New books by subject
Civil Engineering - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Titles in the call number range TA, TE, TG (Civil Engineering) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.
Engineering justice : transforming engineering education and practice / Jon A. Leydens, Juan C. LucenaTA145
Shows how the engineering curriculum can be a site for rendering social justice visible in engineering, for exploring complex socio-technical interplays inherent in engineering practice, and for enhancing teaching and learning
Using social justice as a catalyst for curricular transformation, Engineering Justice presents an examination of how politics, culture, and other social issues are inherent in the practice of engineering. It aims to align engineering curricula with socially just outcomes, increase enrollment among underrepresented groups, and lessen lingering gender, class, and ethnicity gaps by showing how the power of engineering knowledge can be explicitly harnessed to serve the underserved and address social inequalities. This book is meant to transform the way educators think about engineering curricula through creating or transforming existing courses to attract, retain, and motivate engineering students to become professionals who enact engineering for social justice.
Engineering Justice offers thought-provoking chapters on: why social justice is inherent yet often invisible in engineering education and practice; engineering design for social justice; social justice in the engineering sciences; social justice in humanities and social science courses for engineers; and transforming engineering education and practice. In addition, this book:Provides a transformative framework for engineering educators in service learning, professional communication, humanitarian engineering, community service, social entrepreneurship, and social responsibility Includes strategies that engineers on the job can use to advocate for social justice issues and explain their importance to employers, clients, and supervisors Discusses diversity in engineering educational contexts and how it affects the way students learn and develop
Engineering Justice is an important book for today's professors, administrators, and curriculum specialists who seek to produce the best engineers of today and tomorrow.
Transportation Research Congress 2016 : innovations in transportation research infrastructure : proceedings of the Transportation Research Congress 2016, June 6-8, 2016, Beijing China / sponsored by China Research Institute of Highway [and six others] ; edited by Linbing Wang, Ph.D., Jianming Ling, Ph.D., Pan Liu, Ph.D., Hehua Zhu, Hongren Gong, Baoshan Huang, Ph.D., P.ETE 250 T73 2018eb
Proceedings of the Transportation Research Congress 2016, held in Beijing, China, June 6-8, 2016. Sponsored by China Research Institute of Highway, Tongji University, Southeast University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Chang'An University, University of Science and Technology Beijing, and the Construction Institute of ASCE.
This collection contains 68 peer-reviewed papers on transportation infrastructure.
Topics include: characterization and modeling of pavement materials; properties and performance of pavement materials; bridge infrastructure; asphalt, cementitious, and base pavement materials; preventive maintenance and rehabilitation of pavements; and foundations, excavations, and tunneling.
This proceedings will be of interest to researchers, educators, practitioners, and government officials working in all areas of transportation infrastructure.
Engineering ethics : real world case studies / Steve K. Starrett, Ph. D., P.E., D. WRE, Amy L. Lara, Ph. D., Carlos Bertha, Ph. DTA 157 S767 2017eb
How do you handle conflicts of interest?
Have you ever been offered a kickback or asked for a "voluntary" contribution to a cause?
Are there cases where we can - and should - act against an important principle to achieve an even-more-important benefit?
To tweet or not to tweet?
Entrusted by the public to provide professional solutions to complex situations, engineers can face ethical dilemmas of all forms.
In Pursuing Engineering Ethics through Real-World Case Studies, Starrett, Lara, and Bertha provide in-depth analysis with extended discussions and study questions of case studies that are based on real work situations. Important concepts such as rights and obligations; conflict of interest; professionalism and mentoring; confidentiality; whistleblowing; bribery, fraud, and corruption; and ethical communication with the public in a social media world are discussed in practical and approachable terms.
Organized by the canons of the ASCE Code of Ethics, this book is intended for practitioners, consultants, government engineers, engineering educators, and students in all engineering disciplines.
Horizontal auger boring projects / prepared by the Horizontal Auger Boring Task Force of the Trenchless Installation of Pipelines Committee of the Utilities Engineering and Surveying Institute of the American Society of Civil Engineers, Task Committee Chair, Alan Atalah, Ph. D., P.ETA 660 P55 M53 2017eb
Engineering with the spreadsheet : structural engineering templates using Excel / Craig T. ChristyTA 345 C4875 2006eb
Today, the spreadsheet is an essential tool for engineers. Christy provides the tools needed to quickly apply the powerful analytic capability of Microsoft Excel to structural engineering applications. The book presents more than 50 ready-to-use Excel templates that demonstrate basic calculations and presentation techniques as well as advanced functions that may be unfamiliar to even experienced users. Applications include concrete, wind and seismic issues, foundatin soil loading, the vortex shedding of tall stacks, and other engineering issues.
Beneficial to professionals and college students alike, Engineering with the Spreadsheet is an indispensable resource for structural engineers.
Note to customers: The print edition of this book contains a CD-ROM with unlocked Excel files. The e-book edition is accompanied by a downloadable .zip file for the Excel files. Microsoft Excel software is not included; Excel 2000 or above is recommended.
About the Author
Craig T. Christy, P.E., is the owner of Industry Consulting Engineers of Portland, Oregon, a firm that offers structural engineering and drafting services to clients in the pulp and paper, manufacturing, high-tech, and utility industries.
This book is very well written and easy to read and contains many illustrations and graphs, tables, examples, and references. It can serve as a resource for anyone involved in structural engineering, as well as a course resource for undergraduate studies in civil engineering. -- Choice: Reviews for Academic Libraries
Mr. Christy has provided a book of templates that allows the user to follow all of the steps of design and manipulate the process as necessary. It is a valuable tool for the experienced engineer and a learning experience for those new to the field of structural engineering, opening a window into the thought process of an experienced designer. --Darla J. Wall, P.E., Principal Engineer, Willamette Building Solutions
Guidelines for the design of cable-stayed bridgesTG 405 G85 1992eb
Prepared by the Committee on Cable-Stayed Bridges of ASCE.
Guidelines for the Design of Cable-Stayed Bridges discusses loadings and materials used in the design of cable-stayed bridges. These guidelines are intended to be used as performance specifications to be used with any national code.
Topics include: safety factors, loads, and impact cables and anchorages stabilit dynamic wind loads special considerations for railroads seismic design These guidelines were developed from current practice and reflect the latest thinking for this type of bridge.
Transforming engineering education : innovative computer-mediated learning technologies / edited by Ivan Mutis, Renate Fruchter, Carol C. MenassaTA 345 T736 2018eb
Sponsored by the Education Committee of the Computing Division of ASCE.
Transforming Engineering Education: Innovative Computer-Mediated Learning Technologies brings together 10 contributions on new approaches to research in the use of computer-mediated learning technologies in civil engineering education. The contributions present technology approaches that have made far-reaching improvements in learning outcomes and their alignment in the curriculum.
