Archive and share data
On this page
- What is a data management plan
- Funder requirements
- Data management plan tools & examples
- Find data
- Collect data ethically
- Research with Indigenous communities
- File formats
- File naming, organization, versioning
- Document & describe
- Storage & backup
- Analyze & visualize data
- Prepare data for archiving, sharing
- Where to share data
- Data licenses
- Cite data
Archive and share data
- What data to keep
- Best practices when preparing data for archiving and sharing
- Preparing sensitive data for sharing
What data to keep?
Data can be archived and preserved locally or shared in a public data repository. Note that archiving can be costly and there may not be enough space to archive everything. Researchers should carefully identify which data to preserve. Consider the following:
- Does the data support published research?
- Are the data likely to be reused?
- Are the data unique or historically significant?
- Are there funder or institutional requirements?
- Are the data difficult to reproduce?
- Are there any ethical issues to consider?
- Are the data in support of a patent application?
Examples of data that should be kept by discipline (from Stanford University).
Best practices when preparing data for archiving and sharing
|File formats||Choose long-term storage file-formats, preferably non-proprietary, to overcome software obsolescence. More information|
|Documentation||Add it alongside your data to make it understandable, reusable. More information|
|Ownership and privacy||If sharing data, make sure that:|
|Data integrity||If keeping a local copy, avoid bit rot through refreshment (copy data on a new drive every 2-5 years) and replication (maintain three copies of the data, on two forms of storage with one in an external location).|
Preparing sensitive data for sharing
- Consent forms are key to data sharing:
- Some data cannot be shared for legal or ethical reasons. However, if sharing the dataset is required, ensure that this has been stated in consent forms and cleared with the Research Ethics Unit. Find out more.
- De-identification allows sharing of sensitive data:
- De-identification is the process used to remove identifying data. Identifiers can be direct, which point directly to an individual, or indirect, which point to an individual when combined with other data.
- De-identification guidance:
- Protecting sensitive species data:
- Guidance exists on how to make this type of data available without exposing species to harm.Find out more
- Can I share my data? Decision tree (Portage)
- Data Deposit & Access section of the Human Participant Research Data Risk Matrix (p. 8) (Portage)
- Anonymisation: managing data protection risk code of practice (UK Information Commissioner's Office).
- Anonymisation: Guide from the UK Data Service