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Astronomy, Physics - Concordia University Libraries Recent Acquisitions

Titles in the call number range QB - QC (Astronomy, Physics) that were added to the Concordia University Libraries collection in the last 60 days.

  • Electromagnetic vibrations, waves, and radiation / George Bekefi and Alan H. Barrett
    QC 665 E4 B44

    The book describes the features that vibrations and waves of all sorts have in common and includes examples of mechanical, acoustical, and optical manifestations of these phenomena that unite various parts of physics. The main emphasis, however, is on the oscillatory aspects of the electromagnetic field--that is, on the vibrations, waves, radiation, and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with matter.

    This text was developed over a five-year period during which its authors were teaching the subject. It is the culmination of successful editions of class notes and preliminary texts prepared for their one-semester course at MIT designed for sophomores majoring in physics but taken by students from other departments as well. The book describes the features that vibrations and waves of all sorts have in common and includes examples of mechanical, acoustical, and optical manifestations of these phenomena that unite various parts of physics. The main emphasis, however, is on the oscillatory aspects of the electromagnetic field--that is, on the vibrations, waves, radiation, and the interaction of electromagnetic waves with matter. The content is designed primarily for the use of second or third year students of physics who have had a semester of mechanics and a semester of electricity and magnetism. The aim throughout is to provide a mathematically unsophisticated treatment of the subject, but one that stresses modern applications of the principles involved. Descriptions of devices that embody such principles--such as seismometers, magnetrons, thermo-nuclear fusion experimental configurations, and lasers--are introduced at appropriate points in the text to illustrate the theoretical concepts. Many illustrations from astrophysics are also included.

  • Farewell to Darwin : the unified field theory of physics, the genetic process, and psychology / by George M. Hall
    QC 173.7 H34

  • Problems in quantum mechanics / editor, D. ter Haar
    QC 174.15 H3 1975

  • Climate leadership plan : implementation plan 2018-19 / created by: Alberta Climate Change Office
    QC 903.2.C2C639 2018eb

  • The science of musical sound. William Ralph Bennett Jr. ; Andrew C. H. Morrison, editor

  • Quantum theory and symmetries with Lie theory and its applications in physics. QTS-X/LT-XII, Varna, Bulgaria, June 2017 / Vladimir Dobrev, editor

  • Mysteries of Mars / Fabio Vittorio de Blasio

  • Metrology in chemistry Ewa Bulska

  • Search for new heavy charged bosons and measurement of high-mass Drell-Yan production in proton-proton collisions / Markus Zinser

  • 2nd Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics / Piero Nicolini, Matthias Kaminski, Jonas Mureika, Marcus Bleicher, editors
    QC178 .K37 2015eb

  • Epistemic Processes : A Basis for Statistics and Quantum Theory / Inge S. Helland

  • Asymptotically safe gravity : from spacetime foliation to cosmology / Alessia Benedetta Platania

  • Willem de Sitter : Einstein's friend and opponent / Jan Guichelaar

  • Spin-polarized two-electron spectroscopy of surfaces / Sergey Samarin, Oleg Artamonov, Jim Williams

  • Equilibrium and nonequilibrium aspects of phase transitions in quantum physics / Ricardo Puebla

  • Spin dynamics in radical pairs / Alan Lewis

  • Searches for dijet resonances : using [square root]s = 13 TeV proton-proton collision data recorded by the ATLAS Detector at the Large Hadron Collider / Lydia Audrey Beresford

  • Nonlinear adiabatic evolution of quantum systems : geometric phase and virtual magnetic monopole / Jie Liu, Sheng-Chang Li, Li-Bin Fu, Di-Fa Ye
    QC20.7.A34 L58 2018eb

  • Kinetics of evaporation / Denis N. Gerasimov, Eugeny I. Yurin
    QC304 .G47 2018eb

  • Physics of quantum rings / Vladimir M. Fomin, editor

  • Low frequency radio observations of galaxy clusters and groups / Thérèse Cantwell

  • Granite skyscrapers : how rock shaped earth and other worlds / David S. Stevenson

  • Interplay of quantum and statistical fluctuations in critical quantum matter / Harley Scammell

  • Classical electrodynamics : a modern perspective / Kurt Lechner

  • Physics of oscillations and waves : with use of Matlab and Python / Arnt Inge Vistnes

  • Convection in ferro-nanofluids : experiments and theory : physical mechanisms, flow patterns, and heat transfer / Aleksandra A. Bozhko, Sergey A. Suslov

  • Zeptosecond dynamics of transfer-triggered breakup : mechanisms, timescales, and consequences for fusion / Kaitlin Jennifer Cook

  • Superschool on derived categories and d-branes : Edmonton, Canada, July 17-23, 2016 / Matthew Ballard, Charles Doran, David Favero, Eric Sharpe, editors

  • Stargazing under suburban skies : a star-hopper's guide / Malcolm Zack, Andrew Gannon, John McRoberts
    QB63 .Z33 2018eb