This book is divided into three areas: fundamental computing approaches in design and construction, virtual and augmented reality, and advances in BIM applications. Specific topics include spatial and temporal cognitive ability, construction-centric BIM education, strategic BIM coordination in model-based decision making, georeferenced augmented reality, mixed media mixed reality in the collaborative environment, CyberGRID as a virtual workspace, and a case study in virtual collaboration in an urban design project.
Researchers and educators in all areas of engineering education will find innovative and useful suggestions in this collection.
Process imaging for automatic control / [edited by] David M. Scott, Hugh McCannTA 417.25 P7497 2005
As industrial processes and their corresponding control models increase in complexity, the data provided by traditional point sensors is no longer adequate to ensure product quality and cost-effective operation. Process Imaging for Automatic Control demonstrates how in-process imaging technologies surpass the limitations of traditional monitoring systems by providing real-time multidimensional measurement and control data. Combined with suitable data extraction and control schemes, such systems can optimize the performance of a wide variety of industrial processes.
Contributed by leading international experts, Process Imaging for Automatic Control offers authoritative, comprehensive coverage of this new area of process control technology, including:
Basic goals of process modeling and their application to automatic control
Direct imaging devices and applications, such as machine vision and spatial measurement of flow velocity, pressure, shear, pH, and temperature
Various techniques, hardware implementations, and image reconstruction methods for process tomography
Image enhancement and restoration
State estimation methods
State space control system models, control strategies, and implementation issues
Five chapters devoted to case studies and advanced applications
From theory to practical implementation, this book is the first to treat the entire range of imaging techniques and their application to process control. Supplying broad coverage with more than 270 illustrations and nearly 700 cited references, it presents an accessible introduction to this rapidly growing, interdisciplinary technology.
Architectural, energy and information engineering / editors, Wen-Pei Sung & Ran ChenTA 145 A73 2016
This proceedings volume brings together selected peer-reviewed papers presented at the 2015 International Conference on Architectural, Energy and Information Engineering (AEIE 2015), held July 15-16, 2015 in Hong Kong, China. The proceedings are divided into two parts, Architectural, Energy and Environmental Engineering and Information Engineering and Its Applications. Topics covered include Civil Engineering, Architectural Science, Energy Engineering, Environmental Science and Information Engineering among others. This volume will be of interest to a global audience of academic researchers, industry professionals and policy-makers active in various fields of engineering.
Process engineering economics / James R. CouperTA 177.4 C68 2003
This reference outlines the fundamental concepts and strategies for economic assessments for informed management decisions in industry. The book illustrates how to prepare capital cost and operating expense estimates, profitability analyses, and feasibility studies, and how to execute sensitivity and uncertainty assessments. From financial reports to opportunity costs and engineering trade-offs, Process Engineering Economics considers a wide range of alternatives for profitable investing and for projecting outcomes in various chemical and engineering fields. It also explains how to monitor costs, finances, and economic limitations at every stage of chemical project design, preparation, and evaluation.
Key engineering materials / edited by Francois Kajzar, PhD, Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Nikolai A. Turovskij, PhD, and Omari Vasilii Mukbaniani, DSc ; A.K. Haghi, PhD, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc reviewers and advisory board membersTA 403 K49 2014
This book provides innovative chapters on the growth of educational, scientific, and industrial research activities among chemists, biologists, and polymer and chemical engineers and provides a medium for mutual communication between international academia and the industry. It presents significant research and reviews reporting new methodologies and important applications in the fields of industrial chemistry, industrial polymers and biotechnology as well as includes the latest coverage of chemical databases and the development of new computational methods and efficient algorithms for chemical software and polymer engineering.
Handbook of porous media / edited by Kambiz VafaiTA 418.9 P6H36 2005
Over the last three decades, advances in modeling flow, heat, and mass transfer through a porous medium have dramatically transformed engineering applications. Comprehensive and cohesive, Handbook of Porous Media, Second Edition presents a compilation of research related to heat and mass transfer including the development of practical applications for analysis and design of engineering devices and systems involving porous media.
See what's new in the Second Edition:
Recent studies related to current and future challenges and developments in fundamental aspects of porous media
Combustion and heat transfer in inert porous media
Modeling bioconvection in porous media
Influence of vibrations on the onset of the thermo-convection
Modeling porous media impairment by particles
Modeling liquid composites molding processes
Parameter identification within a porous medium using genetic algorithms
Forced and double diffusive convection in porous media
Particle migration and deposition in porous media
Dynamic modeling of convective transport through porous media
Completely revised, updated, and reviewed by experts in the field, each chapter includes, whenever applicable, a discussion of the pertinent aspects of experimental work or numerical techniques. Generously illustrated with 262 black and white illustrations, 15 tables, and 1,865 equations, the book is a rigorous and thorough working reference.
Handbook of porous media / edited by Kambiz VafaiTA 418.9 P6H36 2015
Handbook of Porous Media, Third Editionoffers a comprehensive overview of the latest theories on flow, transport, and heat-exchange processes in porous media. It also details sophisticated porous media models which can be used to improve the accuracy of modeling in a variety of practical applications.
Featuring contributions from leading experts in their respective fields, this book:Presents the general characteristics and modeling of porous media, such as multiscale modeling of porous media, two-phase flow, compressible porous media, and dispersion in porous media Addresses the fundamental topics of transport in porous media, including theoretical models of transport, membrane transport phenomena, modeling transport properties, and transport in biomedical applications Describes several important aspects of turbulence in porous media, including advances in modeling turbulence phenomena in heterogeneous porous media Explores heat transfer of nanofluids as well as thermal transport in porous media, including forced convection, double diffusive convection, high-heat flux applications, and thermal behavior of poroelastic media Covers geological applications in porous media, including modeling and experimental challenges related to oil fields, CO2migration, groundwater flows, and velocity measurements Discusses relevant attributes of experimental work or numerical techniques whenever applicable
Paving the way for the establishment of multidisciplinary areas of research, Handbook of Porous Media, Third Edition further enhances cooperation between engineers and scientists by providing a valuable reference for addressing some of the most challenging issues in engineering and the hydrogeological, biological, and biomedical sciences.
Adsorption and transport at the nanoscale / Nick QuirkeTA 418.9 P6A356 2006
Nanoporous materials are used widely in industry as adsorbents, particularly for applications where selective adsorption of one fluid component from a mixture is important. Nanoscale structures are of increasing interest for micro- and nanofluidic devices. Computational methods have an important role to play in characterizing, understanding, and designing such materials. Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale gives a survey of computational methods and their applications in this burgeoning field.
Beginning with an overview of adsorption and transport phenomena at the nanoscale, this book details several important simulation techniques for characterization and modeling of nanomaterials and surfaces. Expert contributors from Europe, Asia, and the US discuss topics including Monte Carlo simulation for modeling gas adsorption; experimental and simulation studies of aniline in activated carbon fibers; molecular simulation of templated mesoporous materials and adsorption of guest molecules in zeolitic materials; as well as computer simulation of isothermal mass transport in graphitic slit pores. These studies elucidate the chemical and physical phenomena while demonstrating how to perform the simulation techniques, illustrating their advantages, drawbacks, and limitations.
