New books by subject
Q - Science - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions
Items in Science that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 30 days.
Cellular automaton modeling of biological pattern formation : characterization, examples, and analysis / Andreas Deutsch, Sabine Dormann ; foreword by Philip K. MainiQH491
This text explores the use of cellular automata in modeling pattern formation in biological systems. It describes several mathematical modeling approaches utilizing cellular automata that can be used to study the dynamics of interacting cell systems both in simulation and in practice. New in this edition are chapters covering cell migration, tissue development, and cancer dynamics, as well as updated references and new research topic suggestions that reflect the rapid development of the field.
The book begins with an introduction to pattern-forming principles in biology and the various mathematical modeling techniques that can be used to analyze them. Cellular automaton models are then discussed in detail for different types of cellular processes and interactions, including random movement, cell migration, adhesive cell interaction, alignment and cellular swarming, growth processes, pigment cell pattern formation, tissue development, tumor growth and invasion, and Turing-type patterns and excitable media. In the final chapter, the authors critically discuss possibilities and limitations of the cellular automaton approach in modeling various biological applications, along with future research directions. Suggestions for research projects are provided throughout the book to encourage additional engagement with the material, and an accompanying simulator is available for readers to perform their own simulations on several of the models covered in the text. QR codes are included within the text for easy access to the simulator.
With its accessible presentation and interdisciplinary approach, Cellular Automaton Modeling of Biological Pattern Formation is suitable for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in mathematical biology, biological modeling, and biological computing. It will also be a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in applied mathematics, mathematical biology, computational physics, bioengineering, and computer science. PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION
" An ideal guide for someone with a mathematical or physical background to start exploring biological modelling. Importantly, it will also serve as an excellent guide for experienced modellers to innovate and improve their methodologies for analysing simulation results ." --Mathematical Reviews
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This 3-volume set covers new research and applications on physical chemical for engineering and applied sciences. Volume 1 discusses the principles and technological implications of industrial chemistry and biochemical physics. Volume 2 presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also provides an update on applications of modern polymers. In Volume 3, the various categories of high performance materials and their composites are discussed, and the book also provides up-to-date synthesis details, properties, characterization, and applications for such systems in order to give readers and users better information to select the required material.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This book presents some fascinating phenomena associated with the remarkable features of high performance polymers and also provides an update on applications of modern polymers. It offers new research on structure-property relationships, synthesis, and purification, and potential applications of high performance polymers.
The collection of topics in this book reflects the diversity of recent advances in modern polymers with a broad perspective that will be useful for scientists as well as for graduate students and engineers. The book helps to fill the gap between theory and practice. It explains the major concepts of new advances in high performance polymers and their applications in a friendly, easy-to-understand manner.
The book opens with a presentation of classical models, moving on to increasingly more complex quantum mechanical and dynamical theories. Coverage and examples are drawn from modern polymers.
Membrane fabrication / edited by Nidal Hilal, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Chris J. WrightQH 601 M46 2015
Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together experts from various disciplines who discuss current membrane fabrication methods and how they are used in the optimization of membrane applications. They present innovative ideas on the development of membrane science and technology with a view toward efficient application of membrane separation processes.
Exploring fabrication processes for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes, the book details the effects of different fabrication conditions and how these conditions can be controlled to optimize membrane construction and the subsequent application of the membrane system. It examines the advantages and disadvantages of each type of membrane, including the malleable yet vulnerable polymeric membranes, the robust yet costly inorganic membranes, and composite membranes, constructed with a blend of inorganic and organic materials.
Offering a comprehensive survey of a range of fabrication methods, the book is essential reading for those engaged in the R & D activities of the field, as well as those interested in the sustainable development of membranes for various applications. It is also an important resource for industrialists and others charged with developing and introducing membrane processes into production or waste management.
Bubbles, drops, and particles in non-Newtonian fluids / R.P. ChhabraQC 189.5 C55 2007
Bubbles, Drops, and Particles in Non-Newtonian Fluids, Second Edition continues to provide thorough coverage of the scientific foundations and the latest advances in particle motion in non-Newtonian media. The book demonstrates how dynamic behavior of single particles can yield useful information for modeling transport processes in complex multiphase flows.
Completely revised and expanded, this second edition covers macroscopic momentum and heat/mass transfer from a single rigid or fluid particle or ensembles of particles involving strong inter-particle interactions including packed beds, fluidized beds, and porous media with different types of non-Newtonian fluids. It reflects advances made since the publication of the previous, bestselling edition with new material on topics such as extensional flow; time-independent, time-dependent and visco-elastic fluids; free settling behavior of non-spherical particles; and particle motion in visco-elastic and visco-plastic fluids, boundary layer flows, flows in porous media, and falling object rheometry.
An excellent reference and handbook dealing with the technological aspects of non-Newtonian materials encountered in nature and in technology, this book highlights qualitative differences between the response of a Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids in the complex flows encountered in processing applications.
Introduction to multivariate statistical analysis in chemometrics / Kurt Varmuza, Peter FilzmoserQD 75.4 C45V37 2009
Using formal descriptions, graphical illustrations, practical examples, and R software tools, Introduction to Multivariate Statistical Analysis in Chemometricspresents simple yet thorough explanations of the most important multivariate statistical methods for analyzing chemical data. It includes discussions of various statistical methods, such as principal component analysis, regression analysis, classification methods, and clustering.
Written by a chemometrician and a statistician, the book reflects the practical approach of chemometrics and the more formally oriented one of statistics. To enable a better understanding of the statistical methods, the authors apply them to real data examples from chemistry. They also examine results of the different methods, comparing traditional approaches with their robust counterparts. In addition, the authors use the freely available R package to implement methods, encouraging readers to go through the examples and adapt the procedures to their own problems.
Focusing on the practicality of the methods and the validity of the results, this book offers concise mathematical descriptions of many multivariate methods and employs graphical schemes to visualize key concepts. It effectively imparts a basic understanding of how to apply statistical methods to multivariate scientific data.
Process scale bioseparations for the biopharmaceutical industry / edited by Abhinav A. Shukla, Mark R. Etzel, Shishir GadamQP 551 P693 2007
The biopharmaceutical industry has become an increasingly important player in the global economy, and the success of these products depends on the development and implementation of cost-effective, robust and scaleable production processes. Bioseparations-also called downstream processing- can be a key source of competitive advantageto biopharmaceutical developers. Process Scale Bioseparations for the Biopharmaceutical Industry brings together scientific principles, empirical approaches, and practical considerations for designing industrial downstream bioprocesses for various classes of biomolecules.