  • Narrow plasmon resonances in hybrid systems / Philip A. Thomas

  • Photons : the history and mental models of light quanta / Klaus Hentschel

  • Topological quantum matter : a field theoretical perspective / Thomas Klein Kvorning

  • Proceedings of International Conference on Technology and Instrumentation in Particle Physics 2017. Zhen-An Liu, editor

  • Proceedings of International Conference on Technology and Instrumentation in Particle Physics 2017. Zhen-An Liu, editor

  • Theory of one-dimensional Vlasov-Maxwell equilibria : with applications to collisionless current sheets and flux tubes / Oliver Allanson

  • Spectrally resolved detector arrays for multiplexed biomedical fluorescence imaging / Anna Siri Luthman

  • Colored discrete spaces : higher dimensional combinatorial maps and quantum gravity / Luca Lionni

  • Ion tracks in apatite and quartz : and their behaviour with temperature and pressure / Daniel Schauries

  • Real-time quantum dynamics of electron-phonon systems / Valerio Rizzi

  • Helium nano-bubble formation in tungsten : measurement with grazing-incidence small angle x-ray scattering / Matt Thompson

  • Search for dark matter with the ATLAS Detector : probing final states of missing energy and an energetic jet or top quarks / Johanna Gramling

  • Beyond [lambda]CDM : exploring alternatives to the standard cosmological paradigm / Sownak Bose

  • Theory of sum frequency generation spectroscopy / Akihiro Morita

  • Dynamic spin fluctuation theory of metallic magnetism / Nikolai B. Melnikov, Boris I. Reser

  • Quantum chromodynamics sum rules Cesareo A. Dominguez

  • The role of exergy in energy and the environment Sandro Nižetić, Agis Papadopoulos, editors

  • Out-of-Equilibrium Physics of Correlated Electron Systems / Roberta Citro, Ferdinando Mancini, editors

  • Spinning Strings and Correlation Functions in the AdS/CFT Correspondence / Juan Miguel Nieto

  • Microwave cavities and detectors for axion research : proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop / Gianpaolo Carosi, Gray Rybka, Karl van Bibber, editor

  • Exploring the size of the proton : by means of deeply virtual Compton scattering at CERN / Philipp Jörg

  • The Palgrave Handbook of climate history / Sam White, Christian Pfister, Franz Mauelshagen, editors
    This handbook offers the first comprehensive, state-of-the-field guide to past weather and climate and their role in human societies. Bringing together dozens of international specialists from the sciences and humanities, this volume describes the methods, sources, and major findings of historical climate reconstruction and impact research. Its chapters take the reader through each key source of past climate and weather information and each technique of analysis; through each historical period and region of the world; through the major topics of climate and history and core case studies; and finally through the history of climate ideas and science. Using clear, non-technical language, The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History serves as a textbook for students, a reference guide for specialists and an introduction to climate history for scholars and interested readers.

  • RF and mm-wave power generation in silicon / edited by Hua Wang, Kaushik Sengupta

    RF and mm-Wave Power Generation in Silicon presents the challenges and solutions of designing power amplifiers at RF and mm-Wave frequencies in a silicon-based process technology. It covers practical power amplifier design methodologies, energy- and spectrum-efficient power amplifier design examples in the RF frequency for cellular and wireless connectivity applications, and power amplifier and power generation designs for enabling new communication and sensing applications in the mm-Wave and THz frequencies.

    With this book you will learn:

    Power amplifier design fundamentals and methodologies Latest advances in silicon-based RF power amplifier architectures and designs and their integration in wireless communication systems State-of-the-art mm-Wave/THz power amplifier and power generation circuits and systems in silicon Extensive coverage from fundamentals to advanced design topics, focusing on various layers of abstraction: from device modeling and circuit design strategy to advanced digital and mixed-signal architectures for highly efficient and linear power amplifiers New architectures for power amplifiers in the cellar and wireless connectivity covering detailed design methodologies and state-of-the-art performances Detailed design techniques, trade-off analysis and design examples for efficiency enhancement at power back-off and linear amplification for spectrally-efficient non-constant envelope modulations Extensive coverage of mm-Wave power-generation techniques from the early days of the 60 GHz research to current state-of the-art reconfigurable, digital mm-Wave PA architectures Detailed analysis of power generation challenges in the higher mm-Wave and THz frequencies and novel technical solutions for a wide range for potential applications, including ultrafast wireless communication to sensing, imaging and spectroscopy Contributions from the world-class experts from both academia and industry

  • Design of Nanostructures for Theranostics Applications

    Design of Nanostructures for Theranostics Applications focuses on the theranostics applications of nanostructures. In particular, multifunctional nanoparticles for diagnostics and treatment of different diseases, including those relating to the blood-brain barrier, are discussed in detail. Chapters explore different type of nanostructures, covering design, fabrication, functionalization and optimization, helping readers obtain the desired properties. Written by a diverse range of international academics, this book is a valuable reference resource for those working in both nanoscience and the pharmaceutical industry.