A survey of recent progress in numerical simulation of nanomaterials, Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale explains the central role of molecular simulation in characterizing and designing novel materials and devices.
Multi-disciplinary sustainable engineering : current and future trends / editors, P.N. Tekwani, M. Bhavsar & B.A. Modi, Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad, IndiaTA 170 N57 2015
The Nirma University International Conference on Engineering NUiCONE is a flagship event of the Institute of Technology, Nirma University, Ahmedabad. NUiCONE-2015 is focussed on events/themes in the current trends in Engineering and its research issues. Practicing engineers, technologists and technopreneurs from the industry will engage in special knowledge sharing sessions using applied technical papers by industry participants on case-study applications, white-papers, panel discussions, industrial exhibitions of innovations and technology products etc.
This proceedings book includes peer reviewed and presented research papers by research scholars and professionals from academia, industry and government R&D organizations. The papers included in this proceedings volume present unpublished research of participating researchers related to some specific multi-disciplinary themes addressing sustainable engineering fields like Sustainable Manufacturing Processes; Design and Analysis of Machine & Mechanisms; Energy Conservation and Management; Concrete and Structural Engineering; Infrastructure Project Planning and Management; Chemical Process Development and Design ; andTechnologies for Green Environment.
Carbon Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies : Fundamentals and Applications / edited by Shuhui Sun, Xueliang Sun, Zhongwei Chen, Yuyu Liu, David P. Wilkinson, Jiujun ZhangTA 418.9 N35C37 2018
This book offers comprehensive coverage of carbon-based nanomaterials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and strategies. With in-depth discussions ranging from electrochemistry fundamentals to engineering components and applied devices, this all-inclusive reference offers a broad view of various carbon nanomaterials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices.
Functional polymer blends and nanocomposites : a practical engineering approach / edited by Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, Liliya I. Bazylak, PhD, A. K. Haghi, PhDTA 455 P58F86 2014
This book details original, theoretical, and important experimental results that use non-routine methodologies often unfamiliar to most readers. It also includes papers on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems. The book provides comprehensive coverage on the latest developments of research in the ever-expanding area of composite materials and their applications to broad scientific fields spanning physics, chemistry, biology, materials, and more.
Applied materials science : applications of engineering materials in structural, electronics, thermal, and other industries / Deborah D.L. ChungTA 403 C47 2001
Materials are the foundation of technology. As such, most universities provide engineering undergraduates with the fundamental concepts of materials science, including crystal structures, imperfections, phase diagrams, materials processing, and materials properties. Few, however, offer the practical, applications-oriented background that their students need to succeed in industry.
Applied Materials Science: Applications of Engineering Materials in Structural, Electronics, Thermal, and Other Industries fills that gap. From a cross-disciplinary perspective that reflects both the multifunctionality of many materials and the wide scope industrial needs, the author examines the practical applications of metal, ceramic, polymer, cement, carbon, and composite materials across a broad range of industries. The topics addressed include electronic packaging, smart materials, thermal management, nondestructive evaluation, and materials development. The text is clear, coherent, and tutorial in style, includes numerous up-to-date references, and provides background material in a series of appendices.
Unique in its breadth of coverage of both materials and their applications, Applied Materials Science is both scientifically rich and technologically relevant. If you work or teach those that aspire to work in an engineering capacity, you will find no text or reference that better prepares its readers for real-world applications of engineering materials.
Practical guide to pressure vessel manufacturing / Sunil PullarcotTA 660 T34P78 2002
"Explores vessel fabrication and the corresponding procedures of quality and control. Details the necessary methods for code specification compliance. Clarifies the inspection, testing, and documentation of the ASME code."
Graphene Nanomaterials : Fabrication, Properties, and Applications / Satyendra Mishra, Dharmesh HansoraTA 418.9 N35H36 2018
The development of graphene-related nanomaterials and nanocomposite has shown immense utility in the areas of science, engineering, and technology. These materials include graphene derivatives, graphene-supported inorganic nanomaterials and films, graphene-metal decorated nanostructures, core-shell structures of nanocarbon-graphene, and graphene-doped polymer hybrid nanocomposites. They have been prepared by various methods like chemical vapor deposition, exfoliation of graphite, chemical reduction of GO, silver mirror reaction, catalysis, in situ hydroxylation, and sono sol-gel route.
Smart polymers for bioseparation and bioprocessing / edited by Igor Galaev and Bo MattiassonTA 418.9 S62S525 2002
Smart polymers are macromolecules capable of undergoing rapid, reversible phase transitions from a hydrophilic to a hydrophobic microstructure when triggered by small changes in their immediate environment, such as slight variations in temperature, pH or ionic strength. Until now, it has always been considered that polymers are passive participants within the Bioseparation procedure. Smart Polymers for Bioseparation and Bioprocessing addresses an entirely novel theory that advocates a much more active role for smart polymers within this process than has previously been envisaged, and therefore focuses on the role of these smart polymers within bioseparation.
With contributions from the leading researchers working on smart polymers and their applications, this volume offers a comprehensive overview of both the current state-of-affairs within this research field and the potential for future developments. This book will be of interest to those working on techniques of bioseparation and bioprocessing, polymer chemists developing new smart polymers, as well as graduates in biotechnology.
Pressure vessels : design and practice / Somnath ChattopadhyayTA 660 T34C49 2005
With very few books adequately addressing ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code, and other international code issues, Pressure Vessels: Design and Practice provides a comprehensive, in-depth guide on everything engineers need to know.
With emphasis on the requirements of the ASME this consummate work examines the design of pressure vessel components with explanations that clearly emphasize the inherent design principles and philosophy. Chapters thoroughly cover stresses in shells, covers and flanges, vessel supports, and includes reviews of fatigue and fracture mechanics, structural stability, and limit analysis. With equations and procedures for designing the main parts of pressure vessels, this volume is a convenient resource and reference.
Pressure Vessels: Design and Practice covers the basic theories and principles behind the stress limiting conditions in the codes. It is also a practical guide for designing and building pressure vessels of all types. Not just a 'cookbook,' this volume allows you to trace the origin of the design equations used in the construction codes, offering a valuable, physical insight into the design process.
The physical chemistry of materials : energy and environmental applications / Rolando M.A. Roque-MalherbeTA 403 R567 2010
In recent years, the area dealing with the physical chemistry of materials has become an emerging discipline in materials science that emphasizes the study of materials for chemical, sustainable energy, and pollution abatement applications. Written by an active researcher in this field, Physical Chemistry of Materials: Energy and Environmental Applicationspresents methods for synthesizing and characterizing adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, heterogeneous catalysts, and permeable porous and dense materials. It also discusses their properties and applications.
The book explores various examples of these important materials, including perovskites, zeolites, mesoporous molecular sieves, silica, alumina, active carbons, carbon nanotubes, titanium dioxide, magnesium oxide, clays, pillared clays, hydrotalcites, alkali metal titanates, titanium silicates, polymers, and coordination polymers. It shows how the materials are used in adsorption, ion conduction, ion exchange, gas separation, membrane reactors, catalysts, catalysts supports, sensors, pollution abatement, detergency, animal nourishment, agriculture, and sustainable energy applications.
