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APA citation style - 7th edition


Book with one author

Bernstein, T. M. (1965). The careful writer: A modern guide to English usage (2nd ed.). Atheneum.

Electronic book or audiobook
  • Add the DOI after the publisher's information.

DOIs often appear in the citation or the abstract of an article and look like this: doi:10.1016/j.paid.2015.04.008. Learn more...

Anderson, C.A., Gentile, D.A., & Buckley, K.E. (2007). Violent video game effects on children and adolescents: Theory, research and public policy. Oxford University Press.

  • If no DOI is present, replace DOI with a URL.

Obama, M. (2018). Becoming. Random House Audio.

Work with two authors

Beck, C. A. J., & Sales, B. D. (2001). Family mediation: Facts, myths, and future prospects. American Psychological Association.

Two or more works by the same author
  • Arrange by the year of publication, the earliest first.

Postman, N. (1979). Teaching as a conserving activity. Delacorte Press.

Postman, N. (1985). Amusing ourselves to death: Public discourse in the age of show business. Viking.

  • If works by the same author are published in the same year, arrange alphabetically by title and add a letter after the year as indicated below.

McLuhan, M. (1970a). Culture is our business. McGraw-Hill.

McLuhan, M. (1970b). From cliché to archetype. Viking Press.

Book by a corporate author
  • Associations, corporations, agencies, government departments and organizations are considered authors when there is no single author.

American Psychological Association. (1972). Ethical standards of psychologists. American Psychological Association.

Updated: Tuesday 15 March 2022
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