    Explores how the design of a range of nanomaterials make them effective theranostic agents, including multifunctional core-shell nanostructures, mesoporous silica nanoparticles, and quantum dots Shows how nanomaterials are used effectively for a range of diseases, including breast cancer, prostate cancer and neurological disorders Assesses the pros and cons of using different nanomaterials for different types of treatment

  • Remote sensing of aerosols, clouds and precipitation / Tanvir Islam, Yongxiang Hu, Alexander Kokhanovsky, Jun Wang

    Remote Sensing of Aerosols, Clouds, and Precipitation compiles recent advances in aerosol, cloud, and precipitation remote sensing from new satellite observations. The book examines a wide range of measurements from microwave (both active and passive), visible, and infrared portions of the spectrum. Contributors are experts conducting state-of-the-art research in atmospheric remote sensing using space, airborne, and ground-based datasets, focusing on supporting earth observation satellite missions for aerosol, cloud, and precipitation studies. A handy reference for scientists working in remote sensing, earth science, electromagnetics, climate physics, and space engineering. Valuable for operational forecasters, meteorologists, geospatial experts, modelers, and policymakers alike.

    Presents new approaches in the field, along with further research opportunities, based on the latest satellite data Focuses on how remote sensing systems can be designed/developed to solve outstanding problems in earth and atmospheric sciences Edited by a dynamic team of editors with a mixture of highly skilled and qualified authors offering world-leading expertise in the field

  • Mixed-phase clouds : observations and modeling / edited by Constantin Andronache

    Mixed-Phase Clouds: Observations and Modeling presents advanced research topics on mixed-phase clouds. As the societal impacts of extreme weather and its forecasting grow, there is a continuous need to refine atmospheric observations, techniques and numerical models. Understanding the role of clouds in the atmosphere is increasingly vital for current applications, such as prediction and prevention of aircraft icing, weather modification, and the assessment of the effects of cloud phase partition in climate models. This book provides the essential information needed to address these problems with a focus on current observations, simulations and applications.

    Provides in-depth knowledge and simulation of mixed-phase clouds over many regions of Earth, explaining their role in weather and climate Features current research examples and case studies, including those on advanced research methods from authors with experience in both academia and the industry Discusses the latest advances in this subject area, providing the reader with access to best practices for remote sensing and numerical modeling

  • Meteorology and oceanography / editors: Renato Parkinson Martins, Guisela Santiago Grossmann-Matheson

  • Environmental carbon footprints : industrial case studies / edited by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
    QC879.8 E68 2018eb

    Environmental Carbon Footprints: Industrial Case Studies provides a wide range of industrial case-studies, beginning with textiles, energy systems and bio-fuels. Each footprint is associated with background information, scientific consensus and the reason behind its invention, methodological framework, assessment checklist, calculation tool/technique, applications, challenges and limitations. More importantly, applications of each indicator/framework in various industrial sectors and their associated challenges are presented. As case studies are the most flexible of all research designs, this book allows researchers to retain the holistic characteristics of real-life events while investigating empirical events.

    Includes case studies from various industries, such as textiles, energy systems and conventional and bio-fuels Provides the calculation tool/technique, applications, challenges and limitations for determining carbon footprints on an industry by industry basis Presents the background information, scientific consensus and reason behind each case study

  • Nonlinear systems in heat transfer : mathematical modeling and analytical methods / authored by Davood Domairry Ganji, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran, Yaser Sabzehmeidani, School of Engineering, Taylor's University, Subang, Malaysia, Amin Sedighiamiri, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Babol Noshirvani University of Technology, Babol, Iran

    Nonlinear Heat Transfer: Mathematical Modeling and Analytical Methods addresses recent progress and original research in nonlinear science and its application in the area of heat transfer, with a particular focus on the most important advances and challenging applications. The importance of understanding analytical methods for solving linear and nonlinear constitutive equations is essential in studying engineering problems.

    This book provides a comprehensive range of (partial) differential equations, applied in the field of heat transfer, tackling a comprehensive range of nonlinear mathematical problems in heat radiation, heat conduction, heat convection, heat diffusion and non-Newtonian fluid systems. Providing various innovative analytical techniques and their practical application in nonlinear engineering problems is the unique point of this book. Drawing a balance between theory and practice, the different chapters of the book focus not only on the broader linear and nonlinear problems, but also applied examples of practical solutions by the outlined methodologies.

    Demonstrates applied mathematical techniques in the engineering applications, especially in nonlinear phenomena Exhibits a complete understanding of analytical methods and nonlinear differential equations in heat transfer Provides the tools to model and interpret applicable methods in heat transfer processes or systems to solve related complexities

  • Finite physical dimensions optimal thermodynamics 1 : fundamentals / Michel Feidt

    Energy and the environment are inextricably linked to the economy. Thermodynamics therefore seems to be a privileged tool in overcoming the constraints associated with optimization. This first volume reports on an original, contemporary approach leading to optimal solutions in the form of trend models, proving the existence of solutions which can then be refined in a more complete and sophisticated manner. The validation of the proposed methodology is realized through real-life examples (engines, heat pumps, refrigeration systems, etc.). However, the more fundamental aspects linked to the dynamics of the transfer and conversion of energy and matter are also explored, as well as the evolution which characterizes the second law of thermodynamics. This book presents recent advances, often still undergoing research, as well as structured exercises, and is therefore aimed at both students and researchers in the field of energetics.

