greatly.
Methods of Non-α-Amino Acid Synthesis, Second Edition has been extensively rewritten and reorganized, providing an up-to-date review of strategies and methods for non-α-amino acid synthesis, particularly those amino acids that are key synthetic intermediates or important compounds in their own right. It focuses on acyclic amino acids of C3-C10, but also aminoalkanoic carboxylic acids, aminoalkenoic acids, and aminoalkynoic acids. The new edition contains many updated references and has a greater emphasis on the biological importance of non-α-amino acids. In addition to an array of synthetic methods, the book offers discussions on why non-α-amino acids are important.
The book covers synthetic methods that rely on substituent refunctionalization, the conversion of cyclic precursors to acyclic amino acids, conjugate addition reactions, and enolate anion reactions and condensation reactions that lead to non-α-amino acids. It also examines reactions and strategies that lead to good diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity during synthesis. A chapter devoted to biologically important amino acids includes separate sections on GABA, GABOB, carnitine, DAVA, statine, and other significant amino acids as well as a new section on peptides and proteins that contain non-α-amino acids. The final chapter addresses aminocyclic and heterocyclic amino acids.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / edited by Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This volume presents the various categories of high performance materials and their composites and provides up-to-date synthesis details, properties, characterization, and applications for such systems to give readers and users better information to select the required material.
The volume provides the following features:
* Includes a wide range of high performance and engineering materials
* Details the synthesis and properties of each of new materials
* Presents practical industrial applications
* Contains material written by some of the world's most well-known and respected experts in the field
Precision crystallization : theory and practice of controlling crystal size / Ingo H. LeubnerQD 921 L48 2010
Despite the fact that crystals make up an estimated 80% of chemical and pharmaceutical products, few resources exist that provide practical guidance on achieving precision control of their size and size distribution. Based on a model developed by the author and his colleagues, Precision Crystallization: Theory and Practice of Controlling Crystal Sizepresents scientists and product engineers with the tools to control crystal nucleation, enabling them to ultimately control crystal size and size distribution for batch and continuous crystallizations.
At the cutting edge of crystallization science and technology, this volume presents information never before available. Introducing the Balanced Nucleation and Growth(BNG) model, the book demonstrates how the results of the nucleation process are quantitatively related to practical experimental control values such as:reaction addition rate crystal solubility temperature residence time (continuous crystallizations) the effect of ripening agents (crystal supersizing) during nucleation the effect of crystal growth restrainers (crystal nanosizing) during nucleation control of renucleation
The author shows how the BNG theory predicts previously unknown phenomena and also how it corrects erroneous perceptions of the importance of reaction volume on the outcome of crystal nucleation. Going above and beyond classical nucleation theories which rely to a large extent on guesswork, the BNG model gives precise guidance to scientists working in a range of critical areas, leading to promising implications for research, quality control, product development, production processes, pilot plant operations, and manufacturing.
Handbook of basic tables for chemical analysis / Thomas J. Bruno, Paris D.N. SvoronosQD 78 B78 2011
Winner of an Oustanding Academic Title Award for 2011!
Researchers in organic chemistry, chemical engineering, pharmaceutical science, forensics, and environmental science make routine use of chemical analysis, but the information these researchers need is often scattered in different sources and difficult to access. The CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis, Third Edition is a one-stop reference that presents updated data in a handy format specifically designed for use when reaching a decision point in designing an analysis or interpreting results. In response to a decade of reader input, this new edition has been expanded to include even more of the critical information scientists rely on to perform accurate analysis.
Enhancements to the Third Edition:Includes data from the CRC Handbook of Fundamental Spectroscopic Correlation Charts into this volume for the first time Presents new information on gas, liquid, and thin layer chromatography; nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry; infrared spectrophotometry; and mass spectrometry Reviews the detection of outliers in experimental data Provides basic information on thermocouples, chemical indicators, and chromatographic column regeneration Explores the latest stationary phases for chromatographic methods and extractions Examines carcinogens and chemical, electrical, radiation, and laser hazards Includes information on laboratory safety and equipment, from advice on choosing lab gloves and apparel to selecting respirators
Unmatched in its coverage of the range of information scientists need in the lab, this resource will be referred to again and again by practitioners who need quick, easy access to the data that forms the basis for experimentation and analysis.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / editors, Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, DSc, PhD, Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
The aim of this book is to provide both a rigorous view and a more practical, understandable view of industrial chemistry and biochemical physics. This book is geared toward readers with both direct and lateral interest in the discipline. This volume is structured into different parts devoted to industrial chemistry and biochemical physics and their applications. Every section of the book has been expanded, where relevant, to take account of significant new discoveries and realizations of the importance of key concepts. Furthermore, emphases are placed on the underlying fundamentals and on acquisition of a broad and comprehensive grasp of the field as a whole.
With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.