Using clear language along with numerous case studies, examples, tables, flow charts, and schematics, the book presents perspectives from experienced professionals involved in purification processes and industrial downstream unit operations. The authors provide useful experimental design strategies and guidelines for developing application-specific process scale bioseparations. Chapter topics include harvest by centrifugation and filtration, expanded bed chromatography, protein refolding, modes of preparative chromatography, methodologies for resin screening, membrane chromatography, protein crystallization, viral filtration, ultrafiltration/diafiltration, implementing post-approval downstream process changes for an antibody product, and future trends.
Ideal for both new and experienced scientists in the biopharmaceutical industry and students, Process Scale Bioseparations for the Biopharmaceutical Industry is a comprehensive resource for all topics relevant to industrial process development.
Handbook of cyanobacteria / T.A. SarmaQR 99.63 S27 2013
This handbook acquaints readers with the exciting developments in various areas of cyanobacterial research in the backdrop of the publication of complete genome sequence of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. strain PCC 6803 in 1996. It begins with a summary of the current knowledge on the taxonomy, phylogeny and evolution of cyanobacteria followed by the sequenced genomes, differentiation of akinetes and heterocyst. The book considers mechanisms of cellular movements (gliding, swimming and twitching motions) exhibited by various cyanobacteria in order to adjust to their environmental niches and the operation of the circadian rhythms. It covers cyanobacterial symbiosis, cyanophages and cyanobacterial toxins, followed by a discussion on stress responses (salinity, temperature, desiccation and oxidation).
A comprehensive account on the developments in all these spheres has been presented in a lucid style with the required background information, molecular techniques employed and models proposed. This handbook constitutes the first such book written by a single author at a level and depth for graduate and research students in botany and microbiology.
Transport phenomena in capillary-porous structures and heat pipes / Henry SmirnovQC 320.36 S65 2010
Two-phase nano- and micro-thermal control device research is now proving relevant to a growing range of modern applications, including those in cryogenics, thermal engineering, MEMS, and aerospace engineering. Until now, researchers have lacked a definitive resource that provides a complete review of micro- and nano-scale evaporative heat and mass transfer in capillaries-porous structures.
Transport Phenomena in Capillary-Porous Structures and Heat Pipescovers the latest experiemental research efforts in two-phase thermal control technology research and development. The book covers vaporization heat transfer and hydrodynamic processes occurring in capillary channels and porous structures--paying particular attention to the physical mechanisms of these phenomena. Extensive experimental research activities on unique film and photo materials of boiling inside slits, capillaries, and capillary-porous structures are reviewed.By providing a complete record of research in the field, this volume gives researchers, engineers, and practitioners working on vaporization heat transfer and hydrodynamic processes the findings needed to avoid unnecessary experimental efforts, and will help further the development of this dynamic area of research.
CRC handbook of thermodynamics data of polymer solutions at elevated pressures / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W65
This handbook provides the only complete collection of high-pressure thermodynamic data pertaining to polymer solutions at elevated pressures to date of all critical data for understanding the physical nature of these mixtures and applicable to a number of industrial and laboratory processes in polymer science, physical chemistry, chemical engineering, and biotechnology.
In response to the increasing commercial interest due to the physico-chemical properties of these solutions, the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures compiles information on experimental data from hundreds of primary journal articles, dissertations, and other papers into a single source entirely devoted to polymer solutions. The book contains data on vapor-liquid equilibria and gas solubilities, liquidâe"liquid equilibria, high-pressure fluid phase equilibria for polymer systems in supercritical fluids, enthalpic and volumetric data, and second virial coefficients, all at elevated pressures. An excellent companion to the author's previous publications, the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions and the CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions , this handbook contains reliable, easy-to-use entries, references, tables, examples, and appendices that provide students, professors, and researchers with a well-organized, quick route to the data they need.
The CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures is a staple resource for all university libraries as well as private laboratories, particularly for researchers, academics, and engineers who handle polymer systems in supercritical fluids, material science applications such as computerized predictive packages, and chemical and biochemical processes, such as synthesis and characterization, fractionation, separation, purification, and finishing of polymers and related materials._
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions, Three Volume Set
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions
Hansen solubility parameters : a user's handbook / Charles M. HansenQD 543 H258 2007
Hansen solubility parameters (HSPs) are used to predict molecular affinities, solubility, and solubility-related phenomena. Revised and updated throughout, Hansen Solubility Parameters: A User's Handbook, Second Edition features the three Hansen solubility parameters for over 1200 chemicals and correlations for over 400 materials including polymers, inorganic salts, and biological materials.
To update his groundbreaking handbook with the latest advances and perspectives, Charles M. Hansen has invited five renowned experts to share their work, theories, and practical applications involving HSPs. New discussions include a new statistical thermodynamics approach for confirming existing HSPs and how they fit into other thermodynamic theories for polymer solutions. Entirely new chapters examine the prediction of environmental stress cracking as well as absorption and diffusion in polymers. Highlighting recent findings on interactions with DNA, the treatment of biological materials also includes skin tissue, proteins, natural fibers, and cholesterol. The book also covers the latest applications of HSPs, such as ozone-safe "designer" solvents, protective clothing, drug delivery systems, and petroleum applications.
Presenting a comprehensive survey of the theoretical and practical aspects of HSPs, Hansen Solubility Parameters, Second Edition concludes with a detailed discussion on the necessary research, future directions, and potential applications for which HSPs can provide a useful means of prediction in areas such as biological materials, controlled release applications, nanotechnology, and self-assembly.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Vol. 17 / edited by Yizhak Marcus, Arup K. SenGupta, Jacob A. MarinskyQD 561 I56 2004
Volume 17 in the Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction series represents the vanguard of research on solvent extraction. It covers the principles of electrolyte extraction and other subjects of increasing interest to the field. This volume begins with pharmaceutical applications of supercritical fluid solvents, particularly supercritical carbon dioxide. It also contains chapters on liquid ion exchangers and relevant experiment protocols, SCF applications in drug formulation and pollution reduction, exploiting SCF as reaction media, applications of metal bis(dicarbollide) in analytical chemistry and radioactive waste treatment, and synergistic extraction of metal ions.
