APA citation style - 7th edition
On this page
Article in a journal - for electronic articles retrieved online, see below
- Make sure to include the journal title, volume number, issue number, and page.
Klimoski, R., & Palmer, S. (1993). The ADA and the hiring process in organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 45(2), 10–36.
- Note: if the volume, issue, or page numbers are missing, do not include them in the reference.
Article in a newspaper or magazine
Burke, J. (2020, March 26). COVID-19: Uncertainty takes the stage for Montreal Theatre. Montreal Gazette, A4. https://montrealgazette.com/entertainment/local-arts/covid-19-uncertainty-takes-the-stage-for-montreal-theatre/wcm/cb9dda25-dc75-4516-8fab-3e4d318d39f3/
Article from an electronic source
- Provide the same information as you would for a printed journal article and add the URL or Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
- If adding the DOI, format it to look like a URL. Refer to example 1 below.
- In general, it is not necessary to include database information (APA, 2020, p. 317).
- You can identify your source by including ONE of the following:
DOI (digital object identifier)
A DOI is a standardized method for identifying an electronic object. They look something like this: doi:10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012. DOIs often appear in the citation or the abstract of an article or at the top or bottom of the first page of the article. You may find the DOI for your article by using CrossRef.org. Find out more about DOIs.
Zhao, S., Grasmuck, S., & Martin, J. (2008). Identity construction on Facebook: Digital empowerment in anchored relationships. Computers in Human Behavior, 24(5), 1816–1836. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2008.02.012
URL for an online periodical
- If there is no DOI for an article found in an academic database, do not include the URL. (APA, 2020, p. 299).
- If there is no DOI for an article found from a website that is not a database, provide the URL in the reference.
Henkin, R. Harmon, J., Pate, E., & Moorman, H. (2010). Merging literacy and technology. Voices from the Middle, 17(3), 7–8.
Robinson, B. (2019). No Holds Barred: Policing and Security in the Public Library. In the Library with the Lead Pipe. http://www.inthelibrarywiththeleadpipe.org/2019/no-holds-barred