Rising pollution levels and the need for sustainable energy have necessitated new ways of using certain materials to combat these problems. Focusing on this emerging discipline, Physical Chemistry of Materialsdescribes the methods of syntheses and characterization of adsorbents, ion exchangers, ionic conductors, catalysts, and permeable materials. It tackles key issues in materials science and physical chemistry.
Smart polymers : applications in biotechnology and biomedicine / edited by Igor Galaev, Bo MattiassonTA 418.9 S62S525 2008
The first book to tackle the application of smart polymers in bioseparation and bioprocessing, Smart Polymers: Applications in Biotechnology and Biomedicinebroke new ground in this challenging field. Completely revised, updated, and following in the footsteps of its predecessor, the second edition is poised to take its place as a premier reference in this field. This new edition considers those polymers in which a highly nonlinear response of a smart polymer to small changes in the external medium is of critical importance for the successful functioning of the system. The systems discussed are based on soluble/insoluble transition of smart polymers in aqueous solution, on conformational transitions of the macromolecules physically attached or chemically grafted to a surface and on the shrinking/swelling of covalently cross-linked networks of macromolecules, i.e. smart hydrogels.
The book focuses on the theory describing the behavior of smart polymers in solution, as gels, and when grafted to surfaces. It provides solid, quantitative descriptions and reliable guidelines, reflecting the maturation of the field and the demand for the development of new smart polymer systems. The coverage highlights smart gels and especially fast responding and macroporous gels, as these gels pave the way to different applications of smart polymers in the areas ofbioseparation, drug release, and microfluidics. With contributions from leading researchers as well as extensive end-of-chapter references, this volume offers a comprehensive overview of the current state-of-the-art in the field and the potential for future developments.
Tellurite glasses handbook : physical properties and data / Raouf A.H. El-MallawanyTA 1800 E23 2002
Non-crystalline solid tellurite glasses continue to intrigue both academic and industry researchers not only because of their many technical applications, but also because of a fundamental interest in understanding their microscopic mechanisms.
Tellurite Glasses Handbook: Physical Properties and Data is the first and only comprehensive source of physical constants and properties of these unique, non-crystalline solids. The author has collected rigid data from experiments conducted over the last 50 years and presents here their elastic, anelastic, optical, electrical, and thermal properties. He also provides details of the experimental techniques, explores applications, and suggests directions of future research.
The interference and independence of physical processes occurring simultaneously are key problems in material science. With the Tellurite Glasses Handbook, researchers can begin to understand these physical processes, overcome current technological problems, and open up a new area of glass science: the Physics of Non-Crystalline Solids
Nanocomposite membrane technology : fundamentals and applications / P.K. TewariTA 418.9 N35T49 2016
Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applicationsis the first book to deliver an extensive exploration of nanocomposite membrane technology. This groundbreaking text offers an eloquent introduction to the field as well as a comprehensive overview of fundamental aspects and application areas. Approaching the subject from the materials point of view, this book:Discusses the history, synthesis, and characterization of nanocomposite membranes Examines water treatment, gas separation, and biomedical applications Addresses health, environmental, safety, and societal implications Considers processing challenges, including scalability issues Provides case studies of real-world implementations
Nanocomposite Membrane Technology: Fundamentals and Applications covers each topic with enough clarity and detail to be a valuable source of information for beginners and experts alike. Thus, this book is the guide of choice for scientists and engineers in both industry and academia.
Needleless electrospinning of nanofibers : technology and applications / Tong Lin, Xungai WangTA 418.9 F5L56 2013
The book covers the basic electrospinning theory, electrospinning technologies that have potential for large scale production of nanofibers, and the functional applications of electrospun nanofibers in different fields. An important needleless electrospinning technique using a rotary fiber generator such as ball, cylinder, disc and wire coil, and the effects of the fiber generator, its shape and dimension, as well as operating parameters on electrospinning performance, fiber morphology and productivity are described. A method to calculate the electric field and analyze electric field profiles in an electrospinning zone is provided. The influence of the fiber collector on fiber quality is also discussed.
Computational fluid dynamics simulation of spray dryers : an engineer's guide / Meng Wai WooTA 357.5 D37W66 2017
Bridging the gap in understanding between the spray drying industry and the numerical modeler on spray drying, Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation of Spray Dryers: An Engineer's Guide shows how to numerically capture important physical phenomena within a spray drying process using the CFD technique. It includes numerical strategies to effectively describe these phenomena, which are collated from research work and CFD industrial consultation, in particular to the dairy industry. Along with showing how to set up models, the book helps readers identify the capabilities and uncertainties of the CFD technique for spray drying. After briefly covering the basics of CFD, the book discusses airflow modeling, atomization and particle tracking, droplet drying, quality modeling, agglomeration and wall deposition modeling, and simulation validation techniques. The book also answers questions related to common challenges in industrial applications.
Supercritical fluid nanotechnology : advances and applications in composites and hybrid nanomaterials / edited by Concepcion Domingo, Pascale Subra-PaternaultTA 418.9 N35S87 2016
The environmental and climate program demands technological solutions in the chemical industry that incorporate prevention of pollution. Major advances are needed to reduce the use of organic solvents, such as methanol, toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, and dichloromethane, which account for 27 percent of total toxics release inventory chemicals. The replacement of those solvents is a key point to enable the transition from classical synthesis to green chemistry and nanotechnology concepts, i.e., to sustainability. The first radical option to achieve this goal is to completely avoid the use of solvents, as occurs in mechanochemical processes. A wide-range synthesis prospect is given by identifying between known solvents those with less negative environmental impact. This book concerns the analysis of the advantages of using compressed CO2 to produce not only improved materials in a better way, but also new nanoproducts. Recovering and using CO2, otherwise released into the atmosphere, is a means of recycling emissions resulting from other users. The use of supercritical CO2 is a complex option from a conceptual point of view requiring enhanced technical preparation.
Engineering economics and economic design for process engineers / Thane Brown, University of Cincinnati, OhioTA 177.4 B76 2007
Engineers often find themselves tasked with the difficult challenge of developing a design that is both technically and economically feasible. A sharply focused, how-to book, Engineering Economics and Economic Design for Process Engineers provides the tools and methods to resolve design and economic issues. It helps you integrate technical and economic decision making, creating more profit and growth for your organization. The book puts methods that are simple, fast, and inexpensive within easy reach.
Author Thane Brown sets the stage by explaining the engineer's role in the creation of economically feasible projects. He discusses the basic economics of projects -- how they are funded, what kinds of investments they require, how revenues, expenses, profits, and risks are interrelated, and how cash flows into and out of a company. In the engineering economics section of the book, Brown covers topics such as present and future values, annuities, interest rates, inflation, and inflation indices. He details how to create order-of-magnitude and study grade estimates for the investments in a project and how to make study grade production cost estimates.