Volume 17 discusses the ion exchange isothermal supersaturation technique, metal separation via pH-induced parametric pumping, modeling of ion exchange kinetics for ultrapure water, and the engineering of activated carbons and carbonaceous materials for removal of metal ions and organic micropollutants in water. Volume 17 cover topics that include supercritical fluid applications, applications of metal bis(dicarbollide), and synergistic extraction of metal ions.
CRC handbook of thermodynamic data of copolymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W635 2001
The Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions is the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics , has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 300 literature sources. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included results in the handbook only if numerical values were published or if authors provided their numerical results by personal communication.
With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 165 copolymers and 165 solvents, this handbook furnishes:250 vapor-pressure isotherms 75 tables of Henry's constants 50 LLE data sets 175 HPPE data sets 70 PVT data tables
Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions will prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions, Three Volume Set
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Polymer Solutions at Elevated Pressures
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Aqueous Polymer Solutions
CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions
Handbook of catalyst preparation / edited by John RegalbutoQD 501 H216 2007
Improving the effectiveness of catalysts is the best way to ensure cleaner, more efficient industrial processes for a wide range of applications. Catalyst Preparation: Science and Engineering explores the optimization of catalytic materials through traditional and novel methods of catalyst preparation, characterization, and monitoring on laboratory and industrial scales.
The book presents many key principles of heterogeneous catalyst preparation and the methods used to synthesize a catalyst with a particular composition and morphology. The first chapters examine the synthesis of bulk materials including amorphous and mesoporous oxide supports, heteropolyacids, and colloidal metals. Subsequent chapters focus on the syntheses of heterogeneous nanoscale materials, including those based on metal complex-substrate interactions and those using non-interacting precursors via viscous drying. The final chapters concentrate on pretreatment, drying, and finishing effects before concluding with a prognosis on future applications involving catalyst preparation and the technological advances necessary for continued progress.
An ideal companion for scientists exploring the preparation of application-specific catalysts based on desired catalytic properties, Catalyst Preparation: Science and Engineering provides a balanced overview of important synthesis parameters to consider for good catalyst design.
Electrocatalysis : computational, experimental, and industrial aspects / Carlos Fernando ZinolaQD 569 Z56 2010
Electrocatalysis applications are employed in a large number of industries worldwide, ranging from old technologies such as galvanoplasty to the most up-to-date deployments involving ultracapacitators. Recognizing electrocatalysis as a useful interfacial approach to a dynamic interdisciplinary science, Electrocatalysis: Computational, Experimental, and Industrial Aspectsfocuses on important developments in the field that are the most relevant to new technologies.
Gathering the experiences of a collection of experts who have worked on the basic principles of electrocatalysis as it applies to theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry, the book gives readers a clear view of the problems inside electrocatalytic reactions, presenting both the limitations of electrocatalysis in the laboratory along with its possibilities in industry.
Topics discussed include:The current uses of electrocatalysis Future perspectives on the field Surface physical properties and surface relaxation on noble and non-noble surfaces The quantum nature of the electron transfer Müller-Calandra, Srinivasan-Gileadi, and instantaneous nucleation-growth overlap models The production, storage, use, and delivery of hydrogen in industrial electrochemistry Theoretical approaches to current distribution on rough surfaces The use of microradiology to study electrodeposition Principles of electrochemical engineering, fuel cell reactors, and electrocatalytic reactor design Electrocatalysis of electroless plating Fundamental aspects of the corrosion of metals
The book reviews four main electrochemical processes (hydrogen production, oxygen electrochemistry, energy conversion/production, and fine electroplating). Surface modified non-noble metal substrates and natural minerals as well as noble mineral catalysts are considered. The text goes beyond other books, which merely focus on progress in the application of surface science and ultra high vacuum techniques to electrochemistry. Instead, this volume offers potential industrial applications of these findings, making it a unique reference for professionals and academia alike.
Advances in technologies for producing food-relevant polyphenols / edited by Jose Cuevas Valenzuela, Jose Rodrigo Vergara-Salinas, and Jose Ricardo Perez-CorreaQK 898 P764C84 2017
The growing concern for human wellbeing has generated an increase in the demand for polyphenols, secondary plant metabolites that exhibit different bioactive properties. This increasing demand is mainly due to the current applications in the food industry where polyphenols are considered essential for human health and nutrition.
Advances in Technologies for Producing Food-relevant Polyphenols provides researchers, scientists, engineers, and professionals involved in the food industry with the latest methodologies and equipment useful to extract, isolate, purify, and analyze polyphenols from different available sources, such as herbs, flora, vegetables, fruits, and agro-industrial wastes. Technologies currently used to add polyphenols to diverse food matrices are also included.
This book serves a reference to design and scale-up processes to obtain polyphenols from different plant sources and to produce polyphenol-rich foods with bioactive properties (e.g. antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, anticancer properties) of interest for human health and wellbeing.
Marine glycobiology : principles and applications / edited by Se-Kwon KimQP 702 G577M37 2017
Marine glycobiology is an emerging and exciting area in the field of science and medicine. Glycobiology, the study of the structure and function of carbohydrates and carbohydrate-containing molecules, is fundamental to all biological systems and represents a developing field of science that has made huge advances in the last half-century. This book revolutionizes the concept of marine glycobiology, focusing on the latest principles and applications of marine glycobiology and their relationships.
Nonlinear systems stability analysis : Lyapunov-based approach / Seyed Kamaleddin Yadavar NikraveshQA 402.35 N555 2013
The equations used to describe dynamic properties of physical systems are often nonlinear, and it is rarely possible to find their solutions. Although numerical solutions are impractical and graphical techniques are not useful for many types of systems, there are different theorems and methods that are useful regarding qualitative properties of nonlinear systems and their solutions--system stability being the most crucial property. Without stability, a system will not have value.
Nonlinear Systems Stability Analysis: Lyapunov-Based Approachintroduces advanced tools for stability analysis of nonlinear systems. It presents the most recent progress in stability analysis and provides a complete review of the dynamic systems stability analysis methods using Lyapunov approaches. The author discusses standard stability techniques, highlighting their shortcomings, and also describes recent developments in stability analysis that can improve applicability of the standard methods. The text covers mostly new topics such as stability of homogonous nonlinear systems and higher order Lyapunov functions derivatives for stability analysis. It also addresses special classes of nonlinear systems including time-delayed and fuzzy systems.