    It proposes a view of the evolution of knowledge regarding the thermodynamics modeling of systems and processes It shows results and also the existence of optimum all and along the development It focuses on multidisciplinary approach that characterizes thermodynamics

  • ESD protection methodologies : from component to system / Marise Bafleur, Fabrice Caignet and Nicolas Nolhier

    Failures caused by electrostatic discharges (ESD) constitute a major problem concerning the reliability and robustness of integrated circuits and electronic systems. This book summarizes the many diverse methodologies aimed at ESD protection and shows, through a number of concrete studies, that the best approach in terms of robustness and cost-effectiveness consists of implementing a global strategy of ESD protection. ESD Protection Methodologies begins by exploring the various normalized test techniques that are used to qualify ESD robustness as well as characterization and defect localization methods aimed at implementing corrective measures. Due to the increasing complexity of integrated circuits, it is important to be able to provide a simulation in which the implemented ESD protection strategy provides the desired protection, while not harming the performance levels of the circuit. Therefore, the main features and difficulties related to the different types of simulation, finite element, SPICE-type and behavioral, are then studied. To conclude, several case studies are presented which provide real-life examples of the approaches explained in the previous chapters and validate a number of the strategies from component to system level.

    Provides a global ESD protection approach from component to system, including both the proposal of investigation techniques and predictive simulation methodologies Addresses circuit and system designers as well as failure analysis engineers Provides the description of specifically developed investigation techniques and the application of the proposed methodologies to real case studies

  • Boiling : research and advances / edited by Yasuo Koizumi, Masahiro Shoji, Masanora Monde, Yasuyuki Takata, Niro Nagai

    Boiling: Research and Advances presents the latest developments and improvements in the technologies, instrumentation, and equipment surrounding boiling. Presented by the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, the book takes a holistic approach, first providing principles, and then numerous practical applications that consider size scales.

    Through six chapters, the book covers contributed sections from knowledgeable specialists on various topics, ranging from outlining boiling phenomena and heat transfer characteristics, to the numerical simulation of liquid-gas two phase flow. It summarizes, in a single volume, the state-of-the-art in boiling heat transfer and provides a valuable resource for thermal engineers and practitioners working in the thermal sciences and thermal engineering.

    Explores the most recent advancements in boiling research and technology from the last twenty years Provides section content written by contributing experts in their respective research areas Shares research being conducted and advancements being made on boiling and heat transfer in Japan, one of the major research hubs in this field

  • Digital Underwater Acoustic Communications

    Digital Underwater Acoustic Communications focuses on describing the differences between underwater acoustic communication channels and radio channels, discusses loss of transmitted sound in underwater acoustic channels, describes digital underwater acoustic communication signal processing, and provides a comprehensive reference to digital underwater acoustic communication equipment.

    This book is designed to serve as a reference for postgraduate students and practicing engineers involved in the design and analysis of underwater acoustic communications systems as well as for engineers involved in underwater acoustic engineering.

    Introduces the basics of underwater acoustics, along with the advanced functionalities needed to achieve reliable communications in underwater environment Identifies challenges in underwater acoustic channels relative to radio channels, underwater acoustic propagation, and solutions Shows how multi-path structures can be thought of as time diversity signals Presents a new, robust signal processing system, and an advanced FH-SS system for multimedia underwater acoustic communications with moderate communication ranges (above 20km) and rates (above 600bps) Describes the APNFM system for underwater acoustic communication equipment (including both civil and military applications), to be employed in active sonar to improve its performance

  • Investigating seafloors and oceans : from mud volcanoes to giant squid / Dr. Antony Joseph

    Investigating Seafloors and Oceans: From Mud Volcanoes to Giant Squid offers a bottom-to-top tour of the world's oceans, exposing the secrets hidden therein from a variety of scientific perspectives. Opening with a discussion of the earth's formation, hot spots, ridges, plate tectonics, submarine trenches, and cold seeps, the text goes on to address such topics as the role of oceans in the origin of life, tidal bore, thermal effects, ecosystem services, marine creatures, and nutraceutical and pharmaceutical resources.

    This unique reference provides insight into a wide array of questions that researchers continue to ask about the vast study of oceans and the seafloor. It is a one-of-a-kind examination of oceans that offers important perspectives for researchers, practitioners, and academics in all marine-related fields.

    Includes chapters addressing various scientific disciplines, offering the opportunity for readers to gain insights on diverse topics in the study of oceans Provides scientific discussion on thermo-tolerant microbial life in sub-seafloor hot sediments and vent fields, as well as the origin of life debates and the puzzles revolving around how life originated Includes detailed information on the origin of dreaded episodes, such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, internal waves and tidal bores Contains information on the contribution of the oceans in terms of providing useful nutraceutical and pharmaceutical products

  • Rheology : concepts, methods, and applications / Alexander Ya. Malkin, Avraam I. Isayev

    Rheology: Concepts, Methods and Applications, Third Edition provides a thorough historical and theoretical grounding in the field, and introduces rheology as the method of solving many practical problems in materials science and engineering. The book is practical and relevant for industry, but is also consistent with rheology courses in academia, making it relevant to both academics and accomplished rheologists in industry.