This new book:
* Highlights some important areas of current interest in biochemical physics and chemical processes
* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods
* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details
* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles
* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex materials
* Photoelectrochemical properties of films of extra-coordinated tetrapyrrole compounds and their relationship with the quantum chemical parameters of the molecules
* Bio-structural energy criteria of functional states in normal and pathological conditions
* The ozone resistance of covulcanizates butadiene-nitrile rubbers with chlorinated ethylene-propylene-diene elastomers
* Ways of regulation of release of medicinal substances from chitosan films
* Environmental durability of powder polyester paint coatings
* Ozone decomposition
* Design and synthesis of its derivative with enhanced potential to scavenge hypochlorite radical scavenging capacity of n -(2-mercapto-2-methylpropionyl)-L-cysteine
* Bacterial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) as a biodegradable polymer for biomedicine
* Designing, analysis, and industrial use of the dynamic spray scrubber
* Magnetic properties of organic paramagnet
* The effect of antioxidant drug mexidol on bioenergetic processes and nitric oxide formation in the animal tissues
CRC handbook of phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of copolymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W6326 2011
Ten years after the debut of the expansive CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions, The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutionsupdates and expands the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 500 newly published references. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included only results with published or personally communicated numerical values.
With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 450 copolymers and 130 solvents, this handbook furnishes:150 new vapor-liquid equilibrium datasets 50 new tables containing classical Henry's coefficients 250 new liquid-liquid equilibrium datasets 350 new high-pressure fluid phase equilibrium 70 new PVT-properties datasets 40 new enthalpic datasets Expanded second osmotic virial coefficients data table
Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutionswill prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Volume 20 / edited by Arup K. SenguptaQD 561 I56 2011
Over the past four decades, notable advancements in the theory and application of ion exchange science uncovered a wealth of knowledge that fueled new scientific pursuits and created synergies with myriad scientific endeavors. Today, pioneers continue to break new ground by synthesizing novel materials and merging the interdisciplinary fields of science and engineering.
Now in its 20thvolume, Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advanceschronicles the ongoing changes that drive innovation in this important field. Beginning with a review of research studies that show how functionalized ion exchange polymers serve as supports to stabilize metal nanoparticles (MNPs) without forming larger than nano aggregates, the book describes the sorption of different gases from the air by ion exchange resins and fibrous ion exchangers and discusses the selective ion exchange technology capable of removing and recovering perchlorate quantitatively through stable isotope ratio analysis of chlorine and oxygen atoms, allowing for the forensic analysis of perchlorate origin in contaminated water.
Later chapters demonstrate how numerical simulations coupled with small-scale bench-top experiments can help tailor particle size distribution and enhance the efficiency of each application, review dual-temperature ion exchange processes in which sorption and desorption are carried out solely by varying temperature, and present the preparation and characterization of a new composite material in which microparticles of clinoptilolite are embedded in a matrix of cross-linked chitosan, opening new opportunities for the natural biopolymer. The book concludes with the preparation, characterization, and field-level experience of an emerging class of "hybrid ion exchangers" that enhance the application opportunities of ion exchange resins.
Highlighting the latest and most pivotal discoveries, the 20thvolume of a field standard codifies the current state-of-the-art and lays the groundwork for the next generation of growth and expansion in the field of ion exchange.
Chemical Graph Theory : Introduction and Fundamentals / edited by Danail Bonchev (Department of Physical Chemistry, Higher Institute of Chemical Technology, Burgas, Bulgaria) and Dennis H. Rouvray (Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA)QD 39.3 G73C44 2017
This volume presents the fundamentals of graph theory and then goes on to discuss specific chemical applications. Chapter 1 provides a historical setting for the current upsurge of interest in chemical graph theory. chapter 2 gives a full background of the basic ideas and mathematical formalism of graph theory and includes such chemically relevant notions as connectedness, graph matrix representations, metric properties, symmetry and operations on graphs. This is followed by a discussion on chemical nomenclature and the trends in its rationalization by using graph theory, which has important implications for the storage and retrieval of chemical information. This volume also contains a detailed discussion of the relevance of graph-theoretical polynomials; it describes methodologies for the enumeration of isomers, incorporating the classical Polya method, as well as more recent approaches.
Electrolytes : supramolecular interactions and non-equilibrium phenomena in concentrated solutions / Georgii Georgievich AseyevQD 565 A834 2015
Electrolyte solutions play a key role in traditional chemical industry processes as well as other sciences such as hydrometallurgy, geochemistry, and crystal chemistry. Knowledge of electrolyte solutions is also key in oil and gas exploration and production, as well as many other environmental engineering endeavors. Until recently, a gap existed between the electrolyte solution theory dedicated to diluted solutions, and the theory, practice, and technology involving concentrated solutions.
Electrolytes: Supramolecular Interactions and Non-Equilibrium Phenomena in Concentrated Solutions addresses concentrated electrolyte solutions and the theory of structure formation, super and supramolecular interactions, and other physical processes with these solutions--now feasible due to new precision measurement techniques and experimental data that have become available.
The first part of the book covers the electrolyte solution in its stationary state--electrostatic, and various ion-dipole, dipole-dipole, and mutual repulsion interactions. The second part covers the electrolyte solution in its nonstationary status, in the case of forced movement between two plates--electrical conductivity, viscosity, and diffusion. This theoretical framework allows for the determination of activity coefficients of concentrated electrolyte solutions, which play a key role in many aspects of electrochemistry and for developing novel advanced processes in inorganic chemical plants.
CRC handbook of phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of aqueous polymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 T54W64 2013
A large amount of experimental data has been published since the debut of the original CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions . Incorporating new and updated material, the CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a comprehensive collection of thermodynamic data of polymer solutions. It helps readers quickly retrieve necessary information from the literature, and assists researchers in planning new measurements where data are missing.