Presenting new methods, this book provides a nearly complete set of methods for constructing Lyapunov functions in both autonomous and nonautonomous systems, touching on new topics that open up novel research possibilities. Gathering a body of research into one volume, this text offers information to help engineers design stable systems using practice-oriented methods and can be used for graduate courses in a range of engineering disciplines.
Microwave-assisted organic synthesis : a green chemical approach / edited by Suresh C. Ameta, PhD, Pinki B. Punjabi, PhD, Rakshit Ameta, PhD, and Chetna Ameta, PhDQD 262 M53 2015
The large-scale production of chemicals to meet various societal needs has created environmental pollution, including pollution from byproducts and improper disposal of waste. With the world facing adverse consequences due to this pollution, green chemistry is increasingly being viewed as a means to address this concern.
Since most organic syntheses require toxic solvents, more reaction time, and drastic conditions of temperature, conventional methods of organic synthesis are less preferred. Microwave-assisted organic synthesis is considered to be a promising green chemical approach because it reduces reaction time from days or hours to minutes or even seconds, and has many other advantages. It helps reduce side reactions and increase yields, uses fewer solvents or is almost solvent-free, has solid supported reactions, and improves purity.
This book's main focus is microwave-assisted organic synthesis processes, particularly various reactions such as cycloaddition, rearrangement, elimination, substitution, oxidation, reduction, condensation, coupling, polymerization, nanomaterials, synthesis of heterocycles, and industrial applications under microwave irradiation. The time is not far off when this methodology will virtually replace existing and cumbersome methods of organic synthesis.
Macroporous polymers : production properties and biotechnological/biomedical applications / edited by Bo Mattiasson, Ashok Kumar, Igor Yu. GalaevQD 381 M355 2010
Macroporous polymers are rapidly becoming the material of choice for many tissue engineering, bioseparation, and bioprocessing applications. However, while important information is scattered about in many different publications, none, to date, have drawn this information together in user-friendly format, until now. Meeting the need for an accessible, organized resource, Macroporous Polymers: Production Properties and Biotechnological/Biomedical Applicationssupplies a systematic presentation of the production, characterization, and application of these polymers.
The text discusses traditional methods of production, including phase separation polymerization, leaching, foaming, and double emulsion as well as emerging methods such as cryogelation. The chapters also detail the various applications of macroporous gels for the separation of biomolecules and for the cultivation of mammalian cells in bioreactors and for tissue engineering. The book underscores existing and potential problems while providing a solid background on which to base the evaluation of the scientific and commercial value of new developments.
The editors bring together different viewpoints, summarize state-of-the-art achievement, and cover applications in biotechnology, downstream processing, and biomedicine. They have collected the latest research and molded it into a cohesive reference, closing the gap between macromolecular design and production of these gels/polymers and their possible applications. With the intensity of development in this area likely to increase, the foundation provided by this book can help you meet the challenges inherent in the development of new and better materials for new and better applications.
Chemistry of pyrroles / Boris A. Trofimov, Al'bina I. Mikhaleva, Elena Yu Schmidt, Lyubov N. SobeninaQD 401 C4955 2015
During the last 30 years, knowledge of the essential role that pyrrole structures play in the chemistry of living organisms, drug design, and the development of advanced materials has increased. Correspondingly, research on the diverse issues of synthetic, theoretical, and applied chemistry has snowballed. Devoted to the latest achievements of this field, Chemistry of Pyrroles covers the discovery and development of a novel, facile, and highly effective method for the construction of the pyrrole ring from ketones (ketoximes) and acetylene in superbase catalytic systems (Trofimov reaction). It provides cutting-edge details on the preparation of valuable but previously inaccessible pyrrole compounds. It includes approximately 1,000 structures of novel pyrrole compounds, their yields, and physical-chemical characteristics.
The authors analyze conditions of typical syntheses, limitations of their applicability, and possibility of vinyl chloride or dichloroethane application instead of acetylene. They examine chemical engineering aspects of the first synthesis of tetrahydroindole and indole from commercially available oxime of cyclohexanone and acetylene. In addition, the book discusses new facets of pyrroles and N-vinyl pyrroles reactivity in the reactions with the participation of both the pyrrole ring and N-vinyl groups.
The book provides condensed, clear-cut information on novel syntheses of substituted pyrroles as key structural units of living matter (chlorophyll and hemoglobin), pharmaceuticals, and monomers for optoelectronic materials. It includes tables that provide references to original works, forming a guide to a variety of the reactions and synthesized compounds discussed. With coverage of the broad range of pyrrole chemistry and methods for their synthesis, it provides both a theoretical and an experimental basis for drug design.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances / edited by Arup K. Sengupta, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USAQD 562 I63I56 2016
Since the Second World War, the field of ion exchange has taken a dominant role in offering solutions to many problems in the developed and developing world. It has evolved to a wide array of applications, including mining, microelectronics, drug delivery and detection, food, fertilizers, chemical cleaning, catalysis, bioseparation, water management, environmental research and practices, and energy.
The six chapters in this book represent diverse contributions from researchers around the globe who are making noticeable strides in the field in currently important areas:Brackish water desalination Removing boron from water Sustainable approaches for synthesizing commercially important epoxide building blocks Solid-phase heavy-metal separation Separating concentrated ion mixtures in sorption columns Sensing toxic metals
Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advances, Volume 22 provides a focused review of new materials and new processes that have developed and are rapidly growing. It describes cutting-edge research and practices in the use of ion exchange for building a cleaner, sustainable world and provides thoughtful insights on what ion exchange may do for us in the future.
Interfacial electroviscoelasticity and electrophoresis / Jyh-Ping Hsu, Aleksandar M. SpasicQD 509 L54H78 2010
In the 20 years since the pilot plant experiments used to develop the concept of electroviscoelasticity, inroads have been made in the understanding of its many related processes. Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresismeets a massive scientific challenge by presenting deeper research and developments in the basic and applied science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems.
Introducing more profound and in-depth treatises related to the liquid-liquid finely dispersed systems (i.e., emulsions and double emulsions), this book describes a new theory developed through the authors' work. These findings are likely to impact other research and applications in a wide array of other fields, considering that the modeling of liquid-liquid interfaces is key to numerous chemical manufacturing processes, including those used for emulsions, suspensions, nanopowders, foams, biocolloids, and plasmas. The authors cover phenomena at the micro, nano, and atto-scales, and their techniques, theory, and supporting data will be of particular interest to nanoscientists, especially with regard to the breaking of emulsions.