    The first four chapters discuss various aspects of theoretical rheology and, through examples from numerous studies, show how particular theories, models, or equations can be used in solving different problems. The shared experience and insight contained in these chapters assists practitioners carrying out rheological studies in generating relevant data. This helps to avert costly errors in analysis which are common when data are generated under the wrong conditions, or are incorrectly used. The fifth chapter covers methods of measurement and treatment of raw data--eight groups of methods are discussed in this chapter, providing the reader with many options for experimentation, along with guidance on where and how to use them properly.

    The final chapter demonstrates how to use rheological methods for different groups of products and manufacturing methods. The usefulness of chemorheological (rheokinetical) measurements is also emphasized. The chapter has a particular emphasis on real-world applications of rheology, and gives practical guidance to enable materials scientists to gather data and solve problems using these methods. This book is a systematic presentation of the subject of rheology--written by two of the foremost researchers in the field--showing the subject as an interrelated system of concepts, principal phenomena, experimental methods, and directions of their application. It also links with other branches of theoretical and applied sciences.

    Provides substantial experience and insight to assist rheologists working in a range of industries to generate relevant data, avoiding costly errors in analysis Includes eight groups of measurement methods, providing the reader with options so they can choose the most effective for their situation Offers thorough coverage of different applications of rheology, demonstrating how to use rheological methods for different products--from polymeric materials to food products, biological fluids, and electro and magnetic materials

  • Heat transfer in aerospace applications / Bengt Sundén, Juan Fu

    Heat Transfer in Aerospace Applications is the first book to provide an overall description of various heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications. The book contains chapters relating to convection cooling, heat pipes, ablation, heat transfer at high velocity, low pressure and microgravity, aircraft heat exchangers, fuel cells, and cryogenic cooling systems.

    Chapters specific to low density heat transfer (4) and microgravity heat transfer (9) are newer subjects which have not been previously covered. The book takes a basic engineering approach by including correlations and examples that an engineer needs during the initial phases of vehicle design or to quickly analyze and solve a specific problem. Designed for mechanical, chemical, and aerospace engineers in research institutes, companies, and consulting firms, this book is an invaluable resource for the latest on aerospace heat transfer engineering and research.

    Provides an overall description of heat transfer issues of relevance for aerospace applications Discusses why thermal problems arise and introduces the various heat transfer modes Helps solve the problem of selecting and calculating the cooling system, the heat exchanger, and heat protection Features a collection of problems in which the methods presented in the book can be used to solve these problems

  • Evidence-based climate science : data opposing CO2 emissions as the primary source of global warming / edited by Don J. Easterbrook

    Evidence-Based Climate Science: Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition, includes updated data related to the causes of global climate change from experts in meteorology, geology, atmospheric physics, solar physics, geophysics, climatology, and computer modeling. This book objectively gathers and analyzes scientific data concerning patterns of past climate changes, influences of changes in ocean temperatures, the effect of solar variation on global climate, and the effect of CO2 on global climate. This analysis is then presented as counter-evidence to the theory that CO2 is the primary cause behind global warming.

    Increasingly, scientists are pointing to data which suggests that climate changes are a result of natural cycles, which have been occurring for thousands of years. Unfortunately, global warming has moved into the political realm without enough peer-reviewed research to fully validate and exclude other, more natural, causes of climate change. For example, there is an absence of any physical evidence that CO2 causes global warming, so the only argument for CO2 as the cause of warming rests entirely in computer modeling. Thus, the question becomes, how accurate are the computer models in predicting climate? What other variables could be missing from the models?

    In order to understand modern climate changes, we need to look at the past history of climate changes. Vast amounts of physical evidence of climate change over the past centuries and millennia have been gathered by scientists. Significant climate changes have clearly been going on for many thousands of years, long before the recent rise in atmospheric CO2 Evidence-Based Climate Science, Data Opposing CO2 Emissions as the Primary Source of Global Warming, Second Edition, documents past climate changes and presents physical evidence for possible causes.

    Provides scientific evidence for issues related to global climate change that is not readily available elsewhere Offers detailed analysis of temperature measurements with the goal of helping readers to understand conflicting claims about global warming heard every day in the news media Presents real-time data on polar ice Presents the real-time effect of CO2 on global warming, rather than forecasts based on computer models

  • Thermodynamics / Jean-Paul Duroudier

    Thermodynamics includes thirteen independent volumes that define how to perform the selection and calculation of equipment involved in the thirteen basic operations of process engineering, offering reliable and simple methods. Throughout these concise and easy-to-use books, the author uses his vast practical experience and precise knowledge of global research to present an in-depth study of a variety of aspects within the field of chemical engineering.