A valuable resource for the modern chemistry field, the Handbook clearly details how measurements were conducted and methodically explains the nomenclature. It presents data essential for the production and use of polymers as well as for understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions.
CRC Handbook of phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of polymer solutions at elevated pressures / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 T54W64 2015
Thermodynamic data of polymer solutions are paramount for industrial and laboratory processes. These data also serve to understand the physical behavior of polymer solutions, study intermolecular interactions, and gain insights into the molecular nature of mixtures.
Nearly a decade has passed since the release of a similar CRC Handbookandsince then a large amount of new experimental data have been published, which is now compiled in this book.
The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures features nearly 500 newly published references containing approximately 175 new vapor-liquid equilibrium data sets, 25 new liquid-liquid equilibrium data sets, 540 new high-pressure fluid phase equilibrium data sets, 60 new data sets describing PVT properties of polymers, and 20 new data sets with densities or excess volumes.
The book is a valuable resource for researchers, specialists, and engineers working in the fields of polymer science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, materials science, biological science and technology, and those developing computerized predictive packages.
Molecular modeling in heavy hydrocarbon conversions / Michael T. Klein ... [et al.]QD 305 H5M54 2006
In the past two decades, new modeling efforts have gradually incorporated more molecular and structural detail in response to environmental and technical interests. Molecular Modeling in Heavy Hydrocarbon Conversions introduces a systematic molecule-based modeling approach with a system of chemical engineering software tools that can automate the entire model building, solution, and optimization process.
Part I shows how chemical engineering principles provide a rigorous framework for the building, solution, and optimization of detailed kinetic models for delivery to process chemists and engineers. Part II presents illustrative examples that apply this approach to the development of kinetic models for complex process chemistries, such as heavy naphtha reforming and gas oil hydroprocessing.
Molecular Modeling in Heavy Hydrocarbon Conversions develops the key tools and best possible approaches that process chemists and engineers can use to focus on the process chemistry and reaction kinetics for performing work that is repetitive or prone to human-error accurately and quickly.
Interfacial forces in aqueous media / Carel J. van OssQD 506 V36 2006
Thoroughly revised and reorganized, the second edition of Interfacial Forces in Aqueous Media examines the role of polar interfacial and noncovalent interactions among biological and nonbiological macromolecules as well as biopolymers, particles, surfaces, cells, and both polar and apolar polymers. The book encompasses Lifshitz-van der Waals and electrical double layer interactions , as well as Lewis acid-base interactions between colloidal entities in polar liquids such as water.
New in this Edition:Four previously unpublished chapters comprising a new section on interfacial properties and structure of liquid water New material throughout the text on the interplay between macroscopic-scale repulsions and microscopic-scale attractions in protein adsorption A new chapter covering interfacial tension determination A new chapter examining the kinetics and energetics of protein adsorption onto metal oxide surfaces
Dr. van Oss describes the nature of the various manifestations of hydrophobic interactions as well as of hydration pressure and analyzes the measurement of the contact angles that result when liquid droplets are deposited on flat solids. He also covers coacervation and complex coacervation, discusses the determination methods of electrokinetic potentials, and treats some of the lesser-known properties of water, such as cluster formation and the hydrophobicity of the water-air interface.
Principally involved in multiple applications of colloids and interface science for more than 50 years, Carel Jan van Oss is Editor Emeritus of Immunological Investigations and Founding Editor of Preparative Biochemistry and Biotechnology and of Separation and Purification Reviews . He is an editorial advisor for the Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology . In addition to these Taylor & Francis journals, Dr. van Oss is the author, coauthor, or editor of eleven books, including Colloid & Surface Properties of Clays and Related Minerals (2002), and over 350 scientific papers and chapters.
CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of aqueous polymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W633 2004
The CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions provides a new and complete collection of the practical thermodynamic data required by researchers and engineers for a variety of applications including: basic and applied chemistry; chemical engineering; thermodynamic research; computational modeling; membrane science and technology; and environmental and green chemistry. This book details such advanced applications as the separation of complex biochemical mixtures and the purification of proteins in aqueous two-phase systems.
An advantage of The CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions is that the data is compiled into one comprehensive source. The data - which includes such developments as vapor-liquid and liquid-liquid equilibria, low-and high-pressure equilibrium data, enthalpic and volumetric data, and second virial coefficients - is necessary in studying intermolecular interactions, gaining insights into the molecular nature of mixtures, and providing the necessary basis for any developments of theoretical thermodynamic models.-
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions, Three Volume Set
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions
Solid phase microextraction : a practical guide / edited by Sue Ann Scheppers WercinskiQD 63 E88S34 1999
An explanation of proven methods of chemical analysis, focusing on the myriad applications of solid phase microextraction (SPME) to laboratories performing high-sample throughput, quick sample turnaround time, low detection levels, and dirty sample matrices. It supplies commentary on developments in SPME technology from its inventor, Janusz Pawliszyn.
Luminous chemical vapor deposition and interface engineering / Hirotsugu YasudaQD 381.8 Y34 2005
Providing in-depth coverage of the technologies and various approaches, Luminous Chemical Vapor Deposition and Interface Engineering showcases the development and utilization of LCVD procedures in industrial scale applications. It offers a wide range of examples, case studies, and recommendations for clear understanding of this innovative science.
