Open Access mandates
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Open Access at Concordia
In April 2010, Concordia’s Senate passed a Resolution on Open Access (English PDF | French PDF) encouraging faculty and students to make their peer-reviewed research and creative output freely accessible by depositing it in Spectrum, Concordia's institutional repository, or another open access venue. Concordia is the first major university in Canada where faculty have given their overwhelming support to a concerted effort to make the full results of their research universally available in this way.
In September 2011, Concordia's Senate unanimously recommended that the university president sign the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities on behalf of the university, extending the University's commitment to making knowledge produced by its faculty and students universally accessible.
Concordia is a founding member of the Coalition of Open Access Policy Institutions (COAPI), a coalition of 22 North American universities and colleges with faculty Open Access policies, formed to share Open Access implementation strategies and advocate for Open Access institutions. Concordia is also a member of SPARC® (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), an international alliance of academic and research libraries working to stimulate the emergence of new scholarly communication models that expand the dissemination of scholarly research and reduce financial pressures on libraries.
Funding Agencies and Open Access
The following agencies support Open Access:
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC):
In 2016, these Agencies published the "Tri-Agency Open Access Policy on Publications", which states:
"Grant recipients are required to ensure that any peer-reviewed journal publications arising from Agency-supported research are freely accessible within 12 months of publication. Recipients can do this through one of the following routes:For research funded in whole or in part by CIHR, this policy applies to all grants awarded January 1, 2008 and onward. For research funded in whole or in part by NSERC or SSHRC, this policy applies to all grants awarded May 1, 2015 and onward.
- Online Repositories
Grant recipients can deposit their final, peer-reviewed manuscript into an institutional or disciplinary repository that will make the manuscript freely accessible within 12 months of publication. It is the responsibility of the grant recipient to determine which publishers allow authors to retain copyright and/or allow authors to archive journal publications in accordance with funding agency policies.
Grant recipients can publish in a journal that offers immediate open access or that offers open access on its website within 12 months. Some journals require authors to pay article processing charges (APCs) to make manuscripts freely available upon publication. The cost of publishing in open access journals is an eligible expense under the Use of Grant Funds."
- Online Repositories
- Fonds de recherche du Québec (FRQ):
The FRQ has released an Open Access policy for the dissemination of research:
- In effect since April 1, 2019, all FRQ funding recipients (researchers and students) are required to provide open access to their scientific publications no later than 12 months after publication. This can be accomplished either by publishing in an open access journal or by depositing their peer-reviewed manuscript in an open access repository.
- Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé (FRQS):
According to their Policy regarding open access to published research outputs:
- For new awards or grants issued as of January 2009, awardees or grant holders are encouraged to make all possible efforts to have their peer-reviewed publications posted on open-access Web sites at their earliest convenience, ideally no later than six months after publication or presentation. This can be achieved via the publisher's Web site (in the case of articles) or that of the organizer of the event (in the case of scientific conventions), or via online repositories.