Against this backdrop, Brown explores a unique scheme for producing an Economic Design. He demonstrates how using the Economic Design Model brings increased economic thinking and rigor into the early parts of design, the time in a project's life when its cost structure is being set and when the engineer's impact on profit is greatest. The model emphasizes three powerful new tools that help you create a comprehensive design option list. When the model is used early in a project, it can drastically lower both capital and production costs.
The book's uniquely industrial focus presents topics as they would happen in a real work situation. It shows you how to combine technical and economic decision making to create economically optimum designs and increase your impact on profit and growth, and, therefore, your importance to your organization. Using these time-tested techniques, you can design processes that cost less to build and operate, and improve your company's profit.
CRC materials science and engineering handbook / [edited by] James F. Shackelford, William AlexanderTA 403.4 C74 2001
The CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, Third Edition is the most comprehensive source available for data on engineering materials. Organized in an easy-to-follow format based on materials properties, this definitive reference features data verified through major professional societies in the materials field, such as ASM International and the American Ceramic Society. The third edition has been significantly expanded, most notably by the addition of new tabular material for a wide range of nonferrous alloys and various composite materials.
For engineers making, selecting, or evaluating materials, this one, compact volume provides the ideal starting point. It is exceptionally easy to search-the authors have organized it according to materials properties, provided a key word indexing system, and placed many data sets in a convenient Selection Section where materials can be compared by property value, a feature ideal for design applications.
A bestseller since its first edition, the CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook stands alone as a the consummate reference for data on the full spectrum of engineering materials.
Particle technology and applications / edited by Sunggyu Lee and Kimberly H. HenthornTA 418.78 P366 2012
Particle Technology and Applicationspresents the theoretical and technological background of particle science and explores up-to-date applications of particle technologies in the chemical, petrochemical, energy, mechanical, and materials industries. It looks at the importance of particle science and technology in the development of efficient chemical processes and novel functional materials.
With peer-reviewed chapters written by a select group of academic and industry experts, the book provides examples of particle technology and its advanced industrial applications. It includes the necessary scientific background of particle technology as well as relevant technological details of the application areas. This helps readers grasp specific details of the applied technology, since the advanced particle technology can directly or synergistically have an impact on outcomes, such as the development of a targeted functional material, enhancement of existing processing techniques, and modification of the properties of existing materials.
Presenting a consistent scientific treatment of all topics, this comprehensive yet accessible book covers a variety of practical applications and relevant theoretical foundation of particle science and technology. It will help readers tackle new challenges in process and product development and create new methodologies in the clean technology sector.
Multiphase flow handbook / edited by Efstathios E. Michaelides, Clayton T. Crowe, John D. SchwarzkopfTA 357.5 M84M85 2017
The Multiphase Flow Handbook, Second Edition is a thoroughly updated and reorganized revision of the late Clayton Crowe's work, and provides a detailed look at the basic concepts and the wide range of applications in this important area of thermal/fluids engineering. Revised by the new editors, Efstathios E. (Stathis) Michaelides and John D. Schwarzkopf, the new Second Edition begins with two chapters covering fundamental concepts and methods that pertain to all the types and applications of multiphase flow. The remaining chapters cover the applications and engineering systems that are relevant to all the types of multiphase flow and heat transfer. The twenty-one chapters and several sections of the book include the basic science as well as the contemporary engineering and technological applications of multiphase flow in a comprehensive way that is easy to follow and be understood. The editors created a common set of nomenclature that is used throughout the book, allowing readers to easily compare fundamental theory with currently developing concepts and applications. With contributed chapters from sixty-two leading experts around the world, the Multiphase Flow Handbook, Second Edition is an essential reference for all researchers, academics and engineers working with complex thermal and fluid systems.
CRC materials science and engineering handbook / James F. Shackelford, Young-Hwan Han, Sukyoung Kim, Se-Hun KwonTA 403.4 C74 2016
CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbookprovides a convenient, single-volume source for physical and chemical property data on a wide range of engineering materials. As with the first three editions, this Fourth Edition contains information verified by major professional associations such as ASM International and the American Ceramic Society (ACerS). Patterned after the iconic CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , this edition also:Offers a more streamlined presentation organized by categories of traditional and advanced materials Converts chemical and physical property data from US customary units to SI units, improving the handbook's usefulness on a global scale Expands coverage to include the latest material property data on low-dimensional carbons, two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials, MAX phases, and amorphous metals
Featuring extensive references to contemporary research literature, CRC Materials Science and Engineering Handbook, Fourth Edition is an ideal starting point for scientists and engineers making, selecting, or evaluating materials.
Industrial process sensors / David M. ScottTA 165 S38 2008
As manufacturing processes become increasingly complex, industry must rely on advanced sensor technology and process control to improve efficiency and product quality. Processes now need a variety of on-line measurements, such as film thickness, particle size, solids concentrations, and contamination detection. Industrial Process Sensors provides a coherent review of the physical principles, design, and implementation of a wide variety of in-process sensors used to control manufacturing operations. Real data from commercial installations illustrates the operation and limitations of these devices.
The book begins with a review of the basic physics of sound, light, electricity, and radiation, with a focus on their role in sensor devices. The author introduces the generic sensor model and discusses the propagation of measurement errors. He goes on to describe conventional process sensors that measure temperature, pressure, level, and flow. The second half of the book focuses on more advanced topics, such as particle size measurement in slurries and emulsions, tomography and process imaging of manufacturing operations, on-line measurement of film thickness, identification of polymer type for recycling, and characterization of reinforced polymers and composites.
By exploring both theory and final implementation of sensors used to control industrial manufacturing processes, Industrial Process Sensors provides the information you need to develop solutions to a wide range of industrial measurement needs.
Nanocantilever beams : modeling, fabrication, and applications / edited by Ioana Voiculescu, Mona ZaghloulTA 418.9 N35N36 2016
This book focuses on the fabrication and applications of cantilever beams with nanoscale dimensions. Nanometer-size mechanical structures show exceptional properties generated by their reduced dimensions. These properties enable new sensing concepts and transduction mechanisms that will allow the enhancement of the performance of devices to their fundamental limits. A number of scientists are conducting research in the area of nanocantilever beams. The book will particularly benefit researchers and help them consolidate their background in the field. The book aims to be an excellent scientific reference for an audience with diverse backgrounds and interests, including students, academic researchers, industry specialists, policymakers, and enthusiasts.
Green composites from natural resources / edited by Vijay Kumar ThakurTA 418.9 C6G744 2014
Global awareness of environmental issues has resulted in the emergence of economically and environmentally friendly bio-based materials free from the traditional side effects of synthetics. This book delivers an overview of the advancements made in the development of natural biorenewable resources-based materials, including processing methods and potential applications in green composites. Biorenewable polymers are a special class of natural material found in nature, such as natural fibers, wheat straw, rice husk, and saw dust. In addition to offering renewable feedstocks, natural biorenewable materials are compostable, recyclable, edible, and more energy efficient to process than plastic.