    The main concepts of thermodynamics are presented in detail, and their importance is demonstrated through their various practical applications. In this volume, the author provides a general introduction into the study of thermodynamics. Across the five chapters, users will find different concepts involved in the study of energy, including systems, states, energy, laws, and their associated theorems.

    In addition, the author provides the methods needed for understanding the machinery used in applied thermodynamics to encourage students and engineers to build the programs they need themselves.

    Provides detailed descriptions of thermodynamic phenomena Presents clear analysis and practical applications Includes different concepts involved in the study of energy, including systems, states, energy, laws, and their associated theorems

  • Visibility : the seeing of near and distant landscape features / William C. Malm

    Visibility: The Seeing of Near and Distant Landscape Features reviews the science of visibility from how to measure it quantitatively to its impacts by one of the foremost experts in the field. Carefully designed pedagogy allows a diversity of readers, from regulators to researchers to use this book to further their understanding of the field.

    Topics covered include the interaction of light with the atmosphere and aerosols, the transfer of light through the atmosphere especially as it relates to non-uniform haze layers, perception questions, including visibility metrics, image processing techniques for purposes of visually displaying effects of haze on scenic landscapes, visibility monitoring techniques, and the history of visibility regulatory development.

    Heavily illustrated to convey the concepts introduced, then followed by more mathematical coverage of the topic Covers all aspects of visibility, including science, social, and regulatory Expands traditional US only coverage of visibility and scenic to global

  • Multiphysics modeling : numerical methods and engineering applications / edited by Qun Zhang, Song Cen
    QC52 Z436 2016eb

    Multiphysics Modeling: Numerical Methods and Engineering Applications: Tsinghua University Press Computational Mechanics Series describes the basic principles and methods for multiphysics modeling, covering related areas of physics such as structure mechanics, fluid dynamics, heat transfer, electromagnetic field, and noise.

    The book provides the latest information on basic numerical methods, also considering coupled problems spanning fluid-solid interaction, thermal-stress coupling, fluid-solid-thermal coupling, electromagnetic solid thermal fluid coupling, and structure-noise coupling.

    Users will find a comprehensive book that covers background theory, algorithms, key technologies, and applications for each coupling method.

    Presents a wealth of multiphysics modeling methods, issues, and worked examples in a single volume Provides a go-to resource for coupling and multiphysics problems Covers the multiphysics details not touched upon in broader numerical methods references, including load transfer between physics, element level strong coupling, and interface strong coupling, amongst others Discusses practical applications throughout and tackles real-life multiphysics problems across areas such as automotive, aerospace, and biomedical engineering

  • Cloud computing in ocean and atmospheric sciences / edited by Tiffany C. Vance, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, NOAA Fisheries, Seattle, WA, USA [and three others]

    Cloud Computing in Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences provides the latest information on this relatively new platform for scientific computing, which has great possibilities and challenges, including pricing and deployments costs and applications that are often presented as primarily business oriented. In addition, scientific users may be very familiar with these types of models and applications, but relatively unfamiliar with the intricacies of the hardware platforms they use.

    The book provides a range of practical examples of cloud applications that are written to be accessible to practitioners, researchers, and students in affiliated fields. By providing general information on the use of the cloud for oceanographic and atmospheric computing, as well as examples of specific applications, this book encourages and educates potential users of the cloud. The chapters provide an introduction to the practical aspects of deploying in the cloud, also providing examples of workflows and techniques that can be reused in new projects.

    Provides real examples that help new users quickly understand the cloud and provide guidance for new projects Presents proof of the usability of the techniques and a clear path to adoption of the techniques by other researchers Includes real research and development examples that are ideal for cloud computing adopters in ocean and atmospheric domains

  • Numerical solutions of three classes of nonlinear parabolic integro-differential equations / Temur Jangveladze, Zurab Kiguradze, Beny Neta

    This book describes three classes of nonlinear partial integro-differential equations. These models arise in electromagnetic diffusion processes and heat flow in materials with memory. Mathematical modeling of these processes is briefly described in the first chapter of the book. Investigations of the described equations include theoretical as well as approximation properties. Qualitative and quantitative properties of solutions of initial-boundary value problems are performed therafter. All statements are given with easy understandable proofs. For approximate solution of problems different varieties of numerical methods are investigated. Comparison analyses of those methods are carried out. For theoretical results the corresponding graphical illustrations are included in the book. At the end of each chapter topical bibliographies are provided.

    Investigations of the described equations include theoretical as well as approximation properties Detailed references enable further independent study Easily understandable proofs describe real-world processes with mathematical rigor

  • Weather Analysis and Forecasting : Applying Satellite Water Vapor Imagery and Potential Vorticity Analysis / Patrick Santurette, Christo Georgiev
    QC 879.5

    Weather Analysis and Forecasting: Applying Satellite Water Vapor Imagery and Potential Vorticity Analysis, Second Edition, is a step-by-step essential training manual for forecasters in meteorological services worldwide, and a valuable text for graduate students in atmospheric physics and satellite meteorology. In this practical guide, P. Santurette, C.G. Georgiev, and K. Maynard show how to interpret water vapor patterns in terms of dynamical processes in the atmosphere and their relation to diagnostics available from numerical weather prediction models. In particular, they concentrate on the close relationship between satellite imagery and the potential vorticity fields in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. These applications are illustrated with color images based on real meteorological situations over mid-latitudes, subtropical and tropical areas.