The book comprises four parts. Part 1 describes the fundamental difference between glow discharge of an inert gas and that of an organic vapor, from which the concepts of Luminous Gas Phase derive. Part 2 explores the various ways of practicing Luminous Vapor Disposition and Treatment depending on the type and nature of substrates. Part 3 covers some very important aspects of surface and interface that could not have been seen clearly without results obtained by application of LCVD. Part 4 offers some examples of interface engineering that show very unique aspects of LCVD interface engineering in composite materials, biomaterial surface and corrosion protection by the environmentally benign process.
Timely and up-to-date, the book provides broad coverage of the complex relationships involved in the interface between a gas/solid, liquid/solid, and a solid/solid. The author presents a new perspective on low-pressure plasma and describes key aspects of the surface and interface that could not be shown without the results obtained by LCVD technologies.
Provides broad coverage of complex relationships involved in interface between a gas/solid, a liquid/solid, and a solid/solid
Addresses the importance of the initial step of creating electrical glow discharge
Describes the principles of creating chemically reactive species and their growth in the luminous gas phase
Focuses on the nature of surface-state of solid and on the creation of imperturbable surface-state by the contacting phase or environment, which is vitally important in creating biocompatible surface, providing super corrosion protection of metals by environmentally benign processes, etc.
Offers examples on how to use LCVD in the interface engineering process
Presents a new view on low-pressure (low-temperature) plasma and emphasizes the importance of luminous gas phase and chemical reactions that occur in the phase
About the author:
Dr. Yasuda is one of the pioneers who explored low-pressure plasma for surface modification of materials and deposition of nano films as barrier and perm-selective membranes in the late 1960s. He obtained his PhD in physical and polymer chemistry working on transport properties of gases and vapors in polymers at State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry at Syracuse, NY. He has over 300 publications in refereed journals and books, and is currently a Professor Emeritus of Chemical Engineering, and Director, Center for Surface Science & Plasma Technology, University of Missouri-Columbia, and is actively engaged in research on the subjects covered by this book.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Volume 19 / edited by Bruce A. MoyerQD 561 S47 2010
The growth in the world's nuclear industry, motivated by peaking world oil supplies, concerns about the greenhouse effect, and domestic needs for energy independence, has resulted in a heightened focus on the need for next-generation nuclear fuel-cycle technologies. Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 19 provides a comprehensive look at the state of the science underlying solvent extraction in its role as the most powerful separation technique for the reprocessing of commercial spent nuclear fuel.
Capturing the current technology and scientific progress as it exists today and looking ahead to potential developments, the book examines the overall state of solvent extraction in reprocessing, new molecules for increased selectivity and performance, methods for predicting extractant properties, and actinide-lanthanide group separation. The contributors also explore the simultaneous extraction of radionuclides by mixing extractants, the cause and nature of third-phase formation, the effects of radiation on the solvent and its performance, analytical techniques for measuring process concentrations, new centrifugal contactors for more efficient processing, and new chemistry using novel media.
The long-term vision of many professionals in the field entails a proliferation-free nuclear energy economy in which little or no waste is stored or released into the environment and all potential energy values in spent nuclear fuel are recycled. This text opens a window on that possibility, offering insight from world leaders on the cutting edge of nuclear research.
Silicone dispersions / edited by Yihan LiuQD 383 S54S558 2017
Ion exchange and solvent extraction. edited by Arup K. SenGuptaQD 561 I567 2007
Alternating the focus of the series each year, the new volume in the Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction series represents the vanguard of research in ion exchange. Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 18 reflects the remarkable breadth of applications inspiring the latest advances, featuring carefully selected contributors in areas including catalysis, molecular imprinting, drug delivery, nanotechnology, green processes, water treatment, and pollution control.
The book explores the properties of resins, synthetic polymers, and naturally occurring materials that exhibit ion exchange properties. It explains their role in synthesis reactions with experimental evidence, examples of reactions, and models. The book also provides useful data, calculations, modeling approaches, process variables, and design aspects to consider for a variety of novel applications.
Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 18 offers an updated perspective on the current and potential capabilities of ion exchange materials in today's most cutting-edge applications.
Research methodology in chemical sciences : experimental and theoretical approach / edited by Tanmoy Chakraborty, PhD, Lalita Ledwani, PhDQD 40 R47 2016
Recent Methodology in Chemical Sciencesprovides an eclectic survey of contemporary problems in experimental, theoretical, and applied chemistry. This book covers recent trends in research with the different domain of the chemical sciences. The chapters, written by knowledgeable researchers, provide different insights to the modern-day research in the domain of spectroscopy, plasma modification, and theoretical and computational analysis of chemical problems. It covers descriptions of experimental techniques, discussions on theoretical modeling, and much more.
Handbook on applications of ultrasound : sonochemistry for sustainability / edited by Dong Chen, Sanjay K. Sharma, Ackmez MudhooQD 801 H36 2012
Ultrasonic irradiation and the associated sonochemical and sonophysical effects are complementary techniques for driving more efficient chemical reactions and yields. Sonochemistry--the chemical effects and applications of ultrasonic waves--and sustainable (green) chemistry both aim to use less hazardous chemicals and solvents, reduce energy consumption, and increase product selectivity.