Green Composites from Natural Resources covers various kinds of cellulosic biofibers, such as:hemp fibers jute saccaharum cilliare fibers pine needles grewia optiva fibers sisal fibers eulaliopsis binata flax fibers coconut fibers eulaliopsis binata baggase fibers rice husk saw dust wood flour straw
With scopes for the utilization of natural resources-based materials as potential replacements for traditional petroleum feedstocks on the rise, more scientists and researchers are exploring new composite materials based on biorenewable resources. This book provides information on more eco-friendly and sustainable alternatives to synthetic polymers and discusses the present state and growing utility of green materials from natural resources.
Handbook of porous media / edited by Kambiz Vafai ; assistant editor, Hamid A. HadimTA 418.9 P6H36 2000
"Presents the most important and up-to-date research related to heat transfer in porous media, focusing on practical applications of the latest studies to engineering products and procedures. Includes theoretical models of fluid flow, capillary effects, application of fractal and percolation characterizing porous materials, multiphase flow and heat transfer, turbulent flow and heat transfer, improved measurement and flow visualization techniques, and enhanced design correlations."
Carbon molecules and materials / edited by Ralph Setton, Patrick Bernier, Serge Lefrant ; translated from the French by Ralph SettonTA 455 C3C35513 2002
The unexpected recent discovery and synthesis of a new form of elemental carbon has initiated an abundance of papers on all aspects of the chemistry and physics of the carbon family. Carbon Molecules and Materials takes stock of the current understanding of these various solid forms and, more particularly, of the diamond, graphite and fullerenes. After a historical background on the main properties of the element and on the latest discoveries in the field of fullerene, the chapters review the chemical and physical aspects of the allotropic forms. It describes the various properties such as thermodynamic, chemical, structural, electronic, electrical, optical and magnetic, and discusses current and potential applications.
Written by scientists active in physical and chemical research on the various forms of carbon and closely related fields, the book presents a wealth of information on data and results for students and researchers interested in materials science and in the applications of advanced materials.
Key engineering materials / edited by Devrim Balkose, PhD, Daniel Horak, PhD and Ladislav Soltes, DSc ; A.K. Haghi, PhD, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc reviewers and advisory board membersTA 403 K49 2014
With coverage of a broad range of key engineering materials, this book provides a single, comprehensive book summarizing all aspects involved in the functional materials production chain. It introduces state-of-the-art technology in key engineering materials, emphasizing the rapidly growing technologies. It takes a unique approach by presenting specific materials, then progresses into a discussion of the ways in which these novel materials and processes are integrated into today's functioning manufacturing industry.
The book follows a more quantitative and design-oriented approach than other texts in the market, helping readers gain a better understanding of important concepts. They'll also discover how material properties relate to the process variables in a given process as well as how to perform quantitative engineering analysis of manufacturing processes.
Diamondoids : synthesis, properties, and applications / Sven Stauss, Kazuo TerashimaTA 418.9 N35S73 2017
Over the past few decades, carbon nanomaterials, most commonly fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene, have gained increasing interest in both science and industry, due to their advantageous properties that make them attractive for many applications in nanotechnology. Another class of the carbon nanomaterials family that has slowly been gaining (re)newed interest is diamond molecules, also called diamondoids , which consist of polycyclic carbon cages that can be superimposed on a cubic diamond lattice. Derivatives of diamondoids are used in pharmaceutics, but due to their promising properties--well-defined structures, high thermal and chemical stability, negative electron affinity, and the possibility to tune their bandgap--diamondoids could also serve as molecular building blocks in future nanodevices.
This book is the first of its kind to give an exhaustive overview of the structures, properties, and current and possible future applications of diamondoids. It contains a brief historical account of diamondoids, from the discovery of the first diamondoid member, adamantane, to the isolation of higher diamondoids about a decade ago. It summarizes the different approaches to synthesizing diamondoids. In particular, current research on the conventional organic synthesis and new approaches based on microplasmas generated in high-pressure and supercritical fluids are reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of the different methods discussed. The book will serve as a reference for advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level students in chemistry, physics, materials science, and nanotechnology and researchers in macromolecular science, nanotechnology, chemistry, biology, and medicine, especially those with an interest in nanoparticles.
Polymer melt fracture / authors Rudy Koopmans, Jaap den Doelder, and Jaap MolenaarTA 455 P58K66 2010
The continually growing plastics market consists of more than 250 million tons of product annually, making the recurring problem of polymer melt fracture an acute issue in the extrusion of these materials. Presenting a pictorial library of the different forms of melt fracture and real industrial extrusion melt fracture phenomena, Polymer Melt Fracture provides pragmatic identification and industrial extrusion defect remediation strategies based on detailed experimental and theoretical findings from the last 50 years.
Distinct microscopic photos
Each chapter in this comprehensive volume covers a different aspect of the science and technology relating to polymer melt fracture. The book begins with a collection of optical and scanning electron microscopy pictures. These photos show distorted capillary die extrudates for a number of commercially available polymers. The authors present a brief introduction to the basic science and technology of polymers. They explain what polymers are, how they are made, and how they can be characterized. They also discuss polymer rheology, review the principles of continuum mechanics, and define linear viscoelastic material functions.
Techniques for observing and measuring fracture
Next, the book explains how polymer melt fracture is actually experienced in the polymer processing industry. It explains the various ways polymer melt fracture may appear during polymer melt processing in different extrusion processes. The authors provide comprehensive reviews of the polymer melt fracture literature, with chapters on experimental findings and the techniques used to observe and measure polymer melt fracture, and the influence of polymer architecture and polymer processing conditions on the onset and types of polymer melt fracture. Posing a hypothesis about the phenomenon, the book presents the current understanding of polymer melt fracture.
Recognizing the importance of models for simulations that may indicate potential solutions, the book discusses aspects of non-linear constitutive equations and microscopic theory and develops a macroscopic model, explaining the capabilities and limitations of this approach. The book presents an overview of pragmatic tools and methods that have been used to prevent the appearance of polymer melt fracture and explains how to use them to suppress defects.
Electrochemical techniques in corrosion science and engineering / Robert G. Kelly ... [et al.]TA 462 E545 2003
This book describes the origin, use, and limitations of electrochemical phase diagrams, testing schemes for active, passive, and localized corrosion, the development and electrochemical characterization of passivity, and methods in process alteration, failure prediction, and materials selection. It offers useful guidelines for assessing the efficacy of corrosion inhibitors and coatings for metals and alloys, developing effective corrosion prediction models, calculating the corrosion rates of various materials, determining the resistance of alloys to pitting and crevice corrosion, and considering current and potential distribution effects on corrosion.