  • Fractional order systems : optimization, control, circuit realizations and applications / Edited by Ahmad Taher Azar, Ahmed G. Radwan, Sundarapandian Vaidyanathan
    QC 20.7 F75

    Fractional Order Systems: Optimization, Control, Circuit Realizations and Applications consists of 21 contributed chapters by subject experts. Chapters offer practical solutions and novel methods for recent research problems in the multidisciplinary applications of fractional order systems, such as FPGA, circuits, memristors, control algorithms, photovoltaic systems, robot manipulators, oscillators, etc. This book is ideal for researchers working in the modeling and applications of both continuous-time and discrete-time dynamics and chaotic systems. Researchers from academia and industry who are working in research areas such as control engineering, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, and information technology will find the book most informative.

    Discusses multi-disciplinary applications with new fundamentals, modeling, analysis, design, realization and experimental results Includes new circuits and systems based on the new nonlinear elements Covers most of the linear and nonlinear fractional-order theorems that will solve many scientific issues for researchers Closes the gap between theoretical approaches and real-world applications Provides MATLAB® and Simulink code for many of the applications in the book

  • Tropical extremes : natural variability and trends / edited by V. Venugopal, Jai Sukhatme, Raghu Murtugudde, Rémy Roca
    QC 981.8 C53

    Tropical Extremes: Natural Variability and Trends features the most up-to-date information on present and future trends related to climate change and tropical extremes. Including contributions from the foremost experts in the field, this important reference addresses the science behind climate change and natural variability in relation to tropical extremes. The book also includes practical insight into modeling and observation approaches. In a warming world, the increase of weather extremes presents a scientifically complex and societally relevant challenge. The book confronts these challenges with observational evidence, modeling studies and expected impacts. This is an essential reference for researchers, modelers and students in the fields of climate and atmospheric science looking to better understand the causes and effects of tropical extremes and natural variability.

    Illuminates the role of natural variability and climate change in determining the fate and state of tropical extremes Offers a robust guide for analysis relating to the impacts of extremes, thus providing a potential roadmap for navigating the future of risk analysis and the water-food-energy nexus Edited by a diverse team of global experts Includes contributions from leading researchers in the field, comprising the most up-to-date understanding of tropical extremes

  • Beyond pseudo-rotations in pseudo-euclidean spaces : an introduction to the theory of bi-gyrogroups and bi-gyrovector spaces / Abraham A. Ungar

    Beyond Pseudo-Rotations in Pseudo-Euclidean Spaces presents for the first time a unified study of the Lorentz transformation group SO(m, n) of signature (m, n), m, n ∈ N, which is fully analogous to the Lorentz group SO(1, 3) of Einstein's special theory of relativity. It is based on a novel parametric realization of pseudo-rotations by a vector-like parameter with two orientation parameters. The book is of interest to specialized researchers in the areas of algebra, geometry and mathematical physics, containing new results that suggest further exploration in these areas.

    Introduces the study of generalized gyrogroups and gyrovector spaces Develops new algebraic structures, bi-gyrogroups and bi-gyrovector spaces Helps readers to surmount boundaries between algebra, geometry and physics Assists readers to parametrize and describe the full set of generalized Lorentz transformations in a geometric way Generalizes approaches from gyrogroups and gyrovector spaces to bi-gyrogroups and bi-gyrovector spaces with geometric entanglement

  • Resilience : the science of adaptation to climate change / edited by Zinta Zommers, Keith Alverson

    In Resilience: The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change leading experts analyze and question ongoing adaptation interventions. Contributions span different disciplinary perspectives, from law to engineering, and cover different regions from Africa to the Pacific. Chapters assess the need for adaptation, highlighting climate change impacts such as sea level rise, increases in temperature, changing hydrological variability, and threats to food security. The book then discusses the state of global legislation and means of tracking progress. It reviews ways to build resilience in a range of contexts-- from the Arctic, to small island states, to urban areas, across food and energy systems. Critical tools for adaptation planning are highlighted - from social capital and ethics, to decision support systems, to innovative finance and risk transfer mechanisms. Controversies related to geoengineering and migration are also discussed. This book is an indispensable resource for scientists, practitioners, and policy makers working in climate change adaptation, sustainable development, ecosystem management, and urban planning.