A comprehensive collection of knowledge, Handbook on Applications of Ultrasoundcovers the most relevant aspects linked to and linking green chemistry practices to environmental sustainability through the uses and applications of ultrasound-mediated and ultrasound-assisted biological, biochemical, chemical, and physical processes.
Chapters are presented in the areas of:Medical applications Drug and gene delivery Nanotechnology Food technology Synthetic applications and organic chemistry Anaerobic digestion Environmental contaminants degradation Polymer chemistry Industrial syntheses and processes Reactor design Electrochemical systems Combined ultrasound−microwave technologies
While the concepts of sonochemistry have been known for more than 80 years, in-depth understanding of this phenomenon continues to evolve. Through a review of the current status of chemical and physical science and engineering in developing more environmentally friendly and less toxic synthetic processes, this book highlights many existing applications and the enormous potential of ultrasound technology to upgrade present industrial, agricultural, and environmental processes.
Physical chemical mechanics of disperse systems and materials / Eugene D. Shchukin, Andrei S. ZelenevQD 549 S495 2016
Physical-Chemical Mechanics of Disperse Systems and Materials is a novel interdisciplinary area in the science of the disperse state of matter. It covers the broad spectrum of objects and systems with dimensions ranging from nanometers to millimeters and establishes a fundamental basis for controlling and tuning the properties of these systems as well as the processes taking place in them.
Physical-chemical mechanics focuses on the analysis of the complex physical-chemical interfacial phenomena taking place both in the transition of a dispersed system into a material, such as in the course of pressing, sintering, hydration hardening, and sol-gel transitions, and in the course of the dispersion of bulk materials taking place in milling, mechanical treatment, friction and wear, and fracturing. These studies are based on thorough experimental investigation of contact interactions between particles in these processes.
The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers basic principles of the formation, stability and rupture of contacts between particles in different media and in surfactant solutions, as well as the properties of coagulation structures and their rheology. The second section covers surface phenomena taking place in solid-like structures with phase contacts and in compact bodies with an emphasis on several applications and processes as well as the special role of the Rehbinder effect.
Where appropriate and relevant, the book presents essays on specific significant and principal studies, such as the damageability of crystal and glass surfaces, the strength of industrial catalysts, the nano-mechanisms of cement hardening, the role of the structure-mechanical barrier in the stabilization of fluorinated systems, and contact interactions in papermaking. It also devotes attention to experimental methods used in physical-chemical mechanics, the direct measurement of contact strength, and relevant instrumentations.
The book utilizes the content used over many years in lecture courses and includes fundamental material on colloid and surface chemistry, the strength of materials, rheology, and tensors, which makes it well suited for novices and experts in the field.
Quantum-chemical calculations of unique molecular systems / edited by Vladimir A. Babkin, DSc, Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, A.K. Haghi, PhDQD 462 Q36 2014
The major goals of quantum chemistry include increasing the accuracy of the results for small molecular systems and increasing the size of large molecules that can be processed, which is limited by scaling considerations--the computation time increases as a power of the number of atoms. This book offers scope for academics, researchers, and engineering professionals to present their research and development works that have potential for applications in several disciplines of computational chemistry. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to gain an understanding of the concepts.
Catalysis of organic reactions / edited by Michael L. PrunierQD 262 C563 2008
Apply an Omnibus of Knowledge from Leaders in the Field
The unexpected diversity of topics presented at previous gatherings forced organizers of 2008's 22nd Conference on Catalysis of Organic Reactionsto expand its format to reflect the remarkable current degree of specialization in the field. Catalysis of Organic Reactionscontains a compilation of papers presented at the event, and subsequently, few books will be able to match the breadth and depth of its content.
Featuring papers by respected scientists from academia, industry, and the governmental research-and-development sector, it covers various aspects of the production, sale, and use of catalysts for practical purposes. Articles concentrate on the general area of catalyzed synthesis, emphasizing the production of organic chemicals. With a focus on application rather than theory, the dominant theme is the traditionally practiced area of heterogeneous catalysis. Topics include:Hydrogenation and hydrogenolysis C-C coupling Amination and oxidation (including the precious metal, supported base metal, and sponge metal, Raney process, and homogeneous catalyst types) End uses of products, including industrial petrochemicals, fine chemicals, and pharma intermediates
Those working with applied catalysis will benefit greatly from this consolidation of insights and reviews of the latest developments in the field. Each of the papers presented were edited by ORCS members, drawn from both academia and industry, and peer-reviewed by experts in related fields of study.
Hansen solubility parameters : a user's handbook / Charles M. HansenQD 543 H258 2000
Charles Hansen began his work with solvents in 1962, and almost immediately began producing new and groundbreaking results. Since then, his Hansen Solubility Parameters have been extensively used and proven valuable to a variety of industries, including coatings, adhesives, plastics, protective clothing, and environmental protection. They allow correlations and systematic comparisons previously not possible, such as polymer solubility, swelling and permeation, surface wetting and dewetting, the solubility of organic salts, and many biological applications. Until now, however, their seemingly universal ability to predict molecular affinities has been generally taken as semiempirical.