This groundbreaking book:Takes an interdisciplinary approach to elucidate the momentum transfer and electron transfer phenomena Covers less classical chemical engineering insight and modern molecular and atomic engineering Reviews basic theory of electrokinetics, using the electrophoresis of rigid particles as an example
Built around the central themes of hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, this book addresses recently developed concepts in the physics, chemistry, and rheological properties of those well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems. The book also introduces the key phenomenon of electrophoresis, since it is widely adopted either as an analytical tool to characterize the surface properties of colloid-sized particles or in the separation and purification process of both laboratory and industrial scales. The applications and implications of the material presented in the book represent a major contribution to the advanced fundamental, applied, and engineering research of interfacial and colloidal phenomena.
Practical guide to chemometricsQD 75.4 C45P73 2006
The limited coverage of data analysis and statistics offered in most undergraduate and graduate analytical chemistry courses is usually focused on practical aspects of univariate methods. Drawing in real-world examples, Practical Guide to Chemometrics, Second Edition offers an accessible introduction to application-oriented multivariate methods of data analysis and procedures that are highly beneficial to solving a variety of problems using analytical chemistry and statistics.
Rather than overshadowing the concepts with theoretical background, this book uses application-oriented examples to illustrate how chemometrics techniques can be applied to complex scenarios with multiple and dynamic variables. The book presents a diverse selection of topics that include sampling, modeling, experimental design, calibration, pattern recognition, data analysis techniques, algorithms, and error. This second edition has been completely revised to feature new chapters on principal component analysis, self-modeling curve resolution, and multi-way analysis methods. It includes expanded material on normal distributions, sampling theory, signal processing, and digital filtering.
Embracing the growing role of chemometrics in some of the latest research trends, such as quantitative biology, bioinformatics, and proteomics, this book also identifies several areas for future development and applications. Practical Guide to Chemometrics, Second Edition continues to offer a reliable source of useful information in a style that is accessible to all levels of students, professionals, and researchers involved in analyzing scientific data.
Small-scale synthesis of laboratory reagents with reaction modeling / Leonid LernerQD 77 L47 2011
The in-lab preparation of certain chemical reagents provides a number of advantages over purchasing various commercially prepared samples. This is especially true in isolated regions where acquiring the necessary substances from overseas can cause undue delay and inconvenience due to restrictions on the transportation of hazardous chemicals. An invaluable resource for chemists in a variety of environments, Small-Scale Synthesis of Laboratory Reagents with Reaction Modelingpresents efficient, sensible, and versatile methods for the laboratory preparation of common chemical reagents.
Rapid, reliable synthesis
Designed to facilitate smooth experimentation in the lab, this volume presents preparations chosen for their short duration, availability of apparatus, high yield, and high purity of the product. Adding an educational component, the book also discusses fundamental processes in inorganic chemistry, presenting original modeling of reactions and their practical implementation. Theoretical aspects are discussed to a greater extent than is usual in synthetic literature in cases where there is a direct impact on experimental parameters, such as the reaction time, yield, and purity of the product.
More than 30 convenient, time-saving preparations
Focusing on simple synthesis of high-purity reagents, the book contains over 30 presentations, a substantial number of which are mathematically modeled for the first time. Most syntheses can be carried out in one day using common laboratory equipment, making this volume a valuable and time-saving tool.
Polytope projects / Octavian Iordache, President, Polystochastic, Montreal, Quebec, CanadaQA 691 I66 2014
How do you know what works and what doesn't? This book contains case studies highlighting the power of polytope projects for complex problem solving. Any sort of combinational problem characterized by a large variety of possibly complex constructions and deconstructions based on simple building blocks can be studied in a similar way. Although the majority of case studies are related to chemistry, the method is general and equally applicable to other fields for engineering or science.
Catalysis of organic reactions / [edited by] John R. Sowa, JrQD 262 C563 2005
This volume compiles 63 peer-reviewed scientific papers documenting the latest developments in the application of homogeneous, heterogeneous, and immobilized homogenous catalysts used in organic synthesis. Catalysis of Organic Reactions consists of primary research articles accompanied by experimental sections that emphasize chemical processes with actual and potential applications in industry. Each chapter represents current and outstanding research by recognized leaders in the field.
Organized into five major symposia, topics include selective homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis for the synthesis of fine chemical and pharmaceuticals, solid acid catalysis, selective oxidation, amination, chiral catalysis, combinatorial technologies, nanoparticles, environmentally friendly catalysis, and more. The collection also presents the award-winning research of Jean Lessard, concerning the scope and limitations of electrocatalytic hydrogenation of organic compounds at Raney Metal Electrodes, and Richard Larock, relating to palladium-catalyzed annulation and migration reactions.
These proceedings are of interest to the chemical scientists and engineers whose special interest is to apply homogenous and heterogeneous catalysts in organic synthesis of pharmaceutical, fine, and commodity chemicals.
Modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering / edited by A.K. HaghiQD 31.3 M63 2012
This book covers a collection of topics that reflect the diversity of modern trends in chemistry and chemical engineering. It presents leading-edge research from some of the brightest and most well known scientists from around the world. Contributions range from new methods to novel applications of existing methods to give readers an understanding of the material and/or structural behavior of new and advanced systems. The book offers a broad scope of new research for academics, researchers, and engineering professionals, which has potential for applications in several disciplines of engineering and science.
Topics include:Time evolution of the electronegativity and its various scales and the interrelationship between electronegativity and other periodic parameters The starch nanocomposite and nanoparticles and its biomedical applications The lamination of nanofiber at different temperatures Electrospinning of chitosan (CHT) and how it can be improved by the addition of synthetic materials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Smart nanofibers based on nylon 6,6/polyethylene glycol blend Nano-biocomposites with chitosan matrix and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) Polypyrrole-coated polyacrylonitrile electrospun nanofibers Semi-empirical AM-1 studies on porphyrin, which include global reactivity parameters, local reactivity parameters, and atomic charge
Computational Chemistry Methodology in Structural Biology and Materials Sciences / Tanmoy ChakrabortyQP 551 C435 2017
Computational Chemistry Methodology in Structural Biology and Materials Sciencesprovides a selection of new research in theoretical and experimental chemistry, focusing on topics in the materials science and biological activity.