    Provides a summary of tools and methods used in adaptation including recent innovations Includes chapters from a diverse range of authors from academic institutions, humanitarian organizations, and the United Nations Evaluates adaptation options, highlighting gaps in knowledge where further research or new tools are needed

  • Climate change : alternate governance policy for South Asia / Ranadhir Mukhopadhyay, S.M. Karisiddaiah, Julie Mukhopadhyay

    Climate Change: Alternate Governance Policy for South Asia provides an assessment of climate change issues through the socioeconomic lens of one of the world's poorest, most populous regions. Although climate change is a global issue, localized solutions have become increasingly necessary to address political, economic and cultural factors in underdeveloped regions. Identifying successes, gaps and shortcomings in existing policies and regional laws relating to climate change, this book evaluates the sustainability of current practices, examining mitigation strategies and suggesting a comprehensive, innovative model of sustainable policies and governance strategy specific to the region.

    While the book approaches climate change, policy and mitigation from a regionally-focused standpoint, it has an underlying philosophy of Think Global, Act Local, making it universally applicable to anyone interested in climate change and its effects.

    Approaches climate change, policy and mitigation from a regionally focused standpoint Includes mitigation approaches and solutions directly applicable to the sociocultural environment of South Asia Provides a research-based compilation of relevant science, policy and social issues that are set alongside a critical assessment of data and practical examples Authored by experts with extensive experience in geoscience and human development throughout South Asia

  • Statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts / edited by Stéphane Vannitsem, Daniel S. Wilks, Jakob W. Messner

    Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts brings together chapters contributed by international subject-matter experts describing the current state of the art in the statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts. The book illustrates the use of these methods in several important applications including weather, hydrological and climate forecasts, and renewable energy forecasting.

    After an introductory section on ensemble forecasts and prediction systems, the second section of the book is devoted to exposition of the methods available for statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts: univariate and multivariate ensemble postprocessing are first reviewed by Wilks (Chapters 3), then Schefzik and Möller (Chapter 4), and the more specialized perspective necessary for postprocessing forecasts for extremes is presented by Friederichs, Wahl, and Buschow (Chapter 5). The second section concludes with a discussion of forecast verification methods devised specifically for evaluation of ensemble forecasts (Chapter 6 by Thorarinsdottir and Schuhen). The third section of this book is devoted to applications of ensemble postprocessing. Practical aspects of ensemble postprocessing are first detailed in Chapter 7 (Hamill), including an extended and illustrative case study. Chapters 8 (Hemri), 9 (Pinson and Messner), and 10 (Van Schaeybroeck and Vannitsem) discuss ensemble postprocessing specifically for hydrological applications, postprocessing in support of renewable energy applications, and postprocessing of long-range forecasts from months to decades. Finally, Chapter 11 (Messner) provides a guide to the ensemble-postprocessing software available in the R programming language, which should greatly help readers implement many of the ideas presented in this book.

    Edited by three experts with strong and complementary expertise in statistical postprocessing of ensemble forecasts, this book assesses the new and rapidly developing field of ensemble forecast postprocessing as an extension of the use of statistical corrections to traditional deterministic forecasts. Statistical Postprocessing of Ensemble Forecasts is an essential resource for researchers, operational practitioners, and students in weather, seasonal, and climate forecasting, as well as users of such forecasts in fields involving renewable energy, conventional energy, hydrology, environmental engineering, and agriculture.

    Consolidates, for the first time, the methodologies and applications of ensemble forecasts in one succinct place Provides real-world examples of methods used to formulate forecasts Presents the tools needed to make the best use of multiple model forecasts in a timely and efficient manner

  • Free-surface flow : shallow water dynamics / Nikolaos D. Katopodes

    Free-Surface Flow: Shallow-Water Dynamics presents a novel approach to this phenomenon. It bridges the gap between traditional books on open-channel flow and analytical fluid mechanics. Shallow-water theory is established by formal integration of the Navier-Stokes equations, and boundary resistance is developed by a rigorous construction of turbulent flow models for channel flow. In addition, the book presents a comprehensive description of shallow-water waves by mathematical analysis. These methods form the foundation for understanding flood routing, sudden water releases, dam and levee break, sluice gate dynamics and wave-current interaction.

    Bridges the gap between traditional books on open-channel flow and wave mechanics. Presents a comprehensive description of shallow-water waves by characteristic and bicharacteristic analysis. Presents techniques for wave control and active flood mitigation.

  • Macroeconomics of climate change in a dualistic economy : a regional general equilibrium analysis / Sevil Acar, Ebru Voyvoda, Erinç Yeldan

    Macroeconomics of Climate Change in a Dualistic Economy: A Regional General Equilibrium Analysis generates significant, genuinely novel insights about dual economies and sustainable economic growth. These insights are generalize-able and applicable worldwide. The authors overcome existing limitations in general equilibrium modeling. By concentrating on tensions between green growth and dualism, they consider the global efforts against climate change and opposition by specific countries based on economic development needs. Using Turkey as their primary example, they address these two most discussed and difficult issues related to policy setting, blazing a path for those seeking an applied economic research framework to study such economic considerations.

    Couples a CGE climate change mitigation policy analysis with a dual economy approach Presents methods to model and assess policy instruments for mitigating climate change Provides data sets and models on a freely-accessible companion website Offers a path for those seeking an applied economic research framework to study economic considerations
page last updated on: Thursday 15 November 2018
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