Moving beyond the Hildebrand and Flory theories, Hansen found that his approach not only quantitatively describes hydrogen bonding and polar bonding in many types of systems, but in fact agrees with and extends the very general Prigogine theory. This explains why the correlations all seem to fit with an apparently "universal" 4: it results from the validity of applying the geometric mean rule to describe dispersion, permanent dipole-permanent dipole, and hydrogen bonding interaction in mixtures of unlike molecules.
Hansen Solubility Parameters provides new tables of previously unpublished correlations and parameters. The author illuminates his text with practical examples related to coatings, biological systems, pigments, and fibers, and takes a general approach that makes this reference ideal for predicting compatibility, adsorption on surfaces, orientation toward materials of similar affinities (self-assembly), and other phenomena associated with solubility and affinity.
Chemists, chemical engineers, and biochemists will find this book-the collected work and experience of the father of its concept-intriguing for its theory and invaluable for its data.
Pathways to modern physical chemistry : an engineering approach with multidisciplinary applications / edited by Rainer Wolf, PhD, Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, A.K. Haghi, PhDQD 453.3 P38 2017
Pathways to Modern Physical Chemistry: An Engineering Approach with Multidisciplinary Applications focuses on recent trends and takes a systematic and practical look at theoretical aspects of materials chemistry. The book describes the characterization and analysis methods for materials and explains physical transport mechanisms in various materials. Not only does this book summarize the classical theories of materials chemistry, but it also exhibits their engineering applications in response to the current key issues. Recent trends in several areas are explored, including polymer science, textile engineering, and chemical engineering science, which have important application to practice.
CRC handbook of enthalpy data of polymer-solvent systems / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W632 2006
The CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer-Solvent Systems presents data that is as essential to the production, process design, and use of polymers as it is to understanding the physical behavior and intermolecular interactions in polymer solutions and in developing thermodynamic polymer models.
Providing an all-encompassing collection of current enthalpy data for all types of polymer solutions, this handbook is a ready companion with Christian Wohlfarth's previously published handbooks of thermodynamic data for copolymer solutions, aqueous polymer solutions, and polymer solutions at elevated pressures, which contain only a small amount of enthalpic data in comparison to the data presented here. This volume contains 1770 data sets that include enthalpies of mixing and dilution for the entire concentration range as well as partial enthalpies of mixing and solution at infinite dilution. Special appendices allow scientists to access specific systems and data easily.
The CRC Handbook of Enthalpy Data of Polymer-Solvent Systems is a practical, one-stop resource that allows polymer chemists, biochemists, chemical engineers, materials scientists, and physical chemists involved in both industrial and laboratory processes to quickly retrieve relevant information as needed.
Handbook of basic tables for chemical analysis / Thomas J. Bruno, Paris D.N. SvoronosQD 78 B78 2003
If you are a researcher in organic chemistry, chemical engineering, pharmaceutical science, forensics, or environmental science, you make routine use of chemical analysis. And like its best-selling predecessor was, the Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis, Second Edition is your one-stop source for the information needed to design chemical analyses.
Here's what is new in the Second Edition:
New chapters on solutions, electroanalytical methods, electrophoresis, and laboratory safety
An expanded section on gas chromatography that includes data on compounds that attack common detectors
New information on detector optimization
An updated section on high performance liquid chromatography that provides the most recent chiral stationary phases, detector information, and revised solvent tables
Updated information on the most useful "wet" chemistry methods
Enlarged section of Miscellaneous Tables
Going far beyond the landmark first edition in terms of scope and applications, the second edition provides current and updated data culled from a wide range of resources and consolidated into a concise yet easy-to-use format. The book's laser-like focus on core information gives you the knowledge you need when you need it - at the decision point.
CRC handbook of liquid-liquid equilibrium data of polymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W6324 2008
Thermodynamic data form the basis for separation processes used in different fields of science and industry, from specialty chemicals to foods and pharmaceuticals. One obstacle to developing new production processes, products, or optimization is the lack, or inaccessibility, of experimental data related to phase equilibrium.
Access More Than 1200 Data Sets, Including 810 Binary Systems, 325 Ternary Systems, and 25 Quaternary (or Higher) Systems
The CRC Handbook of Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium Data of Polymer Solutions provides a thorough and up-to-date compilation of experimental liquid-liquid equilibrium (LLE) data and their original sources. Arranged in a consistent format, the handbook provides convenient access to cloud-point and coexistence data as well as upper and lower critical solution temperatures and important demixing data for each system.
An Excellent Companion to the Author's Previous Collections of Thermodynamic Data!
While the author's previous data compilations center around specific types of polymer systems, Wohlfharth'slatest work distinguishes itself by focusing instead on representing LLE data for all types of polymer systems in a single source.
Carbon capture and storage : technologies, policies, economics, and implementation strategies / contributors, Saud M. Al-Fattah .. [et al.] ; reviewers, Ian Duncan .. [et al.]QE 516 C37C37 2012
This book focuses on issues related to a suite of technologies known as "Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)," which can be used to capture and store underground large amounts of industrial CO2 emissions. It addresses how CCS should work, as well as where, why, and how these technologies should be deployed, emphasizing the gaps to be filled in terms of research and development, technology, regulations, economics, and public acceptance.