Part 1, on Computational Chemistry Methodology in Biological Activity, of the book emphasizes presents new developments in the domain of theoretical and computational chemistry and its applications to bioactive molecules. It looks at various aspects of density functional theory and other issues. Part 2, on Computational Chemistry Methodology in Materials Science, presents informative new research on computational chemistry as applied to materials science.
The wide range of topics regarding the application of theoretical and experimental chemistry and materials science and biological domain will be valuable in the context of addressing contemporary research problems.
Quality assurance and quality control in the analytical chemical laboratory : a practical approach / Piotr Konieczka, Jacek NamiesnikQD 75.4 Q34K66 2009
A Practical Tool for Learning New Methods
Quality assurance and measurement uncertainty in analytical laboratories has become increasingly important. To meet increased scrutiny and keep up with new methods, practitioners very often have to rely on self-study. A practical textbook for students and a self-study tool for analytical laboratory employees, Quality Assurance and Quality Control in the Analytical Chemical Laboratory: A Practical Approachdefines the tools used in QA/QC, especially the application of statistical tools during analytical data treatment.
Unified Coverage of QA in Analytical Chemistry
Clearly written and logically organized, this book delineates the concepts of practical QA/QC, taking a generic approach that can be applied to any field of analysis. Using an approach grounded in hands-on experience, the book begins with the theory behind quality control systems and then moves on to discuss examples of tools such as validation parameter measurements, the use of statistical tests, counting the margin of error, and estimating uncertainty. The authors draw on their experience in uncertainty estimation, traceability, reference materials, statistics, proficiency tests, and method validation to provide practical guidance on each step of the process.
Extended Coverage of QC/QA in Analytical and Testing Laboratories
Presenting guidance on all aspects of QA and measurement results, the book covers QC/QA in a more complex and extended manner than other books on this topic. This range of coverage supplies an integrated view on measures like the use of reference materials and method validation. With worked-out examples and Excel spreadsheets that users can use to try the concepts themselves, the book provides not only know-what but know-how.
Methods of non-[alpha]-amino acid synthesis / Michael Bryant Smith, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USAQD 431 S685 2014
Although less common than α-amino acids, non-α-amino acids--where the amino group is not on the carbon immediately adjacent to the carboxyl group but is attached to another carbon in the chain (for example, the β, γ, δ carbon)--are components of biologically important molecules, are significant in the pharmaceutical industry, and are useful starting materials for many areas of organic chemistry. Since the publication of the first edition of this book nearly 20 years ago, synthetic work devoted to the preparation of non- α-amino acids has expanded greatly.
Methods of Non-α-Amino Acid Synthesis, Second Edition has been extensively rewritten and reorganized, providing an up-to-date review of strategies and methods for non-α-amino acid synthesis, particularly those amino acids that are key synthetic intermediates or important compounds in their own right. It focuses on acyclic amino acids of C3-C10, but also aminoalkanoic carboxylic acids, aminoalkenoic acids, and aminoalkynoic acids. The new edition contains many updated references and has a greater emphasis on the biological importance of non-α-amino acids. In addition to an array of synthetic methods, the book offers discussions on why non-α-amino acids are important.
The book covers synthetic methods that rely on substituent refunctionalization, the conversion of cyclic precursors to acyclic amino acids, conjugate addition reactions, and enolate anion reactions and condensation reactions that lead to non-α-amino acids. It also examines reactions and strategies that lead to good diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity during synthesis. A chapter devoted to biologically important amino acids includes separate sections on GABA, GABOB, carnitine, DAVA, statine, and other significant amino acids as well as a new section on peptides and proteins that contain non-α-amino acids. The final chapter addresses aminocyclic and heterocyclic amino acids.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / edited by Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, PhD, DSc, and Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
This volume presents the various categories of high performance materials and their composites and provides up-to-date synthesis details, properties, characterization, and applications for such systems to give readers and users better information to select the required material.
The volume provides the following features:
* Includes a wide range of high performance and engineering materials
* Details the synthesis and properties of each of new materials
* Presents practical industrial applications
* Contains material written by some of the world's most well-known and respected experts in the field
Precision crystallization : theory and practice of controlling crystal size / Ingo H. LeubnerQD 921 L48 2010
Despite the fact that crystals make up an estimated 80% of chemical and pharmaceutical products, few resources exist that provide practical guidance on achieving precision control of their size and size distribution. Based on a model developed by the author and his colleagues, Precision Crystallization: Theory and Practice of Controlling Crystal Sizepresents scientists and product engineers with the tools to control crystal nucleation, enabling them to ultimately control crystal size and size distribution for batch and continuous crystallizations.
At the cutting edge of crystallization science and technology, this volume presents information never before available. Introducing the Balanced Nucleation and Growth(BNG) model, the book demonstrates how the results of the nucleation process are quantitatively related to practical experimental control values such as:reaction addition rate crystal solubility temperature residence time (continuous crystallizations) the effect of ripening agents (crystal supersizing) during nucleation the effect of crystal growth restrainers (crystal nanosizing) during nucleation control of renucleation
The author shows how the BNG theory predicts previously unknown phenomena and also how it corrects erroneous perceptions of the importance of reaction volume on the outcome of crystal nucleation. Going above and beyond classical nucleation theories which rely to a large extent on guesswork, the BNG model gives precise guidance to scientists working in a range of critical areas, leading to promising implications for research, quality control, product development, production processes, pilot plant operations, and manufacturing.
Handbook of basic tables for chemical analysis / Thomas J. Bruno, Paris D.N. SvoronosQD 78 B78 2011
Winner of an Oustanding Academic Title Award for 2011!
Researchers in organic chemistry, chemical engineering, pharmaceutical science, forensics, and environmental science make routine use of chemical analysis, but the information these researchers need is often scattered in different sources and difficult to access. The CRC Handbook of Basic Tables for Chemical Analysis, Third Edition is a one-stop reference that presents updated data in a handy format specifically designed for use when reaching a decision point in designing an analysis or interpreting results. In response to a decade of reader input, this new edition has been expanded to include even more of the critical information scientists rely on to perform accurate analysis.