Asphaltene Deposition : Fundamentals, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation / edited by Francisco M. Vargas, Mohammad TavakkoliTA 357 A87 2018
As global consumption of fossil fuels such as oil increases, previously abundant sources have become depleted or plagued with obstructions. Asphaltene deposition is one of such obstructions which can significantly decrease the rate of oil production. This book offers concise yet thorough coverage of the complex problem of asphaltene precipitation and deposition in oil production. It covers fundamentals of chemistry, stabilization theories and mechanistic approaches of asphaltene behavior at high temperature and pressure. Asphaltene Deposition: Fundamentals, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation explains techniques for experimental determination of asphaltene precipitation and deposition and different modeling tools available to forecast the occurrence and magnitude of asphaltene deposition in a given oil field. It discusses strategies for mitigation of asphaltene deposition using chemical inhibition and corresponding challenges, best practices for asphaltene remediation, current research, and case studies.
Carbon nanotubes : science and applications / edited by M. MeyyappanTA 455 C3C375 2005
Carbon nanotubes, with their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties, have garnered much attention in the past five years. With a broad range of potential applications including nanoelectronics, composites, chemical sensors, biosensors, microscopy, nanoelectromechanical systems, and many more, the scientific community is more motivated than ever to move beyond basic properties and explore the real issues associated with carbon nanotube-based applications.
Taking a comprehensive look at this diverse and dynamic subject, Carbon Nanotubes: Science and Applications describes the field's various aspects, including properties, growth, and processing techniques, while focusing on individual major application areas. Well-known authors who practice the craft of carbon nanotubes on a daily basis present an overview on structures and properties, and discuss modeling and simulation efforts, growth by arc discharge, laser ablation, and chemical vapor deposition. Applications become the focal point in chapters on scanning probe microscopy, carbon nanotube-based diodes and transistors, field emission, and the development of chemical and physical sensors, biosensors, and composites.
Presenting up-to-date literature citations that express the current state of the science, this book fully explores the development phase of carbon nanotube-based applications. It is a valuable resource for engineers, scientists, researchers, and professionals in a wide range of disciplines whose focus remains on the power and promise of carbon nanotubes.
Editor Meyya Meyyappan will receive the Pioneer Award in Nanotechnology from the IEEE Nanotechnology Council at the IEEE Nano Conference in Portland, Oregon in August, 2011
Electromagnetic, mechanical, and transport properties of composite materials / Rajinder Pal, Professor of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Ontario, CanadaTA 418.9 C6P345 2015
In the design, processing, and applications of composite materials, a thorough understanding of the physical properties is required. It is important to be able to predict the variations of these properties with the kind, shape, and concentration of filler materials. The currently available books on composite materials often emphasize mechanical properties and focus on classification, applications, and manufacturing. This limited coverage neglects areas that are important to new and emerging applications.
For the first time in a single source, this volume provides a systematic, comprehensive, and up-to-date exploration of the electromagnetic (electrical, dielectric, and magnetic), mechanical, thermal, and mass-transport properties of composite materials. The author begins with a brief discussion of the relevance of these properties for designing new materials to meet specific practical requirements. The book is then organized into five parts examining:The electromagnetic properties of composite materials subjected to time-invariant electric and magnetic fields The dynamic electromagnetic properties of composite materials subjected to time-varying electric and magnetic fields The mechanical elastic and viscoelastic properties of composites Heat transfer in composites and thermal properties (thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, coefficient of thermal expansion, and thermal emissivity) Mass transfer in composite membranes and composite materials
Throughout the book, the analogy between various properties is emphasized. Electromagnetic, Mechanical, and Transport Properties of Composite Materials provides both an introduction to the subject for newcomers and sufficient in-depth coverage for those involved in research. Scientists, engineers, and students from a broad range of fields will find this book a comprehensive source of information.
Exploring representation in evolutionary level design / Daniel AshlockTA 347 E96A833 2018eb
Automatic content generation is the production of content for games, web pages, or other purposes by procedural means. Search-based automatic content generation employs search-based algorithms to accomplish automatic content generation. This book presents a number of different techniques for search-based automatic content generation where the search algorithm is an evolutionary algorithm. The chapters treat puzzle design, the creation of small maps or mazes, the use of L-systems and a generalization of L-system to create terrain maps, the use of cellular automata to create maps, and, finally, the decomposition of the design problem for large, complex maps culminating in the creation of a map for a fantasy game module with designersupplied content and tactical features.
The evolutionary algorithms used for the different types of content are generic and similar, with the exception of the novel sparse initialization technique are presented in Chapter 2. The points where the content generation systems vary are in the design of their fitness functions and in the way the space of objects being searched is represented. A large variety of different fitness functions are designed and explained, and similarly radically different representations are applied to the design of digital objects all of which are, essentially, maps for use in games.
Solving practical engineering mechanics problems : dynamics / Sayavur I. BakhtiyarovTA 350.7 B257 2018eb
Engineering Mechanics is one of the fundamental branches of science that is important in the education of professional engineers of any major. Most of the basic engineering courses, such as mechanics of materials, fluid and gas mechanics, machine design, mechatronics, acoustics, vibrations, etc. are based on an Engineering Mechanics course. In order to absorb the materials of Engineering Mechanics, it is not enough to consume just theoretical laws and theorems--a student also must develop an ability to solve practical problems. Therefore, it is necessary to solve many problems independently. This book is a part of a four-book series designed to supplement the Engineering Mechanics courses in the principles required to solve practical engineering problems in the following branches of mechanics: Statics, Kinematics, Dynamics, and Advanced Kinetics. Each book contains 6-8 topics on its specific branch and each topic features 30 problems to be assigned as homework, tests, and/or midterm/final exams with the consent of the instructor. A solution of one similar sample problem from each topic is provided.
This third book in the series contains seven topics on Dynamics, the branch of mechanics that is concerned with the relation existing between the forces acting on the objects and the motion of these objects. This book targets undergraduate students at the sophomore/junior level majoring in science and engineering.
Things that keep us busy : the elements of interaction / Lars-Erik Janlert and Erik StoltermanTA 167 J36 2017
An investigation of interactivity, interfaces and their design, and the webs of complex interactions that result.We are surrounded by interactive devices, artifacts, and systems. The general assumption is that interactivity is good--that it is a positive feature associated with being modern, efficient, fast, flexible, and in control. Yet there is no very precise idea of what interaction is and what interactivity means. In this book, Lars-Erik Janlert and Erik Stolterman investigate the elements of interaction and how they can be defined and measured. They focus on interaction with digital artifacts and systems but draw inspiration from the broader, everyday sense of the word.Viewing the topic from a design perspective, Janlert and Stolterman take as their starting point the interface, which is designed to implement the interaction. They explore how the interface has changed over time, from a surface with knobs and dials to clickable symbols to gestures to the absence of anything visible. Janlert and Stolterman examine properties and qualities of designed artifacts and systems, primarily those that are open for manipulation by designers, considering such topics as complexity, clutter, control, and the emergence of an expressive-impressive style of interaction. They argue that only when we understand the basic concepts and terms of interactivity and interaction will we be able to discuss seriously its possible futures.