The book is divided into three parts. The first part helps clarify the global context in which greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be analyzed, highlights the importance of fossil-fuel producing and consuming nations in positively driving clean fossil-fuel usage, and discusses the applicability of this technology on a global and regional level in a timely yet responsible manner. The second part provides a comprehensive overview of present and future technologies for the three elements of the CCS chain: CO2 capture, transport, and geological storage. The third part addresses the key drivers for CCS deployment worldwide. It provides analysis and assessment of the economic, regulatory, social, and environmental aspects associated with CCS development and deployment on a global scale. It offers a somewhat different perspective on CCS deployment by highlighting the environmental and socio-economic costs and benefits of CCS solutions compared to alternatives.
The book concludes with potential options and guidelines for sustainable and responsible CCS scale-up as a way to address prevailing global energy, environment, and climate concerns.
Key technologies in polymer chemistry / editors, Nikolay D. Morozkin, DSc., Vadim P. Zakharov, DSc., and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 381 K44 2015
With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in polymer products and chemical processes. It incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.
This new book:
* Features a collection of articles that highlight some important areas of current interest in polymer products and chemical processes
* Gives an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of polymer chemistry
* Familiarizes readers with new aspects of the techniques used in the examination of polymers, including chemical, physicochemical, and purely physical methods of examination
* Describes the types of techniques now available to the polymer chemist and technician, and discusses their capabilities, limitations, and applications
* Provides a balance between materials science and mechanics aspects, basic and applied research, and high-technology and high-volume (low-cost) composite development
Solid-phase extraction : principles, techniques, and applications / edited by Nigel J.K. SimpsonQD 63 E88S63 2000
Demonstrating the relationship of the basic theory of solid-phase extraction (SPE) to chromatography, this comprehensive reference illustrates how SPE techniques significantly contribute to the preparation of samples for a wide variety of analytical techniques. It provides step-by-step details on the applications of SPE to environmental matrices, broad-spectrum drug screening, veterinary drug abuse, pharmaceutical drug development, biological samples, and high-throughput screening. Written by world-renowned experts in the field, the book contains helpful reference charts, tables of solvent properties, selectivities, molecular acid/base properties, and more.
The algebra of organic synthesis : green metrics, design strategy, route selection, and optimization / John AndraosQD 262 A529 2012
The Algebra of Organic Synthesiscombines the aims, philosophies, and efforts involved in organic synthesis, reaction optimization, and green chemistry with techniques for determining quantitatively just how "green" synthesis plans are. It provides the first complete quantitative description of synthesis strategy analysis in the context of green chemistry and reaction optimization.
Providing what is perhaps the first complete description of synthesis strategy analysis, this book:Explores quantitative material efficiency for synthesizing molecules, including 1,000+ worked out synthesis plans to important target molecules Explains, in simple language, the most useful ideas in graph theory that have direct application in organic synthesis Reinforces the value of simple mathematical analysis in organic synthesis to help any synthetics or process chemist understand presented ideas and apply them to their own work Illustrates concepts with example target plans to classical targets that are considered milestones in synthetic chemistry, from pharmaceuticals, industrial commodity chemicals, dyestuffs, agrichemicals, flavorings, natural products, and molecules of theoretical interest
The accompanying CD-ROM includes a reproduction of the tables in the book, with direct electronic links to files for all plans. Files contain a list of references for each plan, including secondary references for the synthesis of starting materials if applicable. Ancillary materials also include a complete synthesis scheme with fully balanced chemical equations, a synthesis tree, a summary of green metrics parameters, a target bond map and list of reagents that end up in the target molecule, and a series of graphs that offer a visual depiction of the plan performance.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Vol. 16 / edited by Arup K. SenGupta, Yizhak Marcus, Jacob A. MarinskyQD 561 I56 2004
Reflecting the sustained and diverse experimental momentum in the field of ion exchange, Volume 16 summarizes revolutionary advances on par with the consistently high-level research related by this series. This text discusses the kinetics, theoretical models, experimental results/supporting data, and applications for isothermal supersaturation, metal separation via pH-induced parametric pumping, and for ultrapure water (UPW). Topics also include the engineering of activated carbons and carbonaceous materials for removal of metal ions; hydrophobic ionizable organic compounds (HIOCs); the sorption/desorption mechanisms of organic micropollutants in water; and ion exchange process variables on perchlorate treatment.
Ion exchange / edited by Dimitri Muraviev, Vladimir Gorshkov, Abraham WarshawskyQD 562 I63I66 2000
This text offers the best of ion exchange science conducted in the countries of the former Soviet Union. It reviews the multidisciplinary study at the nexus of physical, organic, inorganic and biological chemistries, and progresses from theoretical fundamentals to practical applications in manufacturing, mineral refining and environmental clean-up. The text examines advances and phenomena observed in ion-exchange systems.
Magneto luminous chemical vapor deposition / Hirotsugu YasudaQD 591 Y37 2011
The magneto luminous chemical vapor deposition (MLCVD) method is the perfect example of the "front-end green process." It employs an entirely new process that expends the minimum amount of materials in gas phase, yields virtually no effluent, and therefore requires no environmental remediation. Unlike the "back-end green process," which calls for add-on processes to deal with effluent problems, the newer MLCVD approach is a completely different phenomenon that has never been adequately described, until now.