Enhancements to the Third Edition:Includes data from the CRC Handbook of Fundamental Spectroscopic Correlation Charts into this volume for the first time Presents new information on gas, liquid, and thin layer chromatography; nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry; infrared spectrophotometry; and mass spectrometry Reviews the detection of outliers in experimental data Provides basic information on thermocouples, chemical indicators, and chromatographic column regeneration Explores the latest stationary phases for chromatographic methods and extractions Examines carcinogens and chemical, electrical, radiation, and laser hazards Includes information on laboratory safety and equipment, from advice on choosing lab gloves and apparel to selecting respirators
Unmatched in its coverage of the range of information scientists need in the lab, this resource will be referred to again and again by practitioners who need quick, easy access to the data that forms the basis for experimentation and analysis.
Experimental design and process optimization / Maria Isabel Rodrigues, Antonio Francisco IemmaQA 279 R63 2015
Experimental Design and Process Optimization delves deep into the design of experiments (DOE). The book includes Central Composite Rotational Design (CCRD), fractional factorial, and Plackett and Burman designs as a means to solve challenges in research and development as well as a tool for the improvement of the processes already implemented. Appropriate strategies for 2 to 32 factors are covered in detail in the book.The book covers the essentials of statistical science to assist readers in understanding and applying the concepts presented. It also presents numerous examples of applications using this methodology. The authors are not only experts in the field but also have significant practical experience. This allows them to discuss the application of the theoretical aspects discussed through various real-world case studies.
Cell and matrix mechanics / edited by Roland Kaunas, Texas A&M University, College Station, USA ; Assaf Zemel, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, IsraelQH 631 C45 3026
Explores a Range of Multiscale Biomechanics/Mechanobiology Concepts
Cell and Matrix Mechanicspresents cutting-edge research at the molecular, cellular, and tissue levels in the field of cell mechanics. This book involves key experts in the field, and covers crucial areas of cell and tissue mechanics, with an emphasis on the roles of mechanical forces in cell-matrix interactions. Providing material in each chapter that builds on the previous chapters, it effectively integrates length scales and contains, for each length scale, key experimental observations and corresponding quantitative theoretical models.
Summarizes the Three Hierarchical Levels of Cell Mechanics
The book contains 14 chapters and is organized into three sections. The first section focuses on the molecular level, the second section details mechanics at the cellular level, and the third section explores cellular mechanics at the tissue level. The authors offer a thorough description of the roles of mechanical forces in cell and tissue biology, and include specific examples. They incorporate descriptions of associated theoretical models, and provide the data and modeling framework needed for a multi-scale analysis. In addition, they highlight the pioneering studies in cell-matrix mechanics by Albert K. Harris.
The topics covered include:The passive and active mechanical properties of cytoskeletal polymers and associated motor proteins along with the behavior of polymer networks The mechanical properties of the cell membrane, with an emphasis on membrane protein activation caused by membrane forces The hierarchical organization of collagen fibrils, revealing that a delicate balance exists between specific and nonspecific interactions to result in a structure with semicrystalline order as well as loose associations The roles of matrix mechanical properties on cell adhesion and function along with different mechanical mechanisms of cell-cell interactions The effects of mechanical loading on cell cytoskeletal remodeling, summarizing various modeling approaches that explain possible mechanisms regulating the alignment of actin stress fibers in response to stretching The mechanical testing of cell-populated collagen matrices, along with theory relating the passive and active mechanical properties of the engineered tissues Cell migration behavior in 3-D matrices and in collective cell motility The role of mechanics in cartilage development The roles of both cellular and external forces on tissue morphogenesis The roles of mechanical forces on tumor growth and cancer metastasis
Cell and Matrix Mechanicssuccinctly and systematically explains the roles of mechanical forces in cell-matrix biology. Practitioners and researchers in engineering and physics, as well as graduate students in biomedical engineering and mechanical engineering related to mechanobiology, can benefit from this work.
Physical chemistry research for engineering and applied sciences / editors, Eli M. Pearce, PhD, Bob A. Howell, PhD, Richard A. Pethrick, DSc, PhD, Gennady E. Zaikov, DScQD 453.3 P49 2015
The aim of this book is to provide both a rigorous view and a more practical, understandable view of industrial chemistry and biochemical physics. This book is geared toward readers with both direct and lateral interest in the discipline. This volume is structured into different parts devoted to industrial chemistry and biochemical physics and their applications. Every section of the book has been expanded, where relevant, to take account of significant new discoveries and realizations of the importance of key concepts. Furthermore, emphases are placed on the underlying fundamentals and on acquisition of a broad and comprehensive grasp of the field as a whole.
With contributions from experts from both the industry and academia, this book presents the latest developments in the identified areas. This book incorporates appropriate case studies, explanatory notes, and schematics for more clarity and better understanding.
This new book:
* Highlights some important areas of current interest in biochemical physics and chemical processes
* Focuses on topics with more advanced methods
* Emphasizes precise mathematical development and actual experimental details
* Analyzes theories to formulate and prove the physicochemical principles
* Provides an up-to-date and thorough exposition of the present state of the art of complex materials
* Photoelectrochemical properties of films of extra-coordinated tetrapyrrole compounds and their relationship with the quantum chemical parameters of the molecules
* Bio-structural energy criteria of functional states in normal and pathological conditions
* The ozone resistance of covulcanizates butadiene-nitrile rubbers with chlorinated ethylene-propylene-diene elastomers
* Ways of regulation of release of medicinal substances from chitosan films
* Environmental durability of powder polyester paint coatings
* Ozone decomposition
* Design and synthesis of its derivative with enhanced potential to scavenge hypochlorite radical scavenging capacity of n -(2-mercapto-2-methylpropionyl)-L-cysteine
* Bacterial poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) as a biodegradable polymer for biomedicine
* Designing, analysis, and industrial use of the dynamic spray scrubber
* Magnetic properties of organic paramagnet
* The effect of antioxidant drug mexidol on bioenergetic processes and nitric oxide formation in the animal tissues
Applied surface thermodynamicsQC 173.4 S94A67 2011
Surface thermodynamics forms the foundation of any meaningful study of capillarity and wetting phenomena. The second edition of Applied Surface Thermodynamicsoffers a comprehensive state-of-the-art treatment of this critical topic. It provides students and researchers with fundamental knowledge and practical guidelines in solving real-world problems related to the measurement and interpretation of interfacial properties.