U.S. engineering in a global economy / edited by Richard B. Freeman and Hal SalzmanTA 157 U845 2018
Since the late 1950s, the engineering job market in the United States has been fraught with fears of a shortage of engineering skill and talent. U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy brings clarity to issues of supply and demand in this important market. Following a general overview of engineering-labor market trends, the volume examines the educational pathways of undergraduate engineers and their entry into the labor market, the impact of engineers working in firms on productivity and innovation, and different dimensions of the changing engineering labor market, from licensing to changes in demand and guest worker programs.
The volume provides insights on engineering education, practice, and careers that can inform educational institutions, funding agencies, and policy makers about the challenges facing the United States in developing its engineering workforce in the global economy.
New polymer nanocomposites for environmental remediation / edited by Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, Ajay Kumar MishraTA 418.9 N35 N49 2018
New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials' properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials.
Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications.
Stochastic methods for estimation and problem-solving in engineering / [editor] Seifedine Kadry, Beirut Arab University, LebanonTA 340 S76 2018
Utilizing mathematical algorithms is an important aspect of recreating real-world problems in order to make important decisions. By generating a randomized algorithm that produces statistical patterns, it becomes easier to find solutions to countless situations. Stochastic Methods for Estimation and Problem Solving in Engineering provides emerging research on the role of random probability systems in mathematical models used in various fields of research. While highlighting topics, such as random probability distribution, linear systems, and transport profiling, this book explores the use and behavior of uncertain probability methods in business and science. This book is an important resource for engineers, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking current research on the challenges and opportunities of non-deterministic probability models.
Computational sciences / edited by Ponnadurai RamasamiTA 345 C6326 2017
Eleven carefully selected, peer-reviewed contributions from the Virtual Conference on Computational Science (VCCS-2016) are featured in this edited book of proceedings. VCCS-2016, an annual meeting, was held online from 1st to 31st August 2016. The theme of the conference was "Computational Thinking for the Advancement of Society" and it matched the paradigm shift in the way we think. VCCS-2016 was attended by 100 participants from 20 countries. The chapters reflect a wide range of fundamental and applied research applying computational methods.
Sustainable construction materials : municipal incinerated bottom ash / Ravindra K. Dhir, OBE, Jorge de Brito, Ciarán J. Lynn, Rui V. SilvaTA 403.6 D445 2018
Sustainable Construction Materials: Municipal Incinerated Bottom Ash discusses the global use of virgin aggregates and CO2 polluter Portland cement. Given the global sustainability agenda, much of the demand for these two sets of materials can be substantially reduced through the appropriate use of waste materials, thereby conserving natural resources, energy and CO2 emissions. Realistically, this change can only be realized and sustained through engineering ingenuity and new concepts in design. Although a great deal of research has been published over the last 50 years, it remains fragmented and ineffective. This book develops a single global knowledge-base, encouraging greater use of selected waste streams. The focus of massive systematic reviews is to encourage the uptake of recycled secondary materials (RSM) by the construction industry and guide researchers to recognize what is already known regarding waste.
Intelligent transportation and planning : breakthroughs in research and practice / [edited by] Information Resources Management Association, USATE 228.3 I5759 2018
From driverless cars to vehicular networks, recent technological advances are being employed to increase road safety and improve driver satisfaction. As with any newly developed technology, researchers must take care to address all concerns, limitations, and dangers before widespread public adoption. Intelligent Transportation and Planning: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is an innovative reference source for the latest academic material on the applications, management, and planning of intelligent transportation systems. Highlighting a range of topics, such as automatic control, infrastructure systems, and system architecture, this publication is ideally designed for engineers, academics, professionals, and practitioners actively involved in the transportation planning sector.
Opto-mechanical fiber optic sensors : research, technology, and applications in mechanical sensing / edited by Hamid AlemohammadTA 1815 O78 2018
Opto-mechanical Fiber Optic Sensors: Research, Technology, and Applications in Mechanical Sensing offers comprehensive coverage of the theoretical aspects of fiber optic sensors (FOS), along with current and emerging applications in the mechanical, petroleum, biomedical, biomechanical, aerospace and automotive industries. Special attention is given to FOS applications in harsh environments. Due to recent technology advances, optical fibers have found uses in many industrial applications. Various sectors are major targets for FOS's capable of measuring mechanical parameters, such as pressure, stress, strain and temperature. Opto-mechanical FOS's offer unique advantages, including immunity to electromagnetic interference, high fidelity and signal-to-noise ratio, low-loss remote sensing and small size.
Kinetics in materials science and engineering / Dennis W. Readey, University Emeritus Professor, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USATA 403.6 R376 2017
"A pedagogical gem.... Professor Readey replaces 'black-box' explanations with detailed, insightful derivations. A wealth of practical application examples and exercise problems complement the exhaustive coverage of kinetics for all material classes." -Prof. Rainer Hebert, University of Connecticut
"Prof. Readey gives a grand tour of the kinetics of materials suitable for experimentalists and modellers.... In an easy-to-read and entertaining style, this book leads the reader to fundamental, model-based understanding of kinetic processes critical to development, fabrication and application of commercially-important soft (polymers, biomaterials), hard (ceramics, metals) and composite materials. It is a must-have for anyone who really wants to understand how to make materials and how they will behave in service." --Prof. Bill Lee, Imperial College London, Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering
"A much needed text filing the gap between an introductory course in materials science and advanced materials-specific kinetics courses. Ideal for the undergraduate interested in an in-depth study of kinetics in materials." -Prof. Mark E. Eberhart, Colorado School of Mines
This book provides an in-depth introduction to the most important kinetic concepts in materials science, engineering, and processing. All types of materials are addressed, including metals, ceramics, polymers, electronic materials, biomaterials, and composites. The expert author with decades of teaching and practical experience gives a lively and accessible overview, explaining the principles that determine how long it takes to change material properties and make new and better materials. The chapters cover a broad range of topics extending from the heat treatment of steels, the processing of silicon integrated microchips, and the production of cement, to the movement of drugs through the human body. The author explicitly avoids "black box" equations, providing derivations with clear explanations.
Vehicular cloud computing for traffic management and systems / Jyoti Grover, P. Vinod, Chhagan LalTE 228.3 V465 2018
Road accidents caused by impaired and distracted driving as well as traffic congestion are on the rise, with the numbers increasing dramatically every day. Intelligent transportation systems (ITS) aim to improve the efficiency and safety of traveling by consolidating vehicle operations, managing vehicle traffic, and notifying drivers with alerts and safety messages in real time. Vehicular Cloud Computing for Traffic Management and Systems provides innovative research on the rapidly advancing applications of vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure communication. It also covers the need to fully utilize vehicular ad-hoc network (VANET) resources to provide updated and dynamic information about the conditions of road traffic so that the number of road accidents can be minimized. Featuring research on topics such as identity management, computational architecture, and resource management, this book is ideally designed for urban planners, researchers, policy makers, graduate-level students, transportation engineers, and technology developers seeking current research on vehicle computational design, architecture, security, and privacy.