Dispelling previous misconceptions and revealing new areas for investigation, Magneto Luminous Chemical Vapor Depositiondescribes the key process of dielectric breakdown of gas molecules under the influence of a magnetic field. It emphasizes behavioral distinctions between molecular gasses that cause plasma polymerization (such as methane and trimethylsilane) and mono-atomic gases (e.g., helium and argon) when dealing with the dielectric breakdown of the gas phase under low pressure. The author also reveals his minimum perturbation theory of biocompatibility. This is based on the realization that nanofilms prepared using MLCVD have unique, stable interfacial characteristics necessary to achieve a surface that can be tolerated in various biological environments.
The author presents alternating views based on NASA's recent discovery that a magnetic field burst from the earth triggers the inception of the aurora borealis. Detailing similarities between this phenomenon and the inception of the magneto luminous gas phase described in this book, the author proposes that proof of the one occurrence could shed light on the other. Expanding on the author's previous works, this book introduces new discoveries, highlights the newfound errors of previous assumptions, and juxtaposes many cutting-edge alternative views and anomalies associated with the field.
Finely dispersed particles : micro-, nano-, and atto-engineering / edited by Aleksandar M. Spasic, Jyh-Ping HsuQD 549 F395 2006
Over the last decade, the biggest advances in physical chemistry have come from thinking smaller. The leading edge in research pushes closer to the atomic frontier with every passing year. Collecting the latest developments in the science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering explores heat, mass, momentum and electron transfer phenomena of well-characterized interfaces at the milli-, micro-, nano-, and atto-scales.
An interdisciplinary team of leading experts from around the world discuss recent concepts in the physics and chemistry of various well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems, including emulsions, dispersoids, foams, fluosols, polymer membranes, and biocolloids. The contributors clearly elucidate the hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, as well as the rheological properties of interfacial layers responsible for droplets, particles, and droplet-particle-film structures in finely dispersed systems. The book examines structure and dynamics from various angles, such as relativistic and non-relativistic theories, molecular orbital methods, and transient state theories.
With a comprehensive survey of our current understanding, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering provides a solid platform for further exploration and discovery at increasingly smaller scales.
Open space : the global effort for open access to environmental satellite data / Mariel John BorowitzQE 33.2 R4B677 2017
An examination of environmental satellite data sharing policies, offering a model of data-sharing policy development, case and practical recommendations for increasing global data sharing.
Key to understanding and addressing climate change is continuous and precise monitoring of environmental conditions. Satellites play an important role in collecting climate data, offering comprehensive global coverage that can't be matched by in situ observation. And yet, as Mariel Borowitz shows in this book, much satellite data is not freely available but restricted; this remains true despite the data-sharing advocacy of international organizations and a global open data movement. Borowitz examines policies governing the sharing of environmental satellite data, offering a model of data-sharing policy development and applying it in case studies from the United States, Europe, and Japan--countries responsible for nearly half of the unclassified government Earth observation satellites.
Borowitz develops a model that centers on the government agency as the primary actor while taking into account the roles of such outside actors as other government officials and non-governmental actors, as well as the economic, security, and normative attributes of the data itself. The case studies include the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), and the United States Geological Survey (USGS); the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT); and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) and the Japanese Meteorological Agency (JMA). Finally, she considers the policy implications of her findings for the future and provides recommendations on how to increase global sharing of satellite data.
Principles of instrumental analysis / Douglas A. Skoog, Stanford University, F. James Holler, University of Kentucky, Stanley R. Crouch, Michigan State UniversityQD 79 I5 S58 2018
PRINCIPLES OF INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS, 7th Edition, places an emphasis on operating principles of each type of instrument, its optimal area of application, its sensitivity, its precision, and its limitations. You'll also learn about elementary analog and digital electronics, computers, and the treatment of analytical data. The book companion website has supplemental tutorials on instrumental methods, Excel files of data analysis and simulations of analytical techniques to help you visualize important concepts in this course, and selected papers from the chemical literature to stimulate interest and provide background information for study.
Patrons of Paleontology : How Government Support Shaped a Science / Jane P. DavidsonQE 705 A1 D38 2017eb
In the 19th and early 20th centuries, North American and European governments generously funded the discoveries of such famous paleontologists and geologists as Henry de la Beche, William Buckland, Richard Owen, Thomas Hawkins, Edward Drinker Cope, O. C. Marsh, and Charles W. Gilmore. In Patrons of Paleontology, Jane Davidson explores the motivation behind this rush to fund exploration, arguing that eagerness to discover strategic resources like coal deposits was further fueled by patrons who had a genuine passion for paleontology and the fascinating creatures that were being unearthed. These early decades of government support shaped the way the discipline grew, creating practices and enabling discoveries that continue to affect paleontology today.
Volcanoes of the Azores : revealing the geological secrets of the Central Northern Atlantic Islands / Ulrich Kueppers, Christoph Beier, editorsQE527
The Azores archipelago consists of nine islands that emerge from the Azores Plateau in the Central Northern Atlantic, situated within the triple junction of the American, Eurasian and African lithosphere plates. Subaerial volcanic activity has been well known since the Pliocene and continues today, with several well-documented eruptions since the settlement of the islands in the fifteenth century. The origin of the Azores Plateau has been a matter of scientific debate and thus this book provides the first comprehensive overview of geological features in the Azores from volcanological, geochemical, petrological, paleontological, structural and hydrological perspectives