Containing 40 percent new material and reorganized content, this second edition begins by presenting a generalized Gibbs theory of capillarity, including discussions of highly curved interfaces. Concentrating on drop-shape techniques, the book discusses liquid-fluid interfacial tension and its measurement. Next, the authors focus on contact angles with chapters on experimental procedures, thermodynamic models, and the interpretation of contact angles in terms of solid surface tension. The book discusses theoretical approaches to determining solid surface tension as well as interfacial tensions of particles and their manifestations. It concludes by discussing drop size dependence of contact angles and line tension.
What's New in the Second Edition:Recent progress in Axisymmetric Drop Shape Analysis (ADSA) Image processing methods for drop shape analysis Advanced applications and generalizations of ADSA Recent studies of contact angle hysteresis Contact angles on inert fluoropolymers Update on line tension and the drop size dependence of contact angles
Exploring a range of different aspects of surface science and its applications, the book logically progresses so that knowledge of previous chapters enhances the understanding of subsequent material, yet each chapter is freestanding so that experienced researchers can quickly refer to topics of particular interest.
CRC handbook of phase equilibria and thermodynamic data of copolymer solutions / Christian WohlfarthQD 381.9 S65W6326 2011
Ten years after the debut of the expansive CRC Handbook of Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutions, The CRC Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutionsupdates and expands the world's first comprehensive source of this vital data. Author Christian Wohlfarth, a chemical thermodynamicist specializing in phase equilibria of polymer and copolymer solutions and a respected contributor to the CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, has gathered up-to-the-minute data from more than 500 newly published references. Fully committed to ensuring the reliability of the data, the author included only results with published or personally communicated numerical values.
With volumetric, calormetric, and various phase equilibrium data on more than 450 copolymers and 130 solvents, this handbook furnishes:150 new vapor-liquid equilibrium datasets 50 new tables containing classical Henry's coefficients 250 new liquid-liquid equilibrium datasets 350 new high-pressure fluid phase equilibrium 70 new PVT-properties datasets 40 new enthalpic datasets Expanded second osmotic virial coefficients data table
Carefully organized, clearly presented, and fully referenced, The Handbook of Phase Equilibria and Thermodynamic Data of Copolymer Solutionswill prove a cardinal contribution to the open literature and invaluable to anyone working with copolymers.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction : a series of advances. Volume 20 / edited by Arup K. SenguptaQD 561 I56 2011
Over the past four decades, notable advancements in the theory and application of ion exchange science uncovered a wealth of knowledge that fueled new scientific pursuits and created synergies with myriad scientific endeavors. Today, pioneers continue to break new ground by synthesizing novel materials and merging the interdisciplinary fields of science and engineering.
Now in its 20thvolume, Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction: A Series of Advanceschronicles the ongoing changes that drive innovation in this important field. Beginning with a review of research studies that show how functionalized ion exchange polymers serve as supports to stabilize metal nanoparticles (MNPs) without forming larger than nano aggregates, the book describes the sorption of different gases from the air by ion exchange resins and fibrous ion exchangers and discusses the selective ion exchange technology capable of removing and recovering perchlorate quantitatively through stable isotope ratio analysis of chlorine and oxygen atoms, allowing for the forensic analysis of perchlorate origin in contaminated water.
Later chapters demonstrate how numerical simulations coupled with small-scale bench-top experiments can help tailor particle size distribution and enhance the efficiency of each application, review dual-temperature ion exchange processes in which sorption and desorption are carried out solely by varying temperature, and present the preparation and characterization of a new composite material in which microparticles of clinoptilolite are embedded in a matrix of cross-linked chitosan, opening new opportunities for the natural biopolymer. The book concludes with the preparation, characterization, and field-level experience of an emerging class of "hybrid ion exchangers" that enhance the application opportunities of ion exchange resins.
Highlighting the latest and most pivotal discoveries, the 20thvolume of a field standard codifies the current state-of-the-art and lays the groundwork for the next generation of growth and expansion in the field of ion exchange.
Dynamics of the chemostat : a bifurcation theory approach / Abdelhamid Ajbar, Khalid AlhumaiziQA 380 A33 2012
A ubiquitous tool in mathematical biology and chemical engineering, the chemostat often produces instabilities that pose safety hazards and adversely affect the optimization of bioreactive systems. Singularity theory and bifurcation diagrams together offer a useful framework for addressing these issues. Based on the authors' extensive work in this field, Dynamics of the Chemostat: A Bifurcation Theory Approachexplores the use of bifurcation theory to analyze the static and dynamic behavior of the chemostat.
The authors first survey the major work that has been carried out on the stability of continuous bioreactors. They next present the modeling approaches used for bioreactive systems, the different kinetic expressions for growth rates, and tools, such as multiplicity, bifurcation, and singularity theory, for analyzing nonlinear systems.
The text moves on to the static and dynamic behavior of the basic unstructured model of the chemostat for constant and variable yield coefficients as well as in the presence of wall attachment. It then covers the dynamics of interacting species, including pure and simple microbial competition, biodegradation of mixed substrates, dynamics of plasmid-bearing and plasmid-free recombinant cultures, and dynamics of predator-prey interactions. The authors also examine dynamics of the chemostat with product formation for various growth models, provide examples of bifurcation theory for studying the operability and dynamics of continuous bioreactor models, and apply elementary concepts of bifurcation theory to analyze the dynamics of a periodically forced bioreactor.
Using singularity theory and bifurcation techniques, this book presents a cohesive mathematical framework for analyzing and modeling the macro- and microscopic interactions occurring in chemostats. The text includes models that describe the intracellular and operating elements of the bioreactive system. It also explains the mathematical theory behind the models.
Chemical Graph Theory : Introduction and Fundamentals / edited by Danail Bonchev (Department of Physical Chemistry, Higher Institute of Chemical Technology, Burgas, Bulgaria) and Dennis H. Rouvray (Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA)QD 39.3 G73C44 2017
This volume presents the fundamentals of graph theory and then goes on to discuss specific chemical applications. Chapter 1 provides a historical setting for the current upsurge of interest in chemical graph theory. chapter 2 gives a full background of the basic ideas and mathematical formalism of graph theory and includes such chemically relevant notions as connectedness, graph matrix representations, metric properties, symmetry and operations on graphs. This is followed by a discussion on chemical nomenclature and the trends in its rationalization by using graph theory, which has important implications for the storage and retrieval of chemical information. This volume also contains a detailed discussion of the relevance of graph-theoretical polynomials; it describes methodologies for the enumeration of isomers, incorporating the classical Polya method, as well as more recent approaches.